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Culture Day

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Culture Day 文化の日, Bunka no Hi is a national holiday held annually in Japan on November 3 for the purpose of promoting culture, the arts, and academic endeavor Festivities typically include art exhibitions, parades, and award ceremonies for distinguished artists and scholars


Culture Day was first held in 1948, to commemorate the announcement of the post-war Japanese constitution on November 3, 1946

November 3 was first celebrated as a national holiday in 1868, when it was called Tenchō-setsu 天長節, a holiday held in honor of the birthday of the reigning Emperor — at that time, Emperor Meiji See also The Emperor's Birthday Following Meiji's death in 1912, November 3 ceased to be a holiday until 1927, when his birthday was given its own specific holiday, known as Meiji-setsu 明治節 As Meiji-setsu was discontinued with the announcement of Culture Day in 1948, some see Culture Day as a continuation of this tradition as well—a mere renaming of Meiji-setsu—although they are ostensibly unrelatedcitation needed

Current practiceedit

As Culture Day exists to promote the arts and various fields of academic endeavor, local and prefectural governments typically choose this day to hold art exhibits, culture festivals, and parades For example, Hakone in Kanagawa Prefecture holds the annual Feudal Lord's Parade 箱根大名行列, Hakone Daimyō Gyōretsu to exhibit Edo Period clothing and costumes1 It is common for universities to present new research and projects on Culture Daycitation needed Primary and secondary schools often have a "culture festival" on or near this day2

Since 1936, the award ceremony for the prestigious Order of Culture has been held on this day3 Given by the Emperor himself to those who have significantly advanced science, the arts or culture, it is one of the highest honours bestowed by the Imperial Family The prize is not restricted to Japanese citizens, and for instance was awarded to the Apollo 11 astronauts upon their successful return from the moon, as well as literary scholar Donald Keene4

Culture Day is statistically one of the clearest days of the year Between 1965 and 1996, there have only been three years with rain occurring in Tokyo on Culture Day5


  1. ^ GoJapan: Japanese Autumn Holidays, Retrieved November 17, 2005
  2. ^ "School life 学校生活" A Taste of Languages at School ATLAS University College London Retrieved 2011-11-02 
  3. ^ "Decoration Bureau" Cabinet Office, Government of Japan Retrieved 2011-11-02 
  4. ^ "Literary Scholar Donald Keene Awarded the Order of Culture" Japan Info Consulate-General of Japan in New York 16 November 2008 Retrieved 2011-11-02 
  5. ^ Kids Web Japan: Culture Day, Retrieved November 17, 2005

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