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Clatsop County, Oregon

clatsop county oregon assessor's office, clatsop county oregon court records
Clatsop County /ˈklætsəp/ is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,0391 The county seat is Astoria2 The county is named for the Clatsop tribe of Native Americans, who lived along the coast of the Pacific Ocean prior to European settlement

Clatsop County comprises the Astoria, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area and is located in Northwest Oregon

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 Major highways
    • 23 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
    • 51 Tourism
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Census-designated places
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 Further reading

Historyedit

The Lewis and Clark Expedition stayed for the winter of 1805–6 in the area, establishing Fort Clatsop as one of the earliest American structures on the west coast of North America Astoria, Oregon's oldest settlement, was established as a fur trading post in 1811 and named after John Jacob Astor

Clatsop County was created from the northern and western portions of the original Twality District on June 22, 1844 Until the creation of Vancouver District five days later, Clatsop County extended north across the Columbia into present-day Washington The Provisional and Territorial Legislatures further altered Clatsop County's boundaries in 1845 and 1853

Before 1850 most of Clatsop County's government activity occurred in Lexington, a community located where Warrenton is now However, commercial and social activities came to center on Astoria as that city grew, and an election in 1854 chose Astoria to be the new county seat

Fort Stevens, located near the peninsula formed by the south shore of the Columbia river and the Pacific Ocean, became the only continental US military installation attacked in World War II, when submarine I-25 of the Imperial Japanese Navy fired 17 rounds at the base June 21, 1942 The submarine escaped when the order was given not to return fire with the 10-inch 250 mm shore guns This was ostensibly done in order to avoid disclosing the position of the fort, however this is disputed by various sources and the field report from the event has never been found While the damage caused was slight reportedly only a baseball backstop was damaged and a powerline severed, the presence of the enemy ship sowed panic along the Pacific coast of the United States, and other minor attacks occurred elsewhere in the region, including Vancouver Island

In 1975, Clatsop County commissioners considered seceding from Oregon, and become a part of Washington3 The movement was based on disagreements residents of the county had with then-Governor Bob Straub4 The movement was created after Alumax Corporation changed their plans of building a plant in the county5 Some residents, including two county commissioners, blamed the Oregon Governor for the movement of the plant5 The State of Washington's Governor, Daniel J Evans, said the county was not welcome in the state4 Clatsop County commissioners later abandoned the idea3

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,084 square miles 2,810 km2, of which 829 square miles 2,150 km2 is land and 255 square miles 660 km2 24% is water6 The highest point is Saddle Mountain at 3,283 feet 1,001 m, part of the Northern Oregon Coast Range7

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Columbia County east
  • Pacific County, Washington north
  • Wahkiakum County, Washington north
  • Tillamook County south
  • Washington County southeast

Major highwaysedit

  • Oregon Route 26
  • Oregon Route 30
  • Oregon Route 101

National protected areasedit

  • Julia Butler Hansen National Wildlife Refuge part
  • Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks part
  • Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge
  • Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1850 462
1860 498 78%
1870 1,255 1520%
1880 7,222 4755%
1890 10,016 387%
1900 12,765 274%
1910 16,106 262%
1920 23,030 430%
1930 21,124 −83%
1940 24,697 169%
1950 30,776 246%
1960 27,380 −110%
1970 28,473 40%
1980 32,489 141%
1990 33,301 25%
2000 35,630 70%
2010 37,039 40%
Est 2016 38,632 43%
US Decennial Census9
1790-196010 1900-199011
1990-200012 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census13 of 2000, there were 35,630 people, 14,703 households, and 9,454 families residing in the county The population density was 43 people per square mile 17/km² There were 19,685 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile 9/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9314% White, 052% Black or African American, 103% Native American, 121% Asian, 017% Pacific Islander, 164% from other races, and 230% from two or more races 448% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 153% were of German, 108% English, 104% Irish, 93% American and 65% Norwegian ancestry

There were 14,703 households out of which 2850% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5060% were married couples living together, 970% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3570% were non-families 2950% of all households were made up of individuals and 1170% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 235 and the average family size was 288

In the county, the population was spread out with 2370% under the age of 18, 890% from 18 to 24, 2530% from 25 to 44, 2660% from 45 to 64, and 1560% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 9780 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9510 males

The median income for a household in the county was $36,301, and the median income for a family was $44,575 Males had a median income of $32,153 versus $22,479 for females The per capita income for the county was $19,515 About 910% of families and 1320% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1680% of those under age 18 and 800% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,039 people, 15,742 households, and 9,579 families residing in the county14 The population density was 447 inhabitants per square mile 173/km2 There were 21,546 housing units at an average density of 260 per square mile 100/km215 The racial makeup of the county was 909% white, 12% Asian, 10% American Indian, 05% black or African American, 02% Pacific islander, 33% from other races, and 28% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 77% of the population14 In terms of ancestry, 228% were German, 154% were English, 142% were Irish, 89% were American, and 75% were Norwegian16

Of the 15,742 households, 260% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 464% were married couples living together, 96% had a female householder with no husband present, 392% were non-families, and 315% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 229 and the average family size was 285 The median age was 432 years14

The median income for a household in the county was $42,223 and the median income for a family was $52,339 Males had a median income of $40,741 versus $28,463 for females The per capita income for the county was $25,347 About 96% of families and 128% of the population were below the poverty line, including 200% of those under age 18 and 66% of those age 65 or over17

