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Clackamas County, Oregon

clackamas county oregon sheriff's office, clackamas county oregon gis property ownership
Clackamas County /ˈklækəmᵻs/ is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 375,992,1 making it Oregon's third-most populous county Its county seat is Oregon City2 The county was named after the Native Americans living in the area, the Clackamas Indians, who were part of the Chinookan people

Clackamas County is part of the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area It is in the Willamette Valley

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Major highways
    • 22 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Law and government
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Infrastructure
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Census-designated places
    • 73 Hamlet
    • 74 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 Further reading
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

Originally named Clackamas District, it was one of the four original Oregon districts created by Oregon's Provisional Legislature on July 5, 1843 along with Twality later Washington, Champooick later Marion, and Yamhill The four districts were redesignated as counties in 1845 At the time of its creation, Clackamas County covered portions of four present-day US states and a Canadian province The Columbia River became the northern boundary of the county in 1844 Soon after John McLoughlin staked a land claim in Oregon City and built a house that in 2003 became a unit of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site

Oregon City was also the site of the only federal court west of the Rockies in 1849, when San Francisco, California was platted The plat was filed in 1850 in the first plat book of the first office of records in the West Coast and is still in Oregon City

In 1902, the Willamette Meteorite was recovered from a field just outside present-day West Linn

In contrast with the more liberal and cosmopolitan Multnomah County to the north, and the more corporate Washington County to the west, some citizens of Clackamas county have espoused a blue-collar, yet conservative political outlook of the backlash mold described by Thomas Frank It is the headquarters of Lon Mabon, whose Oregon Citizens Alliance has worked to pass a number of anti-homosexual initiatives, and where Bill Sizemore, who has championed various anti-government initiatives for most of the 1990s, had his base before he moved to Klamath Falls However, it is a very mixed area overall, narrowly voting for Republican George W Bush over Democrat John Kerry in 2004, but moderately voting for Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain in 2008

As of August 2005update, Clackamas is the first county in Oregon to have four models of governance for its communities Like the rest of Oregon, it has cities which are formally incorporated and rural communities some of which for federal purposes are considered census-designated places

After completion of a process that began late in 1999, the county adopted an ordinance on August 11, 2005 which defined hamlets and villages By the November 30, 2005 deadline, three communities had submitted petitions to start the process of becoming one Boring petitioned to become a village, but the application was rejected in a town hall referendum in August 2006 The communities along US 26 near Mount Hood from Brightwood to Rhododendron petitioned to become "The Villages at Mount Hood", and it was approved by residents in May 2006 Beavercreek petitioned to become a hamlet, and was officially recognized as such in September 2006

Geographyedit

Forest west of Clackamas River Valley

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,883 square miles 4,880 km2, of which 1,870 square miles 4,800 km2 is land and 12 square miles 31 km2 07% is water3

The county includes parts of two national forests: Mount Hood National Forest and Willamette National Forest

Major highwaysedit

  • Interstate 5
  • Interstate 205
  • US Route 26
  • Oregon Route 35
  • Oregon Route 99E
  • Oregon Route 212
  • Oregon Route 213
  • Oregon Route 224

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Multnomah County - north
  • Hood River County - northeast
  • Wasco County - east
  • Marion County - south
  • Yamhill County - west
  • Washington County - northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1850 1,859
1860 3,466 864%
1870 5,993 729%
1880 9,260 545%
1890 15,233 645%
1900 19,658 290%
1910 29,931 523%
1920 37,698 259%
1930 46,205 226%
1940 57,130 236%
1950 86,716 518%
1960 113,038 304%
1970 166,088 469%
1980 241,919 457%
1990 278,850 153%
2000 338,391 214%
2010 375,992 111%
Est 2016 408,062 85%
US Decennial Census5
1790-19606 1900-19907
1990-20008 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 338,391 people, 128,201 households, and 91,663 families residing in the county The population density was 181 people per square mile 70/km² There were 136,954 housing units at an average density of 73 per square mile 28/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9127% White, 245% Asian, 071% Native American, 066% Black or African American, 017% Pacific Islander, 228% from other races, and 246% from two or more races 495% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 207% were of German, 116% English, 91% Irish and 75% American ancestry

There were 128,201 households out of which 3420% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5860% were married couples living together, 900% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2850% were non-families 2200% of all households were made up of individuals and 780% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 262 and the average family size was 307

In the county, the population was spread out with 2620% under the age of 18, 800% from 18 to 24, 2870% from 25 to 44, 2600% from 45 to 64, and 1110% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 9750 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9490 males

The median income for a household in the county was $52,080, and the median income for a family was $60,791 Males had a median income of $43,462 versus $30,891 for females The per capita income for the county was $25,973 About 460% of families and 660% of the population were below the poverty line, including 760% of those under age 18 and 510% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 375,992 people, 145,790 households, and 100,866 families residing in the county10 The population density was 2010 inhabitants per square mile 776/km2 There were 156,945 housing units at an average density of 839 per square mile 324/km211 The racial makeup of the county was 882% white, 37% Asian, 08% American Indian, 08% black or African American, 02% Pacific islander, 31% from other races, and 32% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 77% of the population10 In terms of ancestry, 249% were German, 145% were English, 133% were Irish, 50% were Norwegian, and 49% were American12

Of the 145,790 households, 328% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 548% were married couples living together, 98% had a female householder with no husband present, 308% were non-families, and 241% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 256 and the average family size was 304 The median age was 406 years10

The median income for a household in the county was $62,007 and the median income for a family was $74,905 Males had a median income of $53,488 versus $39,796 for females The per capita income for the county was $31,785 About 61% of families and 90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 112% of those under age 18 and 62% of those age 65 or over13

