Codicologycodicology definition, codicology
Codicology from Latin cōdex, genitive cōdicis, "notebook, book"; and Greek -λογία, -logia is the study of codices or manuscript books written on parchment or paper as physical objects It is often referred to as 'the archaeology of the book', concerning itself with the materials parchment, sometimes referred to as membrane or vellum, paper, pigments, inks and so on, and techniques used to make books, including their binding
There are no clear-cut definitions: some codicologists say that their field encompasses palaeography, the study of handwriting, while some palaeographers say that their field encompasses codicology The study of written features such as marginalia, glosses, ownership inscriptions, etc falls in both camps, as does the study of the physical aspects of decoration, which otherwise belongs to art history
By a close examination of the physical attributes of a book, it is sometimes possible to establish the history and provenance of a book, or to match up long-separated elements originally from the same book Palaeographers and codicologists may also study the history of libraries, manuscript-collecting and of book-cataloguing
There exist some very good online databases with research functions for medieval manuscripts
- Codices Electronici Ecclesiae Coloniensis, Universität Köln, about 500 manuscripts mostly German speaking area, with photos
- 'Marburger Repertorium of German manuscripts in the 13th and 14th century, Philipps-Universität Marburg descriptive catalog not included are solitary documents and minimal inscriptions in Latin Manuscripts
- The Digital Walters, The Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, Maryland Over 900 illuminated manuscripts and 1250 incunables
- Codices Electronici Sangallenses have registered manuscript of St Gallen
- Department for Special Collections, University Library of Graz, Online-Catalogue with over 2000 registered manuscripts partially already 2011 with detailed paleografic descriptions and digitally complete versions
- Catalogue for Austria with illuminated manuscripts of the 8th to 13th centuries
- British Library, several huge collections, eg Harlean Collection also via Online Katalog- broken link The known Anglo-Saxon works like Beowulf or Lindisfarne Gospel Book of Lindisfarne
- Bodleian Library, Oxford, catalogue, collections similar to the British Library, easy to use Works all in good quality online
- Library of Congress, Washington DC, huge catalogue of manuscript collections
- Hill Museum & Manuscript Library in Collegeville, Minnesota, 90,000 manuscripts from Austria and Spain
- Textual scholarship
- Fragmentology manuscripts
- Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts, 12th–17th centuries, Center for Digital Initiatives, University of Vermont Libraries
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