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Education in Odisha

education in odisha, school and mass education in odisha
Previously a neglected aspect of the state, which was not a focus of the Indian government, education in Odisha is witnessing a rapid transformation Its capital city, Bhubaneswar, is emerging as a knowledge hub in India with several new public and private universities, including the establishment of an Indian Institute of Technology after five decades of demand

Odisha has fared reasonably well in terms of literacy rates The overall literacy rate according to Census 2011 is 735%, which is marginally behind of the national average of 7404%In Odisha there are also many schools and colleges, maintain by government

Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Ancient and medieval era
    • 12 Colonial era
  • 2 School education
    • 21 Literacy
    • 22 Odisha Adarsha Vidyalayas OAVs
  • 3 Universalisation of elementary education
    • 31 Status of elementary education in the state
  • 4 Universalisation of Secondary Education
    • 41 Secondary Education
    • 42 Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan RMSA
      • 421 Objectives
      • 422 Action Taken
    • 43 The 10+2 structure
    • 44 Odisha Joint Entrance Examination
  • 5 National level public institutions
    • 51 Biju Patnaik National Steel Institute
    • 52 Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology
    • 53 Central Rice Research Institute
    • 54 Central Tool Room & Training Centre
    • 55 Central University of Orissa
    • 56 Institute of Dental Sciences
    • 57 Indian Institute of Handloom Technology
    • 58 Institute of Life Sciences
    • 59 Indian Institute of Mass Communication
    • 510 Institute of Physics
    • 511 Indian Institute of Public Health
    • 512 Indian Institute of Technology
    • 513 International Institute of Information Technology
    • 514 Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management
    • 515 Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology
    • 516 National Institute of Fashion Technology
    • 517 National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research
    • 518 National Institute of Science Education & Research
    • 519 National Institute of Technology
    • 520 National Law University of Orissa
    • 521 National University or World Class Central University
    • 522 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar
    • 523 Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan Deemed University, Shri Sadashiva Campus
    • 524 Regional Institute of Education
    • 525 Regional Medical Research Centre
  • 6 State level public institutions
    • 61 Berhampur University
    • 62 Biju Patnaik University of Technology
    • 63 College of Engineering and Technology
    • 64 Government College Of Engineering, Keonjhar
    • 65 Fakir Mohan University
    • 66 Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology
    • 67 Institute of Mathematics and Applications
    • 68 Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Medical College
    • 69 North Orissa University
    • 610 Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology
    • 611 Parala maharaja engineering collegePMEC, Berhampur
    • 612 Ravenshaw University
    • 613 Sambalpur University
    • 614 Shriram Chandra Bhanja Medical College
    • 615 Shri Jagannath Sanskrit Vishvavidayalaya
    • 616 Utkal University
    • 617 Utkal University of Culture
    • 618 Veer Surendra Sai Medical College
    • 619 Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla
  • 7 Private institutions
    • 71 Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar
    • 72 Siksha 'O' Anusandhan SOA Deemed to be University
    • 73 Centurion University
    • 74 Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Deemed to be University
    • 75 ICFAI University
    • 76 Sri Sri University
  • 8 Institutions through public-private partnership
    • 81 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Brahmapur
    • 82 Sambalpur University Institute of Information Technology, Sambalpur
  • 9 Plans
    • 91 Bhubaneswar as an emerging education hub
    • 92 Odisha Higher Education Vision 2020
    • 93 Under construction and planned medical and engineering colleges
  • 10 State legislation pertaining to higher education
    • 101 Vedanta University act
  • 11 Former central government neglect of Odisha
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Historyedit

Ancient and medieval eraedit

Historically, Odisha has been at the forefront of education and research The ruins of a major ancient university, Puspagiri, were recently discovered in Odisha Scholars from far away lands, such as Greece, Persia and China used to study philosophy, astronomy, mathematics and science at this famed university Along with Takshashila and Nalanda universities, Puspagiri was among the oldest universities in the world All three universities were mentioned by the Chinese traveler Huien Tsang Xuanzang, who visited India in the 7th century, but unlike the others, the whereabouts of Puspagiri university were unknown until recently As of 2007, the ruins of this university have not been fully excavated yet12 Odisha's education prospered under Hindu and Buddhist rule However, it went into a period of decline under the Sun dynasty, after 1568 The Muslims and the Marathas, who occupied Odisha before the British, did little to spread education3full citation needed Before the creation of modern Odisha, the mainstay of the education system were the Sanskrit Pathsalas, and the Maktabs, which existed in Cuttack, Balasore, Puri, Angul and Sambalpur, local Chatasalis to cater to grassroot level education, as well as advanced centers of Oriental learning4

Colonial eraedit

The colonialization of Odisha by the British East India Company in 1803 proved disastrous to Odisha in all spheres It led to the collapse of the traditional education system Yet, Odisha being one of the last Indian territories to come under the British rule became exposed much later than other parts of India to the system of education they introduced Under the East India Company, Christian missionaries who took up printing the Old and New Testaments in Oriya, also contributed to some growth in education The first primary school was created in 1822 by missionaries

The Cuttack Zilla school, Odisha's first modern school up to matriculation level, was established in 1866 It was extended to become a Collegiate school in 1868, which provided first and second year college education to Oriya students However, Oriyas were severely disadvantaged by having to attend Presidency College in Kolkata for BA degrees This was until the collegiate branch of Zilla school was converted into a full bachelor's degree granting college under the then commissioner, T E Ravenshaw This college was named as Ravenshaw College after him

Women's education was taken up with the establishment of the Ravenshaw Hindu Girls' School in 1873 The Maharajah of Keonjhar, the Rani or Talcher, amongst other notable Oriya personalities, who made contributions Later, Reba Ray, a former student of this school and Sailabala Das became instrumental in furthering the cause of women's education, leading to the creation of the Sailabala Women's College, Cuttack

