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Darren Aronofsky

darren aronofsky, darren aronofsky movies
Darren Aronofsky born February 12, 1969 is an American filmmaker, and environmentalist He has received acclaim, and generated controversy for his often surreal, disturbing films

Aronofsky attended Harvard University, where he studied film and social anthropology, and the American Film Institute where he studied directing He won several film awards after completing his senior thesis film, Supermarket Sweep, which went on to become a National Student Academy Award finalist Aronofsky's feature debut, the surrealist psychological thriller Pi, was shot in November 1997 The low-budget, $60,000 production, starring Sean Gullette, was sold to Artisan Entertainment for $1 million, and grossed over $3 million; Aronofsky won the Directing Award at the 1998 Sundance Film Festival and an Independent Spirit Award for best first screenplay

Aronofsky's followup, the psychological drama Requiem for a Dream, was based on the novel of the same name by Hubert Selby, Jr The film garnered strong reviews and received an Academy Award nomination for Ellen Burstyn's performance The film also generated considerable controversy due to the graphic nature of several scenes, and was eventually released unrated After writing the World War II horror film Below, Aronofsky began production on his third film, the romantic fantasy sci-fi drama The Fountain The film received mixed reviews and performed poorly at the box-office, but has since garnered a cult following2

His fourth film, the sports drama The Wrestler, was released to critical acclaim and both of the film's stars, Mickey Rourke and Marisa Tomei, received Academy Award nominations In 2010 Aronofsky was an executive producer on The Fighter and his fifth feature film, the psychological horror film Black Swan, received further critical acclaim and many accolades, being nominated for five Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Director and winning Best Actress for Natalie Portman's performance in the film Aronofsky received nominations for Best Director at the Golden Globes, and a Directors Guild of America Award nomination

Aronofsky's sixth film, the biblically inspired epic Noah, was released in theaters on March 28, 2014 Noah grossed over $437 million during its opening box office weekend, becoming Aronofsky's highest opening weekend and his first film to open at No1 The film was an international hit, eventually grossing over $362,000,000 worldwide3

Contents

  • 1 Early life and education
  • 2 Career
    • 21 Early work
    • 22 Breakthrough
    • 23 Larger budget production
  • 3 Directing style
    • 31 Themes and influences
  • 4 Controversy
  • 5 Personal life
    • 51 Environmental activism
  • 6 Filmography
    • 61 Feature films
    • 62 Unreleased short films
    • 63 Television
  • 7 Accolades
  • 8 See also
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Early life and educationedit

Aronofsky was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1969, the son of public school teachers Charlotte and Abraham Aronofsky He grew up in the borough's Manhattan Beach neighborhood, where he was "raised culturally Jewish, but there was very little spiritual attendance in temple It was a cultural thing—celebrating the holidays, knowing where you came from, knowing your history, having respect for what your people have been through"4 He graduated from Edward R Murrow High School5 He has one sister, Patti, who attended a professional ballet school through high school6 His parents would often take him to Broadway theater performances, which sparked his keen interest in show business7

During his youth, he trained as a field biologist with The School for Field Studies in Kenya in 1985 and Alaska in 19868 He attended school in Kenya to pursue an interest in learning about ungulates8 He later said, "The School for Field Studies changed the way I perceived the world"8 Aronofsky's interest in the outdoors led him to backpack his way through Europe and the Middle East In 1987, he entered Harvard University, where he majored in social anthropology and studied filmmaking; he graduated in 19919

He became seriously interested in film while attending Harvard after befriending Dan Schrecker, an aspiring animator,10 and Sean Gullette, who would go on to star in Aronofsky's first film, Pi11 His cinematic influences included Akira Kurosawa,12 Roman Polanski,13 Terry Gilliam,13 Shinya Tsukamoto,13 Hubert Selby, Jr13 Spike Lee,14 and Jim Jarmusch14

