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Ecuadorian Army

ecuadorian army, ecuadorian army equipment
Independence War 1820
Battle of Pichincha 1822
Gran Colombia–Peru War 1829

Ecuadorian-Peruvian war 1858
Battle of Guayaquil 1860
Ecuadorian-Colombian War 1863
Chincha Islands War 1864
Ecuadorian-Peruvian War 1941
Paquisha War 1981
Cenepa War 1995 Commanders Current
commander

Patricio Cardenas GRAD

COMANDANTE GENERAL DEL EJÉRCITO ECUATORIANO Notable
commanders

GRAD Carlomagno Andrade GRAD Miguel Iturralde GRAD Paco Moncayo

GRAD Oswaldo Jarrín Insignia Flag Roundel

The Ecuadorian Army Ejército Ecuatoriano is the land component of the Ecuadorian Armed Forces Its 24,726 soldiers are deployed in relation to its military doctrine The contemporary Ecuadorian Army incorporates many jungle and special forces infantry units into its structure

Contents

  • 1 Main objectives
  • 2 Mission
  • 3 Vision
  • 4 History
  • 5 Structure
    • 51 Leadership
    • 52 "PATRIA I"
    • 53 Specialties
    • 54 Special forces
    • 55 Army aviation
    • 56 Organization
  • 6 Equipment as of 2011
    • 61 Equipment gallery
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Main objectives

  • To defend the national territory as part of a Joint Task Force
  • To represent a strong military image as part of the Ecuadorian Armed Forces, national as well as international
  • Take part in activities and support the development and co-operation in times of crisis
  • Take part in Peacekeeping and international security operations
  • To reach and maintain a high operational level within the Ground Forces
  • To represent, implement an integrated institution, within the operational system
  • To guarantee the disposition of prepared military personnel in order to accomplish all missions and assignments
  • To dispose of an investigations and development element, with focus on national defense
  • To correctly execute administration procedures involving all institutional issues

Mission

To develop territorial-power, in order to accomplish institutional objectives, which guarantee the integrity and sovereignty of the national territory and contribute to the security and development of the nation, as well as to accomplish all objectives indicated by the military strategic planning ART 26 LEY ORGÁNICA DE LA DEFENSA NACIONAL

Vision

To be an institution of the highest level and credibility, systematically integrated, with professional military personnel, orientated on ethics and moral Capable of adapting itself to new requirements which guarantee peace, security and the nations development

History

The Ecuadorian Armed Forces history could start as early as 1531, when civil war ravaged through the Inca Empire In a key battle near Riobamba, where Huascar's troops were met and defeated by Atahualpa's troops Atahualpa's final victory over Huascar in the days just before the Spanish conquerors arrived, are seen until today, as a source of national pride This did not save Atahualpa and his army from total defeat, only a year later at the Battle of Cajamarca against the Spanish conquerors It would take almost 300 years when Ecuador's struggle for emancipation from the Spanish colonial rule would reach its peak at the Battle of Pichincha Following a victory, Ecuadorian troops would become part of the Gran Colombian coalition These were years in which warfare dominated First, the country found itself on the front lines of Gran Colombias efforts to liberate Peru from Spanish rule between 1822 and 1825; afterward, in 1828 and 1829, Ecuadorian troops would find themselves in the middle of an armed struggle between Peru and Gran Colombia over the location of their common border After a long campaign the forces of Gran Colombia, under the leadership of Marechal Sucre and Venezuelan General Juan José Flores, proved victorious The Treaty of 1829 fixed the border on the line that had divided the Quito Audiencia and the Viceroyalty of Peru before independence By 1859 the nation was on the brink of anarchy This led to a civil war and the first Ecuadorian-Peruvian conflict Backed by Guillermo Franco, an Ecuadorian General, the Peruvian army led by General Ramón Castilla arrived in Guayaquil Accusing Guillermo Franco of treason for signing a treaty with the Peruvians, Gabriel García Moreno, allied with former enemy General Juan José Flores, attacked Franco's forces After several battles, García Moreno's forces were able to force Franco's troops to retreat back to Guayaquil, the site of the final battle Ecuadors victory at the Battle of Guayaquil deterred the Peruvians and re-unified the country Ecuadorian troops would face their greatest challenge and defeat, when in 1941, under controversial circumstances, another Ecuadorian–Peruvian War erupted A much larger and better equipped Peruvian force, quickly overwhelmed the Ecuadorian forces, driving them back from Zarumilla and invading the Ecuadorian province of El Oro The government of Ecuador, saw itself forced to accept Peru's territorial claims Subsequently Peruvian troops withdrew from the invaded El Oro province However, occasional clashes kept occurring and flared into another outbreak of serious fighting in January 1981 called the Paquisha War, for the control of three watchposts set up by Ecuadorian troops inside a disputed border area The conflict ceased with the Peruvian Army gaining control of the disputed area In 1995, Ecuadorian troops would become part of the longest-running source of armed international conflict in the Western Hemisphere when both sides encountered again in the Cordillera del Cóndor Focus of all fighting would become a small outpost called Tiwintza by the Ecuadorians and Tiwinza or Tihuintsa by the Peruvians until the signing of a ceasefire

