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Didcot Parkway railway station

didcot parkway railway station
Didcot Parkway is a railway station serving the town of Didcot in Oxfordshire, England The station was opened as Didcot on 12 June 1844,1 and renamed Didcot Parkway on 29 July 1985 by British Rail1 to reflect its role as a park and ride railhead

The station is served by local services operated by Great Western Railway from Reading to Didcot and Oxford, and by Main line services from London Paddington to Bristol and South Wales, but some of the main line services do not call at the station

Just to the north of the station is the Didcot Railway Centre, which is accessed through the station The centre is a comprehensive exhibition of original Great Western Railway rolling stock, with demonstration running tracks and including a reconstructed station named Didcot Halt

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Layout
    • 21 Platforms
    • 22 Junctions and yards
  • 3 Improvement programme 2012
  • 4 Services
  • 5 Accidents and incidents
  • 6 See also
  • 7 Notes
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Looking westwards from Platform 1 Platform 1 looking up the line towards London

The railway has run through Didcot since 1 June 1840, when the Great Western Railway extended its main line from Reading to Steventon During this period a stagecoach transported passengers to Oxford from Steventon A few weeks later the line was extended to Faringdon Road station near West Challow, and eventually to Bristol On 12 June 1844 the line from Didcot to Oxford was opened and Didcot station was opened at the junction The original intended route would have taken a line from Steventon to Oxford via Abingdon, but Abingdon's townspeople objected to this idea2 Otherwise, it is unlikely that Didcot would have evolved into the town it is today, as its initial growth was prompted by the coming of the railway

The Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway linked Didcot with Newbury, carrying services to Southampton via Newbury, Highclere, Winchester and Eastleigh In its latter years it was reduced to a rural backwater before its closure just before the Beeching Report The DN&S Railway was closed to passengers on 10 September 1962 and to freight in 1967 At the eastern end of Platform 1, there is a raised section of the east Car Park, which used to be the bay platform for the DNSR Line

On 7 December 1964, local passenger services between Didcot and Swindon were withdrawn and the stations at Steventon, Wantage Road, Challow, Uffington, Shrivenham and Stratton Park were closed34

A new 600-space car park was built on the site of the former provender store to the west of the station At the same time, a new main building was constructed These were opened on 29 July 1985 by David Mitchell MP, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Transport, and on that date the station was renamed Didcot Parkway5

Layoutedit

Platformsedit

The station is located just to the north of the town centre in Didcot It can only be accessed by car from Station Road itself on the south side of the railway, although passengers may park in Foxhall Road Long Stay Car Park, situated on Basil Hill Road, and cross a footbridge to the station The station entrance is at road level; all platforms may be accessed by lifts

  • Platform 1 – for Down westbound Great Western Railway HST services to Swindon, Bristol Temple Meads, Bath Spa, Chippenham, Cardiff Central and Swansea Very limited service to Exeter St Davids, Plymouth and Penzance as most of these services bypass Didcot and travel via the Reading to Taunton line A service to Gloucester and Cheltenham Spa also operates from this platform
  • Platform 2 – for Up eastbound Great Western Railway HST services to London Paddington
  • Platform 3 – for Down northbound Great Western Railway local services to Oxford, with a few weekend typically Sunday and early morning weekday services extending to the Cotswold Line Also used by some HST services to Oxford and Hereford
  • Platform 4 – for Up Great Western Railway local trains to Reading and London Paddington, sometimes used for Down services to Oxford when platform 3 is unavailable
  • Platform 5 – is used for Up Great Western Railway local services when platform 4 is unavailable

Junctions and yardsedit

  • v
  • e
Railways around Didcot
Legend
to Paddington
Moreton Junction
Main to relief line crossovers
Didcot East Junction
Didcot Parkway
Didcot Railway Centre
Didcot West Junction
to Oxford
Didcot North Junction
Foxhall Junction
Didcot Power Station
Milton Park
to Swindon

Didcot is a junction between the Great Western Main Line and the route to Oxford and the Midlands A marshalling yard is opposite platform 56 and another was once provided at Moreton, a little to the east Moreton is still a junction, allowing trains to pass between the main lines on the south, and the relief and Oxford lines on the north An avoiding line runs from Didcot East Junction, behind the marshalling yard and the Didcot Railway Centre, allowing trains to Oxford to run through without blocking the station platforms7 There also used to be another line at the East Junction which led to Newbury on the Former Didcot Newbury and Southampton Railway The track was lifted in 19678

The junction at the west end of the station which is accessible from platforms 3, 4, and 5 the Oxford bound platforms is known as Chester Line Junction This is so called because that was as far at the Great Western Railway could take you from here9dubious – discuss

West of the station is Foxhall Junction which allows freight trains from Oxford to travel towards Swindon Immediately beyond this two goods lines diverge on the north side of the line The first served a loop for Merry-go-round trains that used to deliver coal10 to Didcot Power Station The second serves the Milton Freight Terminal, though this line is not in regular use NIRU11 Beyond this the four main and relief lines merge into three at Foxhall Junction and after a small loop just before Steventon, the four lines pass under the A34 and become two lines as far as the old station at Wantage Road11

Improvement programme 2012edit

An improvement programme for the forecourt of the station began in September 2012 and ran for two years12 Key features include:

  • Larger taxi rank with covered waiting area
  • Dedicated drop-off and pick-up area
  • Short-stay waiting bays
  • Disabled parking with step-free access
  • Secure cycle parking and motorcycle parking
  • Pedestrian piazza with seating and a glazed atrium and walkways
  • Extra bus stops with electronic real-time information
  • An improved East Car Park
  • Better security with CCTV and new lighting
  • New drainage to alleviate flooding
  • Completion of a cycle route serving the station

Servicesedit

Didcot is a major junction, where the Great Western Railway-built line to Oxford, Birmingham New Street and further north leaves the Great Western Main Line to Bristol Temple Meads via Swindon, Chippenham and Bath Spa also to Swansea via Bristol Parkway and Cardiff Central There is no local service west of Didcot, so local service is exclusively provided by local trains taking the line to Oxford However, a proportion of the Main line services to Bristol and South Wales do stop here, with the remainder passing through the station non-stop Fast trains to and from the Oxford line can avoid the station using the Didcot East curve, and generally do not stop at Didcot

A few trains, generally early morning weekday and Sunday services, call at Didcot for the Cotswold Line to Hereford Infrequently trains to Weston-super-Mare and further south-west call at this station

CrossCountry services generally do not stop at Didcot, and avoid the station by using the Didcot East curve to and from the Oxford line There are at present no scheduled passenger services which use the West Curve to avoid the station on direct services from Oxford to Swindon

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Swindon   Great Western Railway
Great Western Main Line
  Reading
Oxford   Great Western Railway
Cherwell Valley Line
 
Appleford   Great Western Railway
Cherwell Valley Line
  Cholsey
Historical railways
Steventon
Line open, station closed
  Great Western Railway
Great Western Main Line
  Moulsford
Line open, station closed
Appleford original station
Line open, station closed
  Great Western Railway
Oxford Rly
 
Disused railways
Terminus   Great Western Railway
Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway
  Upton and Blewbury
Line and station closed

Accidents and incidentsedit

  • On 13 February 1861, a passenger train ran into the rear of a freight train at Didcot Junction The guard of the freight had failed to adequately protect the rear of his train13
  • On 26 September 1873, a freight train was derailed whilst being shunted to allow a passenger train to pass14
  • On 6 January 1932, a milk train and a freight train collided at Didcot East The locomotive of the milk train was derailed and six tankers were slightly damaged Ten wagons of the freight were wrecked and seventeen more were damaged The milk train had overrun a danger signal15
  • On 14 August 1964, LMS Stanier Class 8F locomotive 48734 collided with a train of tank wagons at Didcot North Junction Eleven of them were derailed and caught fire The locomotive was severely damaged by the fire and was consequently scrapped16
  • On 1 January 1966, a freight train was derailed17
  • On 3 February 2007, a passenger train caught fire All 400 passengers were evacuated18

See alsoedit

  • List of Parkway railway stations

Notesedit

  1. ^ a b Butt 1995, p 78
  2. ^ Page, William; Ditchfield, P 1924 "A history of the county of Berkshire Vol 4" British History Online Victoria County History pp 430–451 Retrieved 22 November 2015 
  3. ^ "Wantage Road station and Oxfordshire's lost railway" BBC 28 July 2010 Retrieved 22 November 2015 
  4. ^ Wilkinson, Ben 6 June 2012 "Wantage could get new station" Oxford Mail Retrieved 22 November 2015 
  5. ^ Slater, John, ed October 1985 "Didcot adds Parkway" Railway Magazine Sutton, Surrey: Transport Press 131 1014: 481 ISSN 0033-8923 
  6. ^ Shannon, Paul November 2010 "Wagonload - The End" Railways Illustrated 93: 59 Retrieved 23 November 2015 
  7. ^ Bridge, Mike 2010 Railway Track Diagrams Bradford-On-Avon: Trackmaps p 3C ISBN 978-0-9549866-6-7 Retrieved 23 November 2015 
  8. ^ "Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway" Grace's Guide to British Industrial History Grace's Retrieved 23 November 2015 
  9. ^ LeVay, Benedict 2014 Britain From the Rails Bradt p 112 ISBN 978-1-84162-919-3 
  10. ^ "Didcot A Power Station switched off after 43 years" BBC 22 March 2013 Retrieved 23 November 2015 
  11. ^ a b Bridge, Mike 2010 Railway Track Diagrams - Western Bradford-On-Avon: Trackmaps p 4A ISBN 978-0-9549866-6-7 Retrieved 23 November 2015 
  12. ^ "Didcot Station - Latest Developments - South Oxfordshire District Council" Southoxongovuk Retrieved 2013-07-02 
  13. ^ Tyler, H W 15 March 1861 "Great Western Railway" PDF Board of Trade 
  14. ^ "Friday's Railway Accidents" The Times 27806 London 27 September 1873 col B, p 8 
  15. ^ Anderson, E P 26 February 1932 "Great Western Railway" PDF Board of Trade 
  16. ^ Kelly, Pat 15 July 2016 "While Didcot slept" Steam Railway Peterborough: Bauer Consumer Media Ltd 456: 50–52 ISSN 0143-7232 
  17. ^ "Derailment inquiry demand by MPs" The Times 56535 London 21 January 1966 col D, p 6 
  18. ^ "Fire crews battle blaze on train" BBC News Online 3 February 2007 Retrieved 21 July 2016 

Referencesedit

  • Butt, RVJ 1995 The Directory of Railway Stations Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd ISBN 1-85260-508-1 R508 

External linksedit

  • Didcot Parkway information page on National Rail's website

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Didcot Parkway railway station


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    Didcot Parkway railway station beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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