Medical education began with the opening of the first medical school in 1876, by Dr Stewart, the Civil Surgeon of Cuttack, who also translated the Materia Medica into Oriya The first industrial school was opened in 1884, in Alalpur, Balasore A survey school began at the same time in Cuttack, which later on became the Orissa School of Engineering, marking the beginnings of technical education in the state5full citation needed

School educationedit

Literacyedit

Although 10 years of primary education is mandatory in Odisha, the literacy rate is only 735%, which is marginally behind of the national average of 7404% The government of India has undertaken steps to improve women's literacy in the tribal pockets in the state and elsewhere in India6 Male literacy is 7595% and female literacy is 5097%Among the districts, Malkangiri has the lowest literacy rate of 3126% Among the women, lowest literacy level is in Nabarangpur district, at 2102%, and Malkangiri district at 2128%Khurda district which includes Bhubaneswar city, has the highest literacy of 8019% This district also has the highest female literacy of 7106% The high literacy figures of Khurda district is certainly influenced by the inclusion of the state capital in the statistics Next to Khurda comes Jagatsinghpur district with 7961% literatesThe literacy level in Orissa at 6361% is comparable with all-India average of 6538% However, there are considerable regional disparities between areas, and communities Non-formal and adult literacy programs are run in various districts and are at different stages of implementation Out of 30 districts, 9 are continuing total literacy campaign TLC 10 districts are either continuing or awaiting approval of post literacy program PLP 11 districts have completed PLP, and some of them have received sanction for Continuing Education Program The State Government is committed to the Universalisation of Elementary Education in the State with the aim of fulfilling the constitutional obligation with the assistance of Central Government

Odisha Adarsha Vidyalayas OAVsedit

One of the major innovation in recent years has been plans of Odisha State to setup one Odisha Adarsha VidyalayaOAV literally Odisha Model School at each of 314 block headquarters7 100 Odisha Adarsha VidyalayasOAVs has already started functioning from academic session 2016-1789 These Adarsha Vidyalayas would be CBSE affiliated fully residential schools, provide free of education, and target talented students through an annual entrance examination These would have Class VI through Class XII and each class would have 80 number of students

Universalisation of elementary educationedit

Keeping in view the need for Universalisation of elementary education, there has been expansion at Primary and Upper Primary School stage of education, in the Government sector, especially in rural areas as well as backward areas

Status of elementary education in the stateedit

In Odisha there are 35,928 Primary and 20,427 Upper Primary schools to provide education at elementary level More 491 New Primary and 490 New Upper Primary schools opened under SSA to provide schooling in unserved areas

  • 66 lakh children of 6–14 years age group are in-school, out of which 12 lakh are SC and 17 lakh are ST
  • 187 lakh children of 6–14 years age group are out-of-school from which 03 lakh are from SC and 09 lakh are from ST community Out of them 56,995 Children were admitted to regular existing & New Schools under Enrolment Drive in districts

Further to improve access to Elementary Education and to achieve 100% enrolment, Government have relaxed the norm for opening of new Primary schools

  • In KBK districts and Tribal Sub Plan areas new primary schools will be opened in habitations having at least 25 children in the 6–14 years age group provided there is no primary school within one KM of such habitations
  • In all the districts the distance norm for opening of new primary and new upper primary schools is relaxed in case of natural barrier like river, hilly terrain, dense forest etc

There are 218 Minority and Mission Managed Primary Schools, wherein 599 teachers are receiving grant-in-aid from the Government Besides, Oriya Medium Schools

Universalisation of Secondary Educationedit

Secondary Educationedit

There are 6193 Govt and aided Secondary Schools, 849 Recognized High Schools and 151 permitted High Schools in the State

  • As per the GIA Rules, 2004, 1981 private High Schools have been notified to receive block grant
  • 1375 nos of Contract Teachers has been engaged against the 3210 posts advertised
  • Contract teachers of High Schools have been allowed the minimum basic pay of their respective regular scale in Revised Scale of Pay 2008
  • Government have approved 799 candidates as non-teaching staff under the Rehabilitation Assistance Scheme in the year 2010
  • Computer Literacy is being popularized in High Schools Board of Secondary Education has included computer learning as an optional subject in the curriculum for Secondary schools

Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan RMSAedit

RMSA is a national flagship programme initiated in 2009-10 to universalise Secondary Education by making good quality education available, accessible and affordable to all children within the age group of 14 – 18 years with strong focus on the elements of gender, equity & justice

Objectivesedit

  • To provide secondary school within 5 km and higher secondary school within 7–10 km of every habitation
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio GER of 75% for class-IX & X within five years by 2013-14
  • Universal Access to Secondary Education SE by 2017
  • Universal Retention by 2020
  • Access to Secondary Education SE for all disadvantaged group of children
  • To improve quality of education resulting in enhanced intellectual, social and cultural learning

Action Takenedit

  • Annual Work Plan for 2010-11 and Perspective Plan for 5 years submitted to GOI
  • PAB approved for 2009–10 Rs20718 crores and for 2010-11 Rs 50792 crore
  • Rs 300 crores released by GOI for "Preparatory Activities" such as Strengthening State and District offices
  • Strengthening manpower ganising training/workshop/SEMI Setc
  • Rs 7140 crores released by GOI for "Project Activities" such as; Civil works for new school
  • MMER Management Monitoring Evaluation & Research which is being released to all the 30 districts
  • Data collection, data entry and analysis of "Secondary Education Management Information System" SEMIS, 2009-10 is completed & is under verification by the Inspector of Schools

