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Columbiana County, Ohio

columbiana county ohio recorder's office, columbiana county ohio court cases
Columbiana County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,8412 The county seat is Lisbon3 The county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus4

Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area It also abuts the Pittsburgh area directly to the east and south Pittsburgh International Airport is only a 35-minute drive southeast of East Liverpool, while Downtown Pittsburgh is only 50 minutes away

Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered part of both Appalachian Ohio and the Steel Valley, sharing more in common culturally with neighboring Western Pennsylvania and West Virginia both of which are also part of Appalachia than much of Northeast Ohio in general Officially considered part of the Youngstown television market, the Steubenville television market regularly reports in the area as well

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Government
  • 6 Education
    • 61 Colleges and universities
    • 62 Community, junior, and technical colleges
    • 63 Public school districts
      • 631 High schools
    • 64 Private schools
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Villages
    • 73 Townships
    • 74 Census-designated places
    • 75 Unincorporated communities
    • 76 Population ranking
  • 8 Notable residents
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

The principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots, Mingoes, and Delawares Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, came to the area George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774

Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, taking his surname combined with "Anna" The county was the scene of one of the northern-most action fought during the American Civil War; on July 26, 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces at Salineville

The county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, which produced more than half of the United States' annual ceramics output Throughout East Liverpool's ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries56

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles 1,390 km2, of which 532 square miles 1,380 km2 is land and 28 square miles 73 km2 05% is water7

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Mahoning County north
  • Lawrence County, Pennsylvania northeast
  • Beaver County, Pennsylvania east
  • Hancock County, West Virginia southeast
  • Jefferson County south
  • Carroll County southwest
  • Stark County west

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1810 10,878
1820 22,033 1025%
1830 35,592 615%
1840 40,378 134%
1850 33,621 −167%
1860 32,836 −23%
1870 38,299 166%
1880 48,602 269%
1890 59,029 215%
1900 68,590 162%
1910 76,619 117%
1920 83,131 85%
1930 86,484 40%
1940 90,121 42%
1950 98,920 98%
1960 107,004 82%
1970 108,310 12%
1980 113,572 49%
1990 108,276 −47%
2000 112,075 35%
2010 107,841 −38%
Est 2016 103,685 −39%
US Decennial Census9
1790-196010 1900-199011
1990-200012 2010-20132
Map showing 2012 Appalachian Regional Commission economic designations for Appalachian Ohio, with Columbiana County marked as "transitional"

2000 censusedit

As of the census13 of 2000, there were 112,075 people, 42,973 households, and 30,682 families residing in the county The population density was 210 people per square mile 81/km² There were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile 33/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9643% White, 220% Black or African American, 018% Native American, 023% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 015% from other races, and 079% from two or more races 117% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 240% were of German, 129% English, 128% American, 123% Irish and 93% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000

There were 42,973 households out of which 3170% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5710% were married couples living together, 1030% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2860% were non-families 2480% of all households were made up of individuals and 1190% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 252 and the average family size was 300

In the county, the population was spread out with 2430% under the age of 18, 780% from 18 to 24, 2860% from 25 to 44, 2420% from 45 to 64, and 1500% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 9880 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9660 males

The median income for a household in the county was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $40,486 Males had a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females The per capita income for the county was $16,655 About 900% of families and 1150% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1620% of those under age 18 and 840% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,841 people, 42,683 households, and 29,101 families residing in the county14 The population density was 2027 inhabitants per square mile 783/km2 There were 47,088 housing units at an average density of 885 per square mile 342/km215 The racial makeup of the county was 955% white, 22% black or African American, 03% Asian, 02% American Indian, 05% from other races, and 13% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12% of the population14 In terms of ancestry, 292% were German, 177% were Irish, 146% were English, 91% were Italian, and 76% were American16

Of the 42,683 households, 298% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 514% were married couples living together, 115% had a female householder with no husband present, 318% were non-families, and 268% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 243 and the average family size was 292 The median age was 423 years14

The median income for a household in the county was $39,502 and the median income for a family was $48,948 Males had a median income of $39,614 versus $27,179 for females The per capita income for the county was $19,635 About 121% of families and 160% of the population were below the poverty line, including 256% of those under age 18 and 64% of those age 65 or over17

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results18
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 681% 31,676 267% 12,432 51% 2,384
2012 547% 25,251 429% 19,821 24% 1,127
2008 525% 25,585 449% 21,882 25% 1,232
2004 521% 25,753 474% 23,429 06% 283
2000 491% 21,804 465% 20,657 44% 1,966
1996 353% 15,386 475% 20,716 173% 7,527
1992 316% 15,016 416% 19,765 269% 12,773
1988 491% 21,175 500% 21,581 09% 384
1984 544% 24,552 447% 20,155 09% 403
1980 506% 20,798 424% 17,459 70% 2,886
1976 481% 22,318 498% 23,096 21% 953
1972 626% 27,308 360% 15,683 14% 611
1968 462% 19,947 449% 19,382 89% 3,841
1964 355% 15,827 645% 28,706
1960 586% 28,414 414% 20,037
1956 665% 28,783 335% 14,516
1952 584% 26,707 416% 19,057
1948 513% 17,724 480% 16,588 07% 226
1944 515% 19,976 485% 18,796
1940 487% 21,221 513% 22,349
1936 423% 16,986 564% 22,664 14% 548
1932 556% 19,707 403% 14,284 41% 1,439
1928 773% 26,405 218% 7,461 09% 292
1924 700% 20,483 160% 4,685 140% 4,104
1920 601% 16,846 349% 9,774 50% 1,403
1916 469% 8,118 450% 7,788 82% 1,420
1912 286% 4,601 299% 4,816 415% 6,67419
1908 533% 9,626 373% 6,736 95% 1,710
1904 672% 11,571 244% 4,203 84% 1,439
1900 607% 10,255 355% 5,997 38% 648
1896 578% 9,487 402% 6,598 20% 329
1892 520% 7,232 401% 5,573 80% 1,111
1888 571% 7,700 382% 5,154 47% 636
1884 579% 6,995 370% 4,472 52% 624
1880 585% 6,545 382% 4,273 34% 379
1876 559% 5,417 413% 4,000 29% 279
1872 618% 4,773 375% 2,897 07% 56


