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Education in West Bengal

education in west bengal, graph of growth of education in west bengal
Education in West Bengal is provided by both the public sector as well as the private sector The modern education system was developed by the British missionaries and the Indian social reformists West Bengal has many reputed institutes of higher education like – Jadavpur University first to introduce chemical engineering and numerous other interdisciplinary studies in India , Presidency College, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta the first IIM, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur the first IIT, Bengal Engineering and Science University 2nd oldest engineering institution in India, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, Indian Statistical Institute and Visva-Bharati University

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Structure
  • 3 Major universities
  • 4 Research Institutes
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References

Historyedit

London Mission Bengali Girls' School, Calcutta LMS, 1869, p121

Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India Western models of education came to India through Kolkata Many of the first schools and colleges were established by the missionaries and reformists Sir William Jones philologist established the Asiatic Society in 1784 for promoting oriental studies People like Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Shashi Bhusan Chatterjee, and William Carey played a leading role in the setting up of modern schools and colleges in the city The Fort William College was established in 1800 The Hindu College was established in 1817 In 1855 the Hindu College, Calcutta was renamed as the Presidency College

William Carey established the Serampore College in Serampore City 30 km from Calcutta, 1818 It went on to become India's first modern university in 1827 when it was incorporated by a Royal Charter as a Danish University Although it had the charter, it was not technically a university in the modern sense of that termThe Sanskrit College was established in 1824 Reverend Alexander Duff of the Church of Scotland established the General Assembly's Institution in 1830 and later the Free Church Institution in 1844, which were later merged to form what is now known as the Scottish Church College, Calcutta These institutions played a significant role in what came to be known as the Young Bengal Movement and the Bengal Renaissance La Martiniere Calcutta was established in 1836 John Bethune established a school for Indian girls in 1850 at a time when women's education was frowned upon in the society The Bethune College for girls was set up by him in 1879

The oldest medical school in Asia, the Calcutta Medical College was set up in 1835 In 1857, the University of Calcutta was established as the first full-fledged multi-disciplinary university in south Asia It was modelled on the lines of the University of London Today it is amongst the largest multidisciplinary universities of India and offers some of the widest number of academic disciplines for study In 1856 technical and engineering education came with the establishment of a civil engineering college / department This setup went through various reorganisations to finally become the Bengal Engineering College in 1921 The Jesuit administered St Xavier's College was established in 1860 In 1906, the partition of Bengal led to widespread nationalistic and anti British feelings This led to the setting up of the National Council of Education, Bengal This later on became the Jadavpur University in 1955 The nation's first homeopathy college was established in the city in 1880 In 1883 Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu became the first women graduates from the University of CalcuttaIn the process, they became the first female graduates of the British Empire Kadambini went on to become the first female physician trained in the Western system of medicine in South Asia The Science College was established in 1917 The first blind school came into being in 1925

After independence, Calcutta continued to be in the forefront of the educational scene The Government College of Art & Craft was established in 1951 The Rabindra Bharati University was established in 1962 This university offers courses in the fine and performing arts The Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management was set up in 1953 as the country's first management institute and is also the first in the country to offer an MBA degree of a university The first, Indian Institute of Technology was set up at Kharagpur about 120 km from Calcutta In 1960 the Regional Engineering college presently National Institute of Technology at Durgapur was set up It is amongst the top NITs in India and also among the oldest Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, the first among the prestigious Indian Institutes of Management, was set up in 1961 at Joka It was the first national institute for post-graduate studies and research in management sciences It was established with the help of the MIT Sloan School of Management and the Ford Foundation

Structureedit

School girls in Kolkata

West Bengal schools are run by the School Education Department, West Bengal government or by private organisations, including religious institutions Instruction is mainly in English or Bengali, though Urdu is also used, especially in Central Kolkata The secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations CISCE, the Central Board for Secondary Education CBSE, the National Institute of Open School NIOS or the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing secondary school, students typically enroll for 2 years in a junior college, also known as pre-university, or in schools with a higher secondary facility affiliated with the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education or any central board Students choose from one of three streams, namely liberal arts, commerce or science Upon completing the required coursework, students may enrol in general or professional degree programsSouth Point,St Xaviers,etc are some of the best schools of West Bengal

