Emil Stürtz 15 November 1892 – missing 21 April 1945 was a Nazi German politician and Gauleiter
- 1 Early life
- 2 Rise to Power
- 3 World War II
- 4 References
Stürtz was born in Wieps, a village outside of Allenstein, East Prussia He grew up in Königsberg, and after attending the Friedrich Bessel High School, he joined the High Seas Fleet as a sailor He served aboard the SMS Seydlitz and participated in the Battle of Jutland of 1916 during World War I In 1918, he lost his commission and became a war pensioner after a serious illness He then worked in various jobs as an automobile driver and repairman
Rise to Power
In 1925, Stürtz joined the National Socialist German Worker's Party, and then became the NSDAP district leader in the city of Dortmund in 1926 By 1929 he became Party District Manager of Siegerland and also a democratically elected Member of the Westphalian Provincial Parliament Stürtz became Party District Manager of Gau Westfalen-Süd in 1930 and by September was elected to the national Reichstag for Weimar Republic Electoral District 18 Westfalen-Süd In October of the same year, the party appointed him acting Gauleiter of Gau Westfalen-Süd itself
Upon the Machtergreifung Nazi seizure of power in 1933, Stürtz became a member of the Prussian Council of State In 1935, Germany's constituent states were dissolved and their responsibilities replaced by the NSDAP Gaue In August 1936, Stürtz succeeded Wilhelm Kube in the powerful role of Gauleiter of Gau Kurmark, and in 1937 he was appointed the more ceremonial role of Oberpräsident of Brandenburg After reorganization of the Gaue, Gau Kurmark became Gau Mark Brandenburg and Stürtz remained its leader
World War II
At the outbreak of World War II on 1 September 1939, Stürtz was appointed Reich Defense Commissar German: Reichsverteidigungskommissar RVK for Military District III, which encompassed Brandenburg and other areas surrounding Berlin Important sectors of military and civilian administration were now directly or at least de facto subject to his control On 21 April 1945, during the Battle of Berlin, Stürtz went missing
After his widow searched for him unsuccessfully for ten years – even amongst the late repatriates German: Spätheimkehrern – he was officially declared dead in 1957 by the District Court of Düsseldorf, the city of his residence The court fixed his date of death to 31 December 1945 It was assumed that he was captured by Soviet troops and died in detention
- Lilla Joachim ed: The NSDAP Gauleiter, Koblenz, 2003, p 93 materials from the Federal Archives, No 13 mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 3-86509-020-6
- Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich P 513
- Karl Höffkes : Hitler's Political Generals: The Gauleiters of the Third Reich Grabert-Verlag, Tübingen 1997, ISBN 3-87847-163-7
- Erich Stockhorst : 5000 Heads - Who Was Who in the Third Reich Arndt, Kiel 2000, ISBN 3-88741-116-1
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