Diet of Dalmatia


The Diet of Dalmatia Serbo-Croatian: Dalmatinski sabor, Italian: Dieta della Dalmazia was the regional assembly of the Kingdom of Dalmatia within the Austro-Hungarian Empire It was founded in Zadar in 1861 and last convened in 1912, before being formally dissolved in 1918, with the demise of the Empire1

Since the founding of the Dalmatian diet, the pro-Italian Autonomist Party held the parliamentary majority until 1870, when the Croatian People's Party won the parliamentary election Croatian then became the official language of the diet in 18832

Contents

  • 1 The premises
  • 2 The creation of the Diet
  • 3 The first Diet of 1861
  • 4 Elected representatives
    • 41 Autonomist Party
    • 42 People's Party
    • 43 Diet of 1864
    • 44 Diet of 1867
    • 45 Diet of 1870
    • 46 Diet of 1876
    • 47 Diet of 1883
    • 48 Diet of 1889
    • 49 Diet of 1895
    • 410 Diet of 1901
    • 411 Diet of 1908
  • 5 Presidents of the Diet
  • 6 Sources
  • 7 References

The premisesedit

Under the constitutional reforms promoted by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, under an imperial decree dated 20 October 1860, the Empire underwent a form of "federalization", following the majority opinion of the Board Empire According to these determinations, many legislative and judicial powers were conferred onto every province in the kingdom through the reconstitution of the powers—or the creation of new powers—as part of the formation of a proper Diet

In Croatia, the imperial law, accompanied by the first convocation of the local diet, was warmly welcomed An imperial autograph in Vienna on 5 December 1860 created: a 'courtly department' ministry for Croatia-Slavonia; introduced the Croatian language in the administration of these territories; and declared that the demands of rebuilding the ancient tiara-Slavonia-Croatian Dalmatian be accommodated, thereby postponing a final decision, when Dalmatia—still lacking a provincial assembly—was able to express its political will An agreement was also made, whereby a political representation of Dalmatia was sent to Zagreb to discuss the issue at a conference chaired by the Ban of Croatia, the highest political authority in the territory of Croatia-Slavonia

The imperial autograph produced various representations in Dalmatian cities It was particularly the city of Split congregation—led by Antonio Bajamonti—that was distinguished by the bitterness of protests The protestors appealed to Francis Joseph to convene the provincial assembly of Dalmatia before taking a decision on the constitutional arrangements of the province within the Empire

On the basis of Split, most of the Dalmatian municipalities refused to send their representatives to Zagreb; instead, these municipalities decided to form a delegation that went to Vienna to argue the case that the annexation of Croatia should not proceed Meanwhile, the imperial court began to fear that the granting of overly broad powers to the diets would facilitate the unleashing of domestic forces, thereby reducing the authority of the emperor

In February 1861, several meetings of the Council of Ministers of Austria were held, in which the attendees discussed, at length, the problem of Dalmatia and a possible meeting with Croatia Ivan Mažuranić, chairman of the department courtly for Croatia-Slavonia, pleaded in support of the cause, supported by Foreign Minister Bernhard von Rechberg; von Rechberg considered the need for the union to counter an alleged "Italian threat" against the Dalmatian as necessary Rechberg further claimed that such action would strengthen the Slavic element in Dalmatia that was loyal to Austria The positions of the Dalmatian separatists were supported by Liberal Party politicians, who managed to persuade the emperor to postpone the decision; a provincial Dalmatian assembly was subsequently set up and it would later negotiate with Croatian representatives in regard to the possibility of unification

The creation of the Dietedit

On the recommendation of the German-speaking Liberals, Francis Joseph issued a license by 26 February 1861 that created an Imperial Parliament composed of the House and Senate with extensive legislative powers—this drastically reduced the powers that were previously planned for the provincial assembly Within this patent, 15 were approved statutes of the reconstituted provincial assembly, with its Sabor regulations, and this provided for an electoral system that only granted voting rights to those who could pay a minimal fee

