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Deschutes County, Oregon

deschutes county oregon assessor's office, deschutes county oregon dial property records
Deschutes County /dəˈʃuːts/ is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 157,7331 The county seat is Bend2 The county was created in 1916 out of part of Crook County and was named for the Deschutes River, which itself was named by French-Canadian trappers of the early 19th century It is the political and economic hub of Central Oregon

Deschutes comprises the Bend-Redmond, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area3

Deschutes is Oregon's fastest-growing county4

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Geology
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Census-designated places
    • 73 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References

Historyedit

French-Canadian fur trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company gave the name Riviere des Chutes River of the Falls to the Deschutes River, from which the county derived its name5

On December 13, 1916, Deschutes County was created from the southern part of Crook County Bend has been the county seat since the county's formation It was the last county in Oregon to be established

The Shevlin-Hixon Lumber Company also operated within the Bend area processing Ponderosa pine trees

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,055 square miles 7,910 km2, of which 3,018 square miles 7,820 km2 is land and 37 square miles 96 km2 12% is water6

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Jefferson County north
  • Crook County east
  • Harney County southeast
  • Lake County south
  • Klamath County south
  • Lane County west
  • Linn County northwest

National protected areasedit

  • Deschutes National Forest part
  • Newberry National Volcanic Monument

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1920 9,622
1930 14,749 533%
1940 18,631 263%
1950 21,812 171%
1960 23,100 59%
1970 30,442 318%
1980 62,142 1041%
1990 74,958 206%
2000 115,367 539%
2010 157,733 367%
Est 2016 181,307 149%
US Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20161
Deschutes County grew by 394% from 2000 to 2007, making it by far the fastest-growing county in Oregon, at more than four times the state average

2000 censusedit

As of the census12 of 2000, there were 115,367 people, 45,595 households, and 31,962 families residing in the county The population density was 38 people per square mile 15/km² There were 54,583 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile 7/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9485% White, 019% Black or African American, 083% Native American, 074% Asian, 007% Pacific Islander, 136% from other races, and 196% from two or more races 373% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 194% were of German, 132% English, 114% Irish and 91% American ancestry

There were 45,595 households out of which 3210% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5800% were married couples living together, 850% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2990% were non-families 2200% of all households were made up of individuals and 770% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 250 and the average family size was 291

In the county, the population was spread out with 2480% under the age of 18, 780% from 18 to 24, 2860% from 25 to 44, 2570% from 45 to 64, and 1310% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 9870 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9700 males

The median income for a household in the county was $41,847, and the median income for a family was $48,403 Males had a median income of $34,070 versus $25,069 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,767 About 630% of families and 930% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1040% of those under age 18 and 610% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 157,733 people, 64,090 households, and 43,062 families residing in the county13 The population density was 523 inhabitants per square mile 202/km2 There were 80,139 housing units at an average density of 266 per square mile 103/km214 The racial makeup of the county was 922% white, 09% Asian, 09% American Indian, 04% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 30% from other races, and 25% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 74% of the population13 In terms of ancestry, 240% were German, 153% were Irish, 145% were English, and 48% were American15

Of the 64,090 households, 308% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 534% were married couples living together, 94% had a female householder with no husband present, 328% were non-families, and 241% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 244 and the average family size was 288 The median age was 402 years13

The median income for a household in the county was $53,071 and the median income for a family was $61,605 Males had a median income of $43,543 versus $33,207 for females The per capita income for the county was $27,920 About 76% of families and 105% of the population were below the poverty line, including 149% of those under age 18 and 77% of those age 65 or over16

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results17
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 464% 45,692 431% 42,444 106% 10,421
2012 519% 42,463 451% 36,961 30% 2,476
2008 490% 39,064 487% 38,819 24% 1,899
2004 564% 41,757 421% 31,179 15% 1,112
2000 555% 32,132 381% 22,061 64% 3,692
1996 467% 21,135 379% 17,151 155% 6,996
1992 357% 15,655 357% 15,693 286% 12,570
1988 524% 16,425 455% 14,264 22% 677
1984 622% 19,323 376% 11,671 02% 72
1980 529% 15,186 336% 9,641 135% 3,888
1976 467% 9,054 489% 9,480 44% 848
1972 523% 7,747 426% 6,319 51% 753
1968 499% 5,599 433% 4,859 69% 772
1964 312% 3,148 688% 6,947 00% 0
1960 517% 5,145 480% 4,776 02% 23
1956 568% 5,399 432% 4,102 00% 0
1952 643% 5,776 353% 3,174 04% 36
1948 484% 3,463 489% 3,499 28% 201
1944 396% 2,547 592% 3,807 11% 72
1940 349% 2,603 641% 4,775 10% 75
1936 221% 1,299 727% 4,278 52% 307
1932 336% 1,697 586% 2,962 78% 396
1928 608% 2,815 368% 1,702 24% 111
1924 530% 2,321 232% 1,015 238% 1,042
1920 542% 1,649 353% 1,072 105% 319

Deschutes County politically falls more in line with the eastern side of Oregon than the western side A plurality of registered voters who are part of a political party in Deschutes County, as with most counties in eastern Oregon, are members of the Republican Party18 In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney won 5185% of the vote in Deschutes County to 4513% for President Barack Obama, the Democratic Party's nominee19 However, in the 2008 presidential election, Obama lost Deschutes County more narrowly, winning 4866% of the vote to 4896% for Republican John McCain20 Both the 2008 and 2012 results represented a significant shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 564% of Deschutes Country voters voted for Republican President George W Bush, while 421% voted for Democratic challenger John Kerry, and 15% of voters either voted for a third-party candidate or wrote in a candidate21

