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County of Santa Fiora


The County of Santa Fiora Italian: Contea di Santa Fiora, also known as State of Santa Fiora Italian: Stato di Santa Fiora was a small historical state of southern Tuscany, in central Italy Together with the county of Sovana, it was one of the two subdivisions into which the possessions of the Aldobrandeschi, then lords of much of southern Tuscany, were split in 1274

At the moments of its creation it included part of today's province of Grosseto, up to the Isola del Giglio, and Castiglione d'Orcia, in what is now the province of Siena In the 14th century the Republic of Siena was able to capture Isola del Giglio, Roccastrada, Istia d'Ombrone, Magliano in Toscana, Selvena, Arcidosso and Castiglione d'Orcia, reducing the county to its capital, Castell'Azzara, Semproniano and Scansano

In 1439, after the marriage of Bosio I Sforza and the last Aldobrandeschi heir, Cecilia, the county was inherited by the Sforza family, who would become ruler of the Duchy of Milan and owned also other possessions in Tuscany and the Marche

The sovereignty of the County was ceded to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1633

References

  1. ^ "Sforza", in Nuova Enciclopedia Popolare Italiana, vol XXI, Turin, 1865
  2. ^ "Sforza", in Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S Pietro sino ai nostri, vol LXV, Tipografia Emiliana, Venezia 1854
  • Guerrini, Giuseppe 1999 Torri e Castelli della Provincia di Grosseto Siena: Nuova Immagine Editrice 
  • Monaci, Francesca 2010 Santa Fiora nella storia: La comunità e gli Sforza negli Statuti del 1613 Arcidosso GR: Edizioni Effigi 



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