Major universitiesedit

Ashutosh Building of the University of Calcutta at the College Street campus The historic Presidency University at the College Street campus Jorasanko Thakur Bari where Rabindra Bharati University, a state university established in 1962, is located West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences is a legal education state university established in 2004

In West Bengal there are one central university, twenty four state universities, seven private universities and one deemed university Besides, there are three Regional Centres of IGNOU at Siliguri, Kolkata and Raghunathganj and one Sub - Regional Centre of IGNOU at Darjeeling

Universities of West Bengal
University Location Type Established Specialization Sources
Adamas University Barasat Private 2014 General
Amity University New Town, Kolkata Private 2015 General
Aliah University Kolkata State 2007 General 2
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Haringhata State 1974 Agriculture 3
Bankura University Bankura State 2013 General 4
Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma University Cooch Behar State 2013 General 5
Diamond Harbour Women's University Diamond Harbour State 2012 General for Women 6
IGNOU Regional Centre Siliguri Central 2004 Distance education 7
Jadavpur University Kolkata State 1955 General 8
JIS University Agarpara, Kolkata Private 2015 General
Kazi Nazrul University Asansol State 2012 General 9
Netaji Subhas Open University Kolkata State 1997 Distance education 10
Neotia University Kolkata Private 2015 General
Presidency University, Kolkata Kolkata State 2010 General 11
Rabindra Bharati University Kolkata State 1962 General 12
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University Belur Deemed 2005 General 13
Seacom Skills University Birbhum Private 2014 General
Sidho Kanho Birsha University Purulia State 2010 General 14
University of Burdwan Bardhaman State 1960 General 15
University of Calcutta Kolkata State 1857 General 16
University of Engineering & Management New Town, Kolkata Private 2014 General 17
University of Gour Banga Malda State 2007 General 18
University of Kalyani Kalyani State 1960 General 19
University of North Bengal Siliguri State 1962 General 20
Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Cooch Behar State 2001 Agriculture 21
Vidyasagar University Medinipur State 1981 General 22
Visva-Bharati University Santiniketan Central 1951 General 23
West Bengal State University Barasat State 2007 General 24
West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata State 2004 Legal 25
West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences Kolkata State 1995 Veterinary science 26
West Bengal University of Health Sciences Kolkata State 2002 Medical 27
West Bengal University of Technology Kolkata State 2001 Technology 28
Techno India University Kolkata Private 2012 Technology 29
St Xavier's College Kolkata Private 2006 General 30

Research Institutesedit

Research Institutes of West Bengal
Institute Location Established Specialization Sources
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Kolkata 1950 Science 31
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science Kolkata 1876 Science 32
University of Engineering & Management Kolkata 2015 Engineering, Management and Computer science 33
SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences Kolkata 1986 Science 34
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata 2006 Science 35
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur 1951 Science and Technology 36
Bose Institute Kolkata 1917 Science 37
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre Kolkata 1977 Science 38
Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute Kolkata 1950 Science and Technology 39
Indian Institute of Chemical Biology Kolkata 1935 Science 40
Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute Durgapur 1958 Science and Technology 41
Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute Kolkata 1959 Science 42
National Institute of Biomedical Genomics Kalyani 2010 Science 43
Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers Kolkata 1953 Science and Technology 44
Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata 1931 Science 45
Indian Centre for Space Physics Kolkata 1999 Science 46
National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology Kolkata 1938 Science and Technology 47

