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Cornish, New Hampshire

cornish new hampshire county, cornish new hampshire augustus st gaudens
Cornish is a town in Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 1,640 at the 2010 census1 Cornish has three covered bridges Each August, it is home to the Cornish Fair


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


The town was granted in 1763 and contained an area once known as "Mast Camp" because it was the shipping point for the tall masts floated down the river by English settlers It was incorporated in 1765 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth and named for Sir Samuel Cornish, a distinguished admiral of the Royal Navy2 Cornish has historically been a well-known summer resort for artists and writers Sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens began coming to Cornish in 1885, seeking a studio away from the summer heat of New York City Artist friends followed him, including painter and illustrator Maxfield Parrish, who designed and built his estate, the Oaks, in the area The surrounding area became the center of the popular Cornish Art Colony3

Cornish is the site of the longest wooden covered bridge in the United States, and the longest two-span covered bridge in the world The Cornish-Windsor Covered Bridge spans the Connecticut River and was built in 1866 at an original cost of $9,000

Cornish also gained notable attention on January 27, 2010 when American author J D Salinger died in the local hospital He was 91 years old


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 428 square miles 111 km2, of which 421 sq mi 109 km2 is land and 07 sq mi 18 km2 is water, comprising 168% of the town The long ridge of Croydon Mountain follows the eastern boundary of town; the highest point in town is a knob on Croydon Mountain which reaches an elevation of 2,323 ft 708 m above sea level4 Cornish is drained by Mill Brook, Blow-me-down Brook, and the Connecticut River, which bounds it on the west Cornish lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed5 The eastern part of the town is a portion of the approximately 25,000-acre 100 km2 Blue Mountain Forest Association private game preserve, also known locally as Corbin Park, named after its founder, Austin Corbin

Cornish is dotted with several small villages, including Cornish Center, Cornish Flat, Cornish City, Cornish Mills, South Cornish, Balloch, and Squag City

Cornish is served by state routes 12A and 120


Historical population
1790 982
1800 1,268 291%
1810 1,606 267%
1820 1,701 59%
1830 1,687 −08%
1840 1,726 23%
1850 1,606 −70%
1860 1,520 −54%
1870 1,334 −122%
1880 1,156 −133%
1890 954 −175%
1900 962 08%
1910 1,005 45%
1920 844 −160%
1930 855 13%
1940 790 −76%
1950 989 252%
1960 1,106 118%
1970 1,268 146%
1980 1,390 96%
1990 1,659 194%
2000 1,661 01%
2010 1,640 −13%
Est 2015 1,621 −12%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 1,661 people, 645 households, and 465 families residing in the town The population density was 394 people per square mile 152/km² There were 697 housing units at an average density of 165 per square mile 64/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9771% White, 030% African American, 030% Native American, 012% Asian, 012% Pacific Islander, 030% from other races, and 114% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 048% of the population

There were 645 households out of which 322% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 629% were married couples living together, 54% had a female householder with no husband present, and 278% were non-families 212% of all households were made up of individuals and 74% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 257 and the average family size was 302

In the town, the population was spread out with 259% under the age of 18, 38% from 18 to 24, 264% from 25 to 44, 318% from 45 to 64, and 122% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 42 years For every 100 females there were 1001 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1002 males

The median income for a household in the town was $53,393, and the median income for a family was $60,313 Males had a median income of $36,115 versus $29,474 for females The per capita income for the town was $23,165 About 28% of families and 45% of the population were below the poverty line, including 58% of those under age 18 and 55% of those age 65 or over

Sites of interestedit

  • Balloch, New Hampshire
  • Blow-Me-Down Covered Bridge
  • Cornish-Windsor Covered Bridge
  • Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site

Notable peopleedit

Aspet, home of Augustus Saint-Gaudens Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site Harlakenden House, built at Cornish, New Hampshire in 1898, summer White House to Woodrow Wilson, burned in 1923
  • Champion S Chase, politician
  • Jonathan Chase, Revolutionary War officer
  • Philander Chase, founder of Kenyon College, sixth Presiding Bishop of the US Episcopal Church
  • Salmon P Chase, justice of the US Supreme Court; born in Cornish
  • Winston Churchill, writer
  • Thomas Wilmer Dewing, painter
  • Michael Dorris, author
  • Julie Duncan, actress
  • Louise Erdrich, authorcitation needed
  • Hamlin Garland, authorcitation needed
  • Christian Gerhartsreiter, impostor, convicted murderer
  • Learned Hand, judge
  • Percy MacKaye, playwright and poet
  • Charles A Platt, architect
  • Samuel L Powers, US congressman
  • Augustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor
  • Louis St Gaudens, sculptor
  • J D Salinger, writer9
  • Nathan Smith, physician, founder of Dartmouth and Yale medical schools10
  • Nathan Ryno Smith, surgeon and professor, son of Nathan Smith
  • Gary A Wegner, astronomercitation needed
  • Woodrow Wilson, US president summer resident at author Winston Churchill's Harlakenden House11


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 460–461 
  3. ^ Cornish Arts Colony in Cornish and Plainfield, New Hampshire 1885-1930
  4. ^ The knob is unnamed on federal topographic maps, but is shown as "Buffalo Mountain" on a hand-drawn map by Ms Gross, town historian of Croydon
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  9. ^ Katie Zezima, "Cornish Journal: J D Salinger a Recluse Well, Not to His Neighbors", New York Times, January 31, 2010
  10. ^ Emily Jones Smith 1914 The Life and letters of Nathan Smith, MB, MD Yale University Press p xxvi Retrieved 6 November 2012 
  11. ^ Wade, M; Tracy, SP; Wood, DC 1976 A brief history of Cornish,1763-1974 for the Town of Cornish by University Press of New England ISBN 978-0-87451-129-1 

External linksedit

  • Town of Cornish official website
  • George H Stowell Free Library
  • Local Cornish info
  • Yahoo's Cornish neighborhood profile
  • Cornish, New Hampshire at City-Datacom
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Cornish Fair
  • Corbin Park
  • Land Use in Cornish, NH, a 2006 documentary presentation by James M Patterson of the Valley News
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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