Elkton, Maryland


The town of Elkton is the county seat4 of Cecil County, Maryland, United States The population was 15,443 at the 2010 census It was formerly called Head of Elk because it sits at the head of navigation on the Elk River, which flows into the nearby Chesapeake Bay

Elkton was once known as the "Gretna Green of the West"this quote needs a citation because of its popularity as a place for eloping couples to marry However, a state law was passed in 1938 requiring a 48-hour waiting period To this day, there are several wedding chapels in the town

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Government
  • 6 Infrastructure
    • 61 Public transportation
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

The town was founded by Swedish mariners and fisherman from Fort Casimir who settled the area in 1694 They called their settlement Head of Elk, as it was the head of navigation of the Elk River56

The town saw several actions during the American Revolutionary War On Aug 25, 1777, Sir William Howe's Anglo-German army 13,000 British soldiers and 5,000 Germans landed on the Elk River and marched 11 miles north to Head of Elk Howe soon advanced to the short and victorious campaign of the Brandywine, and thence to capture Philadelphiacitation needed On March 8, 1781, the Marquis de Lafayette embarked his troops there to attempt a capture of Benedict Arnold Returning on April 9, he began his overland march to Virginiacitation needed George Washington and Rochambeau with their combined forces stopped in Elkton on September 6–7, 1781, on their way to Yorktown7

In 1787, the town was incorporated as Elkton By 1880, the population was 1,800citation needed

The landmark historic home, Holly Hall was built by James Sewall in the 1810s and quickly became a regional seat for important dignitaries and local politics8better source needed

When northern states began to pass more restrictive marriage laws in the early 20th century, Maryland did not As a result, a number of Maryland towns near borders with other states became known as places to get married quickly and without many restrictions, or "Gretna Greens"9 Elkton, being the northeasternmost county seat in Maryland and thus closer to Philadelphia, New York, and New England, was particularly popular10 It was a notorious Gretna Green for years;11 in its heyday, in the 1920s and 1930s, it was "the elopement capital of the East Coast" and thousands of marriages were performed there each year1012 While some of the marriages obtained in Elkton were of celebrities or celebrities-to-be Cornel Wilde, Joan Fontaine, Debbie Reynolds, Martha Raye, John and Martha Mitchell, Willie Mays, and Pat Robertson all got married in Elkton,10 the overall tawdry flavor grew to be too much for the state A 48-hour waiting period was imposed in 1938, but Elkton continued to be a place to marry, and especially elope; it simply took longer13 In time, Las Vegas became the new "American Gretna Green," although hundreds of people are still married in Elkton each year10

On December 8, 1963, Pan Am Flight 214 was struck by lightning and crashed near Elkton The crash was listed in the 2005 Guinness World Records as the "Worst Lightning Strike Death Toll"citation needed

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 861 square miles 2230 km2, of which, 835 square miles 2163 km2 is land and 026 square miles 067 km2 is water1

Climateedit

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elkton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps14

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1850 1,099
1870 1,797
1880 1,752 −25%
1890 2,318 323%
1900 2,542 97%
1910 2,487 −22%
1920 2,650 66%
1930 3,331 257%
1940 3,518 56%
1950 5,245 491%
1960 5,989 142%
1970 5,362 −105%
1980 6,468 206%
1990 9,073 403%
2000 11,893 311%
2010 15,443 298%
Est 2015 15,782 22%
US Decennial Census16

2010 censusedit

As of the census2 of 2010, there were 15,443 people, 5,580 households, and 3,673 families residing in the town The population density was 1,8495 inhabitants per square mile 7141/km2 There were 5,944 housing units at an average density of 7119 per square mile 2749/km2 The racial makeup of the town was 760% White, 151% African American, 03% Native American, 26% Asian, 01% Pacific Islander, 20% from other races, and 38% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59% of the population

There were 5,580 households of which 409% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 400% were married couples living together, 196% had a female householder with no husband present, 62% had a male householder with no wife present, and 342% were non-families 273% of all households were made up of individuals and 91% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 265 and the average family size was 321

The median age in the town was 328 years 28% of residents were under the age of 18; 96% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31% were from 25 to 44; 222% were from 45 to 64; and 93% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the town was 482% male and 518% female

2000 censusedit

As of the census17 of 2000, there were 11,893 people, 4,446 households, and 2,898 families residing in the town The population density was 1,4805 people per square mile 5718/km² There were 4,743 housing units at an average density of 5904 per square mile 2281/km² The racial makeup of the town was 8585% White, 964% African American, 032% Native American, 117% Asian, 004% Pacific Islander, 078% from other races, and 220% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 297% of the population

There were 4,446 households out of which 372% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 417% were married couples living together, 183% had a female householder with no husband present, and 348% were non-families 274% of all households were made up of individuals and 83% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 255 and the average family size was 313

In the town, the population was spread out with 294% under the age of 18, 98% from 18 to 24, 335% from 25 to 44, 170% from 45 to 64, and 103% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 31 years For every 100 females there were 919 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 870 males