Aronofsky's senior thesis film, Supermarket Sweep, was a finalist in the 1991 Student Academy Awards15 In 1992, Aronofsky received his MFA degree in directing from the AFI Conservatory, where his classmates included Todd Field, Doug Ellin, Scott Silver and Mark Waters1617 He won the institute's Franklin J Schaffner Alumni Medal18

Careeredit

Early workedit

Aronofsky's debut feature, Pi also known as π, was shot in November 1997 The film was financed in part from $100 donations from friends and family19 In return, he promised to pay each back $150 if the film made money, and they would at least get screen credit if the film lost money7 Producing the film with an initial budget of $60,000, Aronofsky premiered Pi at the 1998 Sundance Film Festival, where he won the Best Director award The film itself was nominated for a special Jury Award20 Artisan Entertainment bought distribution rights for $1 million7 The film was released to the public later that year to critical acclaim and it grossed a total of $3,221,152 at the box-office2122 Pi was the first ever film to be made available for download on the Internet 23

Aronofsky followed his debut with Requiem for a Dream, a film based on Hubert Selby, Jr's novel of the same name He was paid $50,000, and worked for three years with nearly the same production team as his previous film24 Following the financial breakout of Pi, he was capable of hiring established stars, including Ellen Burstyn and Jared Leto, and received a budget of $3,500,000 to produce the film25 Production of the film occurred over the period of one year, with the film being released in October 2000 The film went on to gross $7,390,108 worldwide26 Aronofsky received acclaim for his stylish direction, and was nominated for another Independent Spirit Award, this time for Best Director27 The film itself was nominated for five awards in total, winning two, for Best Actress and Cinematography27 Clint Mansell's soundtrack for the film was also well-regarded, and since their first collaboration in 1996, Mansell has composed the music to every Aronofsky film2829 Ellen Burstyn was nominated for numerous awards, including for an Academy Award for Best Actress, and ultimately won the Independent Spirit Award273031 Aronofsky was awarded the PRISM Award from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation with the National Institute on Drug Abuse for the film's depiction of drug abuse32

In May 2000, Aronofsky was briefly attached to make an adaptation of David Wiesner's 1999 children's book Sector 7 for Nickelodeon Movies, the project remains unmade33 In mid-2000, Warner Bros hired Aronofsky to write and direct Batman: Year One, which was to be the fifth film in the Batman franchise34 Aronofsky, who collaborated with Frank Miller on an unproduced script for Ronin, brought Miller to co-write Year One with him, intending to reboot the series35 "It's somewhat based on the comic book," Aronofsky later said "Toss out everything you can imagine about Batman! Everything! We're starting completely anew"36 Regular Aronofsky collaborator Matthew Libatique was set as cinematographer,37 and Aronofsky had also approached Christian Bale for the role of Batman Bale later would be cast in the role for Batman Begins38 After that project failed to develop, Aronofsky declined the opportunity to direct an entry in the Batman franchise39

In March 2001, he helped write the screenplay to the horror film Below, which he also produced40 In April 2001, Aronofsky entered negotiations with Warner Bros and Village Roadshow to direct a then-untitled science fiction film, with Brad Pitt in the lead role41 In June 2001, actress Cate Blanchett entered talks to join the film,42 which Aronofsky, wanting the title to remain secret, had given the working title of The Last Man43 Production was postponed to wait for a pregnant Blanchett to give birth to her child in December 2001 Production was ultimately set for late October 2002 in Queensland and Sydney By now officially titled The Fountain, the film had a budget of $70 million, co-financed by Warner Bros and New Regency, which had filled the gap after Village Roadshow withdrew44 Pitt left the project seven weeks before the first day of shooting, halting production45 In February 2004, Warner Bros resurrected it on a $35 million budget with Hugh Jackman in the lead role46 In August, actress Rachel Weisz filled the vacancy left by Blanchett47 The Fountain was released on November 22, 2006, a day before the American Thanksgiving holiday; ultimately it grossed $15,978,422 in theaters worldwide48 Audiences and critics were divided in their responses to it495051

