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Ehime Prefecture

ehime prefecture, matsuyama ehime prefecture map
Ehime Prefecture 愛媛県, Ehime-ken is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan2 The capital is Matsuyama3

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cities
    • 22 Towns and villages
    • 23 Mergers
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Education
    • 41 University
      • 411 National
      • 412 Prefectural
      • 413 Private
  • 5 Sports
  • 6 Culture
    • 61 Museums
  • 7 Transport
    • 71 Rail
    • 72 Tramway
    • 73 Road
      • 731 Expressway
      • 732 National highways
    • 74 Ports
    • 75 Airport
  • 8 Notes
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Ehime Prefecture

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province4 Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shogun gave the area to his allies, including Kato Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama

The name Ehime comes from the kuniumi part of the Kojiki where Iyo Province is mythologically named Ehime "lovely princess"5

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in Matsuyama6

Geographyedit

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks7

Citiesedit

Map of Ehime Prefecture Matsuyama Uwajima

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns in each district:

Ehime agency Matsuyama Castle

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Ehime Prefecture

Former districts:

  • Uwa District historical
  • Uma District
  • Shūsō District
  • Onsen District

Economyedit

The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding Chemical industries, oil refining, paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan tangerine and iyokan and cultured pearls

Ikata's nuclear power plant produces a large portion of Shikoku's electricity

Educationedit

Universityedit

Nationaledit

  • Ehime University

Prefecturaledit

  • Ehime Prefectural University of Health Science

Privateedit

  • St Catherine University
  • Matsuyama University
  • Matsuyama Shinonome College women's college

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime

Football soccer

  • Ehime FC

Baseball

  • Ehime Mandarin Pirates

Cultureedit

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama It has been used for over two thousand years

Iyo dialect, one of the Shikoku dialects, is the dialect spoken in Ehime Prefecture

Museumsedit

  • Museum of Ehime History and Culture
  • Kaimei School

Transportedit

Railedit

  • JR Shikoku
    • Yosan Line
    • Yodo Line
    • Uchiko Line
  • Iyotetsu
    • Gunchu Line
    • Takahama Line
    • Yokogawara Line

Tramwayedit

  • Iyotetsu
    • Matsuyama Inner Line

Roadedit

Expresswayedit

Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaidō
  • Matsuyama Expressway
  • Tokushima Expressway
  • Takamatsu Expressway
  • Kochi Expressway
  • Nishiseto Expressway also referred to as the Shimanami Kaidō
  • Imabari Komatsu Road

National highwaysedit

  • Route 11
  • Route 33 Matsuyama-Kōchi
  • Route 56 Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kōchi
  • Route 192 Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima
  • Route 194
  • Route 196
  • Route 197
  • Route 317 Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi
  • Route 319
  • Route 320
  • Route 378
  • Route 380
  • Route 437
  • Route 440
  • Route 441
  • Route 494 Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki

Portsedit

  • Kawanoe Port
  • Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
  • Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
  • Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
  • Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
  • Uwajima Port

Airportedit

  • Matsuyama Airport

Notesedit

  1. ^ a b c d 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル Ehime prefectural website in Japanese Ehime Prefecture Archived from the original on 9 January 2008 Retrieved 9 September 2011 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 170, p 170, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p 621, p 621, at Google Books
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  5. ^ Chamberlain, Basil Hall 1882 A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters section V
  6. ^ "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve" BrightWire 
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 19 August 2012 

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official website

Coordinates: 33°50′N 132°50′E / 33833°N 132833°E / 33833; 132833

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