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Columbia County, Oregon

columbia county oregon sheriff's office, columbia county oregon court dockets
Columbia County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,3511 The county seat is St Helens2 It was named for the Columbia River, which forms its eastern and northern borders

Columbia County is part of the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Portland metropolitan area and is located in Northwest Oregon

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected area
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Transportation
  • 8 Communities
    • 81 Cities
    • 82 Census-designated places
    • 83 Unincorporated communities
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References

Historyedit

The Chinook and Clatskanie Native Americans inhabited this region for centuries prior to the arrival of Robert Gray, captain of the ship Columbia Rediviva, in 1792 The Lewis and Clark Expedition traveled and camped along the Columbia River shore in the area later known as Columbia County in late 1805 and on their return journey in early 1806

Columbia County was created in 1854 from the northern half of Washington County Milton served as the county seat until 1857 when it was moved to St Helens

Columbia County has been afflicted by numerous flooding disasters, the most recent in December 2007 Heavy rains caused the Nehalem River to escape its banks and flood the city of Vernonia and rural areas nearby Columbia County received a presidential disaster declaration for this event

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 688 square miles 1,780 km2, of which 657 square miles 1,700 km2 is land and 31 square miles 80 km2 45% is water3 It is Oregon's third-smallest county by land area and fourth-smallest by total area

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Clatsop County west
  • Washington County south
  • Multnomah County southeast
  • Clark County, Washington east
  • Cowlitz County, Washington northeast
  • Wahkiakum County, Washington northwest

National protected areaedit

  • Julia Butler Hansen National Wildlife Refuge part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1860 532
1870 863 622%
1880 2,042 1366%
1890 5,191 1542%
1900 6,237 202%
1910 10,580 696%
1920 13,960 319%
1930 20,047 436%
1940 20,971 46%
1950 22,967 95%
1960 22,379 −26%
1970 28,790 286%
1980 35,646 238%
1990 37,557 54%
2000 43,560 160%
2010 49,351 133%
Est 2016 50,785 29%
US Decennial Census5
1790-19606 1900-19907
1990-20008 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 43,560 people, 16,375 households, and 12,035 families residing in the county The population density was 66 people per square mile 26/km² There were 17,572 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile 10/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9442% White, 024% Black or African American, 133% Native American, 059% Asian, 010% Pacific Islander, 079% from other races, and 253% from two or more races 251% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 212% were of German, 108% English, 94% American, 93% Irish and 54% Norwegian ancestry

There were 16,375 households out of which 3440% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6050% were married couples living together, 870% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2650% were non-families 2110% of all households were made up of individuals and 810% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 265 and the average family size was 306

In the county, the population was spread out with 2730% under the age of 18, 700% from 18 to 24, 2810% from 25 to 44, 2600% from 45 to 64, and 1160% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 10000 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9810 males

The median income for a household in the county was $45,797, and the median income for a family was $51,381 Males had a median income of $42,227 versus $27,216 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,078 About 670% of families and 910% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1160% of those under age 18 and 700% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,351 people, 19,183 households, and 13,516 families residing in the county10 The population density was 751 inhabitants per square mile 290/km2 There were 20,698 housing units at an average density of 315 per square mile 122/km211 The racial makeup of the county was 925% white, 13% American Indian, 09% Asian, 04% black or African American, 02% Pacific islander, 12% from other races, and 34% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 40% of the population10 In terms of ancestry, 261% were German, 145% were English, 144% were Irish, 59% were Norwegian, and 48% were American12

Of the 19,183 households, 320% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 555% were married couples living together, 98% had a female householder with no husband present, 295% were non-families, and 233% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 255 and the average family size was 298 The median age was 413 years10

The median income for a household in the county was $55,199 and the median income for a family was $62,728 Males had a median income of $52,989 versus $35,558 for females The per capita income for the county was $24,613 About 65% of families and 103% of the population were below the poverty line, including 127% of those under age 18 and 66% of those age 65 or over13

Governmentedit

The county is governed by an elected board of three commissioners Each commissioner is elected to a term of four years Other elected officials include the sheriff, county clerk, district attorney, treasurer, surveyor, assessor and justice of the peace