Breakthroughedit

In 2007, Aronofsky hired writer Scott Silver to develop The Fighter with him52 He had approached actor Christian Bale for the film, but Aronofsky dropped out because of its similarities to The Wrestler and to work on MGM's RoboCop remake53 In July 2010, Aronofsky had left the project due to uncertainty over the financially distressed studio's future54 When asked about the film, he said, "I think I'm still attached I don't know I haven't heard from anyone in a while"55 Later during 2007, Aronofsky said he was planning to film a movie about Noah's Ark56

Aronofsky had the idea for The Wrestler for over a decade57 He hired Robert D Siegal to turn his idea into a script The actor Nicolas Cage entered negotiations in October 2007 to star as Randy, the film's protagonist58 The following month Cage left the project, and Mickey Rourke replaced him in the lead role Aronofsky said that Cage pulled out of the movie because the director wanted Rourke to star; Aronofsky said, stating that Cage was "a complete gentleman, and he understood that my heart was with Mickey and he stepped aside I have so much respect for Nic Cage as an actor and I think it really could have worked with Nic but, you know, Nic was incredibly supportive of Mickey and he is old friends with Mickey and really wanted to help with this opportunity, so he pulled himself out of the race"59 Cage responded, "I wasn't quote 'dropped' from the movie I resigned from the movie because I didn't think I had enough time to achieve the look of the wrestler who was on steroids, which I would never do"60 The roughly 40-day shoot began in January 200861

Aronofsky with the cast and crew of Black Swan

The Wrestler premiered at the 65th Venice International Film Festival Initially flying under the radar, the film wound up winning the Golden Lion, the highest award at the world's oldest film festival62 The Wrestler received great critical acclaim, and both Rourke and co-star Marisa Tomei received Academy Award, Golden Globe, SAG, and BAFTA nominations for their performances63 Rourke won a Golden Globe, as did Bruce Springsteen for his original song written for the film The Wrestler grossed $44,674,354 worldwide on a budget of $6,000,000 making it Aronofsky's highest-grossing film to that point64

Aronofsky's next film was Black Swan, which had been in development since 2001, a psychological thriller horror film about a New York City ballerina6566 The film starred actress Natalie Portman, whom Aronofsky had known since 2000 She introduced Aronofsky to Mila Kunis, who joined the cast in 200967 Black Swan had its world premiere as the opening film at the 67th Venice Film Festival on October 2010 It received a standing ovation whose length Variety said made it "one of the strongest Venice openers in recent memory"68

Black Swan has received high praise from film critics, and received a record 12 Broadcast Film Critics Association nominations, four Independent Spirit Award nominations, four Golden Globe nominations, three SAG nominations, and many more accolades697071 Aronofsky received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Director71 The film broke limited-release box-office records and grossed an unexpectedly high $329,398,0467273 On January 25, 2011, the film was nominated for a total of five Academy Awards; Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actress, Best Cinematography and Best Film Editing and in March, Portman won as Best Actress74 The film was awarded the PRISM Award from the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration for its depiction of mental health issues75 Aronofsky served as an executive producer on The Fighter, which was also nominated for Best Picture at the Oscars and won two for Best Supporting Actor and Best Supporting Actress for Christian Bale and Melissa Leo74

Larger budget productionedit

Aronofsky was attached to The Wolverine, which was scheduled to begin production in March 2011, but he left the project due to scheduling issues76 The film was set to be sixth entry of the X-Men film series, featuring a story revolving around Wolverine's adventures in Japan76 In December 2011, Aronofsky directed the music video for Lou Reed and Metallica's "The View" from their album Lulu77

