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Eliot, Maine, eliot maine elementary school
Eliot is a town in York County, Maine, United States The population was 6,204 at the 2010 census It is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area

Eliot is home to Littlebrook Airpark and the Raitt Homestead Farm Museum


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Education SAD35 Eliot and South Berwick
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links


The honor of naming the town is sometimes given to Alexander Shapleigh who was reportedly born around 1574 at the Manor of Kittery Court in Devon, England Kittery Court is located in the village of Kingsweare, across the river Dart from the city of Dartmouth Dartmouth, New Hampshire, of course, and Exeter and Appledore are also local place names borrowed from this region in the county of Devon In England the Shapleights were merchants and a major importer of salt from France It was a natural step to become involved in the fishing industry in which salted fish were imported from the Atlantic coast of America Alexander arrived in the New World in 1635 aboard his ship BENEDICTION that he co-owned with business partner Captain Francis Champernowne, a relative of Sir Walter Scott Like the Pepperrells of Kittery, they also set up a salt fish operation at the Isles of Shoals and exported the popular product to Europe

ALEXANDER SHAPLEIGH1, the pioneer of the American Branch of the Family, was born apparently at Kingsweare, Devon, England, about 1574, and was probably the son of Nicholas Shapleigh, of that place, but of this we are not quite sure His beautiful residence at Kingsweare was called Kittery House A name that had come down in the Shapleigh family for several generations, and the name, followed the family to America and finally gave name to the Town of Kittery, Maine From the testimony of Katherine Treworgy, we learn that Alexander Shapleigh was alive May 26, 1642 We hear nothing more about him, and we learn from the court records that he was dead previous to July 5, 1650

The town Kittery, Maine, was incorporated in 1647, and today bills itself as "the oldest incorporated town in Maine" It was named after the birthplace of a founder, Alexander Shapleigh, from the manor of Kittery Court at Kingswear in Devon, England Shapleigh arrived in 1635 aboard the ship Benediction, which he co-owned with another prominent settler, Captain Francis Champernowne Together with the Pepperrell family, they established fisheries offshore at the Isles of Shoals, where fish were caught, salted and exported back to Europe Other pioneers were hunters, trappers and workers of the region's abundant timber Kittery's original land area extended from the Atlantic Ocean inland up the Salmon Falls River, including the present-day towns of Eliot, Berwick, South Berwick and North Berwick

Kittery Court also called Kittery Quay still survives and is on the list of sites to visit in Kingsweare That also boasts a mediaeval castle Today a car ferry runs from Kingsware to Dartmouth and the sleepy village is a popular tourist spot Visitors can also take a steam railroad train along the scenic winding coast Originally part of the Piscataqua Plantation renamed Kittery in 1647 called Sturgeon Creek in the 1630-40s, it became the North, or Second, Parish of Kittery in 1713 following the incorporation of Berwick4 On March 1, 1810, Eliot became a town Prior to its incorporation as a town, the Second Parish had been in conflict with Kittery's other parishes since at least 1791 In 1791, the parish's minister died His successor, according to a large faction of the parish's inhabitants, was a man of "unfair character" imposed by "a small party" of people He was rejected by "a large majority", and a new minister was installed in 1792 The internal strife between inhabitants didn't stop there

The minority faction, angered by the removal of their minister, "petitioned the Legislature in1796 to be set off to the third parish, which was accordingly done" The inhabitants of the second Parish accused the members of the other two of conspiring against them

The town was either named after Robert Eliot, who was a member of the Provincial Council of New Hampshire, or for Reverend John Eliot of Boston, a friend of General Andrew P Fernald, the town agent largely responsible for its separation5


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2132 square miles 5522 km2, of which, 1978 square miles 5123 km2 of it is land and 154 square miles 399 km2 is water1 Eliot is drained by Sturgeon Creek and the Piscataqua River

Eliot is served by state routes 91, 101, 103 and 236 The town is northwest of Interstate 95 and near the New Hampshire border


Historical population
1810 1,650
1820 1,679 18%
1830 1,845 99%
1840 1,889 24%
1850 1,803 −46%
1860 1,767 −20%
1870 1,769 01%
1880 1,640 −73%
1890 1,463 −108%
1900 1,458 −03%
1910 1,530 49%
1920 1,530 00%
1930 1,462 −44%
1940 1,932 321%
1950 2,509 299%
1960 3,133 249%
1970 3,497 116%
1980 4,948 415%
1990 5,329 77%
2000 5,954 117%
2010 6,204 42%
Est 2014 6,298 15%
US Decennial Census7

See also: South Eliot, Maine As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $52,606, and the median income for a family was $63,598 Males had a median income of $44,205 versus $30,530 for females The per capita income for the town was $24,403 About 52% of families and 58% of the population were below the poverty line, including 71% of those under age 18 and 35% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the census2 of 2010, there were 6,204 people, 2,509 households, and 1,783 families residing in the town The population density was 3137 inhabitants per square mile 1211/km2 There were 2,669 housing units at an average density of 1349 per square mile 521/km2 The racial makeup of the town was 968% White, 07% African American, 01% Native American, 05% Asian, 03% from other races, and 15% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12% of the population

There were 2,509 households of which 317% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 590% were married couples living together, 83% had a female householder with no husband present, 37% had a male householder with no wife present, and 289% were non-families 234% of all households were made up of individuals and 101% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 247 and the average family size was 289

The median age in the town was 454 years 221% of residents were under the age of 18; 59% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 213% were from 25 to 44; 361% were from 45 to 64; and 146% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the town was 488% male and 512% female

Sites of interestedit

  • Green Acre
  • Raitt Homestead Farm Museum
  • Frost Garrison and House, Frost’s Hill See Charles Frost military officer
  • Paul Family Farm, 106 Depot Road
  • Fogg House


Voter Registration: 2972% Republican 2727% Democrat 201% Green Independent 4100% Un-enrolled8

State Representative: Roberta Beavers 2016 D State Senator: Dawn Hill 2016 D US Representative: Chellie Pingree 2016 D

Travis Stover is the first female mayor

Education SAD35 Eliot and South Berwickedit

  • Eliot Elementary School
  • Central School
  • Great Works School
  • Marshwood Middle School
  • Marshwood High School
  • Seacoast Waldorf School private

Notable peopleedit

  • Shem Drowne, coppersmith, America's first documented weathervane maker
  • Moses Gerrish Farmer, inventor
  • John Fremont Hill, state congressmen and US senator, 45th governor of Maine 1901–1905


  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-16 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-16 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-06-17 Retrieved 2013-07-06 
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 117–118 
  5. ^ Varney, George J 1886, Gazetteer of the state of Maine Eliot, Boston: Russell 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014" Retrieved June 4, 2015 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2015 
  8. ^ http://wwweliotmaineorg/indexaspType=B_BASIC&SEC=

External linksedit

  • Town of Eliot official website
  • William Fogg Library
  • Littlebrook Air Park
  • Eliot at Mainegov
  • City Data Profile
  • Notables in Eliot History
  • Maine Genealogy: Eliot, York County, Maine

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