The 10+2 structureedit

In Odisha, as elsewhere in India, children are enrolled in school at the age of five The core subjects taught in schools include Science including Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Mathematics Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Computer Science, and Set theory, Social Studies Geography, History, Civics and Economics, and three languages, which are usually Oriya, Hindi and English Additionally, school children receive training in sports and physical education, as well as vocational training

After ten years of schooling, children at the end of classX must appear in one of the three school examinations; 1 All India Secondary School Examination AISSE, which is conducted by the Central Government run Central Board of Secondary Education CBSE, 2 Odisha High School Certificate Examination, which is conducted by the Board of Secondary Education, OdishaBSE and 3 Indian Certificate of Secondary Education ICSE examination, conducted annually by the New Delhi-based Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations CISCE

Children who appear in either the All India Secondary School Examination or the Odisha High School Certificate Examination have a choice of using Oriya or Hindi or English as the medium language However, the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations makes English the mandatory language

Two years of higher secondary education follow, which is optional Students, usually in the 15 through 17 age group, have a choice of specializing in the following streams;

  1. Arts
  2. Science
  3. Commerce

At this stage, the students get exposed to a wide array of elective subjects The CBSE conducts the All India Senior School Certificate Examination and the CISCE conducts the Indian School Certificate Examinations for students in class XII There are also Junior colleges and Degree colleges in the state that offer secondary education for class XII children The Council of Higher Secondary Education, Odisha CHSE conducts the higher secondary level examination for them

This educational structure in Odisha is referred to commonly as the 10+2 system Students who undergo the 10+2 education system are eligible for admission into a college or university in Odisha, and can also opt for other professional training However, admission into the few top institutions in Odisha, particularly in engineering and medicine, are highly competitive Students graduating from class XII typically must qualify in an entrance examination in order to gain admission

Odisha Joint Entrance Examinationedit

The Government of Odisha conducts a highly competitive Joint Entrance Examination OJEE annually to select students for admission into the various engineering colleges operating under BPUT In the year 2010, around 73,587 students appeared the OJEE against 76,000 students last year Out of them 51,174 students sat for engineering, 19,663 in medical, 8,326 in MBA, 9,446 in pharmacy and 4,680 in MCA10

National level public institutionsedit

Odisha has become a hub for higher education and has numerous inistitutions which are nationally and internationally recognised

Biju Patnaik National Steel Instituteedit

Biju Patnaik National Steel Institute BPNSI, Puri is an autonomous Institute constituted by Ministry of Steel, Government of India was established on 1 January 2002 for the development of steel sector with an emphasis on the secondary steel sector BPNSI is one of the few institutes in the country and the only institute in Odisha that offers a curriculum in Iron & Steel manufacturing & Plant Management Currently the Institute is offering a one and half year “Advanced Certificate Course on Iron and Steel Manufacturing & Plant Management” The Institute plans to offer Degree and PG Diploma courses in the future11

Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technologyedit

Main article: Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar

Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar established in 1986 is one of the 15 state-of-the-art centers spread across India devoted to academic, technology support & research ATR activities for the growth of plastics & allied industries in the country CIPET, Bhubaneswar has a track record of best performance centre consistently for last few years and rated to be the best centre The institute offers BTech, MTech and PhD program on Plastics Engineering and Technology in affiliation with Biju Patnaik University of Technology12

Central Rice Research Instituteedit

Main article: Central Rice Research Institute

The Central Rice Research Institute CRRI is located in the city of Cuttack It is one of the premier institutions in Asia for rice research It was established by the center in 1946 with an experimental farm land of 06 km² provided by the Odisha government It is the second largest institution dedicated to rice research after the one at Manila The Institute has two research stations- Central Rainfed Upland Rice Research Station CRURRS, Hazaribagh, in Jharkhand, and the Regional Rainfed Lowland Rice Research Station RRLRRS, Gerua, in Assam These research stations were established to tackle the problems of rainfed uplands, and flood prone rainfed lowlands, respectively Two Krishi Vigyan Kendras KVKs also function under the CRRI located at Santhapur, Cuttack and Jainagar, Koderma13

Central Tool Room & Training Centreedit

Main article: Central Tool Room & Training Centre

Central Tool Room & Training Centre, Bhubaneswar is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of MSME, Government of India Since 1991 imparting industry oriented long & short term training programmes on CAD/CAM, Tool Design & Manufacturing, Tool & Die Making, CNC Programming & Machining, Machine Maintenance, CCNA, Industrial Automation, VLSI, Hardware & Networking Management, ITI Machinist/Welder etc

Central University of Orissaedit

The Central University of Orissa has been established in Koraput by the Parliament under the Central Universities Act, 2009 No 3C of 2009 It is one of the 15 new Central Universities established by the Government of India during the UGC XI Plan period to address the concerns of “equity and access” and as per the policy of the Government of India to increase the access to quality higher education by people in less educationally developed districts which have a Graduate Enrollment Ratio of less than the national average of 11%14

Institute of Dental Sciencesedit

Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar was set up in 2005 on the recommendation of Dental Council of India, Health and Family Welfare Department, Govt of India It has been conducting BDS Course from the academic session 2006-0715

Indian Institute of Handloom Technologyedit

IIHT Bargarh, the fifth central sector institute came into existence on June 2, 2008Initially it started functioning in the panchayat college campus in Bargarh township which is a prominent place in western part of Odisha The permanent campus is under construction on Bargarh-Bhatli road, 8 km from the district headquarters It offers a diploma course in handloom and texile technology

