Cutteslowecutteslowe primary school, cutteslowe park
Cutteslowe is a suburb of north Oxford, England, between Sunnymead and Water Eaton
- 1 Manor
- 2 Turnpike
- 3 Cutteslowe Walls
- 4 Cutteslowe Park
- 5 References
- 6 Sources
- 7 External links
By AD 1004 St Frideswide's Minster in Oxford held two hides of land at Cutteslowe1 St Frideswide's became an Augustinian Priory, which continued to hold Cutteslowe until it was suppressed in 15251 It then passed to Cardinal Wolsey's Cardinal's College until Wolsey's downfall and attainder in 15291 Cardinal's College became King Henry VIII's College until 15451
Cutteslowe changed hands three times before it was bought in about 1588 by William Lenthall, grandfather of the William Lenthall who was Speaker of the Long Parliament1 Between 1611 and 1625 John Lenthall sold Cutteslowe to Sir John Walter of Sarsden near Churchill, Oxfordshire1 Most of the estate was sold by a later Sir John Walter in 1703, and by 1737 had been acquired by Christ Church, Oxford1 Sir John sold about 22 acres 89 ha to Dr Robert South who used it to endow his school at Islip, Oxfordshire1
Sir John sold most of what remained in 1710 to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, in whose family it remained until 1811, when George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough sold or exchanged his part to Francis Gregory1 In 1918 Gregory's granddaughters sold Cutteslowe to the Soden family1 The Sodens sold some of the land for development in 1931 and the remainder to Oxford City Council in 1936, which turned it into Cutteslowe Park1
The main road between Oxford and Banbury passes through Cutteslowe It was turnpiked in the 18th century and disturnpiked in the 19th century
Cutteslowe WallseditWentworth Road joins Aldrich Road An Oxfordshire blue plaque notes the site of the former Cutteslowe Walls
Between 1934 and 1959 Cutteslowe was the location of two very contentious barriers, the Cutteslowe Walls, designed to keep council house tenants in the Cutteslowe Estate out of a development of private houses between them and Banbury Road The northern wall divided Wolsey Road from Carlton Road, the southern Aldrich Road from Wentworth Road23
During the Second World War a tank whose crew was trying to return from Banbury Road to its base on Elsfield Way took a wrong turn and demolished one of the walls rather than turn back The wall was rebuilt, but after escalating public protests and several unofficial attempts the walls were eventually officially demolished3
A small fragment of the Aldrich Road wall existed in a private garden in Wentworth Road until the 1980s A blue plaque was erected by the Oxfordshire Blue Plaques Board close to the site of the southern wall in 200623
Cutteslowe ParkeditMural in pedestrian subway under the A40 Elsfield Way
North of the A40 Elsfield Way is Cutteslowe Park, which was made a public park in the 1930s
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp 313–314
- ^ a b Lisle, Nicola 9 March 2009 "And the walls came tumbling down" Oxford Times
- ^ a b c Spokes-Symonds, Ann 13 November 2014 "Local History: The Cutteslowe Walls" BBC Oxford BBC
- Collison, P 1963 The Cutteslowe Walls: A Study in Social Class London: Faber and Faber ISBN 0-571-05380-7
- Crossley, Alan; Elrington, CR eds; Baggs, AP; Blair, WJ; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, CJ; Selwyn, Nesta; Townley, Simon C 1990 A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 12: Wootton Hundred South including Woodstock Victoria County History pp 313–314
- "Pennine Productions — details of "The Cutteslowe Walls"" Pennine Productions Archive LLP Retrieved 11 November 2009
- Map of Cutteslowe at Google Maps
- Blue plaque commemorating the Cutteslowe Walls
- Cutteslow Community Centre
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