Deerfield, New Hampshire


Deerfield is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,280 at the 2010 census1 Deerfield is home to the annual Deerfield Fair

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Deerfield was originally part of Nottingham In 1756, residents petitioned for organization of a separate parish, but were denied In 1765, while a second petition was pending, two local hunters presented Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth with a deer Permission was granted, and "Deerfield" was incorporated in 1766 The incorporation act for Deerfield was signed by three members of the Leavitt family, including Capt Samuel who later served as one of the town's first selectmen Leavitts Hill in Deerfield was named for the family, who first settled in nearby Exeter23

"Deerfield Parade", a hilltop district first settled about 1740, was located on the early postal route between Concord and Portsmouth Here, the militia of the Revolutionary and Civil wars trained and "paraded" on the village common The "Parade" was then a professional, cultural and trade center About 1798, citizens founded Deerfield Academy, a high school Unfortunately, it burned in 1842

Once a thriving farm community which was disappointed when bypassed by railroads, the town in 1876 established the Deerfield Fair Now billed as "New England's Oldest Family Fair", the four-day event draws huge crowds each autumn to admire animals, produce and crafts, or enjoy amusement park rides

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 523 square miles 135 km2, of which 509 sq mi 132 km2 is land and 14 sq mi 36 km2 is water, comprising 258% of the town The highest point is the summit of Nottingham Mountain, at 1,345 feet 410 m above sea level, near the town's western border Portions of the Pawtuckaway Mountains occupy the eastern border of the town Deerfield is primarily drained by the Lamprey and North Branch rivers, within the Piscataqua River Coastal watershed, while the western edge and northernmost section of town is in the Merrimack River watershed4

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,619
1800 1,878 160%
1810 1,851 −14%
1820 2,133 152%
1830 2,086 −22%
1840 1,953 −64%
1850 2,022 35%
1860 2,066 22%
1870 1,768 −144%
1880 1,569 −113%
1890 1,220 −222%
1900 1,162 −48%
1910 917 −211%
1920 746 −186%
1930 635 −149%
1940 749 180%
1950 706 −57%
1960 714 11%
1970 1,178 650%
1980 1,979 680%
1990 3,124 579%
2000 3,678 177%
2010 4,280 164%
Est 2015 4,407 30%
US Decennial Census6
Church in the town center

At the 2000 census,7 there were 3,678 people, 1,225 households and 986 families residing in the town The population density was 722 per square mile 279/km² There were 1,406 housing units at an average density of 276 per square mile 107/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9853% White, 016% African American, 014% Native American, 014% Asian, 022% from other races, and 082% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 030% of the population

There were 1,225 households of which 433% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 710% were married couples living together, 53% had a female householder with no husband present, and 195% were non-families 129% of all households were made up of individuals and 38% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 298 and the average family size was 327

Age distribution was 300% under the age of 18, 52% from 18 to 24, 330% from 25 to 44, 249% from 45 to 64, and 69% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 958 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 971 males

The median household income was $61,367, and the median family income was $64,737 Males had a median income of $40,568 versus $30,682 for females The per capita income for the town was $24,160 About 13% of families and 32% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10% of those under age 18 and 104% of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

There is one public school in Deerfield, the Deerfield Community School on North Road, which serves students in grades P-8 The current principal is Paul Yeargeau Deerfield Community School was opened in 1990 and replaced the George B White School The George B White Building now serves as commercial space and houses, among other things, the town offices and the police department Deerfield students have attended various local high schools over the years, as there is no high school in the town Starting with the DCS graduating class of the 1996-97 school year, the town has sent students graduating from Deerfield Community School to Concord High School Other options have included Coe-Brown Northwood Academy in Northwood, Central High School in Manchester, West High School in Manchester, Pembroke Academy in Pembroke, Raymond High School in Raymond, and Oyster River High School in Durham

Notable peopleedit

  • Benjamin Franklin Butler, Civil War era general; US congressman and 33rd governor of Massachusetts8
  • Josiah Butler, US congressman
  • Erica Campbell, glamor model
  • Lorenzo D Harvey, Superintendent of Public Instruction of Wisconsin in the late 1880s and early 1900s9
  • Benning Wentworth Jenness, US senator
  • Jon Schillaci, sex offender and an FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitive
  • Major John Simpson, Revolutionary War soldier; considered one of several men to fire first at the Battle of Bunker Hill
  • Nathaniel Upham 1774–1829, US congressman

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ History of Deerfield, History of Rockingham and Strafford Counties, D Hamilton Hurd, 1882
  3. ^ Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire, Ezra Scollay Stearns, 1908
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  8. ^ "BUTLER, Benjamin Franklin, 1818 - 1893" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved November 20, 2013 
  9. ^ "Term: Harvey, Lorenzo Dow 1848 - 1922" Wisconsin Historical Society Retrieved November 19, 2013 

External linksedit

  • Town of Deerfield official website
  • Deerfield Community School
  • Deerfield Fair
  • Philbrick-James Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • The Forum, all-volunteer local online newspaper
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