Governmentedit

See also: Ohio county government

Educationedit

Colleges and universitiesedit

  • Kent State University at East Liverpool
  • Kent State University at Salem

Community, junior, and technical collegesedit

  • Columbiana County Career and Technical Center
  • Eastern Gateway Community College
  • New Castle School of Trades
  • Ohio Valley College of Technology

Public school districtsedit

  • Alliance City School District
  • Beaver Local School District
  • Columbiana Exempted Village School District
  • Crestview Local School District
  • East Liverpool City School District
  • East Palestine City School District
  • Leetonia Exempted Village School District
  • Lisbon Exempted Village School District
  • Minerva Local School District
  • Salem City School District
  • Southern Local School District
  • United Local School District
  • Wellsville Local School District
  • West Branch Local School District

High schoolsedit

  • Beaver Local High School
  • Columbiana High School
  • Crestview High School
  • David Anderson Junior/Senior High School
  • East Liverpool Junior/Senior High School
  • East Palestine High School
  • Leetonia High School
  • Salem High School
  • Southern Local Junior/Senior High School
  • United High School
  • Wellsville Junior/Senior High School

Private schoolsedit

  • Heartland Christian School – Columbiana
  • East Liverpool Christian School – Glenmoor
  • St Paul Elementary School – Salem

Communitiesedit

Map of Columbiana County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Citiesedit

  • Columbiana
  • East Liverpool
  • Salem

Villagesedit

  • East Palestine
  • Hanoverton
  • Leetonia
  • Lisbon county seat
  • Minerva
  • New Waterford
  • Rogers
  • Salineville
  • Summitville
  • Washingtonville
  • Wellsville

Townshipsedit

  • Butler
  • Center
  • Elkrun
  • Fairfield
  • Franklin
  • Hanover
  • Knox
  • Liverpool
  • Madison
  • Middleton
  • Perry
  • Salem
  • St Clair
  • Unity
  • Washington
  • Wayne
  • West
  • Yellow Creek

Census-designated placesedit

  • Calcutta
  • Damascus
  • East Rochester
  • Glenmoor
  • Homeworth
  • La Croft
  • Lake Tomahawk
  • Negley

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Achor
  • Bayard
  • Cannons Mill
  • Chambersburg
  • Clarkson
  • Dungannon
  • East Carmel
  • East Fairfield
  • Elkton
  • Franklin Square
  • Fredericktown
  • Gavers
  • Glasgow
  • Guilford
  • Highlandtown
  • Kensington
  • Lynchburg
  • Middleton
  • Mill Rock
  • Millport
  • Moultrie
  • New Alexander
  • New Garden
  • New Middleton
  • New Salisbury
  • North Georgetown
  • Reading
  • Teegarden
  • Unionville
  • Unity
  • Valley
  • West Point
  • Williamsport
  • Winona

Population rankingedit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Columbiana County20

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc Population 2010 Census Township Municipal type
1 Salem partially in Mahoning County 12,303 Perry City
2 East Liverpool 11,195 Liverpool City
3 Columbiana partially in Mahoning County 6,384 Fairfield City
4 East Palestine 4,721 Unity Village
5 Calcutta 3,742 St Clair CDP
6 Minerva partially in Stark County 3,720 West Village
7 Wellsville 3,541 Yellow Creek Village
8 † Lisbon 2,821 Center Village
9 Glenmoor 1,987 St Clair CDP
10 Leetonia 1,959 Salem Village
11 Salineville 1,311 Washington Village
12 New Waterford 1,238 Unity Village
13 La Croft 1,144 Liverpool CDP
14 Washingtonville partially in Mahoning County 801 Salem Village
15 Lake Tomahawk 485 Middleton CDP
16 Homeworth 481 Knox CDP
17 Damascus partially in Mahoning County 443 Butler CDP
18 Hanoverton 408 Hanover Village
19 Negley 281 Middleton CDP
20 Rogers 237 Middleton Village
21 East Rochester 231 West CDP
22 Summitville 135 Franklin Village

Notable residentsedit

  • Robert Justice - early Ohio statesman from 1809-1833
  • William McKinley - 25th President of the United States, grew up in New Lisbon
  • Almira Park - the maternal grandmother of President Richard Nixon & mother of Hannah Milhous Nixon lived in Clarkson
  • Clement Vallandigham - Copperhead leader was born and lived for several years in New Lisbon
  • Mark Hanna - US Senator
  • William M Fogo - Wisconsin legislator and newspaper editor
  • Derek Wolfe - NFL Defensive End for the Denver Broncos, grew up in Negley He also attended Beaver Local High School in Madison Township

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Columbiana County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Columbiana County" PDF Ohio Department of Development Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ "Columbiana County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Archived from the original on 2013-10-29 Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  5. ^ Museum of Ceramics
  6. ^ City of Easter Liverpool Website
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  19. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 3,811 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 1,916 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 915 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 32 votes
  20. ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2013-12-21 Retrieved 2016-02-13 

External linksedit

  • Official Columbiana County website
  • Columbiana County Biographies
  • Humane Society of Columbiana County
  • Columbiana County Fair

Coordinates: 40°46′N 80°47′W / 4077°N 8078°W / 4077; -8078

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