In 2011, Aronofsky tried to launch production on Noah, a retelling of the Bible story of Noah's Ark, projected for a $115 million budget78 By the following year, the film had secured funding and distribution from New Regency and Paramount Pictures, with Russell Crowe hired for the title role79 The film was adapted into a serialized graphic novel written by Aronofsky and Ari Handel, published in French in October 2011 by the Belgian publisher Le Lombard80 By July 2012, Aronofsky's crews were building an ark set in Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York81 Aronofsky announced the start of filming on Noah on Twitter in the same month, tweeting shots of the filming in Iceland82 The film featured Emma Watson, Anthony Hopkins, Logan Lerman, and Jennifer Connelly, with the latter having also starred in Requiem for a Dream83 During its opening weekend, Noah held the largest non-sequel opening within Russia and Brazil, and the fourth-largest opening of all time84 Aronofsky did not use live animals for the film, saying in a PETA video that "There's really no reason to do it anymore because the technology has arrived"85 The HSUS gave him their inaugural Humane Filmmaker Award in honor of his use of computer-generated animals86

Aronofsky was set to direct an HBO series pilot called Hobgoblin Announced on June 16, 2011, the series would have depicted a group of magicians and con artists who use their powers of deception to defeat Hitler during World War II87 He was set to work on this project with Pulitzer Prize winning author Michael Chabon and his wife Ayelet Waldman87 In June, 2013, it was announced that HBO had dropped the show and Aronofsky had pulled out, as well88 It was also announced that Aronofsky will produce an upcoming horror film, XOXO, written by Black Swan writer Mark Heyman89 George Nolfi of The Adjustment Bureau is set to direct the project, which will be overseen by Aronofsky90

Aronofsky's latest film, Mother!, will be released by Paramount Pictures on October 13, 201791 It stars Jennifer Lawrence, Javier Bardem, Michelle Pfeiffer, Domhnall Gleeson, Ed Harris and Kristen Wiig9293

Directing styleedit

Aronofsky with frequent collaborators Matthew Libatique and Andrew Weisblum

Aronofsky's first two films, Pi and Requiem for a Dream, were low-budget and used montages of extremely short shots, also known as hip hop montages94 While an average 100-minute film has 600 to 700 cuts Requiem features more than 2,000 Split-screen is used extensively, along with extremely tight closeups95 Long tracking shots including those shot with an apparatus strapping a camera to an actor, called the Snorricam and time-lapse photography are also prominent stylistic devices96 Often with his films, Aronofsky alternates between extreme closeups and extreme wide shots to create a sense of isolation97

With The Fountain, Aronofsky restricted the use of computer-generated imagery98 Henrik Fett, the visual effects supervisor of Look Effects, said, "Darren was quite clear on what he wanted and his intent to greatly minimize the use of computer graphics  and I think the results are outstanding"98 He used more subtle directing in The Wrestler and Black Swan, which less visceral directing style showcases the acting and narratives Aronofsky filmed both works with a muted palette and a grainy style99 Part of this consistent style involves collaborations with frequent partners cinematographer Matthew Libatique, editor Andrew Weisblum and composer Clint Mansell100 Mansell's music is an often important element of the films101

Themes and influencesedit

Pi features several references to mathematics and mathematical theories19 In a 1998 interview, Aronofsky acknowledged several influences for "Pi":

"I'm a big fan of Kurosawa and Fellini In this film in particular I think there's a lot of Roman Polanski influence and Terry Gilliam influence as well as a Japanese director named Shinya Tsukamoto—he directed The Iron Man, Tetsuo"

The visual style of "Pi" and even "Requiem for a Dream" features numerous similarities to the Japanese film Tetsuo: The Iron Man102103

The majority of reviewers characterized Requiem for a Dream in the genre of "drug movies", along with films like The Basketball Diaries, Trainspotting, Spun, and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas94 But, Aronofsky placed his movie in a wider context, saying:

Requiem for a Dream is not about heroin or about drugs  The Harry-Tyrone-Marion story is a very traditional heroin story But putting it side by side with the Sara story, we suddenly say, 'Oh, my God, what is a drug' The idea that the same inner monologue goes through a person's head when they're trying to quit drugs, as with cigarettes, as when they're trying to not eat food so they can lose 20 pounds, was really fascinating to me I thought it was an idea that we hadn't seen on film and I wanted to bring it up on the screen104

