Elections in North Korea


Elections in North Korea are held every five years for the Supreme People's Assembly SPA — the country's national legislature — and every fourdubious – discuss years for Local People's Assemblies12

All seats are won by the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland3 The Workers' Party of Korea dominates the Front and holds 875% of the seats, with 74% for the Korean Social Democratic Party, 32% for the Chondoist Chongu Party, and 19% for independent deputies4 According to official reports, turnout is near 100%, and approval of the Democratic Front's candidates is unanimous or nearly so1

Contents

  • 1 Procedure
    • 11 Local elections
  • 2 Criticism
  • 3 Latest election
  • 4 Past elections
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Procedureedit

In reply to a question put forth by Michael Marshall, Li Chun Sik of North Korea stated at a meeting of the Association of Secretaries General of Parliaments ASGP of the Inter-Parliamentary Union:5

While candidates could be nominated by anyone, it was the practice for all candidates to be nominated by the parties These nominations were examined by the United Reunification Front and then by the Central Electoral Committee, which allocated candidates to seats The candidate in each seat was then considered by the electors in meetings at the workplace or similar, and on election day the electors could then indicate approval or disapproval of the candidate on the ballot paper

Only one candidate appears on the ballot67 Elections are ostensibly conducted by secret ballot, and a voter may cross off the candidate's name to vote against him/her, but must do so by crossing out the name in a special booth6 Voting is mandatory and turnout is habitually near 100%8

Members of the Supreme People's Assembly are elected to five-year terms, and meet for SPA sessions up to ten days per year1full citation needed The Supreme People's Assembly elects a standing committee known as the Presidium, which exercises legislative functions when the Assembly is not in session It also elects the Chairman of the National Defence Commission, the country's chief executive, and the Premiercitation needed

Local electionsedit

Local elections have been held since 19999 The people elect representatives to city, county, and provincial people's assemblies in local elections every four years1 The number of representatives is determined by the population of each jurisdiction10

Mayors and governors are elected Their role is to work with the unelected and more influential city and province party secretaries11

Criticismedit

The elections have been variously described as show elections or a political census1213 Seats are uncompetitive as all candidates are chosen and won by the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland357 Because of the near-100% turnout, elections double as unofficial censuses The inminban neighborhood watch reportedly watches the elections to identify and investigate no-shows8

A voter may cross off the candidate's name to vote against him or her, but in most polling stations the voter must do so with a red pen next to the ballot box in sight of electoral officials, at some polling stations there is a separate ballot box for 'no' votes14 Many North Korean defectors claim such an act of defiance is too risky to attempt6

Latest electionedit

Main article: North Korean parliamentary election, 2014

The latest election was the first conducted under the leadership of Kim Jong-un following the death of Kim Jong-il in December 2011

Summary of the 9 March 2014 North Korea Supreme People's Assembly election results

Alliance Party Votes % Seats
Democratic Front
for the Reunification
of the Fatherland
Workers' Party of Korea 10000% 607
Korean Social Democratic Party 50
Chondoist Chongu Party 22
General Association of Korean Residents in Japan 5
Religious associations 3
Total 10000% 687
Turnout: 9997%
Source:15

Past electionsedit

Main article: North Korean parliamentary election, 2009

The last election conducted under the leadership of Kim Jong-il was held on March 8, 2009 The following day, North Korean media announced that he was unanimously re-elected to parliament, though none of his sons were among the appointments16 The election committee also stated that 9998% of all registered voters took part in voting, with 100% voting for their candidate in each district17 All seats were won by the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, under the control of the Worker's Party3

Alliance Party Votes % Seats
Democratic Front
for the Reunification
of the Fatherland
Workers' Party of Korea 10000% 606
Korean Social Democratic Party 50
Chondoist Chongu Party 22
General Association of Korean Residents in Japan 6
Independents 3
Total 10000% 687
Turnout: 9998%
Source:18

See alsoedit

  • North Korea portal
  • Politics portal
  • Politics of North Korea

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c "DPRK Holds Election of Local and National Assemblies" People's Korea Archived from the original on 2013-03-31 Retrieved 2008-06-28 
  2. ^ "The Parliamentary System of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" PDF Constitutional and Parliamentary Information Association of Secretaries General of Parliaments ASGP of the Inter-Parliamentary Union p 4 Retrieved 2010-10-01 
  3. ^ a b c Moon, Angela; Sugita Katyal; Ralph Boulton 8 March 2009 "NKorea vote may point to Kim successor" Reuters Retrieved 2009-03-08 
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary System of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" PDF Constitutional and Parliamentary Information Association of Secretaries General of Parliaments ASGP of the Inter-Parliamentary Union p 5 Archived from the original PDF on 2012-03-03 Retrieved 2010-10-01 
  5. ^ a b "The Parliamentary System of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" PDF Constitutional and Parliamentary Information Association of Secretaries General of Parliaments ASGP of the Inter-Parliamentary Union pp 17–18 Retrieved 2010-10-01 
  6. ^ a b c "North Korea votes for new rubber-stamp parliament" Associated Press 8 March 2009 
  7. ^ a b "Kim wins re-election with 999% of the vote" The New York Times 9 March 2009 
  8. ^ a b Emily Rauhala April 24, 2015 "Inside North Korea's sham election" TIMEcom Retrieved March 10, 2014 
  9. ^ "North Korea elections: What is decided and how" BBC News 19 July 2015 Retrieved 2015-11-26 
  10. ^ Kim Seong Hwan June 10, 2015 "NK to hold local elections next month" DailyNK Retrieved June 11, 2015 
  11. ^ York, Rob June 9, 2015 "North Korea’s local elections coming in July" NK News Retrieved June 11, 2015 
  12. ^ Choe Sang-Hun 9 March 2014 "North Korea Uses Election To Reshape Parliament" The New York Times Retrieved 18 March 2014 
  13. ^ Hotham, Oliver 3 March 2014 "The weird, weird world of North Korean elections" NK News Retrieved 17 July 2015 
  14. ^ http://wwwaljazeeracom/news/2015/07/local-elections-north-korea-bring-change-150718180133222html
  15. ^ "IPU PARLINE Database: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Choe Go In Min Hoe Ui" Inter-Parliamentary Union 
  16. ^ "N Korea polls 'give no clue'" Press Association 9 March 2009 
  17. ^ "N Korea's Kim wins parliamentary seat: official media" AFP 9 March 2009 
  18. ^ "IPU PARLINE Database: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Parliamentary Chamber: Choe Go In Min Hoe Ui, Elections Held in 2009" Inter-Parliamentary Union 

External linksedit

  • Video of elections, including ballots used on YouTube
  • Elections in North Korea on YouTube


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