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Crook County, Oregon

crook county oregon school district, crook county oregon property tax records
Crook County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,9781 The county seat is Prineville2 The county is named after George Crook, a US Army officer who served in the American Civil War and various Indian Wars

Crook County comprises the Prineville, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Bend-Redmond-Prineville, OR Combined Statistical Area3

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected area
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 City
    • 62 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References

Historyedit

Logging in the Ochoco Mountains, circa 1900

Crook County was established on October 9, 1882, by an act of the Oregon State Legislature4 The county was named after General George Crook, a veteran of various battles against the indigenous peoples of Eastern Oregon in the middle of the 19th century4 The county was formed from territory formerly part of Wasco County, including the hilly region where the foothills of the Blue Mountains intersect the Cascade Mountain Range4

Access into the region at first was difficult, which discouraged settlement The first effort to develop routes into the area was in 1862 when a supply train with cattle crossed the Scott Trail This was also the first group of non-natives to spend the winter in central Oregon The discovery and development of the Santiam Pass in the 1860s improved access into the area

Prineville, incorporated in 1880 and then the only incorporated town in the county, was established as the county seat4 This decision confirmed by the voters in the 1884 general election

From the start cattle ranching has been one of the primary industries of the county, with huge herds grazing the countryside from the 1880s4 Farming was also developed in certain valley regions friendly to agriculture4

Logging in the Ochoco Mountains and the timber mills that accompanied also greatly contributed to the economic and population growth of the county The first recorded mention of a sawmill was made by George Barnes, speaking about the Swartz sawmill on Mill Creek, circa 18675

Geographyedit

The county is located in the geographic center of Oregon According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,987 square miles 7,740 km2, of which 2,979 square miles 7,720 km2 is land and 82 square miles 21 km2 03% is water6 The largest body of water in Crook County is the Prineville Reservoir The county has been reduced from its original size of 8,600 square miles 22,000 km2 by the creation of Jefferson County in 1914 and Deschutes County in 1916 The present boundaries were established in 1927

The oldest geological formation in Oregon is in the southeastern corner of Crook County, near its boundary with Grant County This formation is an outcropping of Devonian limestone created from a larger reef when most of Oregon was covered by water

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Deschutes County - southwest
  • Jefferson County - north
  • Wheeler County - north
  • Grant County - east
  • Harney County - southeast

National protected areaedit

  • Ochoco National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1890 3,244
1900 3,964 222%
1910 9,315 1350%
1920 3,424 −632%
1930 3,336 −26%
1940 5,533 659%
1950 8,991 625%
1960 9,430 49%
1970 9,985 59%
1980 13,091 311%
1990 14,111 78%
2000 19,182 359%
2010 20,978 94%
Est 2016 22,570 76%
US Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20161
From 2000 to 2007, Crook County's population grew by 349%, more than three times the state average It was the second fastest growing county in the state, after neighboring Deschutes County

2000 censusedit

As of the census12 of 2000, there were 19,182 people, 7,354 households, and 5,427 families residing in the county The population density was 6 people per square mile 2/km² There were 8,264 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile 1/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9295% White, 004% Black or African American, 130% Native American, 043% Asian, 003% Pacific Islander, 381% from other races, and 143% from two or more races 564% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 262% were of American, 148% German, 97% English and 89% Irish ancestry

There were 7,354 households out of which 3230% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6150% were married couples living together, 820% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2620% were non-families 2130% of all households were made up of individuals and 950% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 257 and the average family size was 296

In the county, the population was spread out with 2660% under the age of 18, 750% from 18 to 24, 2550% from 25 to 44, 2570% from 45 to 64, and 1470% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 39 years For every 100 females there were 9940 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9730 males

The median income for a household in the county was $35,186, and the median income for a family was $40,746 Males had a median income of $32,166 versus $22,580 for females The per capita income for the county was $16,899 About 810% of families and 1130% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1390% of those under age 18 and 810% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,978 people, 8,558 households, and 6,025 families residing in the county13 The population density was 70 inhabitants per square mile 27/km2 There were 10,202 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile 13/km214 The racial makeup of the county was 927% white, 14% American Indian, 05% Asian, 02% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 32% from other races, and 20% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 70% of the population13 In terms of ancestry, 207% were German, 146% were English, 126% were Irish, and 62% were American15

Of the 8,558 households, 277% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 571% were married couples living together, 90% had a female householder with no husband present, 296% were non-families, and 241% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 242 and the average family size was 284 The median age was 456 years13