Institute of Life Sciencesedit

The Institute of Life Sciences ILS, an autonomous institute has been brought under the fold of the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India in August 2002 The institute is located in close proximity to other research institutions at Bhubaneswar The institute was earlier established on February 11, 1989 and was under the administrative and financial control of Department of Science and Technology, Government of Odisha Prime minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee dedicated the institute to the nation on July 15, 2003 with a declaration to develop the institute as a "National Centre for Excellence" The mandate of ILS is to undertake basic and translational research in frontier areas of life sciences The research interests of the faculty are in three major areas: a Infectious Disease Biology, b Gene Function and Regulation and c Translation Research and Technology Development In addition, new collaborations with industry have been established to tap commercial potential of laboratory science16

Indian Institute of Mass Communicationedit

IIMC Dhenkanal, was set up in August 1993 as the first branch of IIMC New Delhi, under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt of IndiaIt imparts education and training in journalism and also undertakes media studies and research The Institute conducts PG Diploma courses in Journalism in English and Oriya, besides short term courses and workshops

Institute of Physicsedit

Main article: Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar

The Institute Of Physics, Bhubaneswar is an autonomous research institution funded jointly by the Department Of Atomic Energy DAE and the Government of Odisha It provides research facilities for postgraduate research

Indian Institute of Public Healthedit

Indian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneswar is one of the four institutes set up by PHFI as a part of its charter to build public health capacity in India IIPH, Bhubaneswar, commenced its academic activities from August 2010 The institute offers a Post Graduate Diploma course in Public Health Management, launched on 2 August 2010 Government doctors from Odisha and Chhattisgarh and self-sponsored candidates are participating in this course In addition to this, various short term training programmes, workshops and research activities are being undertaken by the institute17

Indian Institute of Technologyedit

Main article: IIT Bhubaneswar

The Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar is the third and one of the largest of eight new Indian Institutes of Technology established by the MHRD, Government of India in 2008–200918 A total of 935 acres 378 km2 of land has been allocated at Arugul towards the self-contained campus for 10,000 students and 1,100 faculty, making it the second largest of all IITs after the one at Kharagpur, and largest IIT in any metropolitan location19

As of 2009, there are undergraduate programs leading to B Tech degrees in civil engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering Postgraduate students are being admitted into the M Tech and PhD programs

International Institute of Information Technologyedit

Main article: International Institute of Information Technology, Bhubaneswar

International Institute of Information Technology, Bhubaneswar is an information technology higher education institute established in 2006 by the Government of Odisha It has been converted to an unitary university on January 20, 2014 It offers Masters and Bachelors programme in Engineering It is considered as an institute of national importance according to the AICTE2021

Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Managementedit

Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management IITTM, Bhubaneswar is one of the five premier autonomous institutes set by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India IITTM is engaged in teaching, training, research and consultancy and is the only institute in the country dedicated to the tourism learning The institute at Bhubaneswar was in 1996 as Baji Rout Regional Center for Eastern India with the primary objective of expanding its activities to a part of the country that is full of tourism potential It offers two years postgraduate diploma in management specializing in Tourism and Travel and International Business22

Institute of Minerals and Materials Technologyedit

Main article: Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology

The Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology IMMT, formerly Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar was set up as a premier establishment of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research CSIR, New Delhi in 1964 in the State of Odisha, in eastern India The laboratory specializes in providing R&D support for process and product development with special emphasis on conservation and sustainable utilization of natural resources Over the years, IMMT has developed S&T capabilities in a wide range of areas from mineralogy to materials engineering The laboratory has expertise in conducting technology oriented programmes in mining and mineral/bio-mineral processing, metal extraction and materials characterization, process engineering, industrial waste management, pollution monitoring and control, marine and forest products development, utilization of medicinal and aromatic plants and appropriate technologies for societal development23

National Institute of Fashion Technologyedit

National Institute of Fashion TechnologyNIFT, Bhubaneswar center is one of the latest additions to the existing countrywide gamut of NIFT It started functioning from June 2010 from its transit campus situated in Centurion Institute of Technology, near HP Gas Plant, Bhubaneswar The course being offered at the institute at present, include specialization in two disciplines, Bachelor of Design in Textile Design and Master of Fashion Management Studies The institute boasts of eminent and experienced faculty to facilitate quality education from the very commencement of the center24 A total of 35 acres 140,000 m2 of land have been granted by the state government The NIFT would be funded through the Indian Ministry of Commerce It is admitting students from 201025

National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Researchedit

Main article: National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research

The National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research NIRTAR is an autonomous body established in 1975 under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Govt of India It is located in a beautiful rural area at Olatpur, 30 km from Cuttack and Bhubaneswar It conducts three bachelor's degree courses in Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Prosthetics and Orthotics, two Postgraduate courses in Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy affiliated to Utkal University, Bhubaneswar It also has an accreditation for DNB in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of National Board of Examination NBE, New Delhi26

National Institute of Science Education & Researchedit

Main article: National Institute of Science Education & Research

The National Institute of Science Education and Research NISER is a premier research institution in India along the lines of the internationally reputed IISc in Bangalore, and five sister institutions, the IISERs Instead of the Ministry of Human Resources Development, NISER operates under the umbrella of the Department of Atomic Energy DAE It was established in 2007, in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, when the first batch of students were admitted into its integrated postgraduate programs

NISER is dedicated to graduate education and research only It offers MS,5 year integrated MS as well as PhD degrees in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology The Odisha government has provided 301 acres 12 km2of land free of cost for the upcoming campus at Jatani near Bhubaneswar27

Keeping in view the paucity of central government institutions in the state, the Government of Odisha has mooted the idea of a National Institute for Technology Education and Research NITER, a sister institution of NISER, in Bhubaneswar28

National Institute of Technologyedit

Main article: National Institute of Technology, Rourkela

Established in the year 1961, The National Institute of Technology NIT located at the steel city of Rourkela is the foremost engineering degree granting institutions in Odisha It has consistently been ranked among the top engineering institutes in the country, most recently being placed as the 3rd best Engineering Institute in Eastern India, after IIT Kharagpur and IIT Guwahati by DataQuest29

