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Edward Dmytryk

edward dmytryk, edward dmytryk hollywood ten
Edward Dmytryk September 4, 1908 – July 1, 1999 was a Canadian-born American film director He was known for his 1940s films noir and received an Oscar nomination for Best Director for Crossfire 1947

In 1947 he was named as one of the Hollywood Ten, a group of blacklisted film industry professionals who refused to testify to the House Un-American Activities Committee HUAC in their investigations during the McCarthy-era 'Red scare' They all served time in prison for contempt of Congress In 1951, however, Dmytryk did testify to HUAC and rehabilitated his career

First hired again by independent producer Stanley Kramer in 1952, Dmytryk is likely best known for directing The Caine Mutiny 1954, a critical and commercial success The second highest-grossing film of the year, it was nominated for Best Picture and several other awards at the 1955 Oscars1 Dmytryk was nominated for a Directors Guild Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures

Contents

  • 1 Biography
    • 11 Early life
    • 12 Film career, early years
    • 13 The "Hollywood Ten"
    • 14 Return to filmmaking
    • 15 Later years
  • 2 Personal life
  • 3 Filmography
  • 4 Legacy and honors
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Biographyedit

Early lifeedit

Dmytryk was born in Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada, the son of Ukrainian immigrant parents, Frances Berezowski and Michael Dmytryk2 His father, a severe disciplinarian, bounced between jobs as truck driver, smelter worker and motorman3 His family moved to San Francisco, California, and then to Los Angeles After his mother died, his father remarried Dmytryk worked as a messenger at Famous Players-Lasky forerunner of Paramount Pictures for $6 a week while attending Hollywood High School He progressed to projectionist, film editor and, by age 31, director and a naturalized citizen of the United States

Film career, early yearsedit

Dmytryk made his directorial debut with The Hawk in 19354 His best-known films from these early years were film noirs: Murder, My Sweet 1944, adapted from Raymond Chandler's novel, Farewell, My Lovely; and Crossfire 1947, for which he received a Best Director Oscar nomination He made three contemporary World War II films: Behind the Rising Sun 1943, Hitler's Children 1943, the story of the Hitler Youth; and Back to Bataan 1945, starring John Wayne His fourth World War II film, Anzio, was made in 1968

The "Hollywood Ten"edit

After the war, many Americans were alarmed by Soviet actions in Europe, and by reports of covert Communist activity in the US This period has been dubbed the Second Red Scare The House Un-American Activities Committee HUAC investigated Communist Party influence in the film industry, and Dmytryk was among those called to testify about it before HUAC in 1947 Dmytryk had briefly been a Communist Party member in 1945 He was persuaded by his former Party associates to join nine other Hollywood figures in a public refusal to testify The "Hollywood Ten" were cited for contempt of Congress and sentenced to prison terms5

Dmytryk fled to England and was unofficially ostracized In England he made Give Us this Day 1949, a neo-realistic movie sympathetic to the working man, based on the novel Christ in Concrete The movie, which was successful in Europe, was released as Christ in Concrete in the United States and quickly suppressed When his passport ran out, Dmytryk returned to the United States, where he was arrested and imprisoned

After several months behind bars, Dmytryk decided that he had been duped by the Communists They had cost him exile and imprisonment so they could win sympathy for the "Ten" as persecuted innocents, although as Dmytryk knew, all ten were current or former Party members He agreed to testify and to name people he knew were Communist Party members On April 25, 1951, Dmytryk appeared before HUAC for the second time, answering all questions He spoke of his own brief Party membership in 1945, and named 26 other Party members He said that John Howard Lawson, Adrian Scott, Albert Maltz, and others had pressured him to include Communist elements in his films His testimony damaged several court cases that others of the "Ten" had filed He recounted his experiences of the period in his book, Odd Man Out: A Memoir of the Hollywood Ten 1996

Return to filmmakingedit

Dmytryk directed Humphrey Bogart and Van Johnson in The Caine Mutiny in 1954

Independent American producer Stanley Kramer was the first to hire him again, choosing him to direct a trio of low-budget films beginning in 1952 Next Kramer selected Dmytryk to direct Humphrey Bogart and Van Johnson in The Caine Mutiny 1954, a World War II naval drama adapted from Herman Wouk's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel which proved to be a great critical and commercial success for Columbia Pictures It was the second highest-grossing film of the year, and in 1955 received Oscar nominations for Best Picture, Best Actor and other awards

