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editing software, editing apps
Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, visual, audible, and film media used to convey information The editing process can involve correction, condensation, organization, and many other modifications performed with an intention of producing a correct, consistent, accurate and complete work

The editing process often begins with the author's idea for the work itself, continuing as a collaboration between the author and the editor as the work is created As such, editing can involve creative skills, human relations and a precise set of methods

Editors work on producing an issue of Bild, West Berlin, 1977 Previous front pages are affixed to the wall behind them

There are various editorial positions in publishing Typically, one finds editorial assistants reporting to the senior-level editorial staff and directors who report to senior executive editors Senior executive editors are responsible for developing a product for its final release The smaller the publication, the more these roles overlap

The top editor at many publications may be known as the chief editor, executive editor, or simply the editor A frequent and highly regarded contributor to a magazine may acquire the title of editor-at-large or contributing editor Mid-level newspaper editors often manage or help to manage sections, such as business, sports and features In US newspapers, the level below the top editor is usually the managing editor

In the book publishing industry, editors may organize anthologies and other compilations, produce definitive editions of a classic author's works scholarly editor, and organize and manage contributions to a multi-author book symposium editor or volume editor Obtaining manuscripts or recruiting authors is the role of an acquisitions editor or a commissioning editor in a publishing house Finding marketable ideas and presenting them to appropriate authors are the responsibilities of a sponsoring editor

Copy editors correct spelling, grammar and align writings to house style Changes to the publishing industry since the 1980s have resulted in nearly all copy editing of book manuscripts being outsourced to freelance copy editors

At newspapers and wire services, copy editors write headlines and work on more substantive issues, such as ensuring accuracy, fairness, and taste In some positions, they design pages and select news stories for inclusion At UK and Australian newspapers, the term is sub-editor They may choose the layout of the publication and communicate with the printer These editors may have the title of layout or design editor or more so in the past makeup editor


  • 1 Scholarly books and journals
  • 2 Technical editing
  • 3 Editing services
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 Further reading
  • 7 External links

Scholarly books and journals

Within the publishing environment, editors of scholarly books are of three main types, each with particular responsibilities:

  • Acquisitions editor or commissioning editor in Britain, who contracts with the author to produce the copy
  • Project editor or production editor, who sees the copy through its stages from manuscript to bound book and usually assumes most of the budget and schedule responsibilities
  • Copy editor or manuscript editor, who prepares the copy for conversion into printed form

In the case of multi-author edited volumes, before the manuscript is delivered to the publisher it has undergone substantive and linguistic editing by the volume's editor, who works independently of the publisher

As for scholarly journals, where spontaneous submissions are more common than commissioned works, the position of journal editor or editor-in-chief replaces the acquisitions editor of the book publishing environment, while the roles of production editor and copy editor remain However, another editor is sometimes involved in the creation of scholarly research articles Called the authors' editor, this editor works with authors to get a manuscript fit for purpose before it is submitted to a scholarly journal for publication

The primary difference between copy editing scholarly books and journals and other sorts of copy editing lies in applying the standards of the publisher to the copy Most scholarly publishers have a preferred style that usually specifies a particular dictionary and style manual—for example, the Chicago Manual of Style, the MLA Style Manual or the APA Publication Manual in the US, or the New Hart's Rules in the UK

Technical editing

See also: Technical writing and Technical communication

Technical editing involves reviewing text written on a technical topic, identifying usage errors and ensuring adherence to a style guide

Technical editing may include the correction of grammatical mistakes, misspellings, mistyping, incorrect punctuation, inconsistencies in usage, poorly structured sentences, wrong scientific terms, wrong units and dimensions, inconsistency in significant figures, technical ambivalence, technical disambiguation, statements conflicting with general scientific knowledge, correction of synopsis, content, index, headings and subheadings, correcting data and chart presentation in a research paper or report, and correcting errors in citations

Large companies dedicate experienced writers to the technical editing function Organizations that cannot afford dedicated editors typically have experienced writers peer-edit text produced by less experienced colleagues

It helps if the technical editor is familiar with the subject being edited The "technical" knowledge that an editor gains over time while working on a particular product or technology does give the editor an edge over another who has just started editing content related to that product or technology But essential general skills are attention to detail, the ability to sustain focus while working through lengthy pieces of text on complex topics, tact in dealing with writers, and excellent communication skills

Editing services

"Paid editing" redirects here For paid editing on Wikipedia, see Paid editing on Wikipedia

Editing is a growing field of work in the service industry Paid editing services may be provided by specialized editing firms or by self-employed freelance editors

Editing firms may employ a team of in-house editors, rely on a network of individual contractors or both Such firms are able to handle editing in a wide range of topics and genres, depending on the skills of individual editors The services provided by these editors may be varied and can include proofreading, copy editing, online editing, developmental editing, editing for search engine optimization SEO, etc

Self-employed editors work directly for clients eg, authors, publishers or offer their services through editing firms, or both They may specialize in a type of editing eg, copy editing and in a particular subject area Those who work directly for authors and develop professional relationships with them are called authors' editors

See also

  • Audio editing
  • Author editing
  • Film editing
  • Stealth edit
  • Textual scholarship
  • Video editing
  • Writer


  1. ^ Mamishev, Alexander, Williams, Sean, Technical Writing for Teams: The STREAM Tools Handbook, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, John Wiley & Sons Inc, Hoboken, 2009, p 128
  2. ^ "Encarta Dictionary definition of "editing"" Archived from the original on 31 October 2009 
  3. ^ "Encarta Dictionary definition of "editor"" Archived from the original on 31 October 2009 
  4. ^ a b Poland, Louise, The business, Craft and Profession of the Book Editor, in Carter, David, Galligan, Anne, eds, Making books: contemporary Australian publishing, Queensland University Press, 2007, p 100
  5. ^ Appiah, Bernard 2009 "Science editing at an Indian firm: perspectives of two US visitors" PDF Science Editing 32 4: 118–119 

Further reading

  • Morrison, Blake 6 August 2005 "Black day for the blue pencil" The Guardian 
  • Overholser, Geneva December 1998 "Editor Inc" American Journalism Review 
  • Stephen, Leslie 1898 "The Evolution of Editors" Studies of a Biographer 1 London: Duckworth and Co pp 37–73 
  • Ó Brógáin, Séamas 2015 A Dictionary of Editing 1 Dublin: Claritas 
  • Greenberg, Susan L 2015 Editors talk about editing: insights for readers, writers and publishers, New York: Peter Lang

External links

Library resources about
  • The dictionary definition of editing at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Editing at Wikimedia Commons

editing, editing apps, editing jobs, editing pdf files, editing pictures, editing programs, editing software, editing software for youtube videos, editing symbols, editing videos

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