National Law University of Orissaedit

Main article: National Law University, Orissa

A national law university was established in 2009 at Naraj, in the outskirts of the city of Cuttack The university offers integrated BA LLB and BBA LLB, integrated LLM-PHD and PhD courses

National University or World Class Central Universityedit

A national university of international standards for cutting-edge research is being set up in Bhubaneswar The government plan views it as a unified centre of excellence in engineering, the sciences, humanities, management and medicine303031 The government of India will seek expertize from leading universities, such as Yale, MIT and Princeton, in setting up the national university at Bhubaneswar32

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswaredit

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar AIIMS is being set up in the state under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee had laid the foundation stone for the super-speciality hospital in 2003 The state AIIMS was then estimated to cost about Rs 82049 crore The institute has initiated the process of recruiting staff and is buying equipment simultaneously and the facility would be ready to take admissions in undergraduate medical courses by 2013 Work on the medical college and the hospital buildings would be complete by September 2012 The Union government recently selected three top medical institutes to mentor the six upcoming AIIMS prototypes AIIMS New Delhi will mentor its clone in Bhubaneswar The mentor will guide the upcoming institute in selecting faculty and setting up necessary infrastructure33

Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan Deemed University, Shri Sadashiva Campusedit

This campus was established on 1971 and is situated at Puri in Odisha The institution is more than 100 years old The campus is pursuing research work leading to the degree of Vidyavaridhi PhD and imparting education in Sahitya, Dharma Shastra, Navya Vyakarana, Puranetihas, Jyotish, Advaita Vedanta, Navya Nyaya, Sarvadarshana and Sankhya Yoga at post–graduate and graduate level and Shiksha Shastri at graduate level34

Regional Institute of Educationedit

A premier centre of education research, the Regional Institute of Education is located near Acharya Vihar in Bhubaneswar It is a regional centre of NCERT serving the eastern region Apart from running training programmes for teachers of schools and colleges, the institute also has integrated courses of BSc and BEd The institute also runs courses on BEd, MEd and MPhil Education

Regional Medical Research Centreedit

Regional Medical Research CentreRMRC, Bhubaneswar, was established in 1981 by Indian Council of Medical Research It conducts interdisciplinary research on locally prevailing communicable and non-communicable diseases It provides training and research to post graduate students for PhD/ MD degree, MSc dissertation and short term training to the doctors and technicians from state health departments and NVBDCP, Delhi35

State level public institutionsedit

Berhampur Universityedit

Main article: Berhampur University

Berhampur University was established in southern Odisha in 1965, as the third oldest university in the state The university has 25 affiliated colleges and covers the districts of Gajapati, Ganjam, Kandhamal, Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur and Rayagada

Biju Patnaik University of Technologyedit

Main article: Biju Patnaik University of Technology

The Biju Patnaik University of Technology BPUT, Rourkela, was created by an act of the Odisha state legislature in the year 2002 Almost all the engineering, pharmacy, architecture and most of the colleges offering MBA degree programmes are either constituent or affiliated colleges of BPUT Today, the university has 110 colleges, both constituent and affiliated, with around 58,000 students The disciplines include engineering and architecture, business management and hotel management, computer studies and pharmacy

College of Engineering and Technologyedit

Main article: College of Engineering and Technology

The College of Engineering and Technology CET-B was initially established within the preview of OUAT in Bhubaneswar It got separated from OUAT since 2002, having its own vast campus of about 139 acres 056 km2 in Ghatikia, Khandagiri It is a primarily an undergraduate college, offering programs in Architecture, Computer science, Information Technology, Electrical, Civil, Instrumentation & Electronics, Bio-Technology, Mechanical engineering, Textile engineering and Fashion Technology It is currently affiliated to BPUT Biju Patnaik University of Technology It places about 75% of its students every year and has a large number of students interning all over India

Government College Of Engineering, Keonjharedit

Main article: Government College of Engineering, Keonjhar

Government College of Engineering, Keonjhar is the only Government engineering college in North Odisha The institute started under the Department of Industries, Government of Odisha in 1956 offering Diploma education in Mining Engineering and later in 1995 introduced degree curriculum Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering branches were added in 1997 In 2006, the government of Odisha declared Orissa School of Mining Engineering Degree Stream as a constitute college of Biju Pattnaik University of Technology, Rourkela under self finance mode to develop it as a centre of excellence in the field of Engineering & Technology In 2008, Mineral Engineering and in 2009, Metallurgical & Materials Engineering were added In 2011, as per a government notification, it has been declared as a full-fledged government engineering college In 2015, Computer Science & Engineering and Civil Engineering were added

Fakir Mohan Universityedit

Main article: Fakir Mohan University

Fakir Mohan University, Vyasa Vihar, Balasore was established by the Government of Odisha, in 1999

Indira Gandhi Institute of Technologyedit

Main article: Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang

The Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology IGIT is located at Sarang in the industrial belt of Talcher It was established in 1982 by the government of Odisha In addition to four year undergraduate degrees in electrical, mechanical, chemical and civil engineering, and metallurgical & materials science, it offers three year diplomas in a few technical disciplines

Institute of Mathematics and Applicationsedit

Main article: Institute of Mathematics and Applications, Bhubaneswar

The Institute of Mathematics and Applications, IMA located in Bhubaneswar is an academic institution, established by the government of Odisha to conduct advanced research in pure and applied mathematics, and to conduct advanced postgraduate degree programs in the field It was established in 1999

Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Medical Collegeedit

Main article: MKCG Medical College and Hospital

The Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati MKCG Medical College is a medical college in Berhampur It was originally started in 1976 as an extension of the SCB Medical College It operates under Berhampur University It offers MBBS and MD degrees and also provides training in medical related fields