The electoral system was based on four curiae that represented various social bodies the seat of the Diet was Zara:

  • The high census elected by ten representatives in Dalmatia
  • The cities elected by eight representatives in Dalmatia
  • The chambers of commerce elected by three representatives in Dalmatia
  • The rural municipalities elected by twenty representatives in Dalmatia

The electoral system favoured the bourgeois and aristocratic classes, as well as the urban population over people in rural areas

The first Diet of 1861edit

Between 24 March 1861 and 30 March 1861, the first elections for the provincial assembly of Dalmatia were held—the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1861 The separatists won 29 seats out of 41

Party Seats
Autonomist Party 29
People's Party 12
Total 41

Elected representativesedit

Autonomist Partyedit

From Zadar:

  • Vittorio Bioni
  • Cosimo de Begna Possedaria
  • Vincenzo Duplancich
  • Antonio Smirich from 1863: Giovanni Salghetti-Drioli
  • Antonio Bajamonti
  • Spiro Petrović
  • Natale Filippi
  • Giacomo Ghiglianovich
  • Francesco Borreli

From Split:

  • Leonardo Dudan
  • Giorgio Giovannizio
  • Luigi Lapenna
  • Vincenzo degli Alberti

From Šibenik:

  • Antonio Galvani

From Makarska

  • Giacomo Vucovich

From Dubrovnik:

  • Giovanni Radmilli
  • Luigi Serragli

From Korčula:

  • Giovanni Smerchinich

From Hvar:

  • Girolamo Macchiedo
  • Giovanni Macchiedo
  • Girolamo Vusio

From Skradin:

  • Simeone Bujas
  • Giovanni Marasović

From Drniš:

  • Melchiorre Difnico

From Trogir:

  • Antonio Radman
  • Antonio Fanfogna

From Sinj:

  • Josip Dešković
  • Anton Buljan

From Imotski:

  • Niccolò Mirossevich

People's Partyedit

From Dubrovnik:

  • Miho Klaić
  • Marino Giorni

From Kotor:

  • Josip Gjurović from 1863 Kosta Vojnović
  • Bernardo Verona from 1863 Josip Banović-Damianović

From Benkovac:

  • Petar Radulović

From Drnis:

  • Pane Sablić
  • Krsto Kulišić

From Vrgorac:

  • Miho Pavlinović

From Cavtat:

  • Djure Pulić

From Ston:

  • Krsto Jerković

From Budva:

  • Luka Tripcović
  • Stjepan Mitrov Ljubiša3

President of the Diet: Spiro Petrović Autonomist Party

On 18 April 1861, the Diet passed a motion submitted by Baiamonti and Galvani to reject the request for a unification of Dalmatian with Croatia and Slavonia—only two dissenting votes were submitted

Diet of 1864edit

Party Seats
Autonomist Party 32
People's Party 9
Total 41

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1864:

Girolamo Alesani 1864–1866, Antonio Bajamonti, Cosimo de Begna Possedaria, Vittorio Bioni, Orsatto Bonda, Giuseppe Descovich 1866–1867, Melchiorre Difnico, Pietro Doimi, Stefano Doimi, Giovanni Fanfogna, Natale Filippi 1866–1867, Antonio Galvani, Giacomo Ghiglianovich 1866–1867, Nicola Lallich, Francesco Lanza, Luigi Lapenna 1864–1866, Giovanni Battista Macchiedo or Machiedo, Pietro Doimo Maupas, Luigi Mery, Simeone Michieli Vitturi, Andrea Nicolich, Spiridione Petrovich, Giuseppe Piperata, Valerio Ponte, Giovanni Radmilli, Simeone Rossignoli, Luigi Serragli, Antonio Stermich, Giacomo Vucovich, Vincenzo Vuletich, Giovanni Zaffron and Francesco Zanchi