Structure

Already back in 1989 the Army was with around 40000 troops nearly four times the combined strength of the Navy and air force In 2003, it was structured into four independent Army Divisions operating around 25 Infantry Battalions These battalions were implemented in Brigades which were not numbered consecutively but carried odd numbers in the series 1 to 27 All Brigades had also a Special Forces and engineer, or at least a communications and Logistic Support Company As of 2008, along with the Air Force and Navy, the Army also referred to as Land Forces is undergoing a reform in order to maximize is joint capability This process involves the creation of US like Operational Commands There are 4 Operational Joint Commands to be geographically distributed

Leadership

The General of the Army is the highest rank of the Ecuadorian Army Usually the Chief of Staff of the Army is also the General of the Army, and it is common for this general to hold the Chief of the Joint Staff position as well

"PATRIA I"

Since 2009 a restructurization within the Ecuadorian Armed Forces has been launched under the name of "PATRIA I" It shall be completed by 2011 and improve military structure, equipment and operations within the Ecuadorian territory The Ecuadorian territory has been also newly divided into five "Joint Task Force Zones" or Fuerzas de Tarea Conjunta, four on mainland Ecuador, the fifth being the maritime territory including the Galapagos Islands Changes concerning structure and troop-deployment as of 2010 are not available due to the fact that the Ecuadorian Armed Forces keep such information restricted

  • 1st "North" or Fuerza de Tarea Conjunta No 1 "Norte", HQ Ibarra
  • 2nd "West" or Fuerza de Tarea Conjunta No 2 "Guayas", HQ Guayaquil
  • 3rd "South" or Fuerza de Tarea Conjunta No 3 "Cuenca", HQ Cuenca
  • 4th "Central" or Fuerza de Tarea Conjunta No 4 "Central", HQ Quito
  • 5th "Maritime" or Fuerza de Tarea Conjunta No 5 "Mar y Galapagos", HQ 

Specialties

Speciality badges mirror the US practice

  • Infantry Badge: Crossed Mauser 1895 rifles
  • Armoured cavalry Badge: M3 Sherman with crossed lances
  • Artillery Badge: Crossed Spanish era cannons
  • Engineer Corp Badge: Castle
  • Signals Badge: Crossed signal flags and a torch
  • Army aviation Badge: Wing and propeller
  • Logistics Badge: Sword and leaf
  • Special Forces
  • Transportation Badge: Wheel
  • Armaments Badge: Grenade

Special forces

  • The Military Intelligence remains until today the greater unit of the Intelligence Weapon of the Terrestrial Forces
  • The 9th Special Forces Brigade ''PATRIA'', consists of paratroopers, specialized as Commandos, Operational Free Jumpers, Mountain Warfare, Frogmen, Snipers and Dog guides
  • The Commando Special Forces School, the GEK-9 is an independent operating body transforming soldiers into future Commandos
  • The Counter-terror unit "GEO" Grupo Especial de Operaciones, formed in 1985, it was trained by the US Navy Seals and the British SAS and maintains the highest standards
  • The 17th, 19th and 21st Jungle Brigades, trained and experienced in jungle warfare
  • The Jungle Warfare Special Operations Iwia Battalion No 60, recruited from local warrior tribes like the Shuar, Záparo, Kichwa and Achuar
  • The Jungle Warfare and Counter-insurgency Iwia School is at Coca in the Oriente
  • The Special boat detachments called ratas de río or fusileros fluviales engl sea rats Three Battalions with a strength of 550 men, equipped with forty Vector and Phantom tactical speed-patrol boats These undergo a three-week training in the Special Forces center in Coca In addition the United States provide training and assistance

Army aviation

The aviation element of the Army Ejército was formed in 1954 originally named Servicio Aéreo del Ejército SAE It was renamed Aviación del Ejército Equatorina AEE in 1978 From 1981 onward the flying elements were concentrated into an aviation-brigade, effectively transforming the army-aviation into an operational brigade within the army-structure Honouring the army-aviation's role in the Paquisha conflict in 1981, the unit was renamed Brigada de Aviación del Ejército No15 "Paquisha" BAE on July 1, 1987 Finally, in 1996 the BAE gained the status of a full arm within the army recognising its vital role in the Cenepa conflict of 1995 At present the BAE No15 consists of:

  • Grupo Aero del Ejercito No 43 “PORTOVIEJO”
  • Grupo Aero del Ejercito No 44 “PASTAZA”
  • Gupo Aero del Ejercito No 45 “PICHINCHA”
  • Escuela de Aviacion del Ejercito “CAPT FERNANDO VASCONEZ”

Organization

As of November 2004, the Ecuadorian Land Forces Order of Battle was as followed: under construction

  • I Army Division "Shyris" HQ Quito
    • 1st Armored Cavalry Brigade "Galápagos"
      • Presidential Horse Guards Squadron "Tarqui Grenadiers"
      • Grupo de Caballería Blindada No 4
      • Grupo de Caballería Mecanizada No 6
      • Grupo de Caballería Mecanizada No 12
      • Grupo de Caballería Mecanizada No 16
      • Grupo de Caballería Blindada No 18
      • Grupo de Caballería Mecanizada No 36
      • Escuela de Equitación
    • 13th Infantry Brigade "Pichincha"
    • 9th Special Forces Brigade "Patria"
      • 24th Special Forces Group "Rayo"
      • 25th Special Forces Group "Santo Domingo de los Colorados"
      • 26th Special Forces Group "Quevedo"
      • 27th Special Forces Group "Latacunga"
  • II Army Division "Libertad" HQ Guayaquil
    • 5th Infantry Brigade "Guayas"
  • III Army Division "Tarqui" HQ Cuenca
    • 1st Infantry Brigade "El Oro"
    • 3rd Infantry Brigade
    • 7th Infantry Brigade "Loja"
    • 27th Artillery Brigade "Bolívar"
  • IV Army Division "Amazonas" HQ El Coca
    • 17th Jungle Infantry Brigade "Pastaza"
      • 17th Special Forces Company
      • 49th Jungle Infantry Battalion
      • 50th Jungle Infantry Battalion
      • 51st Jungle Infantry Battalion
    • 19th Jungle Infantry Brigade "Napo"
      • 19th Special Forces Company "Aguarico"
      • 55th Jungle Infantry Battalion "Putumayo"
      • 56th Jungle Infantry Battalion "Tungurahua"
      • 57th Jungle Infantry Battalion "Montecristi"
    • 21st Jungle Infantry Brigade "Cóndor" HQ Patuca
      • 60th Special Forces Battalion "Capitán Calles"
      • 61st Jungle Infantry Battalion "Santiago"
      • 62nd Jungle Infantry Battalion "Zamora"
      • 63rd Jungle Infantry Battalion "Gualaquiza"
  • Independent Units
    • 1st Foot Guards Honor Guard Battalion "Libertadores" HQ Quito
    • 23rd Engineer Command "Cenepa" HQ Quito
    • 25th Logistics Support Brigade "Reino de Quito" HQ Quito

Equipment as of 2011

Main article: Equipment of the Ecuadorian Army

Historically, the Army depended on a wide variety of foreign suppliers for virtually all of its equipment needs Only in the 1980s did it begin to develop a modest domestic arms industry as the Directorate of Army Industries manufactured rifle ammunition, uniforms, boots, and other consumable items The Army's present day equipment is mostly of western origins

Equipment gallery

See also

  • Military of Ecuador
  • Venezuelan Army
  • Colombian Army
  • Peruvian Army

References

  1. ^ a b A Comparative Atlas Of Defence In Latin America / 2014 Edition
  2. ^ "Ecuador - Army" country-datacom Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  3. ^ "saorbatscomar – Fuerzas armadas iberoamericanas" saorbatscomar Archived from the original on 2007-09-27 Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  4. ^ "Chile wants transparency in arms buying" spacewarcom Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  5. ^ "UNASUR pledges Latin arms trade transparency - UPIcom" upicom Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  6. ^ "UNASUR Agrees to Boost Defense Expenditure Transparency — MercoPress" enmercopresscom Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  7. ^ Archived June 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Janq Designs "Special OperationsCom" Archived from the original on 2000-12-13 Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  9. ^ a b c Janq Designs "Special OperationsCom" Archived from the original on 2000-11-20 Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  10. ^ Janq Designs "Special OperationsCom" Archived from the original on 2000-12-13 Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  11. ^ a b Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ a b
  13. ^ a b "26 años de la Escuela de Soldados Iwias - NOV 02, 2007 - El País - Historicos - EL UNIVERSO" eluniversocom Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  14. ^ a b "Naturaleza sin fronteras: Iwias, los "demonios de la selva"" naturalezasinfronteras-belitblogspotcom Retrieved 2014-03-22 
  15. ^ Archived July 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Welcome to wwwmgp-clubcom!" Archived from the original on 2010-03-16 Retrieved 2014-03-22 

External links

  • Official site
  • SAORBATS Order of Battle & Equipment of South American Armed Forces
  • Aeroflight Ecuador Army Aviation

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