Cisleithanian legislative election, 1911


Legislative elections to elect members of the Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the Austrian section of Austria-Hungary over several days in June and July 1911 1 A coalition of German national and liberal parties, the Deutscher Nationalverband, emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, holding 100 of the 516 seats Voter turnout was 802%2

This was the second election under universal male suffrage, and the last before the dissolution of the empire At that dissolution it was the German representatives that formed the first truly Austrian legislative body In the German-speaking areas the results however were similar to the previous election of 1907, with the Christian Socials as the largest party 76 seats, followed by the Social Democrats 43 and the German People's Party 32 Both the major parties lost seats, and the parties which gained were the moderate centre and the radicals Results varied by province, with Lower Austria providing the political base for the two largest parties There was a wide difference between rural areas Christian Social and urban Social Democrat, a split social cleavage that had become more evident since 1907, with the Christian Socials losing their support in the outer belt of Viennese districts Support for the German People's party was more even The German people's party found its support in the middle strata of Austrian society On the other hand, industrialists rejected this party in favour of the Freisinnige group, particularly the German Progressive Party, as did the more prosperous merchants

Amongst the non-German nationalities, the results also differed widely between nations Pech 1989

The original results were published in the Österreichische Statistik Neue Folge Vol 7, Fasc 1

Seats of the House of Deputies of the Imperial Austro-Hungarian Council Situation after the November 1911 Cisleithanian legislative elections The seats are marked by nationality

Contents

  • 1 Results
    • 11 Voting
    • 12 Seats
  • 2 See also
  • 3 References
  • 4 Bibliography

Resultsedit

Votingedit

Nation Party Votes %
Croatian nation Croatian Party 33,565 07
Pure Justice Party 28,254 06
Croatian nationals 20,770 05
Social Democratic Party 329 00
Czech nation Social Democratic Party Autonomists 357,234 79
Agrarian 257,717 57
Catholic nationals 128,056 28
Czech National Social Party 95,901 21
Christian Social Party 83,124 18
Young Czech Party 56,673 13
Progressive People's Party 34,443 08
Progressive Constitutionalists 20,881 05
Old Czech Party 9,872 02
Social Democratic Party Centralists 19,374 04
Czech nationals 30,746 07
Czech Realist Party
Independents
Traders Party
Zählkandidaten
German nation Christian Social Party 608,346 134
Social Democrats 542,549 120
Agrarians 106,548 23
German Radicals Free All Germans 90,523 20
German People's Party 71,882 16
German Progress Party 71,114 16
German-National Party 28,689 06
German Workers' Party 26,670 06
Upper Austria Farmers' Club 22,009 05
All Germans 20,527 05
German Miner and Farmers' Association 15,301 03
Independents 14,934 03
Conservatives 14,597 03
Independent Christian Socials 10,299 02
Zählkandidaten 7,569 02
Central Industrial Committee 6,422 01
Free Socialists 4,074 01
German Conservative Farmers' Party 3,623 01
Economic Political Realm Party 2,885 01
Social Politicians 2,735 01
German Economy Party 1,893 00
Italian nation National-Liberals 41,928 09
Popular Political Union of Trentino 40,543 09
Social Democratic Party 23,068 05
Democrats 10,367 02
Independents
Italian nationals
Liberal Farmers' Association
Polish nation People's Party 185,674 41
Conservatives 137,199 30
National Democrats 98,460 22
Democrats 84,181 19
Social Democratic Party 65,569 14
Independents 32,028 08
Centre 23,139 05
Christian Social Party 21,982 05
Agrarian 19,652 04
Independent Socialists
National Party
Non-party Democrats
Pro-German Poland
Progressive Democrats
Ruthenian nation Ukrainian Party 326,955 72
Russian National Party 128,160 28
Ukrainian Radical Party 54,701 12
Social Democratic Party 21,618 05
Serb nation Serbs 11,460 03
Slovenian nation People's Party 54,089 12
Clerical 43,203 10
Liberals 33,170 07
Independents 39,894 09
National Progressives
Pro-German Slovenians
Slovenian nationals
Social Democratic Party
Romanian nation Romanian national Party 38,408 08
Independents 17,533 04
Romanian national Democratic Party
None Zionists 31,781 07
Unknown 30,453
Invalid/blank votes 87,996
Total 4,625,082 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,767,065 802
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Seatsedit

Grouping Seats +/-
German National Association 100 +49
Uniform Bohemian Club 84 New
Christian Social Union 73 -23
Poland Club 70 +15
German Social Democrats 49 -1
Croatian-Slovenian Club 27 New
Bohemian Social Democrats 25 +1
Latin Union 21 New
Dalmatian Club 7 New
Polish Social Democrats 9 +3
Ukrainian Association 28 +3
Independents 23 +11
Total 516 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See alsoedit

List of political parties in Austria

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver 2010 Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p209

Bibliographyedit

  • STANLEY Z PECH Political Parties among Austrian Slavs: A Comparative Analysis of the 1911 Reichsrat Election Results Canadian Slavonic Papers, Vol 31, No 2, Essays in Honour of Peter Brock June, 1989, pp 170-193
  • MANGHAM, ARTHUR NEAL THE SOCIAL BASES OF AUSTRIAN POLITICS: THE GERMAN ELECTORAL DISTRICTS OF CISLEITHANIA, 1900-1914 PhD thesis 1974


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