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results14
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 497% 13,217 382% 10,167 122% 3,234
2012 451% 10,772 503% 12,004 46% 1,099
2008 420% 10,413 541% 13,390 39% 965
2004 476% 11,868 504% 12,563 20% 486
2000 442% 9,369 487% 10,331 71% 1,495
1996 336% 6,205 502% 9,275 162% 2,996
1992 269% 5,227 428% 8,298 303% 5,877
1988 406% 6,424 568% 8,983 25% 399
1984 485% 7,811 510% 8,219 05% 75
1980 427% 6,623 460% 7,124 113% 1,758
1976 377% 5,226 578% 8,005 45% 628
1972 435% 5,348 488% 5,997 76% 939
1968 381% 4,208 549% 6,064 70% 775
1964 242% 2,489 753% 7,728 05% 51
1960 440% 4,356 560% 5,546 01% 6
1956 433% 4,275 567% 5,592 00% 0
1952 475% 4,666 518% 5,096 07% 72
1948 370% 3,049 578% 4,768 53% 434
1944 335% 2,696 648% 5,213 17% 140
1940 337% 2,959 656% 5,758 07% 57
1936 233% 1,815 716% 5,587 51% 399
1932 333% 1,975 614% 3,643 54% 319
1928 652% 3,519 329% 1,775 19% 102
1924 562% 2,483 230% 1,015 208% 920
1920 615% 2,007 297% 970 87% 285
1916 540% 2,023 387% 1,451 74% 276
1912 281% 574 248% 507 472% 965
1908 637% 1,242 233% 454 130% 254
1904 743% 1,301 126% 221 131% 230

In Presidential elections the county was between 1930 and 2010 among the most consistently Democratic in the United States The last Republican to win a majority in Columbia County had been Herbert Hoover in the 1928 presidential election, although before 1930 no Democrat had won a majority in the county15 since Samuel J Tilden in 1876 However in 2016 Donald Trump won the county with just under fifty percent of the vote ending the tradition of choosing Democrats for president 16 That stated, the margin had been as little as three percent in 200417 and in 1984

Columbia County is part of Oregon's 1st congressional district, which is represented by Suzanne Bonamici and has a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of D+8

Economyedit

The primary industries are wood products and paper manufacturing, trade, construction and horticulture1819 The extensive stands of old growth timber, which had attracted many of the early settlers to the area, were completely logged over by the 1950s20 Second-growth timber provides the raw material for local lumber and paper mills About half the county's workforce commutes out of the county to work, most to the nearby Portland, Oregon, metro area21 Columbia County's average nonfarm employment was 10,740 in 200722 The five largest private employers in Columbia County are Fred Meyer, Armstrong World Industries, Wal-Mart, Boise Paper, USIA,23 and USG24

Transportationedit

The CC Rider transit service links the county to Portland and points in Washington County, including connecting with TriMet buses and the MAX light rail system in eastern Hillsboro

Limited public transit service within Columbia County, and connecting the county with certain points in adjacent counties, is provided by the Columbia County Rider or CC Rider, a service operated by the county's Transit Division25 The service carried 91,500 passengers in 201026

Communitiesedit

Columbia County Sheriff's Office

Citiesedit

  • Clatskanie
  • Columbia City
  • Prescott
  • Rainier
  • St Helens county seat
  • Scappoose
  • Vernonia

Census-designated placesedit

  • Deer Island
  • Warren

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Alston
  • Apiary
  • Beaver Homes
  • Beaver Springs
  • Birkenfeld
  • Canaan
  • Chapman
  • Clatskanie Heights
  • Clear Creek
  • Corey Hill
  • Delena
  • Goble
  • Inglis
  • Keasey
  • Kerry
  • Lindbergh
  • Marshland
  • Mayger
  • McNulty
  • Mist
  • Pittsburg
  • Quincy
  • Reuben
  • Riverside
  • South Scappoose
  • Spitzenberg
  • Trenholm
  • West Saint Helens
  • Woodson
  • Yankton

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Columbia County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 14, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  5. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  15. ^ The Political Graveyard; Columbia County, Oregon
  16. ^ Dave Leip’s Atlas of US Presidential Elections; Columbia County, Oregon – 2016
  17. ^ Dave Leip’s Atlas of US Presidential Elections; Columbia County, Oregon – 2004
  18. ^ Oregon Labor Market Information System
  19. ^ Bureau of Economic Analysis
  20. ^ Oregon Historical County Records Guide: Columbia County History - Oregon State Archives 2012
  21. ^ US Census Bureau
  22. ^ Columbia County and Oregon QuickFacts - United States Census Bureau 2012
  23. ^ UnderSea Industrial Apparel
  24. ^ Columbia County Economic Team
  25. ^ "Welcome/Home page" Columbia County Rider Retrieved October 10, 2009 
  26. ^ Swan, Darryl April 6, 2011 "Rail operation would create jobs, threaten CC Rider bus service" South County Spotlight Pamplin Media Group Retrieved September 5, 2012 

Coordinates: 45°57′N 123°05′W / 4595°N 12308°W / 4595; -12308

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