Columbia, New Hampshire


Columbia is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 757 at the 2010 census1 It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT micropolitan statistical area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

The township was originally chartered in 1762 and named Preston, after Richard Graham, 1st Viscount Preston of Scotland Settlers failed to meet the terms of the original grant, so the plantation was transferred in 1770 to grantees including Sir James Cockburn, 8th Baronet, after which it was named Cockburn Town, incorporated on 16 December 17972 In 1811, in the lead-up to the War of 1812, Governor John Langdon changed the name to Columbia3

Although the surface is uneven and mountainous, the soil was of good quality Maple sugar became an important product, and lumber was cut and transported on rafts down the Connecticut River to markets By 1859, when the population was 762, Columbia had four sawmills, three gristmills, two clapboard machines, and a starch mill4

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 606 square miles 157 km2, of which 603 square miles 156 km2 is land and 03 square miles 078 km2 is water, comprising 055% of the town5 It is drained by the east and west branches of Simms Stream The highest point is the summit of Blue Mountain, at 3,720 feet 1,130 m above sea level Columbia lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed6

The town is served by US Route 3

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 26
1800 109 3192%
1810 142 303%
1820 249 754%
1830 442 775%
1840 620 403%
1850 762 229%
1860 798 47%
1870 752 −58%
1880 762 13%
1890 605 −206%
1900 690 140%
1910 619 −103%
1920 601 −29%
1930 524 −128%
1940 483 −78%
1950 495 25%
1960 457 −77%
1970 467 22%
1980 673 441%
1990 661 −18%
2000 750 135%
2010 757 09%
Est 2015 737 −26%
US Decennial Census8

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 750 people, 300 households, and 218 families residing in the town The population density was 123 people per square mile 48/km² There were 449 housing units at an average density of 74 per square mile 28/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9760% White, 013% African American, 027% Native American, 027% Asian, and 173% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 067% of the population

There were 300 households out of which 317% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 600% were married couples living together, 77% had a female householder with no husband present, and 273% were non-families 213% of all households were made up of individuals and 80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 249 and the average family size was 282

In the town, the population was spread out with 248% under the age of 18, 44% from 18 to 24, 265% from 25 to 44, 291% from 45 to 64, and 152% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 42 years For every 100 females there were 1137 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1014 males

The median income for a household in the town was $36,964, and the median income for a family was $42,143 Males had a median income of $27,604 versus $19,732 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,859 About 40% of families and 73% of the population were below the poverty line, including 68% of those under age 18 and 101% of those age 65 or over

See alsoedit

  • Wallace Farm

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ History of Columbia, Coos County, New Hampshire
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 448–449 
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Columbia town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 8, 2011 
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on April 22, 2013 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Columbia official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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