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Energy in Hungary

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Energy in Hungary describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Hungary Energy policy of Hungary describes the politics of Hungary related to energy

Contents

  • 1 Overview
  • 2 Nuclear power
  • 3 Oil
  • 4 Gas
  • 5 Renewable energy
  • 6 Global warming
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References

Overviewedit

Energy in Hungary1
Capita Prim energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 1011 307 119 186 372 568
2007 1006 311 119 192 400 539
2008 1004 308 122 198 400 530
2009 1002 289 128 173 378 482
2012 997 290 125 153 388 474
2012R 992 273 123 145 389 436
2013 989 262 119 140 385 395
Change 2004-09 -09 % -57 % 74 % -72  % 17 % -153 %
Mtoe = 1163 TWh Prim energy includes energy losses that are 2/3 for nuclear power2

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated

Nuclear poweredit

See also: Nuclear energy in Hungary

Hungary had in 2017 four operating nuclear power reactors, constructed between 1982 and 1987, at the Paks Nuclear Power Plant3

Oiledit

MOL Group is an oil and gas group in Hungary

Gasedit

Emfesz is a natural gas distributor in Hungary Panrusgáz imports natural gas from Russia mainly Gazprom

The Arad–Szeged pipeline is a natural gas pipeline from Arad Romania to Szeged Hungary

Nabucco and South Stream gas pipelines may be constructed via Hungary to other European countries The Nabucco gas pipeline is expected to pipe 31bn cubic metres of gas annually in a 3,300 km long pipeline constructed via Hungary, Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria and Austria The South Stream gas pipeline is expected to pipe 63bn cu m of gas from southern Russia to Bulgaria under the Black Sea The pipe is planned to run via Hungary to central and southern Europe4

Renewable energyedit

Main article: Renewable energy in Hungary See also: Wind power in Hungary

Hungary is a member of the European Union and thus takes part in the EU strategy to increase its share of the renewable energy The EU has adopted the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive, which included a 20% renewable energy target by 2020 for the EU5 By 2030 wind should produce in average 26-35% of the EU's electricity and save Europe €56 billion a year in avoided fuel costs6

The national authors of Hungary forecast is 147% renewables in gross energy consumption by 2020, exceeding their 13% binding target by 17 percentage points Hungary is the EU country with the smallest forecast penetration of renewables of the electricity demand in 2020, namely only 11% including biomass 6% and wind power 3% The forecast includes 400 MW of new wind power capacity between 2010-2020 EWEA’s 2009 forecast expects Hungary to reach 12 GW of installed wind capacity in this time5 In the end of 2010 wind power capacity was 295 MW7

EU and Hungary Wind Energy Capacity MW891011
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
- EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
17 Hungary 329 329 295 201 127 65 61 17 3 3 3 0 0 0 0

Global warmingedit

See also: Global warming

In 2007, emissions of carbon dioxide totalled 539 million tonnes or around 54 tonnes per capita when the EU-27 average was 79 tonnes per capita12

See alsoedit

Referencesedit

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p11, coal p 13 gas p 15
  2. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010 Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Facts and figures, The Swedish Energy Agency, Table 8 Losses in nuclear power stations Table 9 Nuclear power brutto
  3. ^ "Paks Nuclear Power Plant - About Us" Retrieved May 11, 2017 
  4. ^ Putin opens Nord Stream Baltic gas pipeline to Germany, BBC 6 September 2011
  5. ^ a b EU Energy Policy to 2050 EWEA March 2011
  6. ^ Wind Energy Factsheets, European Wind Energy Association 2010 page 6
  7. ^ Wind in power 2010 European statistics EWEA February 2011 page 4
  8. ^ EWEA Staff 2010 "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 MW" European Wind Energy Association Retrieved 2010-05-22 
  9. ^ EWEA Staff February 2011 "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010" PDF European Wind Energy Association Retrieved 2011-01-31 
  10. ^ EWEA Staff February 2012 "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011" PDF European Wind Energy Association Retrieved 2011-02-18 
  11. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013
  12. ^ Energy in Sweden Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Facts and figures, The Swedish Energy Agency 2010, Table 1

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Energy in Hungary


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