North Orissa Universityedit

Main article: North Orissa University

North Orissa University, Baripada is a public and open university established in 1998 The jurisdiction of the University extends over two districts, Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar There are 80 affiliated colleges, both general and professional, catering to the demand of higher education

Orissa University of Agriculture and Technologyedit

Main article: Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology

The Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology OUAT was established in the city of Bhubaneswar in 1962 It is dedicated to agriculture related research and education, and has seven colleges as well as a centre for postgraduate studies

Parala maharaja engineering collegePMEC, Berhampuredit

Main article: Parala Maharaja Engineering College

PMEC Berhampur was estd:2009 by Govt of Odisha, started functioning in its academic building at sitalapalli, berhampur with four branches This college is a constituent college of BPUT, Odisha College was inaugurated by Sri Naveen Patnaik, Hon'bl CM, Odisha

Ravenshaw Universityedit

Main article: Ravenshaw University Ravenshaw Convention Centre, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha

Upgraded from Ravenshaw College one of the oldest and largest colleges of India, the Ravenshaw University came into existence on 15 November 2006 Originally affiliated to University of Calcutta and thereafter to Patna University and then finally to Utkal University the institution finally got its own identity and became one of the most reputed universities of the Odisha state Presently the university runs 23 Post-Graduate courses with research facilities and 27 Undergraduate honours courses

Sambalpur Universityedit

Main article: Sambalpur University

Sambalpur University Jyoti Vihar in Burla, in western Odisha is another important university covering the districts of Bargarh, Bolangir, Boudh, Deogarh, Jharsugda, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Sambalpur, Subarnapur, Sundargarh as well as the Athamallik Sub-Division of Angul district It offers postgraduate education in twenty seven subjects The university has been functioning since 1967

Shriram Chandra Bhanja Medical Collegeedit

Main article: Shriram Chandra Bhanja Medical College

Established in 1944, The Shriram Chandra Bhanja Medical College SCB Medical College at Cuttack, is the premier medical institution in Odisha and one of the oldest in India It offers postgraduate degrees in all broad areas of medicine It also runs super speciality training facilities in several areas such as cardiology, neurosurgery, and radiotherapy There also exists a dental wing under the SCB Medical college

Shri Jagannath Sanskrit Vishvavidayalayaedit

Shri Jagannath Sanskrit Vishvavidayalaya was established in Puri by the erstwhile Chief Minister of Odisha Janaki Ballabh Pattanayak, an eminent scholar of Sanskrit, on 7 July 1981 It is the third Sanskrit university of the country next to Sampurnananda Sanskrit University of Banaras and Kameswar Singh Sanskrit University of Darabhanga

Utkal Universityedit

Main article: Utkal University

Utkal University Vani Vihar was the first university to be established in Odisha in 1943 It is also the seventeenth oldest in India It is located in Bhubaneswar and has about 3,000 postgraduate and doctoral students enrolled The university has jurisdiction over nine districts in Odisha, namely Angul, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh and Puri catering to the needs of higher education of a population of over 11 million people

Main entrance to Utkal University

Utkal University of Cultureedit

The Utkal University of Culture is a newly established institution located in Bhubaneswar

Veer Surendra Sai Medical Collegeedit

Main article: Veer Surendra Sai Medical College

The Veer Surendra Sai VSS Medical college and hospital has been in operation since 1959 in Burla It offers undergraduate and postgraduate education in medicine and surgery, besides offering training courses in pharmacy and nursing

Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burlaedit

Main article: Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla

Established in 1956 at Burla, the Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, formerly known as University College of Engineering UCE is Odisha's oldest, and one of the oldest and prestigious engineering institutions of East India Initially an autonomous college since 1991, it was elevated as a university in the year 2009, as a result of a move by the Government of Odisha to accord it with the status of a unitary university It offers undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral degrees in several engineering disciplines VSSUT receives financial grants from All India Council of Technical Education and University Grants Commission India, two central government agencies, as well as from the state government While other major engineering institutions such as the IITs only enjoy deemed university status, VSSUT is one of India's full scale university for engineering and technology The campus covers an area of 203 acres 082 km2 with an expansion capacity up to 503 acres 204 km2, as per the land allotted to it There is a proposal to upgrade this to NIT36 In the year 2012 VSSUT was awarded 12B status by University Grants Commission India

Private institutionsedit

Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar is a premier business school in India

Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswaredit

Main article: Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar

The Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar XIMB was established in 1987 It owes its origin to a contract between the government of Odisha and the Odisha Jesuit Society XIMB is governed by a board consisting of representatives from the Odisha Jesuit Society, the government of India, the government of Odisha, and invited industrialists and academics

XIMB has been ranked among the top 10 business schools in India The institution offers postgraduate programs, leading to Masters and PhD degrees in business management, rural management, human resource management, sustainability management as well several professional training programs37 It has a few research centers in areas such as entrepreneurship, utility regulation, small and micro enterprise development, and healthcare management XIMB grown up to become "Xavier University" Now XIMB is an autonomous business school under Xavier University38

Siksha 'O' Anusandhan SOA Deemed to be Universityedit

Main article: SOA UNIVERSITY

Siksha 'O' Anusandhan gained Deemed to be University status from the UGC in 2007 SOA has the highest grade of 'A' from NAAC Additionally, SUM Hospital its affiliated hospital has been awarded with the prestigious NABH accreditationLink to SOA University's Website

Centurion Universityedit

Centurion University, Bhubaneswar is Odisha's first private state university39

Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Deemed to be Universityedit

a building of KIIT's School of Technology Main article: Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology KIIT University

The Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology KIIT is established in Bhubaneswar in 1992 Academic programmes of KIIT University are conducted by its seven constituent schools – School of Technology, School of Computer Application, School of Management, School of Rural Management, School of Medicine, School of Biotechnology and KIIT Law School

ICFAI Universityedit

Hyderabad based Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India ICFAI has signed a memorandum of understanding with the chief minister of Odisha, Mr Naveen Patnaik, to set up a university in the outskirts of the city of Bhubaneswar ICFAI plan to buy 150 acres 06 km2 of land from private parties in Jatni, near the Khurda Road station4041 The university is budgeted at Rs 150 crores 15 billion It will function primarily as a business school

Sri Sri Universityedit

Main article: Sri Sri University

Sri Sri University has been established under the Sri Sri University Act, 2009 The Government of Odisha has leased out about 187 acres of land near Bidyadharpur, Cuttack for the purpose of setting up the university The total area of construction is expected to be 3,000,000 square feet and is slated to be completed in a phased manner in the next six years On completion, the university campus will cater to the needs of 10000 students and around 2000 faculty staff The university currently offers MBA programs in Agribusiness, General Management and Entrepreneurship42

Institutions through public-private partnershipedit

Indian Institute of Information Technology, Brahmapuredit

In June 2007, the UPA government in New Delhi decided to establish a central government funded IIITs in each state The IIIT in Odisha would be established in Brahmapur, and unlike its sister institute in Bhubaneswar, would receive funding from the center43

The IIIT at Berhampur is being established on a 100-acre 040 km2 land and this is likely to be functional by end of 2009 This will help attracting more IT companies to South Odisha and the presence of STPI Brahmapur and IT Park at Brahmapur will also help The Marine Bio-Technology Park is also planned for Brahmapur

Sambalpur University Institute of Information Technology, Sambalpuredit

Thanks to Prof Arun Pujari, Sambalpur university will get an Indian Institutes of Information Technology like IT institution4445

Plansedit

Bhubaneswar as an emerging education hubedit

National institutes of excellence have been established recently in Bhubaneswar, while several more are planned, such as AIIMS, NISER, IIT, IIIT, and a National university There are several prominent private universities, such as XIMB and ICFAI University Other major upcoming prominent institutions, such as Sri Sri University, the National Law University of Orissa, as well as the world's biggest academic institution, Vedanta University, will be located in the neighboring cities of Cuttack and Puri4647 Institutions dedicated to research such as the Institute of Physics, and the Institute of Mathematics and Applications are also located here The presence of so many quality institutions within close proximity of one another, is expected to stimulate academic excellence in and around Bhubaneswar, and serve as a catalyst for future growth Additionally, the city also houses several Odisha government funded public universities, and over 70 technical institutions, which well above than any other city in eastern India The city is also being promoted as an Information Technology Investment Region ITIR by the government48 A total of 40 km2 of land has been allocated for the purpose, out of which about 60% will be devoted to research and development49 The Chief Minister of the state has asserted that Bhubaneswar is poised to emerge as India's foremost education hub5051

Odisha Higher Education Vision 2020edit

The Orissa Higher Education Vision 2020, an effort organized by leading national and international researchers, scientists, and academicians of Oriya origin, envisages a globally competitive higher education system in Orissa by 2020, with four tiered knowledge centers being developed throughout the state An international level knowledge hub comparable to the San Francisco Bay Area or Boston metropolitan area in the USA is suggested in the rapidly expanding Bhubaneswar-Cuttack-Khurda-Puri metropolitan region This will consist of several world class universities, technical and medical institutions, and laboratories, including NISER, IIT, IIIT, National University, National Law University, AIIMS, Vedanta University, Sri Sri University, NIPER, and several other new institutions to be established by the central government or through public-private partnership, as well as private institutions At the second tier would be five other metropolitan regions, Rourkela, Sambalpur-Jharsuguda IIHT Bargarh, OUAT branch at Chiplima, XIMB campus at Sambalpur, CIFT Burla, plan to upgrade VSS medical college and GM college to university status,45 Berhampur, Balasore-Baripada, and Jeypore-Koraput-Sunabeda, each with two universities, multiple engineering and medical colleges, as well as one or more national level institutions The third tier knowledge hubs, located in all urban areas throughout the state, would have a university, an autonomous college, as well as a medical and an engineering college Lastly, the fourth tier would include smaller towns, which would have at least an autonomous college and a trade school52

Under construction and planned medical and engineering collegesedit

Medical college Bhawanipatna53 Medical college Keonjhar by ahayog Healthcare and Research Foundation54 Medical college Jagatpur, Cuttack by ahayog Healthcare and Research Foundation54 Medical college Talcher by MCL54 Hitech medical college Rourkela55 Medical college Rourkela by SAIL upgrading the IGH56 Govt Medical college Bolangir and Balesore57 Central university Koraput will establish a medical college at Koraput57 ESIC medical college Bhubaneswar58 AIIMS Bhubaneswar59 Medical college at Angul60 University in western Orissa with the partnership between govt and industries61 Upgradation Jharsuguda engineering school to engineering college61 A medical college between jharsuguda and Sundargarh by the mines operating there61 A power management institute to be established at Jharsuguda61 2 branch of XIMB bhubaneswar at Sambalpur and Bolangir62

Summary,616364

State legislation pertaining to higher educationedit

The Odisha state legislative assembly Vidhan Sabha will be formulating a Private Universities Act to facilitate the growth of private universities such as Vedanta university, Sri Sri university The higher education department of the state will draft the bill, which will be referred to the law department, before being placed in the assembly This bill would guarantee the fiscal and administrative autonomy for private institutions656667

Vedanta University actedit

The Odisha legislature was going to consider a specific act to make Vedanta university a statutory bodycitation needed After the passage of the act, the university would have established its own, independent governing board, where the Odisha government would not exercise any controlcitation needed Later news reports suggested that the plan for the Vedanta University was a "closed chapter" 68

