Wed . 20 Jun 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

Ebenezer Sproat

ebenezer sproat, colonel ebenezer sproat
Ebenezer Sproat 1752–1805, surname also spelled Sprout, was an officer of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, a pioneer to the Ohio Country, and one of the founders of Marietta, Ohio, the first permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory He served throughout the entire American war of independence, from April 1775 through November 1783, achieving the rank of colonel After the war, he was a pioneer and surveyor in the Northwest Territory, and became a leader of the militia at Marietta during the Northwest Indian War He was the first sheriff in the Northwest Territory and Ohio, serving fourteen years as sheriff of Washington County, the oldest county in Ohio

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Revolutionary War
  • 3 Post-war in Rhode Island
  • 4 The Ohio Country
  • 5 Later life
  • 6 Notes
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Early lifeedit

Ebenezer Sproat was born in Middleborough, Massachusetts in 1752 He was the son of Ebenezer Sproat, who owned a farm and was the proprietor of the Sproat Tavern in Middleborough During his boyhood and youth, he assisted his father in cultivating the farm When quite young he became interested in the public affairs of the colony Like his father Ebenezer grew to be a tall man and was of perfect proportions12

Revolutionary Waredit

Ebenezer Sproat was in the field with the Continental Army throughout the American Revolutionary War,34 and was engaged in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, and Monmouth5 He was a disciplinarian, but also of cheerful disposition, and was a favorite with both officers and enlisted ranks5

He initially served with Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Massachusetts Regiment during 1775 He joined as captain in April 1775, several days after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, and was promoted to major in June 177546 During 1776 he served with Colonel Ebenezer Learned's 3rd Continental Regiment7 He was subsequently promoted to lieutenant colonel of Colonel William Shepard's 4th Massachusetts Regiment and served with this regiment from January 1777 to September 17788 While with this regiment, he was one of the officers who wintered at Valley Forge with General George Washington during the winter and spring of 1777 and 17789 He was said to be the tallest man in his regiment1 Ebenezer subsequently transferred to the 12th Massachusetts Regiment, where he served until from September 1778 through year-end 178010

Ebenezer Sproat next joined the 2nd Massachusetts Regiment where he served from January 1781 until November 17838 During January 1781, he was executive officer under General Robert Howe with a detachment of five hundred men, ordered out to suppress a mutiny of the 2nd New Jersey Regiment at Pompton, New Jersey Three of the ringleaders of the mutiny were tried on the spot, with Lieutenant Colonel Sproat being president of the court-martial This was a sorrowful duty for Colonel Sproat; two of the men were sentenced and executed11 He often said that duty was the most painful ever imposed upon him12 Ebenezer Sproat was promoted to colonel during September 1783,3 shortly before the end of his eight and one-half years of service in the Continental Army

An anecdote illustrating Colonel Sproat's good nature with the enlisted ranks concerns a furlough early in the war when he was home visiting his mother Three private soldiers asked for lunch at his parents' tavern, and when finished eating, asked him the cost He informed them that the cost was about a shilling for each man To their surprise, instead of collecting the money from them, he paid each man a shilling and wished them a good journey13 Colonel Sproat was also on good terms with the officers such as General Von Steuben, and was a friend of General Washington14

Post-war in Rhode Islandedit

After the war, Ebenezer Sproat lived in Providence, Rhode Island, where he married Catherine Whipple, daughter of Commodore Abraham Whipple of the Continental Navy He purchased a store, and worked as a merchant, but was not successful In 1786 he was appointed as surveyor for the state of Rhode Island In that role, he participated in the surveying of the Seven Ranges in the Ohio Country1516

The Ohio Countryedit

Ebenezer Sproat became a shareholder of the Ohio Company of Associates, and was engaged as a surveyor with the company1617 On April 7, 1788, Ebenezer Sproat and a group of American pioneers to the Northwest Territory, led by Rufus Putnam, arrived at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers to establish Marietta, Ohio as the first permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory181920 Ebenezer's wife, daughter, and Commodore Whipple joined him at Marietta the following year

Colonel Sproat, with his tall and commanding presence, was a notable member of the pioneer settlement of Marietta He greatly impressed the local Indians, who in admiration dubbed him "Hetuck", meaning "eye of the buck dear", or "Big Buckeye"212223 Some historians believe this is how Ohio came to be known as the Buckeye State, though a more commonly accepted explanation involves the later presidential campaign of William Henry Harrison22

During the Northwest Indian War he was authorized by Secretary of War Henry Knox to superintend the military affairs of the United States in Washington County21 He was a founding member of the Society of the Cincinnati,24 and helped form the American Union Lodge No 1 of Freemasons at Marietta25 along with others including Rufus Putnam, Benjamin Tupper, and William Stacy Ebenezer Sproat was the first sheriff in the Northwest Territory, serving fourteen years from 1788 to 1802 as sheriff of Washington County, the oldest county in Ohio21 At that time, the county encompassed lands from the Ohio River in the south, to Lake Erie in the north, embracing half of the eventual state of Ohio Sheriff Sproat was cheerful and fond of company, and quite attached to horses and dogs As sheriff, he always rode a horse during his long journeys through the county, accompanied by two or three large dogs26 He filled the office of sheriff with dignity, and exhibited a great kindness in his execution of the law He was often known to furnish a poor family with his own money for repayment of a debt, rather than to make an arrest27

Later lifeedit

In his latter years he was fond of physical labor and of cultivating the land28 Ebenezer Sproat died in Marietta in early 1805, either on January 7,29 or perhaps during February,30 with his oft-repeated wish of a sudden exit fully answered30 He is buried adjacent to his father-in-law, Commodore Whipple, and near many other American Revolutionary War soldiers and pioneers at Mound Cemetery in Marietta31

