Enfield, New Hampshire


Enfield is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,582 at the 2010 census1 The town includes the villages of Enfield, Enfield Center, Upper Shaker Village, Lower Shaker Village, Lockehaven, and Montcalm

The primary settlement in town, where 1,540 people resided at the 2010 census,2 is defined as the Enfield census-designated place CDP and includes the main village of Enfield, centered on US Route 4 and the inlet of the Mascoma River into Mascoma Lake

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

The town was incorporated in 1761 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth First named Enfield by settlers from Enfield, Connecticut, the town was renamed Relhan in 1766 to honor Dr Anthony Relhan ca 1715-1776 The doctor was a promoter of sea-bathing as a curative, making Brighton, England, a fashionable resort Following the American Revolution, the New Hampshire town was renamed Enfield in 17843

The first European settlers in town were Jonathan Paddleford and family who arrived, after the successful conclusion of the French and Indian War, between 1765 and 17724

On the southwest shore of Mascoma Lake is Enfield Shaker Village, once a utopian religious community of Shakers, renowned for simple and functional architecture and furniture Established in 1793 and called Chosen Vale, the village was subdivided into several "Families", with men and women leading pious, celibate and industrious lives Although the genders shared dormitories, like Enfield's Great Stone Dwelling built between 1837 and 1841, the sexes used separate doors and stairways They practiced ecstatic singing and dancing, an expression of their worship, which earned them the appellation: Shaking Quakers, or Shakers

Several trades operated at the village, from agriculture and packaging of seeds, to manufacture of brooms, brushes, spinning-wheels, and furniture To speed delivery of products to the railroad across Mascoma Lake, in 1849 the community erected Shaker Bridge

The Shaker movement crested in the 1840s, with 19 "societies" scattered from Maine to Kentucky and west to Indiana But growing employment opportunities created by the Industrial Revolution, as near as the mill town of Lebanon, enticed away potential and practicing church members Others grew disaffected with celibacy, self-abnegation, and communal ownership of property Indeed, Mary Marshall Dyer, once a member of the Enfield church, became an outspoken Anti-Shaker Eventually the village would close and, in 1927, be sold to the La Salette Brotherhood of Montreal, a Catholic order noted for its Christmas display In 1986, Enfield Shaker Village was established as a museum

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 431 square miles 1116 km2, of which 403 sq mi 1043 km2 is land and 29 sq mi 74 km2 is water, comprising 659% of the town1 Enfield is drained by the Mascoma River Mascoma Lake, in the west, represents Enfield's lowest elevation at 751 feet 229 m above sea level The highest elevation is over 2,100 ft 640 m at the summit of Prospect Hill, overlooking Halfmile Pond Crystal Lake is in the east Enfield lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed5

The village area of the town, defined as a census-designated place CDP, has a total area of 233 square miles 603 km2, of which 227 sq mi 587 km2 is land and 006 sq mi 015 km2, or 256%, is water2

Enfield is served by Interstate 89, US Route 4, New Hampshire Route 4A and New Hampshire Route 10

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 724
1800 1,121 548%
1810 1,291 152%
1820 1,370 61%
1830 1,492 89%
1840 1,514 15%
1850 1,742 151%
1860 1,876 77%
1870 1,662 −114%
1880 1,680 11%
1890 1,439 −143%
1900 1,845 282%
1910 1,448 −215%
1920 1,577 89%
1930 1,325 −160%
1940 1,693 278%
1950 1,612 −48%
1960 1,867 158%
1970 2,345 256%
1980 3,175 354%
1990 3,979 253%
2000 4,618 161%
2010 4,582 −08%
Est 2015 4,550 −07%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,582 people, 2,044 households, and 1,305 families residing in the town The population density was 1137 persons per square mile 439/km² There were 2,508 housing units at an average density of 240/km² 622/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 968% white, 04% African American, 03% Native American or Alaska Native, 09% Asian, 00% Pacific Islander, 02% some other race, and 14% from two or more races 12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race8

There were 2,044 households, out of which 241% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 501% were headed by married couples living together, 89% had a female householder with no husband present, and 362% were non-families 277% of all households were made up of individuals, and 70% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 224, and the average family size was 2708

In the town, the population was spread out with 194% under the age of 18, 61% from 18 to 24, 268% from 25 to 44, 338% from 45 to 64, and 139% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 436 years For every 100 females there were 946 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 931 males8

For the period 2009-2013, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $80,038, and the median income for a family was $89,362 Male full-time workers had a median income of $53,061 versus $43,456 for females The per capita income for the town was $45,653 31% of the population and 12% of families were below the poverty line 23% of people under the age of 18 and 22% of people 65 or older were living in poverty9

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,540 people, 712 households, and 419 families residing in the central settlement, or CDP The population density was 6784 persons per square mile 2624/km² There were 787 housing units at an average density of 1341/km² 3467/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 964% white, 06% African American, 01% Native American or Alaska Native, 05% Asian, 04% some other race, and 19% from two or more races 14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race10

There were 712 households, out of which 281% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 407% were headed by married couples living together, 131% had a female householder with no husband present, and 412% were non-families 341% of all households were made up of individuals, and 100% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 216, and the average family size was 27510

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 214% under the age of 18, 82% from 18 to 24, 276% from 25 to 44, 275% from 45 to 64, and 153% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 397 years For every 100 females there were 890 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 867 males10

For the period 2009-2013, the estimated median annual income for a household in the CDP was $77,303, and the median income for a family was $89,524 Male full-time workers had a median income of $40,214 versus $42,647 for females The per capita income for the CDP was $44,91311

Sites of interestedit

  • Enfield Shaker Museum
  • Shaker Historic Trail, Enfield
  • Lockhaven Schoolhouse Museum

Notable peopleedit

  • Robert O Blood, physician and the 65th governor of New Hampshire
  • Jacob Cochran, preacher
  • Wolfgang Köhler, German psychologist and phenomenologist
  • William Goodhue Perley, businessman and member of the Canadian House of Commons
  • Stan Williams, pitcher with six MLB teams

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 G001: Enfield town, Grafton County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved April 15, 2015 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 G001: Enfield CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved April 15, 2015 
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 484–485 
  4. ^ "New Hampshire Search Roots" History of Enfield, Grafton County, New Hampshire Retrieved 2007-01-02 
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 DP-1: Enfield town, Grafton County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved April 15, 2015 
  9. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 DP03: Enfield town, Grafton County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved April 15, 2015 
  10. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 DP-1: Enfield CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved April 15, 2015 
  11. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 DP03: Enfield CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved April 15, 2015 

External linksedit

  • Town of Enfield official website
  • Enfield Public Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile


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