See alsoedit

  • List of universities in India#West Bengal
  • Kolkata

Referencesedit

  1. ^ London Missionary Society, ed 1869 Fruits of Toil in the London Missionary Society London: John Snow & Co p 12 Retrieved 12 September 2016 
  2. ^ "Home Page: Aliah University, Kolkata" aliahacin Aliah University Retrieved 23 May 2011 
  3. ^ "Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya – About Us" bckveduin Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  4. ^ "Bankura University" 
  5. ^ "Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma University" 
  6. ^ "Diamond Harbour Women's University" 
  7. ^ "Welcome to Official Website of IGNOU Regional Centre Siliguri" rcsiliguriignouacin IGNOU Retrieved 14 July 2014 
  8. ^ "Welcome to Jadavpur University website" jaduniveduin Jadavpur University Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  9. ^ "Kazi Nazrul University" Kazi Nazrul University Retrieved 30 March 2015 
  10. ^ "Welcome to Official Website of Netaji Subhas Open University" wbnsouacin Netaji Subhas Open University Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  11. ^ "Welcome to Presidency University" presiunivacin Presidency University, Kolkata Retrieved 13 December 2011 
  12. ^ "Rabindra Bharati University" rbuacin Rabindra Bharati University Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  13. ^ "RKMVU – Introduction" rkmvuacin Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  14. ^ "The Hindu : National : New Vice-Chancellors take charge in West Bengal" hinducom Chennai, India: Sidho Kanho Birsha University 2 November 2010 Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  15. ^ "The University of Burdwan" burunivacin University of Burdwan Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  16. ^ "About the University" calunivacin University of Calcutta Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  17. ^ "Welcome to UEM KOLKATA - UEM Kolkata" uemeduin University of Engineering & Management UEM, Kolkata Retrieved 11 December 2016 
  18. ^ "University of Gour Banga" ugbacin University of Gour Banga Retrieved 30 August 2011 
  19. ^ "Kalyani University :: About The University" klyunivacin University of Kalyani Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  20. ^ "University of North Bengal" nbuacin University of North Bengal Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  21. ^ "Welcome to the Official Website of Uttarbanga Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya" ubkvacin Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Archived from the original on 29 April 2009 Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  22. ^ "Vidyasagar University::" vidyasagaracin Vidyasagar University Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  23. ^ "Heritage" visva-bharatiacin Visva-Bharati University Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  24. ^ "West Bengal State University" wbsuborg West Bengal State University Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  25. ^ "NUJS India Legal Law Studies Kolkata National University" nujsedu West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  26. ^ "West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences" wbuafsclacin West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  27. ^ "West Bengal University of Health Sciences" thewbuhsin West Bengal University of Health Sciences Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  28. ^ "West Bengal University of Technology – About Us" wbutacin West Bengal University of Technology Retrieved 1 August 2011 
  29. ^ http://wwwtechnoindiagroupcom/academics/indexphp  Missing or empty |title= help
  30. ^ http://wwwsxccaledu/  Missing or empty |title= help
  31. ^ "Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata" sahaacin Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  32. ^ "Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata" iacsresin Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  33. ^ "Welcome to UEM KOLKATA - UEM Kolkata" uemeduin University of Engineering & Management UEM, Kolkata 
  34. ^ "SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata" boseresin SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  35. ^ "Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata" iiserkolacin Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  36. ^ "Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur" iitkgpacin Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  37. ^ "Bose Institute, Kolkata" boseinsternetin Bose Institute Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  38. ^ "Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata" veccgovin Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  39. ^ "Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata" cgcriresin Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  40. ^ "Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata" iicbresin Indian Institute of Chemical Biology Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  41. ^ "Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur" cmeriresin Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  42. ^ "Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata" cifriernetin Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  43. ^ "National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, Kolkata" nibmgacin National Institute of Biomedical Genomics Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  44. ^ "Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, Kolkata" crijaforgin/ Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers Archived from the original on 30 June 2011 Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  45. ^ "Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata" isicalacin/ Indian Statistical Institute Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  46. ^ "Indian Centre for Space Physics, Kolkata" cspresin/ Indian Centre for Space Physics Retrieved 20 March 2012 
  47. ^ "National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Kolkata" nirjaftresin/ National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology Retrieved 20 March 2012 

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