With his friend Ari Handel, Aronofsky developed the plot for The Fountain; the director wrote the screenplay In 1999, Aronofsky thought that The Matrix redefined the science fiction genre in film He sought to make a science fiction film that explored new territory, as did The Matrix and its predecessors Star Wars and 2001: A Space Odyssey He wanted to go beyond science fiction films with plots driven by technology and science41

In the Toronto International Film Festival interview conducted by James Rocchi, Aronofsky credited the 1957 Charles Mingus song "The Clown" as a major influence on The Wrestler It's an instrumental piece, with a poem read over the music about a clown who accidentally discovers the bloodlust of the crowds and eventually kills himself in performance105

Aronofsky called Black Swan a companion piece to The Wrestler, recalling one of his early projects about a love affair between a wrestler and a ballerina He eventually separated the wrestling and the ballet worlds, considering them as "too much for one movie" He compared the two films: "Wrestling some consider the lowest art—if they would even call it art—and ballet some people consider the highest art But what was amazing to me was how similar the performers in both of these worlds are They both make incredible use of their bodies to express themselves"67 About the psychological thriller nature of Black Swan, actress Natalie Portman compared the film's tone to Polanski's 1968 film Rosemary's Baby,106 while Aronofsky said Polanski's Repulsion 1965 and The Tenant 1976 were "big influences" on the final film67 Actor Vincent Cassel also compared Black Swan to Polanski's early films, commenting that it was also influenced by Alejandro Jodorowsky' movies107 and David Cronenberg's early work108

Controversyedit

Several aspects of Aronofsky's films have been controversial, most notably Requiem for a Dream, The Wrestler, and Black Swan Requiem for a Dream was originally set for release in 2000, but it met with controversy in the United States, being rated NC-17 by the MPAA due to a graphic sex scene109 Aronofsky appealed the rating, claiming that cutting any portion of the film would dilute its message The appeal was denied and the film's distributor Artisan Entertainment decided to release the film unrated110

The Wrestler has been condemned as an "anti-Iranian" film in many Iran newspapers and websites, in response to a scene in which Mickey Rourke violently breaks a pole bearing an Iranian flag in half across his knee111 Borna News, a state-run Iranian newspaper, also criticized the heel bad-guy wrestler character "The Ayatollah" Portrayed as a villain, he wears Arabic items of clothing keffiyeh and bisht, which the newspaper believed was intended to lead audiences to associate Iranians with Arabs111 In the wrestling ring, he wears a skimpy leotard in the pattern of an Iranian flag with the alef character, representing the first letter of the word Ayatollah111

Some Iranian newspapers avoided mentioning the character, presumably to avoid offending Iran's clerical rulers111 On March 2009, Javad Shamaqdari, cultural adviser to President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, demanded an apology from a delegation of Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences actors and producers visiting Iran for what he characterized as negative and unfair portrayals of the Islamic republic in The Wrestler and other Hollywood films112

The question of who had designed 40 ballet costumes for Portman and the dancers in Black Swan was one publicized controversy related to the film113 The media gave substantial coverage to the dance double controversy: how much credit for the dancing in the film was being given to Portman and how much to her "dance double," Sarah Lane, an American Ballet Theatre soloist114 Lane claimed to have danced more than she was credited The director and Fox Searchlight disputed Lane's claim Their released statements said, "We were fortunate to have Sarah there to cover the more complicated dance sequences and we have nothing but praise for the hard work she did However, Natalie herself did most of the dancing featured in the final film"115

Aronofsky said in an interview with Entertainment Weekly:

"I had my editor count shots There are 139 dance shots in the film 111 are Natalie Portman untouched 28 are her dance double Sarah Lane If you do the math, that's 80% Natalie Portman What about duration The shots that feature the double are wide shots and rarely play for longer than one second There are two complicated longer dance sequences that we used face replacement Even so, if we were judging by time, over 90% would be Natalie Portman And to be clear, Natalie did dance en pointe in pointe shoes If you look at the final shot of the opening prologue, which lasts 85 seconds, and was danced completely by Natalie, she exits the scene on pointe That is completely her without any digital magic"116

