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Dakshin Gangotri

dakshin gangotri, dakshin gangotri antarctica
Dakshin Gangotri was the first scientific base station of India situated in Antarctica, part of the Indian Antarctic Program It is located at a distance of 2,500 kilometres 1,600 mi from the South Pole It is currently being used as a supply base and transit camp The Dakshin Gangotri Glacier is named after the base

It was established during the third Indian expedition to Antarctica in 1983–84 This was the first time an Indian team spent a winter in Antarctica to carry out scientific works The station was built in eight weeks by an 81-member team Construction was completed late into January 1984 with help from the Indian army and Indian Republic Day was celebrated at the station along with the Soviets and East Germans


  • 1 Description
  • 2 Conversion to supply base and replacement
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


It was an unmanned station, set up using indigenous Indian equipment, powered by Solar energy The station was entirely computerised to record all data that was researched It was built using pre-fabricated timber, and was intended as a permanent station It had an Inmarsat communication terminal, as well as an amateur radio station

The station was divided into two sections, Blocks A and B Block A contained generators, fuel supply and workshops while Block B was home to laboratories, radio rooms and other facilities

An automatic weather recording station, powered by solar energy was set up at the Dakshin Gangotri Apart from this, the station was used to conduct tests on radio waves in Antarctica Other functions of the Dakshin Gangotri included observations of physical oceanography, the chemistry of the freshwater lakes around, biological traits of the land, biological traits of the water, geology, glaciology and geomagnetism of the area

In 1984, site for a new runway was identified at a distance of 2 km from the station Along with this, 2000 philatelic covers were marked with Dakshin Gangotri Later, in the same year, a small field station was set up in the hills, to allow direct communication over a high frequency satellite link between Indian mainland and the station

In 1985, instruments such as the Automatic Picture Transmission Receiver, and the Radio Meter Sonde were set up to calculate wind velocities and solar intensities to determine the feasibility of generation of wind energy and solar energy 2000 philatelic covers were cancelled, while videos were taken on the station An electrified garage to store snow vehicles and skidoos was constructed as well as a repair workshop for them was constructed along with three cottages made with pre-fabricated material, built by the Defence Research and Development OrganisationThe Indian navy helped set up the communications system for wireless transmission to India

Conversion to supply base and replacement

It was abandoned in 1988-1989 after it was submerged in ice It was succeeded by the Maitri, which was set up in a moderate climatic zone at a distance of 90 km and made operational in 1990 Dakshin Gangotri was finally decommissioned on 25 February 1990 and subsequently turned into a supply base

In 1991, the eleventh Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica conducted geomagnetic observations simultaneously at Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri, and Payer using sensors

In 2008, India set up its first permanent research base on the Arctic Ocean, Himadri

In 2012, a third research station, the Bharati was made operational, although only for testing

See also

  • List of Antarctic research stations
  • List of Antarctic field camps


  1. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 1984-1985" PDF Ministry of Earth Sciences PDF Department of Ocean Development 1985 Archived from the original PDF on 2013-04-25 Retrieved Apr 14, 2014 
  2. ^ http://pibnicin/newsite/erelcontentaspxrelid=6881
  3. ^ "Programme to celebrate India's Antartic mission" Panaji The Hindu 3 December 2013 Retrieved Apr 13, 2014 
  4. ^ Srinivasan, Madhumitha 3 February 2014 "Lab on ice" Chennai The Hindu Retrieved Apr 13, 2014 
  5. ^ a b c "Annual Report 1983-1984" PDF Ministry of Earth Sciences PDF Department of Ocean Development 1984 Archived from the original PDF on 2013-04-25 Retrieved Apr 14, 2014 
  6. ^ Sharma, Satya 2001 "Dakshin Gangotri" Breaking The Ice in Antarctica New Age International pp 103–105 Retrieved Apr 13, 2014 
  7. ^ "Annual Report 1985-1986" PDF Ministry of Earth Sciences PDF Department of Ocean Development 1986 Archived from the original PDF on 2013-04-25 Retrieved Apr 14, 2014 
  8. ^ a b "India to start building new Antarctia base in January" New Delhi The Hindu 26 July 2009 Archived from the original on 2013-11-22 Retrieved Apr 13, 2014 
  9. ^ Vice Admiral GM Hiranandani Transition to Guardianship: The Indian Navy 1991–2000 Lancer Publications LLC 
  10. ^ "Weather Maitri" Indian Meteorological Department Archived from the original on 2013-10-09 Retrieved Apr 13, 2014 
  11. ^ "Indian Antarctica Scientific Expedition" Indian Institute of Geomagnetism Retrieved Apr 13, 2014 
  12. ^ "ANTARCTIC RESEARCH PROGRAMME- Eleventh Expedition" Ministry of Earth Sciences 1993 Archived from the original on 2013-05-12 Retrieved Apr 13, 2014 
  13. ^ "India sets up permanent research base at North Pole" New Delhi The Economic Times 2 July 2008 Retrieved Apr 14, 2014 

External links

  • Dakshin Gangotri Station: Pride of India
  • Earth sciences portal
  • Antarctica portal
  • India portal

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