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results18
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 414% 8,138 471% 9,252 116% 2,274
2012 407% 7,249 553% 9,861 40% 708
2008 388% 7,192 577% 10,701 35% 655
2004 440% 8,503 542% 10,461 18% 345
2000 422% 6,950 504% 8,296 75% 1,228
1996 346% 5,334 502% 7,732 152% 2,339
1992 279% 4,683 458% 7,700 263% 4,429
1988 416% 5,956 564% 8,074 20% 286
1984 499% 7,522 499% 7,525 03% 38
1980 409% 6,124 433% 6,482 157% 2,353
1976 454% 6,178 491% 6,690 55% 748
1972 474% 5,998 476% 6,017 50% 632
1968 456% 5,810 490% 6,243 54% 685
1964 324% 4,023 674% 8,371 02% 19
1960 489% 6,286 508% 6,530 04% 50
1956 509% 6,616 491% 6,372 00% 0
1952 560% 7,569 430% 5,814 10% 128
1948 449% 5,076 493% 5,574 59% 663
1944 391% 3,921 602% 6,038 07% 72
1940 357% 3,758 636% 6,686 07% 70
1936 256% 2,261 710% 6,267 34% 304
1932 345% 2,570 600% 4,473 56% 414
1928 633% 4,087 342% 2,208 25% 159
1924 563% 3,313 234% 1,373 203% 1,195
1920 614% 3,498 296% 1,687 90% 512
1916 494% 2,568 431% 2,239 75% 387
1912 270% 722 272% 728 458% 1,226
1908 598% 1,482 265% 658 137% 339
1904 687% 1,408 164% 336 149% 306

Like all of the northern Oregon coast, Clatsop County was consistently Republican up to and including the 1928 election,19 except in 1912 when third-party former President Theodore Roosevelt won by one vote with the lowest percentage for a winning candidate in any county since the Civil War20 Since Franklin D Roosevelt won the county in 1932 Clatsop has generally been carried by the Democratic candidate in Presidential elections The only exception to this is Dwight D Eisenhower who won the county twice,19 whilst George McGovern won by just nineteen votes during his disastrous 1972 campaign,21 and Walter Mondale by a mere three votes or 0019887 percent during an equally disastrous 1984 campaign22 In gubernatorial elections the county has been won by the Democratic Party candidate since, at least, 199023

Clatsop County is located in Oregon's 1st congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+8 and is represented by Suzanne Bonamici In the Oregon State Senate it is represented by Democrat Betsy Johnson In the Oregon House of Representatives it is represented by Democrats Brad Witt and Deborah Boone

Economyedit

The principal industries of Clatsop County are manufacturing, travel primarily tourism, and trade2425 Fishing and timber are still important but contribute proportionally less to the county's employment and income than they used tocitation needed The county's average nonfarm employment was 17,480 in 2007citation needed About 30% of the lands within the county boundaries belong to the state of Oregon, as part of the state forests The Port of Astoria was created in 1914 to support trade and commerce

Tourismedit

Astoria, Oregon, the county seat, has multiple tourist attractions including the Astoria Riverfront Trolley, Fort Clatsop, the Uppertown Firefighters Museum, and Columbia River Maritime Museum26 Seaside, Oregon, noted as Oregon’s oldest ocean resort community,27 also has multiple tourist attractions including, the Seaside Aquarium, and the Seaside Historical Society Museum Tourism is noted as one of the major forces in Clatsop County's economy27

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Astoria county seat
  • Cannon Beach
  • Gearhart
  • Seaside
  • Warrenton

Census-designated placesedit

  • Jeffers Garden
  • Westport

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Arch Cape
  • Bradwood
  • Brownsmead
  • Carnahan
  • Clifton
  • Elsie
  • Fern Hill
  • Fort Stevens
  • Grand Rapids
  • Hamlet
  • Hammond
  • Jewell
  • Jewell Junction
  • Knappa
  • Lukarilla
  • Melville
  • Miles Crossing
  • Mishawaka
  • Navy Heights
  • Necanicum
  • Oklahoma Hill
  • Olney
  • Skipanon
  • Sunset Beach
  • Surf Pines
  • Svensen
  • Svensen Junction
  • Taylorville
  • Tolovana Park
  • Tongue Point Village
  • Uniontown
  • Vinemaple
  • Wauna

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Clatsop County, Oregon
  • Seaside Aquarium

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 14, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ a b "Clatsop County changes plans" Associated Press Ellensburg Daily Record March 23, 1975 Retrieved March 21, 2010 
  4. ^ a b "Clatson 'not welcome'" Associated Press Tri City Herald March 23, 1975 Retrieved March 21, 2010 
  5. ^ a b "They want out" Ellensburg Daily Record March 18, 1975 Retrieved March 21, 2010 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  7. ^ "Saddle Mountain, Oregon" Peakbaggercom 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  19. ^ a b Menendez, Albert J; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp 284-285 ISBN 0786422173
  20. ^ Dave Leip’s US Election Atlas; 1912 Presidential Election Statistics
  21. ^ Dave Leip’s US Election Atlas; 1972 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – Oregon
  22. ^ Dave Leip’s US Election Atlas; 1984 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – Oregon
  23. ^ David Leip’s US Election Atlas Gubernatorial election maps for Oregon
  24. ^ Oregon Labor Market Information System
  25. ^ Bureau of Economic Analysis
  26. ^ "Astoria Travel Guide" WorldWeb astoria-orworldwebcom Retrieved March 21, 2010 
  27. ^ a b "About Clatsop County" coclatsoporus Retrieved March 21, 2010 

Further readingedit

  • Emma Gene Miller, Clatsop County, Oregon: Its History, Legends and Industries Portland, OR: Binfords & Mort, 1958
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 46°01′N 123°43′W / 4601°N 12371°W / 4601; -12371

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