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Demographics of Arunachal Pradesh

demographics of arunachal pradesh map, demographics of arunachal pradesh capital
The Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh has a total population of roughly 14 million as of 2011 on an area of 84,000 km2, amounting to a population density of about 17 pop/km2 far below the Indian average of 370 pop/km2 but significantly higher than similarly mountainous Ladakh Much of Arunachal Pradesh is forested The "indigenous groups" account for about two thirds of population, while immigrants, mostly of Bengali/Hindi belt origin, account for a third

As one of the Seven Sister States of eight if including Sikkim in India's remote north-east, it is culturally at least as much part of Southeast Asia as it is of South Asia; ethnolinguistically, it is divided between a Tibeto-Burman and Tai/Singpho/Tangsa areas bordering Burma area bordering Bhutan to the west, the Tani and Mishmi areas in the center and the Naga area to the south, bordering both Burma and Nagaland It shares a large part of its border with the state of AssamIn between there are transition zones, such as the Bugun/Aka/Hruso/Miji/Sherdukpen area, which form cultural "buffers" between the Tibetic Buddhist tribes and the animist Tani hill tribes In addition, there are isolated peoples scattered throughout the state


  • 1 Ethnolinguistic divisions
    • 11 List of tribes
  • 2 Literacy
  • 3 Religion
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Ethnolinguistic divisions

Languages of Arunachal Pradesh in 2001

  Nyishi 1894%   Adi 1757%   Bengali 88%   Nepali 85%   Hindi 73%   Assamese 46%   Monpa 51%   Wancho 43%   Tangsa 31%   Mishmi 31%   Mishing 30%   Nocte 29%   Other 115%

Within each of these cultural spheres, one finds populations of related tribes speaking related languages and sharing similar traditions In the Tibetic area, one finds large numbers of Monpa tribespeople, with several subtribes speaking closely related but mutually incomprehensible languages, and also large numbers of Tibetans Within the Tani area, major tribes include Nishi, which has recently come to be used by many people to encompass Bangni, Tagin and even Hills Miri Apatani also live among the Nishi, but are distinct In the centre, one finds predominantly Galo people, with the major sub-groups of Lare, Kargu-kardi and Pugo among others, extending to the Ramo and Pailibo areas which are close in many ways to Galo In the east, one finds the Adi, with many subtribes including Padam, Pasi, Minyong, and Bokar, among others Milang, while also falling within the general "Adi" sphere, are in many ways quite distinct Moving east, the Idu, Miju and Digaru make up the "Mishmi" cultural-linguistic area, which may or may not form a coherent historical grouping

Moving southeast, the Tai Khamti are linguistically distinct from their neighbours and culturally distinct from the majority of other Arunachali tribes; they are religiously similar to the Chakmas who have migrated from erstwhile East Pakistan They follow the same Theraveda sect of Buddhism The Chakmas consist of the majority of the tribal population in Diyun Circle Districts of Lohit, Changlang and Papumpare have a considerable number of Chakmas They speak a linguistic variant derived from Assamese Assam also have a large population of Chakmas who reside in the district of Karbi Anglong, Nagaon and Kachar They also exhibit considerable convergence with the Singpho and Tangsa tribes of the same area, all of which are also found in Burma Finally, the Nocte and Wancho exhibit cultural and possibly also linguistic affinities to the tribes of Nagaland, which they border There are also Indigenous Assamese people belonging to various indigenous Assamese communities in Arunachal Pradesh

In addition, there are large numbers of migrants from diverse areas of India and Bangladesh, who, while legally not entitled to settle permanently, in practice stay indefinitely, progressively altering the traditional demographic makeup of the state Finally, populations of "Nepalis" in fact, usually Tibeto-Burman tribespeople whose tribes predominate in areas of Nepal, but who do not have tribal status in India and Chakmas are distributed in different areas of the state although reliable figures are hard to come by

Buddhism is practiced by 13% of the population Shown here is a statue of the Buddha in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh

List of tribes

The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Lists Modification Order 1956 and as inserted by Act 69 of 1986 lists twelve tribes of Arunachal Pradesh explicitly, but makes explicit that the list is non-exhaustive by noting that "all tribes of the State, including" those listed are to be considered "Scheduled" There are 26 major tribes and more than 100 sub tribes in Arunachal Pradesh The twelve tribes listed are: AdiAbor, Aka, Apatani, Galo Dafla Nishi/Nishing/Bangni, Galoidentical with Abor, Khampti, Bugun Khowa, Mishmi, Momba Monpa, "any Naga tribes", Sherdukpen, Singhpo