Notesedit

  1. ^ a b Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 230
  2. ^ Weston, History of the Town of Middleboro, Massachusetts, 322
  3. ^ a b Heitman, Officers of the Continental Army, 513
  4. ^ a b Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors, Vol 14, 777
  5. ^ a b Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 231
  6. ^ Heitman, Officers of the Continental Army, 32, 513
  7. ^ Heitma, Officers of the Continental Army, 20
  8. ^ a b Heitman, Officers of the Continental Army, 37
  9. ^ Heitman, Officers of the Continental Army, 11
  10. ^ Heitman, Officers of the Continental Army, 39
  11. ^ Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 231-33
  12. ^ Weston, History of the Town of Middleboro, Massachusetts, 324
  13. ^ Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 234
  14. ^ Weston, History of the Town of Middleboro, Massachusetts, 322-23
  15. ^ Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 234-35
  16. ^ a b Smith and Vining, American Geographers, 1784-1812, 197
  17. ^ Hulbert, Proceedings of the Ohio Company, Volume I, 26
  18. ^ Hildreth, Pioneer History, 206
  19. ^ Hulbert, Proceedings of the Ohio Company, Volume I, 24
  20. ^ Cutler, Founders of Ohio, 15-17
  21. ^ a b c Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 237
  22. ^ a b Ohio Division of Forestry, Ohio…The Buckeye State, brochure
  23. ^ Goodman and Brunsman, This Day in Ohio History, 54
  24. ^ Drake, Memorials of the Society of Cincinnati, 463-64
  25. ^ Summers, History of Marietta, 294–95
  26. ^ Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 238
  27. ^ Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 238-39
  28. ^ Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 239
  29. ^ Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, Ebenezer Sprout, online database
  30. ^ a b Hildreth, Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, 240
  31. ^ Hawley, Mound Cemetery, 415

Referencesedit

  • Andrews, Martin R: History of Marietta and Washington County, Ohio and Representative Citizens, Biographical Publishing Company, Chicago, Illinois 1902
  • Barker, Joseph: Recollections of the First Settlement of Ohio, Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio 1958; original manuscript written late in Joseph Barker's life, prior to his death in 1843
  • Birthplace of the Northwest Territory, Northwest Territory Celebration Commission, Marietta, Ohio 1938
  • Cutler, Julia Perkins: The Founders of Ohio, Brief Sketches of the Forty-Eight Pioneers, Robert Clarke and Co, Cincinnati, Ohio 1888
  • Drake, Francis S: Memorials of the Society of Cincinnati of Massachusetts, Boston 1873
  • Goodman, R and Brunsman, B J: This Day in Ohio History, Emmis Books, Cincinnati, Ohio 2005
  • Hawley, Owen: Mound Cemetery, Marietta, Ohio, Washington County Historical Society, Marietta, Ohio 1996
  • Heitman, Francis B: Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution, Rare Book Shop Publishing Co, Washington, DC 1914
  • Hildreth, S P: Biographical and Historical Memoirs of the Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, H W Derby and Co, Cincinnati, Ohio 1852
  • Hildreth, S P: Pioneer History: Being an Account of the First Examinations of the Ohio Valley, and the Early Settlement of the Northwest Territory, H W Derby and Co, Cincinnati, Ohio 1848
  • Hulbert, Archer Butler: The Records of the Original Proceedings of the Ohio Company, Volume I, Marietta Historical Commission, Marietta, Ohio 1917
  • Hulbert, Archer Butler: The Records of the Original Proceedings of the Ohio Company, Volume II, Marietta Historical Commission, Marietta, Ohio 1917
  • New England Historic Genealogical Society, The Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati Profiles: Ebenezer Sprout, online database, NewEnglandAncestorsorg 2004
  • Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution, Vol 14, Published by the Secretary of the Commonwealth, Wright and Potter Printing Co, Boston 1906
  • Ohio Division of Forestry: Ohio…The Buckeye State, Ohio Department of Natural Resources brochure rev 11/1998
  • Smith, B A and Vining, J W: American Geographers, 1784-1812, Praeger Publishers, Westport, Connecticut 2003
  • Summers, Thomas J: History of Marietta, The Leader Publishing Co, Marietta, Ohio 1903
  • Weston, Thomas: History of the Town of Middleboro, Massachusetts, Houghton Mifflin and Co, Riverside Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1906
  • Zimmer, Louise: True Stories of Pioneer Times, published by Broughton Foods company, Marietta, Ohio 1987

External linksedit

  •  "Sproat, Ebenezer" Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography 1900 

colonel ebenezer sproat, ebenezer sproat


Ebenezer Sproat Information about

Ebenezer Sproat


  • user icon

    Ebenezer Sproat beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


Ebenezer Sproat
Ebenezer Sproat
Ebenezer Sproat viewing the topic.
Ebenezer Sproat what, Ebenezer Sproat who, Ebenezer Sproat explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Amorphous metal

Amorphous metal

An amorphous metal also known as metallic glass or glassy metal is a solid metallic material, usuall...
Arthur Lake (bishop)

Arthur Lake (bishop)

Arthur Lake September 1569 – 4 May 1626 was Bishop of Bath and Wells and a translator of the King Ja...
John Hawkins (author)

John Hawkins (author)

Sir John Hawkins 29 March 1719 – 21 May 1789 was an English author and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson a...
McDonnell Douglas MD-12

McDonnell Douglas MD-12

The McDonnell Douglas MD-12 was an aircraft design study undertaken by the McDonnell Douglas company...