Former central government neglect of Odishaedit

Until 2007, the Ministry of Human Resources and Development MHRD of the Government of India had set up several premier technical institutes, across the country that produce India's world class talent pool in science, engineering, and management, and contribute strongly to the economic development of the state where they are located as well as the nation These institutions included the original seven IITs, the Indian Institute of Science, the original five IIMs, the Indian Statistical Institute, several earlier central universities, and a few other smaller institutions, all of which receive direct funding from the center69 There were reports of large scale discrimination in setting up these institutions of higher learning against a few states, especially Odisha70 It was observed within scholarly circles that Odisha was routinely discriminated against by the Indian government, which had caused the state to lag behind the rest of the nation in terms of infrastructure, poverty reduction, literacy, education, and health until very recently7172737475767778

Until recently, none of the premier institutions of national importance were located in the state of Odisha79808182 In terms of per capita funding received from the HRD ministry, it was among the bottom-most of all states along with Bihar and Rajasthan, and a few very small states in the north eastern region698384 The non-allocation of quality educational institutions to the state of Odisha by New Delhi has been interpreted by various quarters, ranging from politicians to Oriya academics living abroad, as proof of discrimination against the state by the HRD ministry Odisha, the 9th largest state of India, which has 36% of the population of India and abundance of natural resources, received a minuscule 073% of the allocated budget7083858687 The inequitable distribution of resources by the central government to the various states was identified in 1991 as a cause of regional disparities8588 Studies had blamed central government policies above any other factor, as the cause of Odisha's recent backwardness85899091929394

There were also early allegations of discrimination in establishing newer institutions, such as the IIESTs, a group of technical institutions planned to be IIT clones They were set up by upgrading existing NITs and other state funded prominent engineering institutions Several institutions have been identified by the Indian government for this purpose,95 but none in Odisha, which had the University College of Engineering at Burla, one of the oldest in India,96 as well as NIT, Rourkela which ranked higher than four of the five institutions that were selected29 It has been alleged that the government had originally picked Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha as one of the locations for an IISER, which was later shifted to Kolkata97

As of 2009, there is a demand for one of the new IIMs to be established in Odisha, on grounds that the state is witnessing large-scale foreign investment, and because until recently, it had been the bottom-most state in Indian central government funded institutions9899

Referencesedit

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  10. ^ "OJEE" 19 April 2010 
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  20. ^ http://wwwaicte-indiaorg/einpphp
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  29. ^ a b "India's top 20 engineering colleges" 28 June 2005 
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  40. ^ "ICFAI inks MoU with State Government to set up varsity" The Hindu Chennai, India 21 March 2007 
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  43. ^ "Odisha may get 3 more educational institutes" 25 June 2007 
  44. ^ http://wwworissalinkscom/archives/3857
  45. ^ a b http://wwworissalinkscom/archives/category/universities/rest-of-orissa/sambalpur-university
  46. ^ "Bhubaneswar-Cuttack Urban Complex" PDF Archived from the original PDF on 7 October 2009 
  47. ^ Nirmalya Mukherjee; Business Standard Mar 19, 2007 "Plan to develop Bhubaneswar, Cuttack" 
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  70. ^ a b Gupta, Monobina 1 February 2007 "Cry to end higher education divide" The Telegraph Calcutta, India 
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  72. ^ Arjan de Haan May 2004 "Conceptualising social exclusion in the context of India’s poorest regions: a contribution to the quantitative-qualitative debate" PDF Conference on Experiences of Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Poverty Appraisal Archived from the original PDF on 14 February 2012 
  73. ^ B K Malik; S K Mohanty March–April 2006 "Chronic Poverty and Remote Rural Areas in Eastern India" Conference on Experiences of Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Poverty Appraisal Los Angeles, California: Population Association of America 
  74. ^ Amita Shah 29 March 2007 Patterns, processes of reproduction, and Policy Imperatives for Poverty in Remote Rural Areas: A Case Study Southern Orissa in India PDF Understanding and addressing spatial poverty traps: an international workshop Stellenboch, South Africa: Chronic Poverty Research Centre & Overseas Development Institute 
  75. ^ Kate Bird; David Hulme; Karen Moore; Andrew Shepherd Chronic Poverty in Remote Rural Areas PDF Birmingham, UK: International Development Department, Univ Birmingham ISBN 1-904049-12-5 
  76. ^ Understanding chronic poverty in South Asia PDF 
  77. ^ P J Pradhan "Tata steel’s romance with Odisha: minerals-based underdevelopment and federal politics in India" PDF 
  78. ^ P J Pradhan 12 November 1999 "Analysis: Odisha's history of neglect" BBC News Retrieved 3 January 2010 
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  81. ^ "Give me an 'Ivy League': CM to Centre" 17 October 2007 
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  83. ^ a b Chitta Baral 2005 "Statewise allocation of educational funds by HRD" PDF 
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  85. ^ a b c "Central institutions and regional disparity" 9 January 2006 
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  91. ^ "Shocking Reports Of Starvation Deaths" 30 September 2001 
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  93. ^ "Centre to blame for starvation" 31 August 2001 
  94. ^ "Neglecting eastern region not good for national integration: Odisha CM" September 2007 
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  96. ^ "Upgradation of Odisha’s oldest and finest engineering college ‘UCE, Burla’ as an IIEST" 
  97. ^ "NIS/IISER/equivalent must be established in Odisha" PDF 20 January 2007 
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External linksedit

  • School & Mass Education Department, Government of Odisha
  • Higher Education Department, Government of Odisha
  • Directorate of Medical Education & Training, Government of Odisha
  • Orissa Higher Education Vision 2020

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