Epping, New Hampshire


Epping is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 6,411 at the 2010 census1 Epping includes the area known as Camp Hedding

The primary settlement in town, where 1,681 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined by the US Census Bureau as the Epping census-designated place CDP and includes the densely populated portion of the town centered on New Hampshire Route 27 just west of New Hampshire Route 125

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Culture
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Demographics
    • 41 Town center
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Bird's-eye View in 1906

The town was originally part of Exeter, one of the four original New Hampshire townships To encourage settlement, as early as 1710 Exeter awarded free wood lots in the area In 1741, Epping was granted a charter and incorporated as a town, the last New Hampshire town chartered by Governor Jonathan Belcher before the Province of New Hampshire was granted a governor who did not also govern the neighboring Province of Massachusetts Bay Epping was named for Epping, in England2

Following the American Revolution, many residents of the town moved to Monmouth, Maine, when General Henry Dearborn offered free land to his soldiers Through the 1800s, farming was a principal occupation in Epping The town also had substantial reserves of clay, long used by local residents to make bricks, and in 1840, the first commercial brickyard was established in Epping

It was formerly said in jest: "Epping -- the center of the universe" Now, due to its strategic position at the crossroads of Route 101 and Route 125, the community is indeed becoming a retail center, as chain stores locate here But because the traditional town center is clustered around Route 27, an older road connecting Exeter with Hooksett and Manchester, Epping's antique architectural charm has been spared from redevelopment

Epping was once an important railroad crossroads for the Worcester, Nashua & Rochester Railroad and the Portsmouth & Concord Railroad, later both part of the Boston & Maine Railroad system The north-south WN&R line through town was abandoned in 1932, with a short segment remaining in place south to Fremont to serve a brickyard there This left the east-west Portsmouth Branch between Manchester and Portsmouth as the sole rail access to the outside world Rail service on the Portsmouth Branch and the Fremont Branch ended in the early 1980s, the remaining track was abandoned by the Boston & Maine in 1982 and the rail was removed between 1983 and 1985 The railroad beds in town have been preserved as the Rockingham Recreational Trail Abutments for the WN&R bridge over the Lamprey River can be seen along Route 125

Cultureedit

Epping is home to the Leddy Center, an antique playhouse where local performers present classics such as The Wizard of Oz and Anne of Green Gables Musical lessons are also offered at this facility

New England Dragway and Star Speedway are also located in Epping New England Dragway puts on races and auto displays throughout the year, including the IHRA Amalie Oil North American Nationals and, since 2013, the NHRA New England Nationals The dragway hosts a popular Halloween display during the second half of October

An annual canoe race down the Lamprey River occurs on the last weekend in April, and the fire department arranges for Santa to drive through the town atop a fire engine during the winter

Camp Hedding, the site of a United Methodist campground founded in 1862, is located in the eastern part of town The ground now hosts an annual camp meeting for one week in August and an "olde time fair" on the first Saturday of August every year

Epping has two annual parades, the memorial parade and the Christmas parade The memorial parade usually includes youth sports teams, scouts, the combined middle and high school marching band, the fire department, police department, and veterans The Christmas parade includes a few fire trucks and police cars that go around town with Santa and his elves throwing candy to kids who are outside

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 262 square miles 68 km2, of which 260 square miles 67 km2 is land and 02 square miles 052 km2 is water, comprising 076% of the town Epping is drained by the Lamprey and Piscassic rivers The highest point in Epping is Kennard Hill at 472 feet 144 m above sea level, located in the town's northwest corner Epping lies fully within the Piscataqua River Coastal watershed3

The town center, defined as a census-designated place CDP, has a total area of 27 square miles 70 km2, all land

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,233
1800 1,121 −91%
1810 1,182 54%
1820 1,158 −20%
1830 1,263 91%
1840 1,234 −23%
1850 1,663 348%
1860 1,414 −150%
1870 1,270 −102%
1880 1,536 209%
1890 1,721 120%
1900 1,641 −46%
1910 1,649 05%
1920 1,276 −226%
1930 1,672 310%
1940 1,618 −32%
1950 1,796 110%
1960 2,006 117%
1970 2,356 174%
1980 3,460 469%
1990 5,549 604%
2000 5,476 −13%
2010 6,411 171%
Est 2015 6,835 66%
US Decennial Census5

As of the 2000 census, there were 5,476 people, 2,047 households, and 1,473 families residing in the town The population density was 2104 persons per square mile 812/km² There were 2,215 housing units at an average density of 851 houses per square mile 329/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9708% White, 027% African American, 024% Native American, 044% Asian, 000% Pacific Islander, 015% from other races, and 183% from two or more races 077% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 2,047 households out of which 358% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 597% were married couples living together, 85% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 280% were non-families 211% of all households were made up of individuals and 71% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 267 and the average family size was 312

Main Street in 1905

In the town, the population was spread out with 271% under the age of 18, 68% from 18 to 24, 346% from 25 to 44, 224% from 45 to 64, and 92% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 972 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 958 males

The median income for a household in the town was $50,739, and the median income for a family was $54,722 Males had a median income of $40,273 versus $25,440 for females The per capita income for the town was $21,109 33% of the population and 26% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 46% are under the age of 18 and 61% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,673 people, 703 households, and 440 families residing in the central village, or census-designated place CDP The population density was 6225 people per square mile 2401/km² There were 723 housing units at an average density of 1038 persons/km² 2690 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9731% White, 030% African American, 012% Native American, 078% Asian, and 149% from two or more races 012% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 703 households out of which 289% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 498% were married couples living together, 90% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 374% were non-families 306% of all households were made up of individuals and 125% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 237 and the average family size was 297

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 239% under the age of 18, 73% from 18 to 24, 301% from 25 to 44, 216% from 45 to 64, and 171% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 943 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 923 males

The median income for a household is $39,417, and the median income for a family was $46,438 Males had a median income of $36,165 versus $24,063 for females The per capita income for the town was $18,343 67% of the population and 56% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 86% are under the age of 18 and 117% are 65 or older

Sites of interestedit

  • Epping Historical Society Museum
  • The Leddy Center
  • New England Dragway

Notable peopleedit

  • Kerry Bascom, forward and coach with the University of Connecticut women's basketball team
  • Carl Stearns Clancy, first person to circumnavigate the globe on a motorcycle
  • Sheila LaBarre, convicted murderer
  • David L Morril, US senator; 16th governor of New Hampshire 1824–1827
  • B G Plumer, Wisconsin politician and businessman
  • Daniel L Plumer, Wisconsin politician and businessman
  • William Plumer, US senator; 11th and 13th governor of New Hampshire 1812–1813 / 1816–1819
  • Benjamin Franklin Prescott, 36th governor of New Hampshire 1877–1879

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 120 
  3. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  • NHES Community Profile: Epping PDF
  • Rockingham County Planning Committee - Maps
  • US Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Epping, New Hampshire

External linksedit

  • Town of Epping official website
  • Harvey-Mitchell Memorial Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile


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