President of Diet: Spiro Petrović Autonomist Party

Diet of 1867edit

Partito Seats
Autonomist Party 26
People's Party 15
Total 41

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1867:

Girolamo Alesani 1869–1870, Antonio Bajamonti, Cosimo de Begna Possedaria, Vittorio Bioni, Agostino Cindro, Giuseppe Descovich 1867–1868, Stefano Doimi 1867–1869, Giovanni Fanfogna, Gaetano Frari, Luigi Frari, Giacomo Ghiglianovich, Giorgio Giovannizio, Stefano Knezevich Croatian People's Party, Luigi Lapenna, Enrico Matcovich, Pietro Doimo Maupas, Andrea Nicolich, Spiridione Petrovich, Giuseppe Piperata, Antonio Radman, Antonio Rolli, Simeone de Rossignoli, Giovanni Salghetti-Drioli, Luigi Serragli, Giacomo Vucovich, Vincenzo Vuletich and Giovanni Zaffron

President of Diet: Spiro Petrović Autonomist Party

Diet of 1870edit

Party Seats
People's Party 25
Autonomist Party 16
Total 41

President of the Diet: Stjepan Mitrov Ljubiša People's Party

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1870:

Vincenzo Alesani, Antonio Bajamonti, Cosimo de Begna Possedaria 1870–1873, Natale Filippi 1870–1873, Gaetano Frari, Matteo Gligo, Stefano Knezevich, Andrea Krussevich 1872–1873 e 1875-1876, Francesco Lanza 1870–1874, Luigi Lapenna 1872–1873, Pietro Doimo Maupas, Luigi Mery, Francesco Milcovich 1874–1876, Giuseppe Mladineo 1871–1874, Luigi Nutrizio 1875–1876, Giuseppe Piperata 1871–1873, Valerio Ponte 1870-1870, Giuseppe Radman 1874–1876, Simeone Rossignoli 1874–1876, Niccolò Trigari 1874–1876 and Vincenzo Vuletich 1871–1876

For the first time, the People's Party won the Dalmatian election; however, the Croat majority did not recognise the validity of the election of many representatives from the Autonomist Party and this resulted in a series of resignations and replacements, in addition to a tense political environment The Diets held power over the schools within the Empire and, due to the political situation of the time, closed all of the Italian schools in Dalmatia, with the exception of those in Zadar It was during this period that Miho Klaic, the head of the National Party from Dubrovnik, delivered a speech to the Diet in which he spoke of the increase in the population of Dalmatian Italians in Dalmatia

Diet of 1876edit

Party Seats
People's Party 30
Autonomist Party 11
Total 41

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1876:

Pietro Abelich, Antonio Bajamonti, Cosimo de Begna Possedaria 1878–1880, Giovanni Botteri, Gustavo Ivanich, Stefano Knezevich, Pietro Doimo Maupas, Cesare Pellegrini Danieli, Giovanni Smerchinich and Niccolò Trigari

President: Đorđe Vojnović People's Party—renamed "Serb Party" after 1879

Diet of 1883edit

Party Seats
Croatian National Party 26
Serbian Party 8
Autonomist Party 7
Total 41

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1883:

Antonio Bajamonti 1888, Gustavo Ivanich 1883–1885, Michele Kapovich 1883-1889, Pietro Doimo Maupas, Giuseppe Messa, Giuseppe Pezzi, Antonio Radman 1885–1886, Luigi Serragli 1883–1885, Leopoldo Stermich and Niccolò Trigari

President: Đorđe Vojnović Serb Party Vice president: Michele Kapovich Autonomist Party

The Dalmatian Slavs were divided for the first time in a Diet election and the People's Party became the Croatian National Party

Diet of 1889edit

Party Seats
Croatian National Party 26
Serbian Party 9
Autonomist Party 6
Total 41

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1889:

Antonio Bajamonti end to 1891, Lorenzo Benevenia, Pietro Doimo Maupas end to 1891, Baldassarre Podich, Ercolano Salvi dal 1891, Antonio Smirich, Niccolò Trigari and Niccolò de' Vidovich

President: Đorđe Vojnović Serb Party

Diet of 1895edit

Party Seats
People's Party 23
Serbian Party 9
Autonomist Party 6
Party of Rights 3
Total 41

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1895:

Roberto Ghiglianovich, Giovanni Lubin, Ercolano Salvi, Stefano Smerchinich, Niccolò Trigari and Luigi Ziliotto

President: Miho Klaić People's Party—until 1896 and Gajo Bulat People's Party—from 1896 to 1901

Diet of 1901edit

Party Seats
People's Party 18
Party of Rights 9
Serbian Party 6
Autonomist Party 6
Pure Party of Rights 2
Total 41

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1901:

Roberto Ghiglianovich, Natale Krekich, Luigi Pini dal 1903, Ercolano Salvi, Stefano Smerchinich, Niccolò Trigari ens to 1902 and Luigi Ziliotto

President: Vicko Ivčević People's Party—renamed the Croat Party in 1905

Diet of 1908edit

Party Seats
Croatian Party 22
Party of Rights 8
Serbian Party 7
Autonomist Party 6
Total 43

Elected from the Autonomist Party in the Dalmatian parliamentary election of 1908:

Roberto Ghiglianovich, Natale Krekich, Luigi Pini 1910–1918, Ercolano Salvi, Stefano Smerchinich and Luigi Ziliotto

President: Vicko Ivčević Croat Party

Presidents of the Dietedit

The first, second and third Diet presidents were Serbian, while latter three were Croatian

  • Špiro Petrović 1861–1870 - Autonomist Party
  • Stjepan Mitrov Ljubiša 1870–1876 - People's Party
  • Đorđe Vojnović 1877–1895 - People's Party renamed the Serbian People's Party in 1879
  • Miho Klaic 1896 - People's Party
  • Gajo Bulat 1896–1900 - People's Party
  • Vicko Ivčević 1900–1918 - People's Party later renamed the Croatian Party

Sourcesedit

  • Rde' Vidovich, Albo d'Oro delle Famiglie Nobili Patrizie e Illustri nel Regno di Dalmazia, Fondazione Scientifico Culturale Rustia Traine, Trieste 2004
  • LMonzali, Italiani di Dalmazia Dal Risorgimento alla Grande Guerra, Le Lettere, Firenze 2004
  • LMonzali, Italiani di Dalmazia 1914-1924, Le Lettere, Firenze 2007
  • FSemi-VTacconi cur, Istria e Dalmazia Uomini e tempi Dalmazia, Del Bianco, Udine 1992
  • ATamaro, La Dalmazia e il Risorgimento Nazionale, Stabilimento Cromo-Lito-Tipografico Evaristo Armani, Roma 1918
  • LVulicevic, Partiti e lotte in Dalmazia, Stabilimento Tipografico e Calcografico del "Tergesteo", Trieste 1875

Referencesedit

  1. ^ http://wwwsuperknjizarahr/page=knjiga&id_knjiga=100011055
  2. ^ Gimnazija s hrvatski nastavnim jezikom 1897-1921
  3. ^ Rde'Vidovich, Albo d'Oro delle Famiglie Nobili Patrizie e Illustri nel Regno di Dalmazia, Fondazione Scientifico Culturale Rustia Traine, Trieste 2004, pp 235-236


Diet of Dalmatia Information about


Diet of Dalmatia
Diet of Dalmatia

Diet of Dalmatia Information Video


Diet of Dalmatia viewing the topic.
Diet of Dalmatia what, Diet of Dalmatia who, Diet of Dalmatia explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video



Random Posts

Social Accounts

Facebook Twitter VK
Copyright © 2014. Search Engine