Dorset Horn


The Dorset or Horned Dorset breed of sheep is known mostly for its prolific lambing It has been known to produce two lambing seasons per year: bred in May for lambs finished by the holidays, and bred again immediately after the first lambing to produce again in March or April This type of management, the ewes sold with the lambs, sometimes produces as many as four or five lambs a year

The Cornell University Sheep Program developed and teaches the STAR system to promote frequent lambing with Dorsets Cornell maintains a research and teaching flock five miles south of Dryden, New York, United States The Dorset has a white face with close short fleece It has a solid build, with broad back and short legs Originally, both rams and ewes had horns The Polled Dorset originated in a herd at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, and a registry of the polled Dorset was established in 1956 Since then the polled breeders have outnumbered the breeders of the horned variety

Contents

  • 1 Characteristics
  • 2 Related breeds of sheep
  • 3 References
  • 4 Sources
  • 5 External links

Characteristicsedit

Both horned and polled Dorsets are all white sheep and medium size having good body length and muscle conformation to produce a desirable carcass Dorset sheep are also known for their ability to breed out of season The fleece is very white, strong, close and free from dark fiber Fleeces average 5 to 9 pounds 23 to 41 kg in the ewes with a yield between 50% and 70% The staple length ranges from 25 to 4 inches 6 to 10 cm 25 inches 6 cm to 4 inches 10 cm with a numeric count of 46's-58's The fiber diameter ranges 330 to 270 microns1 Ewes weigh 150 to 200 pounds 70 to 90 kg at maturity, some in show condition may very well exceed this weight Rams weigh 225 to 275 pounds 100 to 120 kg at maturity2

Related breeds of sheepedit

The Somerset is related, but is larger and has a pink nose The Dorset's is white

The Portland, is a smaller, primitive Dorset breed that takes its name from the Isle of Portland and was once common all over Dorset, with a dressed weight of 10 lbs per quarterper cent

The Dormer is a crossbreed of Dorset Horn rams and Merino ewes It was first successfully bred at Elsenburg research station in Stellenbosch, South Africa, in 19273

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Preparation of Australian Wool Clips, Code of Practice 2010-2012, Australian Wool Exchange AWEX, 2010
  2. ^ "Dorset" Breeds of Livestock Oklahoma State University, Dept of Anaimal Science Retrieved 2009-04-15 
  3. ^ "Dormer sheep: White wool wonder" The Namibian Dormer Sheep Breeders’ Society of South Africa 6 August 2013 

Sourcesedit

  • This text was derived from The Domestic Sheep by Henry Stewart, 1898, pp 66–70 Supplemented by the breed page at the Oklahoma State University website
  • Information about the STAR system is from the Cornell University website

External linksedit

  • Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep Breeders' Association
  • The Domestic Sheep by Henry Stewart 1898, "The Dorset" with photographs


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