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Education in Punjab, India

Punjab has a long history of education


  • 1 Primary and secondary education
  • 2 Secondary Education
  • 3 Tertiary education
    • 31 Universities
      • 311 Central
      • 312 State
      • 313 Deemed
      • 314 Private
      • 315 Autonomous colleges in Punjab
      • 316 Reputed colleges Technical /Professional
      • 317 Other Institutes of Repute General
    • 32 Medical Colleges
      • 321 Government Medical Colleges
      • 322 Private Medical Colleges
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Primary and secondary educationedit

Senior School students in Punjab

The Indian government lays emphasis on the primary education up to the age of fourteen years, referred to as elementary education in India1 The Indian government has also banned child labour in order to ensure that the children do not enter unsafe working conditions1 However, both free education and the ban on child labour are difficult to enforce due to economic disparity and social conditions1 80% of all recognized schools at the elementary stage are government run or supported, making it the largest provider of education in the country2

School workshop

However, due to a shortage of resources and lack of political will, this system suffers from massive gaps including high pupil to teacher ratios, shortage of infrastructure and poor levels of teacher training Figures released by the Indian government in 2011 show that there were 5,816,673 elementary school teachers in India3 As of March 2012 there were 2,127,000 secondary school teachers in India4 Education has also been made free1 for children for 6 to 14 years of age or up to class VIII under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 20095

There have been several efforts to enhance quality made by the government The District Education Revitalization Programme DERP was launched in 1994 with an aim to universalize primary education in India by reforming and vitalizing the existing primary education system6 85% of the DERP was funded by the central government and the remaining 15 percent was funded by the states6 The DERP, which had opened 160000 new schools including 84000 alternative education schools delivering alternative education to approximately 35 million children, was also supported by UNICEF and other international programmes6

This primary education scheme has also shown a high Gross Enrollment Ratio of 93–95% for the last three years in some states6 Significant improvement in staffing and enrollment of girls has also been made as a part of this scheme6 The current scheme for universalization of Education for All is the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan which is one of the largest education initiatives in the world Enrollment has been enhanced, but the levels of quality remain low

Secondary Educationedit

Classroom in Punjab

The National Policy on Education NPE, 1986, has provided for environment awareness, science and technology education, and introduction of traditional elements such as Yoga into the Indian secondary school system7 Secondary education covers children aged 14 to 18, 885 million children according to the Census, 2001

A significant feature of India's secondary school system is the emphasis on inclusion of the disadvantaged sections of the society Professionals from established institutes are often called to support in vocational training Another feature of India's secondary school system is its emphasis on profession based vocational training to help students attain skills for finding a vocation of his/her choosing8 A significant new feature has been the extension of SSA to secondary education in the form of the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan9

A special Integrated Education for Disabled Children IEDC programme was started in 1974 with a focus on primary education10 but which was converted into Inclusive Education at Secondary Stage11 Another notable special programme, the Kendriya Vidyalaya project, was started for the employees of the central government of India, who are distributed throughout the country The government started the Kendriya Vidyalaya project in 1965 to provide uniform education in institutions following the same syllabus at the same pace regardless of the location to which the employee's family has been transferred10

Tertiary educationedit

A educational seminar

Punjab is served by many public institutes of higher education listed below All the major arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, veterinary science, and business courses are offered, leading to first degrees as well as postgraduate awards Advanced research is conducted in all major areas of excellence Punjab Agricultural University is one of the world's leading authorities in agriculture It was instrumental and played vital role in Punjab's Green Revolution in the 1960s-70s



  • Central University of Punjab, Bathinda


  • Panjab University, Chandigarh a Punjab State University12
  • Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
  • IK Gujral Punjab Technical University,13 Jalandhar
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh State Technical University,1415 Bathinda
  • Punjabi University, Patiala
  • Guru Ravidas Ayurved University, Hoshiarpur
  • Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana
  • Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala


  • Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, LongowalDeemed
  • Thapar University, PatialaDeemed


Thapar University
  • Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus, Jalandhar Punjab16
  • Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University, Fatehgarh Sahib
  • GGS College of Modern Technology, Kharar
  • Indian School of Business, Ajitgarh
  • Guru Kashi University, Talwandi Sabo
  • DAV University, Jalandhar
  • GNA University, Phagwara
  • Sant Baba Bhag Singh University, Jalandhar
  • Akal University

Autonomous colleges in Punjabedit

Many colleges of Punjab have been granted autonomous status by UGC

  • Khalsa College, Amritsar
  • Mata Gujri College, Fatehgarh Sahib
  • SGGS Khalsa College, Mahilpur Hoshiarpur district
  • Amritsar College of Engineering & Technology
  • Beant College of Engineering and Technology Gurdaspur
  • Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana17

