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Emmons County, North Dakota

emmons county north dakota commission, emmons county north dakota assessors office
Emmons County is a county located in the US state of North Dakota As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,5501 Its county seat has been Linton since 189923 The county was created by the 1879 territorial legislature and named for James A Emmons 1845–1919, a steamboat operator and early Bismarck merchant and entrepreneur It was organized on November 9, 188334

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 Major highways
    • 23 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Communities
    • 41 Cities
    • 42 Township
    • 43 Defunct townships
    • 44 Unincorporated communities
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References

Historyedit

Emmons County was established before the state of North Dakota The county was originated by an act of territorial legislation during February 1879 However, it was not officially organized until November 9, 1883 It was named for James A Emmons,5 who was a steamboat navigator from Virginia and merchant in Bismarck

The first settlers of Emmons County came from parts of Europe and the eastern United States The earliest were mostly soldiers discharged from Fort Yates, but civilians began arriving in the 1880s Two large ethnic groups soon developed: Germans from both Russia and Germany the latter called Reich Germans and Hollanders who had come from the eastern United States The Hollanders lived only in the southwestern part of the county while the Germans settled throughout the area

The settlers faced many hardships upon arrival in Emmons County The worst of which was probably the adverse climate Extreme seasonal variations in temperature, wind, rain, and snow made life difficult Severe winter blizzards and summer thunderstorms and tornadoes were a constant threat To shelter themselves against the sometimes inhospitable climate, early settlers built crude but durable dwellings using whatever materials they could find The first building in Emmons county was a log cabin built near what was to become the town of Winona in 1852 Some other early dwellings were built of tar paper or local rocks Rocks were a common sight on the prairie, but stone houses were a rarity because they took great care to build The most common type of dwelling was the sod house, which later became synonymous with pioneering life on the prairie Sod is prairie grass and dirt cut into blocks and stacked to form walls Sod was an effective solution to the problem of limited lumber availability These crude dwellings were eventually abandoned in favor of more modern homes as soon as the necessary building materials became available

Another hardship was transportation There were no roads and the nearest railroad station was in Eureka, South Dakota 40 miles 64 km away A horse and wagon were typically used for transportation Buffalo bones were often piled up and used as landmarks to aid navigating the vast prairie Since no bridges existed, creeks and streams presented a major difficulty Settlers usually traveled in pairs and used both of their teams of horses to pull each wagon across a creek or stream The first bridge in Emmons County was not built until 1889

The Missouri River is the western boundary of Emmons County An early industry to develop was one of providing cordwood for the steamboats plying the river The steamboats could operate only during the summer months due to the river freezing over in the winter The lack of bridges necessitated the use of ferries to traverse the river the last of which washed ashore in 1940 Barges were also used to move freight up and down the river

The history of the towns that presently exist in Emmons County begins with Braddock It is the oldest existing town in the county established in 1898 That same year, Braddock had the distinction of becoming the first town in Emmons County to receive train service In 1899, Linton was plotted for the sole purpose of creating a geographically centralized government The town was named for George Lynn By 1901, Linton had reached a population of 118 and within two years the population had jumped to 245 residents Linton was incorporated as a village in 1906 and incorporated as a town in 1914 Tirsbol was established in 1902 ten miles 16 km south of Linton However, it eventually became the center of the German immigrant community and was renamed Strasburg Also in 1902, the town of Hague was established southeast of Strasburg The last currently existing town to be incorporated is Hazelton At the time, the Northern Pacific Railroad was trying to start hundreds of new towns along their tracks to compete with the Burlington Northern Railroad The railroad decided to plot the town on land near Williamsport owned by a man named John Roop Hazelton was named after Hazel, John Roop's daughter

Although no longer in existence, Winona was the oldest town created in Emmons County Winona was established in 1874 with the name "Devil’s Colony" The town was built to serve the soldiers at Fort Yates as well as the few farmers in the area During the 1880s it was the largest town between Bismarck, North Dakota and Pierre, South Dakota The first school in the county was built there in 1884 and the county's first newspaper was published there in 1885 By 1894, the population of the town peaked at over 200 However, the creation of Linton spelled the beginning of the end for Winona and it was gone by the early 1900s The town of Williamsport was established in 1883 by a group of people from Ashland, Ohio and was the first county seat of government The creation of Linton and Hazelton drained the population from Williamsport and it was subsequently abandoned in 1903

Other towns no longer in existence include Emmonsburg which was located west of Linton, in Beaver Bay, on the Missouri River It was established in 1888 and abandoned in 1912 Glencoe was also established in 1883 in the northwest corner of the county, but it was abandoned in 1930 Winchester was established in 1884 along Beaver Creek west of Linton, but was completely abandoned by 1909 Westfield was established in 1888 in the center of the Dutch colony It was named for Westfield, Iowa but was never incorporated Godkin was established in 1902, six miles 10 km north of Linton Its name was later changed to Temvik, combining the last names of early settlers - the Tempel brothers and Ed Larvik By 1925 its population peaked to over 200, but the effects of the 1930s Great Depression and being bypassed by the construction of US Highway 83 led to its downfall Its post office was abandoned in 1968 The final town of note is Kintyre Settled by Swedes and Norwegians in the 1880s; it was established in 1908 and subsequently abandoned