Law and governmentedit

Presidential Elections Results14
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 413% 88,392 477% 102,095 110% 23,552
2012 468% 88,592 504% 95,493 28% 5,247
2008 436% 83,595 539% 103,476 25% 4,807
2004 501% 97,691 488% 95,129 11% 2,180
2000 478% 77,539 471% 76,421 51% 8,302
1996 410% 59,443 467% 67,709 124% 17,994
1992 348% 53,724 390% 60,310 262% 40,504
1988 498% 61,381 485% 59,799 18% 2,171
1984 591% 68,630 407% 47,254 03% 289
1980 494% 54,111 370% 40,462 136% 14,910
1976 507% 47,671 452% 42,504 40% 3,784
1972 535% 41,767 417% 32,540 48% 3,782
1968 506% 32,363 437% 27,939 57% 3,659
1964 373% 21,299 626% 35,711 01% 33
1960 545% 28,531 453% 23,679 02% 109
1956 554% 25,314 446% 20,416 00% 0
1952 595% 24,174 399% 16,219 06% 227
1948 480% 14,431 474% 14,263 46% 1,389
1944 463% 12,492 521% 14,060 16% 435
1940 454% 11,416 539% 13,547 08% 190
1936 274% 5,830 667% 14,203 60% 1,270
1932 321% 5,964 622% 11,575 57% 1,069
1928 595% 9,216 382% 5,918 23% 352
1924 433% 5,864 229% 3,099 338% 4,585
1920 595% 6,928 321% 3,740 83% 971
1916 509% 6,349 428% 5,334 63% 788
1912 230% 1,503 332% 2,171 438% 2,858
1908 539% 2,776 362% 1,866 99% 507
1904 678% 2,783 167% 684 156% 639

Clackamas is a bellwether county having voted for the eventual winner for president in every election since 1920, with the exception of 1948, 1960, 1976 and 2016 There is a significant amount of third-party votes whenever there is a prominent third-party candidate Ross Perot, Gary Johnson, John B Anderson

Elected Officials
  • Board of County Commissioners one chair, four commissioners; nonpartisan
    • Chair: Jim Bernard
    • Commissioner: Ken Humberston
    • Commissioner: Paul Savas
    • Commissioner: Martha Schrader
    • Commissioner: Sonya Fischer
  • Treasurer: Shari Anderson
  • Assessor: Bob Vroman
  • District Attorney: John Foote
  • County Clerk: Sherry Hall
  • Sheriff: Craig Roberts

Economyedit

Since the county's creation, agriculture, timber, manufacturing, and commerce have been the principal economic activities Mount Hood, the only year-round ski resort in the United States and the site of Timberline Lodge, is a major attraction for recreation and tourism The mountain and its rivers and forests offer outdoor recreation activities, from skiing and rafting to fishing and camping

Infrastructureedit

The county supports the Library Information Network of Clackamas County The urban areas of the county are also served by Metro

Communitiesedit

Mount Hood reflected in Trillium Lake Clackamas River flowing through Milo McIver State Park See also: Portland metropolitan area

Several of the county's cities extend into other counties Lake Oswego and Milwaukie include areas in Multnomah County Lake Oswego, Rivergrove and Wilsonville include areas in Washington County The cities of Portland and Tualatin extend into Clackamas County from Multnomah and Washington counties respectively

In Clackamas County, hamlets and villages are models of local governance for unincorporated areas The four hamlets in Clackamas County are Beavercreek, Molalla Prairie, Mulino, and Stafford The county's only village is the Villages at Mount Hood

Citiesedit

  • Barlow
  • Canby
  • Estacada
  • Gladstone
  • Happy Valley
  • Johnson City
  • Lake Oswego
  • Milwaukie
  • Molalla
  • Oregon City county seat
  • Rivergrove
  • Sandy
  • Tualatin
  • West Linn
  • Wilsonville

Census-designated placesedit

  • Beavercreek
  • Government Camp
  • Jennings Lodge
  • Mount Hood Village
  • Mulino
  • Oak Grove
  • Oatfield
  • Stafford
  • Sunnyside former

Hamletedit

  • Molalla Prairie

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Barton
  • Boring
  • Brightwood
  • Bull Run
  • Carus
  • Carver
  • Cazadero
  • Cherryville
  • Clackamas
  • Colton
  • Cottrell
  • Damascus
  • Eagle Creek
  • Faubion
  • Jean
  • Kelso
  • Ladd Hill
  • Lakewood
  • Liberal
  • Logan
  • Lone Elder
  • Macksburg
  • Marmot
  • Marquam
  • Marylhurst
  • Milwaukie Heights
  • Mountain Air Park
  • Needy
  • New Era
  • Redland
  • Rhododendron
  • Ripplebrook
  • Riverside
  • Shadowood
  • Springwater
  • Wankers Corner
  • Welches
  • Wemme
  • Wildwood
  • Yoder
  • Zigzag

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Clackamas County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 14, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  5. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

Further readingedit

  • HO Lang ed, History of the Willamette Valley: Being a Description of the Valley and its Resources, with an Account of its Discovery and Settlement by White Men, and its Subsequent History; Together with Personal Reminiscences of its Early Pioneers Portland: Himes and Lang, 1885
  • Portrait and Biographical Record of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, Containing Original Sketches of Many Well Known Citizens of the Past and Present Chicago: Chapman Publishing Co, 1903

External linksedit

  • Clackamas County, Oregon
  • Clackamas County hamlets and villages
  • Clackamas County Considering Hamlets and Villages, a September 2005 article from Oregon Public Broadcasting
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 45°11′N 122°13′W / 4519°N 12221°W / 4519; -12221

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