While Aronofsky's other movies have evoked significant emotional response, they were still far from the turmoil aroused by Noah It was screened for the first time on March 28, 2014, and despite its PG-13 rating, it has quickly been recognized by Box Office Mojo as one of the most controversial movies of the last 35 years along with such titles as The Passion of the Christ or The Da Vinci Code117 Noah has been banned in United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Indonesia on religious grounds with other countries following suit118

Personal lifeedit

Aronofsky began dating English actress Rachel Weisz in the summer of 2001, and in 2005 they were engaged119 Their son, Henry Chance Aronofsky, was born on May 31, 2006, in New York City120121 The couple resided in the East Village in Manhattan In November 2010, Weisz and Aronofsky announced that they had been apart for months, but remain close friends and are committed to raising their son together in New York122 In 2012, he dated Canadian film and television producer Brandi-Ann Milbradt123

He said of his spiritual beliefs in 2014, "I think I definitely believe My biggest expression of what I believe is in The Fountain"124

He writes his films on a custom-built desk, crafted from Bastogne walnut, an extremely valuable wood125126 Within the desk is a wooden pipe organ, which plays with the opening of its drawers David Blaine commented, “The desk is a very cool thing that’s a lot like Darren himself—there’s always another twist and turn”126

In April 2011, Aronofsky was announced as the President of the Jury for the 68th Venice International Film Festival127

In November 2014, Aronofsky was announced as the President of the Jury for the 65th Berlin International Film Festival, for February 2015128

Environmental activismedit

Aronofsky is known for his environmental activism In 2014, he traveled to the Alberta Tar Sands with the Sierra Club's Michael Brune and Leonardo DiCaprio129 In 2015, he traveled to Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge with Brune, Kerri Russell, and the leaders of several veterans groups130

He has received the Humanitarian Award from both the Humane Society of the United States131 and PETA

In 2015, he collaborated with the artist JR on "The Standing March," a public art installation in Paris encouraging diplomats at COP21 to take action against climate change132

He is a board member of The Sierra Club Foundation133 and The School of Field Studies134

Filmographyedit

Feature filmsedit

Year Film Director Producer Writer Other Notes
1998 Pi Yes Yes Yes Yes Assistant positive cutter
2000 Requiem for a Dream Yes Yes Yes Visitor uncredited cameo
2002 Below Yes Yes
2006 Fountain, TheThe Fountain Yes Yes
2008 Wrestler, TheThe Wrestler Yes Yes
2010 Black Swan Yes
The Fighter Yes Executive Producer
2014 Noah Yes Yes Yes
2015 Zipper Yes Executive Producer
2016 Jackie Yes
2017 Aftermath Yes
Mother! Yes Yes Yes
2018 White Boy Rick Yes

Unreleased short filmsedit

Year Film Director Producer Writer
1991 Supermarket Sweep Yes Yes
Fortune Cookie Yes Yes
1993 Protozoa Yes Yes
1994 No Time Yes