The median income for a household in the town was $38,171, and the median income for a family was $44,348 Males had a median income of $36,495 versus $25,543 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,789 About 94% of families and 118% of the population were below the poverty line, including 160% of those under age 18 and 105% of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

Elkton High School is a public school located in the town

Governmentedit

The town is managed with a Mayor–council government, in which it has an elected Mayor who serves 4-year terms and an elected Town Commissioner who also serves a 4-year term Currently there are only 4 seated Commissioners18 There have been a total of 41 Mayors in Elkton, the current Mayor of Elkton is Robert J Alt

Infrastructureedit

Public transportationedit

Cecil County operates Cecil Transit, a multi-route bus system The Glasgow Connection Route 1 runs from 5:30 am and ends at 6:15 pm, Monday through Saturday between Elkton and People's Plaza in Glasgow, Delaware The Perryville Connection Route 2 runs from 6:00 am and ends at 6:30 pm Monday through Saturday between Elkton, North East, Perryville town and the Perryville station along MARC Train's Penn Line and Perry Point Veteran's Medical Center The Mid County Connection Route 3 runs from 6:00 am and ends at 10:30 pm Monday through Friday and connects Elkton with North East, Perryville, Charlestown, and Cecil College The Elkton Newark Connection Route 4 runs from 6:00 am and ends at 10:00 pm Monday through Friday and connects Elkton to Glasgow and Newark, Delaware, where it connects with the Newark Rail Station that serves Amtrak and SEPTA Regional Rail's Wilmington/Newark Line trains along with DART First State buses at the Newark Transit Hub19 Service between Elkton and Newark was previously provided by DART First State Route 65 The county also operates the CT Cruiser, which is a countywide, curb-to-curb transit service for all ages Rides must be scheduled in advance, and are allocated on a first-come, first-served basis The CT Cruiser operates Monday through Friday from 8:00 am to 4:00 pmcitation needed

Notable peopleedit

  • Robert Alexander, an American planter, lawyer, and Tory political leader during the American Revolution
  • James Allison, Jr, 1772–1854, born in Elkton, United States Congressman
  • Rev John Andrews clergyman DD1746–1813, born near head of the Elk River/ attended Head of Elk School, graduate, professor and provost of University of Pennsylvania Founder of York College of Pennsylvania
  • John A J Creswell, United States Postmaster General
  • Austin Lane Crothers, 46th Governor of Maryland
  • Martha Finley, an author of children's books in the late 19th century and early 20th century Although she was not born in Elkton, she lived there for several years
  • James Black Groome, 36th Governor of Maryland
  • Dwayne Henry, a former MLB Relief Pitcher
  • Bernard Purdie, American drummer and session musician who has worked with various well-known soul, rock, pop, and jazz musicians
  • Jeremy Rose, American jockey and 2005 ESPY award winner
  • Michael Rudolph, United States Army officer, served as acting Adjutant General and acting Inspector General of the US Army in 1793
  • Julian C Smith, a United States Marine Corps general
  • Larry Webster, Former NFL defensive tackle with Miami Dolphins, Cleveland Browns, Baltimore Ravens and New York Jets
  • Larry Webster III, Defensive End for the Carolina Panthers in the National Football League
  • Harry Woolman, motorcycle daredevil, character actor, movie stuntman, and special effects performer
  • James G Crouse, former Delegate and longest serving Mayor of Elkton, served as Mayor 1978-1998

See alsoedit

  • Philadelphia portal
  • Maryland portal
  • Elk Landing
  • Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on January 24, 2012 Retrieved 2013-01-25 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-01-25 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on June 17, 2013 Retrieved 2013-06-26 
  4. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  5. ^ Maryland: a new guide to the Old Line State 1999 pxiv
  6. ^ The Middle States: A Handbook for Travellers4th ed edited by Moses Foster Sweetser1881p387
  7. ^ "Elkton Marker" 
  8. ^ "Maryland Historical Trust" National Register of Historic Places: Holly Hall Maryland Historical Trust 2008-10-05 
  9. ^ State v Clay, 182 Md 639, 642, 35 A2d 821, 822–23 1944
  10. ^ a b c d Berdan, Marshall S February 13, 2002, "Elkton, Marry-land", The Washington Post, pp C2 
  11. ^ Greenwald v State, 221 Md 235, 237–38, 155 A2d 894, 896 1959
  12. ^ Lorimer, Graeme and Sarah, Stag Line, Little, Brown, and Company, Boston, 1934, p 191 "Elkton is the place where all the people who want to get married in a hurry run off to, because they'll marry anybody there right away"
  13. ^ Historic Marker Database, Elkton, Wedding Capital of the East
  14. ^ "Elkton, Maryland Köppen Climate Classification Weatherbase" Weatherbase 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2015 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  18. ^ http://wwwelktonorg/mayor-commissioners
  19. ^ "Cecil Transit" Cecil County, Maryland Retrieved April 6, 2017 

External linksedit

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