Through the 1950s and 1960s, Dmytryk continued to make films for major studios such as Columbia, 20th Century Fox, MGM and Paramount Pictures; his works in the 1950s included The Left Hand of God 1955, Raintree County 1957, The Young Lions 1958, and a 1959 remake of The Blue Angel

Later in the 1960s and 1970s, he directed The Carpetbaggers 1964, Where Love Has Gone 1964 -both based on novels by Harold Robbins; Anzio 1968 - his last World War II film; Alvarez Kelly 1966, Shalako 1968, and Bluebeard 1972

Later yearsedit

After his film career tapered off in the 1970s, Dmytryk entered academic life He taught about film and directing at the University of Texas at Austin, and at the University of Southern California film school He wrote several books on the art of filmmaking such as On Film Editing He also appeared on the lecture circuit, speaking at various colleges and theaters, such as the Orson Welles Cinema

Dmytryk died from heart and kidney failure on July 1, 1999, aged 90, in Encino, California He was buried at the Forest Lawn Memorial Park, in Hollywood6

Personal lifeedit

Dmytryk was married to actress Jean Porter from May 12, 19487 til his death 8

Filmographyedit

This filmography lists all the feature films Dmytryk directed, and is believed complete

  • The Hawk 1935
  • Million Dollar Legs uncredited; 1939
  • Television Spy 1939
  • Emergency Squad 1940
  • Golden Gloves 1940
  • Mystery Sea Raider 1940
  • Her First Romance 1940
  • The Devil Commands 1941
  • Under Age 1941
  • Sweetheart of the Campus 1941
  • The Blonde from Singapore 1941
  • Secrets of the Lone Wolf 1941
  • Confessions of Boston Blackie 1941
  • Counter-Espionage 1942
  • Seven Miles from Alcatraz 1942
  • Hitler's Children 1943
  • The Falcon Strikes Back 1943
  • Captive Wild Woman 1943
  • Behind the Rising Sun 1943
  • Tender Comrade 1943
  • Murder, My Sweet 1944
  • Back to Bataan 1945
  • Cornered 1945
  • Till the End of Time 1946
  • So Well Remembered 1947
  • Crossfire 1947
  • Obsession 1949
  • Give Us This Day 1949
  • The Sniper 1952
  • Mutiny 1952
  • Eight Iron Men 1952
  • The Juggler 1953
  • The Caine Mutiny 1954
  • Broken Lance 1954
  • The End of the Affair 1954
  • Soldier of Fortune 1955
  • The Left Hand of God 1955
  • The Mountain 1956
  • Raintree County 1957
  • The Young Lions 1958
  • The Blue Angel 1959
  • Warlock 1959
  • Walk on the Wild Side 1962
  • The Reluctant Saint 1962
  • The Carpetbaggers 1964
  • Where Love Has Gone 1964
  • Mirage 1965
  • Alvarez Kelly 1966
  • Anzio 1968
  • Shalako 1968
  • Bluebeard 1972
  • The 'Human' Factor 1975
  • He Is My Brother 1976

Legacy and honorsedit

  • 1948, nominated for Best Director for Crossfire at the Oscars
  • 1955, The Caine Mutiny nominated for Best Picture at the Oscars
  • 1955, Dmytryk was nominated for a Directors Guild Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures for The Caine Mutiny 1954 and The Young Lions 1957

See alsoedit

  • The Hollywood Ten documentary

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "The 27th Academy Awards 1955 Nominees and Winners" oscarsorg Retrieved 2011-08-20 
  2. ^ https://familysearchorg/ark:/61903/1:1:K8J7-G6J
  3. ^ http://wwwhollywoodreportercom/lists/hollywood-ten-men-who-refused-839762/item/edward-dmytryk-1908-1999-839784
  4. ^ Vallance, Tom July 3, 1999 "Obituary: Edward Dmytryk" The Independent Retrieved May 1, 2011 
  5. ^ "Hollywood Ten" Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 9 December 2012 
  6. ^ Edward Dmytryk at Find a Grave
  7. ^ Actress, Director Wed May 12, 1948 in Ellicott, Maryland
  8. ^ Los Angeles, California, Divorce Index, 1966-1984

External linksedit

  • Edward Dmytryk on Internet Movie Database

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