Televisionedit

  • One Strange Rock135

Accoladesedit

Year Award Category Title Result
1998 Gotham Awards136 Open Palm Award Pi Won
National Board of Review137 Special Recognition for Excellence in Filmmaking Won
Sundance Film Festival20 Best Director Won
Grand Jury Prize Nominated
1999 Independent Spirit Awards27 Best First Screenplay Won
Best First Feature Nominated
2000 National Board of Review138 Special Recognition for Excellence in Filmmaking Requiem for a Dream Won
Illes Balears International Film Festival Best Director Won
Valladolid International Film Festival139 Best Picture – Golden Spike Award Won
2001 Independent Spirit Awards27 Best Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Chlotrudis Society for Independent Film140 Best Movie Won
Webby Award141 Movie & Film Webby Award Winner Won
American Film Institute142 Franklin J Schaffner Award Recipient Won
2006 Venice Film Festival62 Golden Lion The Fountain Nominated
Stockholm International Film Festival143 Visionary Award Won
Chicago International Film Festival144 Emerging Visionary Award Recipient Won
2008 Venice Film Festival62 Golden Lion The Wrestler Won
Golden Tomato145 Best Drama Won
2009 Independent Spirit Award63 Best Film Won
London Critics Circle Film Awards63 Best Film Won
Best Director Won
National Board of Review146 Best Film Nominated
Fantasporto147 Audience Award Won
2010 Venice Film Festival148 Golden Lion Black Swan Nominated
Critics' Choice Awards149 Best Director Nominated
Independent Spirit Awards70 Best Director Won
Best Film Won
Gotham Awards150 Best Film Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association151 Best Director Nominated
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Awards152 Best Director Won
Satellite Award153 Best Director Nominated
Toronto Film Critics Association154 Best Director Nominated
Vancouver Film Critics Circle155 Best Director Nominated
Washington DC Area Film Critics Association156 Best Director Nominated
Camerimage157 Cinematographer – Director Duo Award Won
2011 British Academy of Film and Television Arts158 Best Direction Nominated
Golden Globe Award71 Best Director Nominated
Directors Guild of America159 Outstanding Directing – Feature Film Nominated
Academy Awards74 Best Director Nominated
Provincetown International Film Festival160 Filmmaker on the Edge Award Recipient Won
Scream Awards161 Best Director Won
2012 Japanese Academy Awards162 Outstanding Foreign Language Film Nominated
2015 Odessa International Film Festival163 Golden Duke for Lifetime Achievement Won
Motion Picture Sound Editors164 Filmmaker's Award Recipient Won
2016 Hamilton Behind the Camera Award165 Producer Jackie Won
Reykjavik Film festival166 Creative Excellence Award Won

See alsoedit

  • The Standing March 2015
  • Darren Aronofsky's unrealized projects
  • Kagen Sound

Further readingedit

  • Darren Aronofsky's Films and the Fragility of Hope by Jadranka Skorin-Kapov, 2015, Bloomsbury Academic