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,555 square miles 4,030 km2, of which 1,510 square miles 3,900 km2 is land and 45 square miles 120 km2 29% is water6

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Burleigh County north
  • Kidder County northeast
  • Logan County east
  • McIntosh County southeast
  • Campbell County, South Dakota south
  • Sioux County west
  • Morton County northwest

Major highwaysedit

  • US Highway 83
  • North Dakota Highway 11
  • North Dakota Highway 13
  • North Dakota Highway 34
  • North Dakota Highway 1804

National protected areasedit

  • Appert Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Springwater National Wildlife Refuge
  • Sunburst Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1880 38
1890 1,971 5,0868%
1900 4,349 1206%
1910 9,796 1252%
1920 11,288 152%
1930 12,467 104%
1940 11,699 −62%
1950 9,715 −170%
1960 8,462 −129%
1970 7,200 −149%
1980 5,877 −184%
1990 4,830 −178%
2000 4,331 −103%
2010 3,550 −180%
Est 2016 3,346 −57%
US Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,331 people, 1,786 households, and 1,241 families residing in the county The population density was 3 people per square mile 1/km² There were 2,168 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile 1/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9905% White, 005% Black or African American, 014% Native American, 016% Asian, 018% Pacific Islander, 030% from other races, and 012% from two or more races 115% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 692% were of German, 75% Dutch, 69% American and 51% Norwegian ancestry

There were 1,786 households out of which 2720% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6100% were married couples living together, 440% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3050% were non-families 2840% of all households were made up of individuals and 1640% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 238 and the average family size was 292

In the county, the population was spread out with 2480% under the age of 18, 370% from 18 to 24, 2230% from 25 to 44, 2360% from 45 to 64, and 2560% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 44 years For every 100 females there were 10170 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 10090 males

The median income for a household in the county was $26,119, and the median income for a family was $31,857 Males had a median income of $23,235 versus $15,590 for females The per capita income for the county was $14,604 About 1470% of families and 2010% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2340% of those under age 18 and 2460% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,550 people, 1,594 households, and 1,003 families residing in the county12 The population density was 24 inhabitants per square mile 093/km2 There were 2,085 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile 054/km213 The racial makeup of the county was 985% white, 04% American Indian, 02% Asian, 01% black or African American, 02% from other races, and 08% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10% of the population12 In terms of ancestry, 691% were German, 168% were Russian, 123% were Norwegian, 96% were Dutch, 59% were English, and 14% were American14

Of the 1,594 households, 226% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 554% were married couples living together, 38% had a female householder with no husband present, 371% were non-families, and 344% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 219 and the average family size was 281 The median age was 505 years12

The median income for a household in the county was $35,615 and the median income for a family was $45,464 Males had a median income of $31,468 versus $26,700 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,358 About 124% of families and 161% of the population were below the poverty line, including 220% of those under age 18 and 204% of those age 65 or over15

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Braddock
  • Hague
  • Hazelton
  • Linton county seat
  • Strasburg

Townshipedit

  • Campbell

Defunct townshipsedit

  • Buchanan Valley16
  • Hazelton16
  • Lincoln16
  • McCulley17
  • Tell16

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Emmonsburg
  • Glencoe
  • Kintyre
  • Temvik
  • Williamsport
  • Winchester
  • Winona

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results18
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 847% 1,677 109% 215 45% 89
2012 762% 1,435 203% 383 35% 66
2008 670% 1,230 297% 546 33% 61
2004 686% 1,449 289% 611 25% 53
2000 718% 1,430 203% 405 79% 157
1996 535% 1,148 254% 544 211% 452
1992 431% 1,047 245% 595 324% 788
1988 629% 1,634 356% 925 14% 37
1984 735% 1,885 242% 620 24% 61
1980 776% 2,369 164% 502 60% 183
1976 459% 1,370 489% 1,459 52% 155
1972 645% 2,194 328% 1,115 27% 91
1968 650% 1,991 247% 756 103% 314
1964 531% 1,759 469% 1,556
1960 464% 1,785 535% 2,058 01% 2
1956 771% 2,789 228% 825 01% 3
1952 862% 3,369 134% 522 05% 19
1948 635% 2,223 339% 1,187 27% 93
1944 770% 2,255 224% 656 06% 18
1940 773% 3,515 221% 1,004 06% 29
1936 267% 1,117 580% 2,424 154% 642
1932 226% 916 763% 3,089 11% 44
1928 463% 1,792 533% 2,066 04% 17
1924 397% 1,198 41% 123 563% 1,700
1920 918% 2,900 75% 238 07% 22
1916 632% 1,090 353% 609 16% 27
1912 304% 410 389% 524 307% 413
1908 597% 951 388% 618 15% 24
1904 687% 653 296% 281 18% 17
1900 580% 433 416% 311 04% 3

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Emmons County, North Dakota

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved October 31, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ a b "County History" Official Portal for North Dakota State Government Retrieved 4 May 2011 
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies" Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2006 Retrieved February 3, 2015 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 119 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on January 29, 2015 Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  16. ^ a b c d "Geographic Change Notes for North Dakota" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-10-10 Retrieved 2010-06-17 
  17. ^ "1990s boundary changes, Geographic Change Notes: North Dakota" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2009-05-28 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 46°17′N 100°14′W / 4628°N 10024°W / 4628; -10024

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Emmons County, North Dakota


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