By ethnolinguistic classification:

  • Tibeto-Burman
      • Monpa Chugpa, Takpa, Tshangla/Memba et al
      • Tibetans Tibetan languages
            • Khamba
    • Tani
      • Apatani/Tani, Galo/Abor, Nishi/Dafla, Hill Miri, Tagin, Na/Nga, Mising/Mishing
      • Adi/Lhoba Millang, Minyong, Padam et al
    • Kukish
      • Karbi/Mikir
    • Brahmaputran/Sal
      • A lady in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh Singpho
      • Konyak="Northern Naga"
        • Konyak, Tangsa, Nocte, Wancho
    • Digaro-Mishmi
      • Mishmi Idu Mishmi, Digaro Mishmi/Taraon/Darang Deng, Miju Mishmi, Zekhring
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Lisu
    • Hruso association with Tibeto-Burman doubtful
      • Hruso/Aka, Miji/Sajolang/Damai
    • Kho-Bwa association with Tibeto-Burman doubtful
      • BugunKhowa
      • Sherdukpen/Mey, Sartang
      • Lispha, Chug
      • Sulung/Puroik association with Kho-Bwa doubtful
  • Naga tribes mostly Tibeto-Burman speaking; Nagamese creole, cf "Northern Naga" above
      • Southwestern Tai
    • Other Indigenous Assamese people including
  • Khamti
  • Tai Aiton
  • Tai Phake
  • Khamyang
  • Turung


Literacy has risen in official figures to 6695% in 2011 from 5474% in 2001 The literate population is said to number 789,943 Number of literate males are 454,532 7369% and number of literate females are 335,411 5957%


According to the 2011 Indian Census, the religions of Arunachal Pradesh break down as follows:

  • Christian: 445,762 3026%
  • Hindu: 401,876 2904%
  • Others mostly Donyi-Polo: 362,553 262%
  • Buddhist: 162,815 1176%
  • Muslim: 27,045 19%
  • Sikh: 1,865 01%
  • Jain: 216 <01%

"Others" refers to indigenous religious traditions, such as Donyi-Polo in the Tani area or Rangfrah further east Tibetan Buddhism predominates in the districts of Tawang, West Kameng, and isolated regions adjacent to Tibet Theravada Buddhism is practiced by groups living near the Burmese border

Religion in Arunachal Pradesh
Religion Percent
Christianity 303%
Hinduism 290%
Others mostly Donyi-Polo 262%
Buddhism 118%
Islam 19%
Sikhism 01%
Jainism 01%

Out of the 101 recognized tribes, 37 are having an animist majority Nyishi, Adi, Galo, Tagin, Adi Minyong, Adi, Apatani Bugun etc, 23 are having a Christian majority Wancho, Dafla, Mossang Tangsa, Bori, Yobinetc, 15 are having a Hindu majority Mishmi, Mishing/Miri, Indigenous Assamese people, Nepali, Aka, Longchang Tangsa etc, and 17 are having a Buddhist majority Monpa, Khampti, Tawang Monpa, Momba, Singpho, Sherdukpen, Chakmaetc The remaining 8 tribes are multi-faith, ie doesn't have a dominant religion Nocte, Tangsa, Nagaetc


  1. ^ "Census Population" PDF Census of India Ministry of Finance India Archived PDF from the original on 19 December 2008 Retrieved 18 December 2008 
  2. ^ "Distribution of the 22 Scheduled Languages" Census of India Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India 2001 Retrieved 4 January 2014 
  3. ^ "Census Reference Tables, A-Series - Total Population" Census of India Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India 2001 Retrieved 4 January 2014 
  4. ^ Census 2011 Non scheduled languages
  5. ^ Indian census, List of notified Scheduled Tribes Archived November 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Census of India: Provisional Population Tables - Census 2011" PDF Censusindiagovin Archived from the original PDF on 2011-04-09 Retrieved 2011-04-11 
  7. ^ a b "Census of India – Religious Composition" Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs Retrieved 27 August 2015 
  8. ^ Table ST-14, Census of India 2001

External links

  • North East Zone Cultural Centre Used as information reference to all related articleson tribal groups of Arunachal Pradesh

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Demographics of Arunachal Pradesh

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