In 2008, the Oregon house seat encompassing the city of Bend switched parties and hosted the only Democratic state legislator from a district east of the Cascades,22 though the Republicans retook the seat in 201023

18

Economyedit

Deschutes county road department at work, February 2011

During the 1990s, Deschutes County experienced the most rapid growth of any county in Oregon largely due to the availability of recreation activities year-round, and its location as the nearest population center to much of the central Cascade Range Beyond tourism, principal industries in the county are lumber, ranching and agriculture—chiefly potatoes The Forest Service owns 51% of the lands within the county boundaries

Deschutes County is the home of four destination resorts as defined by Oregon's Department of Land Conservation and Development These resort are major employers within the county Three of these resorts, Sunriver, Eagle Crest, and Pronghorn, are among the county's ten largest tax payers24

Geologyedit

The overall defining landscape of Deschutes County is primarily marked with that of lava flows Most of the lava found in Deschutes County issued forth from Newberry Volcano located just south of Bend Because of this, many lava tubes are located within, including the prominent Lava River Cave As a consequence, the county is the most cave-rich in the state of Oregon,25 with over 500 known caves in the county26 Other prominent lava flows exist too, especially those related to the Mount Bachelor Volcanic Chain which consists of Mt Bachelor as well as three smaller shield volcanos, and a series of cinder cones27

Three Sisters mountains visible over the Crooked River Railroad Bridge north of Terrebonne

Large volcanoes serve as a backdrop to the city of Bend in Deschutes County, ranging from the prominent Three Sisters, Mt Washington, Mt Bachelor, Broken Top, Newberry, Tumalo Mountain, Maiden Peak and others A group of geologists have discovered Smith Rock State Park is part of an ancient supervolcano called the Crooked River caldera with a rim nearly six times the diameter of Newberry Volcano's caldera This ancient supervolcano has long gone extinct Its crater rim is barely recognizable as remnants mark portions of Powell Buttes, Gray Butte, and the western front of the Ochoco Mountains at Barnes Butte28

On the eastern side of the county, it is mostly characterized by large buttes of much older volcanic origin Most of these did not create any proper lava flows, or at least none that are known to exist Some of the prominent buttes include: Horse Ridge, Pine Mountain, China Hat, and several others on the county border

Two main types of lava flows are found within the county The most common are the pāhoehoe flows which have been partially buried by volcanic ash, tephra deposits, and dirt over tens to hundreds of thousands of years The ʻaʻā flows are fewer, but are much more prominent, with the most notable being associated with Lava Butte and the Lava Cast Forest in the Newberry National Volcanic Monument

Communitiesedit

View of the Cascades near La Pine, Oregon

Citiesedit

  • Bend county seat
  • La Pine
  • Redmond
  • Sisters

Census-designated placesedit

  • Black Butte Ranch
  • Deschutes River Woods
  • Eagle Crest
  • Pronghorn
  • Seventh Mountain
  • Sunriver
  • Terrebonne
  • Three Rivers
  • Tetherow
  • Tumalo

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Alfalfa
  • Brothers
  • Cloverdale
  • Deschutes
  • Elk Lake
  • Hampton
  • Millican
  • Plainview
  • Prineville Junction
  • Shevlin

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Deschutes County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 14, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "OMB Bulletin No 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" PDF United States Office of Management and Budget February 28, 2013 Retrieved April 8, 2013 
  4. ^ Bilby, Robert; Hanna, Susan; Huntly, Nancy; et al 2007-07-08 "Human Population Impacts on Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife" PDF Independent Scientific Advisory Board Retrieved 2008-09-15 
  5. ^ "Deschutes County" Oregon Blue Book State of Oregon Retrieved 2009-04-10 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  18. ^ a b 1
  19. ^ "Deschutes County Election Results 2012" Deschutesorg Retrieved 2014-02-03 
  20. ^ "Deschutes County Election Results 2008" Deschutesorg Retrieved 2009-04-22 
  21. ^ "Deschutes County, Oregon OR" City-datacom Retrieved 2012-10-24 
  22. ^ 2 Archived October 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Jason Conger - Oregon State Representative, House District 54" Repjasoncongercom Retrieved 2012-08-06 
  24. ^ Williams, Steve, "The Expansion of Oregon’s Destination Resorts", WorkSource Oregon, wwwqualityinfoorg, Oregon Employment Department, Salem, Oregon, 29 March 2007
  25. ^ "Oregon High Desert Grotto" Ohdgrottocom Retrieved 2012-10-24 
  26. ^ Matt Skeels "The Caves of Central Oregon" Oregon High Desert Grotto Retrieved July 7, 2013 
  27. ^ Geologic Map of the Mount Bachelor Volcanic Chain and Surrounding Area, Cascade Range, Oregon Map 1 : 50,000 Cartography by D F Garcia; R C Ittner; SE Jefferies US Department of the Interior; US Geological Survey; Scott, William E; Gardner, Cynthia A 1992 
  28. ^ McClaughry, Jason D; Ferns, Mark L; Gordon, Caroline L; Patridge, Karyn A 2009 "Field Trip Guide to the Oligocene Crooked River caldera: Central Oregon's Supervolcano, Crook, Deschutes, and Jefferson Counties, Oregon" PDF Oregon Geology 69 1: 25–44 
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 43°55′N 121°13′W / 4391°N 12122°W / 4391; -12122

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