The median income for a household in the county was $46,059 and the median income for a family was $52,477 Males had a median income of $41,375 versus $29,545 for females The per capita income for the county was $22,275 About 106% of families and 140% of the population were below the poverty line, including 261% of those under age 18 and 40% of those age 65 or over16

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results17
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 699% 8,511 217% 2,637 84% 1,024
2012 664% 6,790 303% 3,104 33% 336
2008 615% 6,371 351% 3,632 34% 349
2004 680% 6,830 301% 3,024 20% 197
2000 648% 5,363 299% 2,474 53% 440
1996 465% 3,250 373% 2,607 162% 1,132
1992 372% 2,703 345% 2,508 283% 2,060
1988 518% 3,049 462% 2,719 19% 114
1984 622% 3,773 374% 2,268 04% 23
1980 531% 3,113 369% 2,162 100% 587
1976 438% 2,093 531% 2,536 31% 148
1972 526% 2,167 423% 1,743 52% 213
1968 479% 1,727 447% 1,611 75% 269
1964 324% 1,161 675% 2,419 02% 6
1960 464% 1,732 537% 2,005 00% 0
1956 510% 1,879 490% 1,805 00% 0
1952 577% 2,124 405% 1,490 18% 67
1948 448% 960 537% 1,149 15% 32
1944 443% 932 544% 1,145 13% 28
1940 393% 942 600% 1,439 07% 17
1936 336% 589 620% 1,086 44% 77
1932 378% 626 598% 990 24% 40
1928 635% 877 352% 487 13% 18
1924 507% 725 304% 434 189% 270
1920 592% 872 359% 528 50% 73
1916 362% 1,675 583% 2,699 55% 252
1912 276% 770 380% 1,060 344% 960
1908 569% 915 341% 548 91% 146
1904 653% 763 228% 266 119% 139

Though Crook County is the most central county in Oregon, politically it falls in line with the eastern side of the state The majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Crook County, as well as most counties in eastern Oregon, are members of the Republican Party18 In the 2008 presidential election, 6154% of Crook County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 3509% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 337% of voters either voted for a third-party candidate or wrote in a candidate19 These numbers show a small shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 68% of Crook Country voters voted for George W Bush, while 301% voted for John Kerry, and 19% of voters either voted for a third-party candidate or wrote in a candidate20

Crook county was formerly a Presidential bellwether county, voting with the winner since 1884, in 27 Presidential elections21 However, the county lost its bellwether status after voting for George H W Bush in 199222 It further voted for the losing Presidential candidate in 1996, 2008, and 2012

18

Economyedit

Forest products, agriculture, livestock raising and recreation/tourism services constitute Crook County's total economy Agriculture is supported by the development of irrigation districts, which permits the raising of hay, grain, mint, potatoes, and seed Range and forest lands allow grazing for a sizable livestock industry The Ochoco National Forest's stand of ponderosa pine is the main source of lumber Tourism and recreation help round out the economy Thousands of hunters, fishers, boaters, sightseers and rockhounds are annual visitors to its streams, reservoirs and the Ochoco Mountains The Prineville Chamber of Commerce provides access to over 1,000 acres 40 km2 of mining claims to rockhounds, who can dig for free agates, limb casts, jasper and thundereggs

Communitiesedit

Cityedit

  • Prineville county seat

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Forest Crossing
  • Lone Pine
  • O'Neil
  • Paulina
  • Post
  • Powell Butte
  • Roberts
  • Suplee

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Crook County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 14, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "OMB Bulletin No 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" PDF United States Office of Management and Budget February 28, 2013 Retrieved April 8, 2013 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Hubert Howe Bancroft, The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft: Volume XXX: History of Oregon: Volume II, 1848-1888 San Francisco, CA: The History Company, 1888; pg 710
  5. ^ Shaver, F A, Arthur P Rose, R F Steele, and A E Adams, compilers An Illustrated History of Central Oregon: Embracing Wasco, Sherman, Gilliam, Wheeler, Crook, Lake, & Klamath Counties Spokane, WA: Western Historical Publishing Co, 1905
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  18. ^ a b Stateorus Retrieved on 4/20/09
  19. ^ Crookorus Archived 2009-05-23 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 4/20/09
  20. ^ City-datacom Retrieved on 4/21/09
  21. ^ Egan, Timothy October 13, 1992 "THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Bellwether County; Bellwether County Gravitates To Clinton, if Only by Default" New York Times Retrieved June 24, 2012 
  22. ^ Fredrickson, Keith November 4, 1992 "No Bellwether Blues in Crook County" The Bend Bulletin Retrieved June 24, 2012 

Coordinates: 44°08′N 120°22′W / 4413°N 12036°W / 4413; -12036

‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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