Sat . 19 Dec 2019
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

Dhul-Nun al-Misri

dhul-nun al-misri, dhul-nun al-misri quotes
Dhūl-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ Thawbān b Ibrāhīm al-Miṣrī Arabic: ذو النون المصري‎‎; d Giza, in 245/859 or 248/862, often referred to as Dhūl-Nūn al-Miṣrī or Zūl-Nūn al-Miṣrī for short, was an early Egyptian Muslim mystic and ascetic of Nubian origin1 Born in Upper Egypt in 796, Dhul-Nun is said to have made some study of the scholastic disciplines of alchemy, medicine, and Greek philosophy in his early life,2 before coming under the mentorship of the mystic Saʿdūn of Cairo, who is described in traditional accounts of Dhul-Nun's life as both "his teacher and spiritual director"3 Celebrated for his legendary wisdom both in his own life and by later Islamic thinkers,4 Dhul-Nun has been venerated in traditional Sunni Islam as one of the greatest saints of the early era of Sufism5

Contents

  • 1 Name
  • 2 Life
  • 3 Notes
  • 4 External links

Nameedit

It has been speculated by scholars whether "Dhul-Nun" was an honorific laqab for the mystic rather than his name proper, which is sometimes believed to be Thawbān6 As "Dhul-Nun," literally meaning "the one of the fish or whale," is another name for the Hebrew prophet Jonah in Islamic tradition, it is sometimes believed that this title was given to Dhul-Nun in commemoration of Jonah7

Lifeedit

Dhul-Nun is one of the most prominent saints of early Islamic tradition, appearing "in the earliest accounts of Ṣūfism as the leading figure of his generation"8 Often depicted as the spiritual master of Sahl al-Tustari c 818-896, the traditional hagiographies relate that the latter refused to engage in mystical discourse until after Dhul-Nun's death, on account of his recognition of Dhul-Nun's elevated rank in wisdom and gnosis9

Tomb of Dhul-Nun al-Misri AD 796-859 in Cairo's City of the Dead

Dhul-Nun al-Misri is considered among the most prominent saints of early Sufism and holds a position in the Sufi chronicles as high as Junayd Baghdadi d 910 and Bayazid Bastami d 874 He studied under various teachers and travelled extensively in Arabia and Syria The Muslim scholar and Sufi Sahl al-Tustari was one of Dhul-Nun al-Misri's students10 In 829 he was arrested on a charge of heresy and sent to prison in Baghdad, but after examination he was released on the caliph's orders to return to Cairo, where he died in 859; his tombstone has been preserved11

Dhul-Nun's name came about in relation to an incident on a sea voyage He was falsely accused of stealing a jewel from a merchant He cried out "O Creator, Thou knowest best", whereupon a large number of fish raised their heads above the waves, each bearing a jewel in its mouth12

A legendary alchemist and thaumaturge, he is supposed to have known the secret of the Egyptian hieroglyphs His sayings and poems, which are extremely dense and rich in mystical imagery, emphasize knowledge or gnosis marifah more than fear makhafah or love mahabbah, the other two major paths of spiritual realization in Sufism None of his written works have survived, but a vast collection of poems, sayings, and aphorisms attributed to him continues to live on in oral tradition13

Osho mentions him as "an Egyptian Sufi mystic, one of the greatest who has ever walked on the earth"14

In the book catching the thread mentions one of the incidents of Dhul-nun"A story from the life of the ninth-century Sufi, Dhu-l-Nun, the Egyptian, illustrates this: I was wandering in the mountains when I observed a party of afflicted folk gathered together “What befell you” I asked “There is a devotee living in a cell here,” they answered “Once every year he comes out and breathes on these people and they are all healed Then he returns to his cell, and does not emerge again until the following year” I waited patiently until he came out I beheld a man pale of cheek, wasted and with sunken eyes The awe of him caused me to tremble He looked on the multitude with compassion Then he raised his eyes to heaven, and breathed several times over the afflicted ones All were healed As he was about to retire to his cell, I seized his skirt “For the love of God,” I cried “You have healed the outward sickness; pray heal the inward sickness” “Dhu-l-Nun,” he said, gazing at me, “take your hand off me The Friend is watching from the zenith of might and majesty If He sees you clutching at another than He, He will abandon you to that person, and that person to you, and you will perish each at the other’s hand” So saying, he withdrew into his cell

Notesedit

  1. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  2. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  3. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  4. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  5. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  6. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  7. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  8. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  9. ^ Mojaddedi, Jawid, “Dhū l-Nūn Abū l-Fayḍ al-Miṣrī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson Brill Online
  10. ^ Mason, Herbert W 1995 Al-Hallaj RoutledgeCurzon p 83 ISBN 0-7007-0311-X 
  11. ^ Dho'l-Nun al-Mesri, from Muslim Saints and Mystics, trans AJ Arberry, London; Routledge & Kegan Paul 1983
  12. ^ 1
  13. ^ John Esposito, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, Oxford University Press 2003
  14. ^ Osho Journey to the Heart Rebel Publishing House, India ISBN 3-89338-141-4 

External linksedit

  • Sufi Teachings of Dhu'l-Nun al-Misri at archiveorg

dhul-nun al-misri, dhul-nun al-misri quotes


Dhul-Nun al-Misri Information about

Dhul-Nun al-Misri


  • user icon

    Dhul-Nun al-Misri beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


Dhul-Nun al-Misri
Dhul-Nun al-Misri
Dhul-Nun al-Misri viewing the topic.
Dhul-Nun al-Misri what, Dhul-Nun al-Misri who, Dhul-Nun al-Misri explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Book

Book

A book is a set of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of ink, paper, parchment, or...
Boston Renegades

Boston Renegades

Boston Renegades was an American women’s soccer team, founded in 2003 The team was a member of the U...
Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement

Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement

Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement can be found on a rocky headland about 10 kilometers west of Ibiza T...
Bodybuilding.com

Bodybuilding.com

Bodybuildingcom is an American online retailer based in Boise, Idaho, specializing in dietary supple...