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Elijah Hayward

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Elijah Hayward November 17, 1786 – September 22, 1864 was a lawyer in the US State of Ohio who represented his county in the Ohio House of Representatives, sat on the Ohio Supreme Court for a short time, and was Commissioner of the General Land Office He was a noted genealogist and historian


  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Immigration to the West
  • 3 Notes
  • 4 References

Early lifeedit

Elijah Hayward was born in 1786 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts He was descended from Thomas Hayward, one of the original proprietors of Bridgewater, who immigrated from England in 1634 His mother's ancestor came on the same ship passage Hayward attended the village schools, and in 1801 entered Bridgewater Academy, where he learnt English grammar and arithmetic for three months1

Starting in late 1801, Hayward worked in stores in West Bridgewater, and later Plymouth In 1803, he went to Hanover, to learn shipbuilding He became partner with David Kingman in 1807, and married his daughter, Eliza Kingman, February 19, 1809 He traveled to England on one of his ships, the Belfast, in 1812, and returned to the US in June of that year after hearing of the death of his partner and father-in-law Kingman In Hanover, he decided to pursue the study of law at the office of John Winslow, esq His studies were delayed by the need to attend to his father-in-law's estate, including a return to London for a lawsuit He returned to East Bridgewater to study under Nahum Mitchell1

Immigration to the Westedit

In the autumn of 1819, having studied law off and on for four and one half years, Hayward immigrated to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he opened an office He established a partnership with David Wade, which lasted for eight years1 In 1825, he was elected to represent Hamilton County in the Ohio House of Representatives, serving until 1829 in the 24th to 27th General Assemblies2

In 1830, the two houses of the Ohio Legislature, in joint session, elected Hayward as a judge of the Ohio Supreme Court for a seven-year term34 He only served a part of that year when he accepted an appointment from President Jackson as Commissioner of the General Land Office in Washington DC5 Hayward resigned in 1835, after his wife died, and returned to Ohio and the practice of law1 In April, 1851, Hayward was named State librarian by Ohio Governor Reuben Wood He served until May 18546

Judge Hayward was a dedicated genealogist, who would spend weeks at a time copying the records of Plymouth Colony and towns of Massachusetts He was elected a corresponding member of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1854 He was a member of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries of Copenhagen He was elected a corresponding member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society in 1852, and elected honorary vice-president for Ohio in 1855 His principal employment in later years was in preparing briefs before the Ohio Supreme Court He adhered to the Puritanism of his ancestors, before rejecting it to accept the Roman Catholic faith He died in McConnelsville, Morgan County, Ohio in 1864 Hayward left one son, George Hayward, born Hanover, Massachusetts, July 14, 18171


  1. ^ a b c d e Vose Huntoon, p 41-47
  2. ^ Ohio 1917, p 262, 265
  3. ^ Taylor, p 139
  4. ^ Gilkey, p 469-470
  5. ^ Williamson, p 166
  6. ^ Supreme Court


  • Vose Huntoon, Daniel Thomas 1905 "Elijah Hayward" Memorial Biographies of the Society: 1864-1871 Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society pp 41–47 
  • Ohio General Assembly 1917 Manual of legislative practice in the General Assembly State of Ohio 
  • Taylor, William Alexander; Taylor, Aubrey Clarence 1899 Ohio statesmen and annals of progress: from the year 1788 to the year 1900 State of Ohio 
  • Gilkey, Elliott Howard, ed 1901 The Ohio Hundred Year Book: a Handbook of the Public Men and Public Institutions of Ohio State of Ohio 
  • Williamson, James A; Donaldson, Thomas 1880 The Public Domain Its History, with Statistics Government Printing Office 
  • "Elijah Hayward" The Supreme Court of Ohio & The Ohio Judicial System Retrieved 2011-08-29 
  • Elijah Hayward at Find a Grave

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