Reputed colleges Technical /Professionaledit

  • Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus, Jalandhar Punjab18
  • Universal Group Of Institutions, Lalru
  • Desh Bhagat Group of Institutes, Gobindgarh, Moga, Muktsar under Desh Bhagat University
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar
  • Indian Institute of Management Amritsar19
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali
  • Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar
  • Global Institute Of Management & Emerging Technologies, Amritsar
  • Institute of Nano Science and Technology INST, Mohali
  • Giani Zail Singh Punjab Technical University Campus Government Engineering College, Bathinda
  • Malout institute of Management & Technology, Malout Govt of Punjab
  • Bhutta College of Engineering & Technology, Ludhiana
  • Malwa College of Nursing
  • Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Engineering college,Fatehgarh Sahib
  • Sri Sukhmani Institute of Engineering & Technology, Dera BassiMohali

Other Institutes of Repute Generaledit

  • Aryabhatta group of institutions,Barnala20
  • BBK DAV College for Women, Amritsar
  • BCM College of Education, Ludhiana
  • College of Engineering and Management, Kapurthala
  • Desh Bhagat Group of Institutes, Gobindgarh, Moga, Muktsar under Desh Bhagat University
  • Doraha college of Education, Doraha
  • GHG Khalsa College of Education, GURUSAR Sudhar
  • Govt Bikram College of Commerce, Patiala
  • Govt College of Education, Sector 20 Chandigarh
  • Govt Barjinder College, Faridkot
  • Desh Bhagat Pt Chetan Dev GovtCollege of Education, Faridkot
  • Gulzar Group of Institutes, Khanna Engineering College
  • Malwa Group of Institutions
  • Khalsa College, Patiala
  • Kings Group of Institutions, Barnala,Punjab
  • Malwa College of Nursing, Kotkapura
  • Mohindra College, Patiala
  • PCTE Group of Institutes including Punjab College of Technical Education, Ludhiana
  • Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh
  • Regional Centre Punjabi University, Bathinda
  • SGGS Khalsa College Sector 26 Chandigarh
  • State College of Education, Patiala
  • Swami Sarvanand Giri Panjab University Regional Centre, Hoshiarpur

Medical Collegesedit

As of 2015, there are more than 920 MBBS and 1,070 BDS seats across Punjab21

Government Medical Collegesedit

  • Government Medical College, Amritsar
  • Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot
  • Government Medical College, Patiala

Private Medical Collegesedit

  • Gian Sagar Medical College & Hospital, Patiala
  • Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Sri Amritsar
  • Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar22
  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
  • Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana
  • Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Bathinda
  • Chintpurni Medical College, Gurdaspur
  • Desh Bhagat School of Medical Sciences, Mandi Gobindgarh Desh Bhagat University

Notable peopleedit

  • The former Prime Minister of India, Dr Manmohan Singh was educated at Punjab University, Chandigarh and Oxford and Cambridge in UK
  • Professor Har Gobind Khorana, famous Nobel laureate & biotechnologist was educated at Panjab University
  • Sushma Swaraj Leader of BJP is Alumni of Panjab University Chandigarh
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it


  1. ^ a b c d Blackwell, 93–94
  2. ^ 1
  3. ^ flashstatistics2009-10pdf
  4. ^ "Archived copy" PDF Archived from the original PDF on April 17, 2012 Retrieved February 8, 2016 
  5. ^ 2 Archived February 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b c d e India 2009: A Reference Annual 53rd edition, 215
  7. ^ India 2009: A Reference Annual 53rd edition, 231
  8. ^ Blackwell, 94–95
  9. ^ Microsoft Word – Framework_Final_RMSAdoc PDF Retrieved on 21 March 2011
  10. ^ a b India 2009: A Reference Annual 53rd edition, 233
  11. ^ Secondary Education Educationnicin Retrieved on 21 March 2011
  12. ^ "Panjab University PU cannot be considered a centrally-funded university" 
  13. ^ "ਪੰਜਾਬ ਤਕਨੀਕੀ ਯੂਨੀਵਰਸਿਟੀ ਜਲੰਧਰ ਦਾ ਨਾਂਅ ਇੰਦਰ ਕੁਮਾਰ ਗੁਜਰਾਲ ਦੇ ਨਾਂਅ 'ਤੇ ਰੱਖਿਆ" 
  14. ^ "state technical university will have academic control over the colleges in Bathinda, Barnala, Faridkot, Fatehgarh Sahib, Fazilka, Ferozepur, Mansa, Muktsar, Patiala and Sangrur districts" 
  15. ^ "Maharaja Ranjit Singh State Technical University on the campus of Giani Zail Singh College of Engineering and Technology in Bathinda" 
  16. ^ Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus
  17. ^ "Autonomous Colleges - University Grants Commission" PDF 
  18. ^ Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus
  19. ^ "IIM to be set up in Amritsar" 
  20. ^ "http://wwwaryabhattagroupcom"  External link in |title= helpfull citation needed
  21. ^ "Admissions for PMET 2015 on hold, High court issues notices" http://wwwhindustantimescom/ 10 September 2015 Retrieved 10 September 2015  External link in |website= help
  22. ^ "Official MCI website" 

External linksedit

  • Government of Punjab - Department of School Education
  • Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • Swami Sarvanand Giri Panjab University Regional Centre, Hoshiarpur
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Rayat Bahra University

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