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Marx, Rebecca Flint "Darren Aronofsky" AllMovie via The New York Times Retrieved July 12, 2012 
  2. ^ "The Darren Aronofsky Retrospective: ‘The Fountain’ | Movie Mezzanine" moviemezzaninecom Retrieved 2017-01-23 
  3. ^ "Noah 2014 - Box Office Mojo" wwwboxofficemojocom Retrieved 2017-02-27 
  4. ^ Romney, Jonathon August 12, 2011 "Blood, sweat and murder at the ballet: The endless torture of Darren Aronofsky" The Independent UK: Independent Print Limited Archived from the original on September 22, 2012 Retrieved August 12, 2011 
  5. ^ Hogg, Trevor December 22, 2010 "Visual Linguist: A Darren Aronofsky Profile" Flickeringmythcom Archived from the original on September 22, 2012 Retrieved September 22, 2012 
  6. ^ "In-Depth Interview With Darren Aronofsky for Black Swan – Starring Natalie Portman" FlicksAndBitscom January 17, 2011 Archived from the original on September 22, 2012 Retrieved September 22, 2012 
  7. ^ a b c Vittorio, Carli "Darren Aronofsky Interview/Story" Artininterviews Retrieved December 19, 2010  Undated; updated version of story from The Star, 1998, nd
  8. ^ a b c "Alumni: Darren Aronofsky", The School for Field Studies official site, 2009-12-22
  9. ^ Cantagallo, Dan October 27, 2000 "Dreamlover: An Interview with Darren Aronofsky" The Harvard Crimson Archived from the original on November 24, 2012 Retrieved December 30, 2010 
  10. ^ Karlin, Susan December 16, 2010 "Meet the Man Who Gave 'Black Swan' Wings" Fast Company Archived from the original on November 24, 2012 Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  11. ^ Walker, Tim January 15, 2011 "Darren Aronofsky: Hollywood's most ambitious director" London: The Independent Archived from the original on May 18, 2013 Retrieved April 25, 2014 
  12. ^ "Sword of Doom" Directors Guild of America Archived from the original on February 25, 2012 Retrieved October 19, 2012 
  13. ^ a b c d "Darren Aronofsky: The Ask Hollywood Interview Part 1" MyVideoStorecom nd Retrieved October 19, 2012 In this film Pi in particular I think there's a lot of Roman Polanski influence and Terry Gilliam influence as well as a Japanese director named Shinya Tsukamoto  As far as being a storyteller I think my biggest influence was Bill Cosby and his comedy And also as far as writing would probably be Hubert Selby, Jr 
  14. ^ a b "10 Questions for Darren Aronofsky" Time January 17, 2011 Retrieved October 19, 2012 Filmmakers like Spike Lee and Jim Jarmusch were big influences and expanded my sense of what film could be 
  15. ^ "Darren Aronofsky" Filmcom Archived from the original on December 25, 2010 Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  16. ^ "Darren Aronofsky: 10 things you need to know about the Oscar-nominated director", Mirrorcouk, 2011-02-25
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  18. ^ "Franklin J Schaffner Award" AFIcom Retrieved December 19, 2010 
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  20. ^ a b "The Ask Hollywood Interview: Part 1" Videoplace Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  21. ^ "Pi" Box Office Mojo Retrieved December 18, 2010 
  22. ^ "Pi" Metacritic Retrieved December 4, 2009 
  23. ^ "SightSound to Netcast Franchise Pix" Scribd Retrieved 2017-03-27 
  24. ^ Kaufman, Anthony December 1, 2009 "Decade: Darren Aronofsky on 'Requiem For a Dream'" indieWIRE Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  25. ^ "Requiem for a Dream" Drunkenfist Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  26. ^ "Requiem for a Dream" Box Office Mojo Retrieved December 18, 2010 
  27. ^ a b c d e Stevens, Jim April 20, 2001 "Articles: Independent Spirit Awards" Blackflixcom Retrieved March 24, 2010 
  28. ^ Bray, Elisa January 28, 2011 Duo Darren Aronofsky and Clint Mansell score on pointes The Independent Retrieved 2011-01-31
  29. ^ Phares, Heather "Requiem for a Dream Clint Mansell" Allmusicguidecom Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  30. ^ "2000 Academy Awards Winners and History" Filomsiteorg Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  31. ^ "2000 Nominations and Winners" Golden Globes Website Retrieved December 19, 2010 
  32. ^ "2000 Nominations and Winners" Retrieved October 21, 2015 
  33. ^ Coronabcca May 24, 2000 "Coming Attractions – Sector 7" Archived from the original on 2001-04-10 Retrieved December 10, 2013 
  34. ^ Dana Harris September 21, 2000 "WB sends Pi guy into the Bat Cave" Variety Retrieved October 17, 2008 
  35. ^ Brian Linder October 16, 2000 "The Bat-Men Speak" IGN Retrieved October 17, 2008 
  36. ^ Brian Linder December 6, 2000 "Aronofsky Talks Batman: Year One  Again" IGN Retrieved October 17, 2008 
  37. ^ Andrew O Thompson November 8, 2000 "Matthew Libatique" Variety Retrieved October 17, 2008 
  38. ^ Adam Smith July 2005 "The Original American Psycho" Empire pp 74–80, 82, 84, 87 
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External linksedit

Find more aboutDarren Aronofskyat Wikipedia's sister projects
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  • Laine, Tarja 2015 Bodies in Pain: Emotion and the Cinema of Darren Aronofsky, Berghahn Books
  • Skorin-Kapov, Jadranka 2015 Darren Aronofsky's Films and the Fragility of Hope, Bloomsbury Academic

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