Cisleithanian legislative election, 1907


A legislative election to elect the members of the 11th Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the northern and western "Austrian" crown lands of Austria-Hungary, on 14 and 23 May 19071 They were the first elections held under universal male suffrage, after an electoral reform abolishing tax paying requirements for voters had been adopted by the Council and was endorsed by Emperor Franz Joseph earlier in the year2 However, seat allocations were based on tax revenues from the States2

Contents

  • 1 Electoral system
  • 2 Results
    • 21 Seats
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References

Electoral systemedit

Opening session of the House of Deputies, 17 June 1907

Under the shadow of the Russian Revolution of 1905 and large-scale demonstrations organized by the Social Democrats, the emperor to placate the public had a reform of the former five-class suffrage system, drafted by Minister-President Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn His successor, Baron Max Wladimir von Beck, pushed it through against fierce resistance from the Austrian House of Lords and the heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Elections in the constituencies of "the Kingdoms and Lands represented in the Imperial Council" were held according to a two-round system If no candidate received the required absolute majority on May 14, only the two candidates receiving the most votes survived to the second round on May 23 The 516 representatives of the constituent crown lands were thus elected, 130 from Bohemia, 106 from Galicia, 64 from Lower Austria and 49 from Moravia The numerous political associations were again split according to ethnicity "nations", with a result that no government could ever rely on a stable majority

Resultsedit

The right-wing Christian Social Party emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, holding 96 of the 516 seats, followed by the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria with 87 seats The former won most rural constituencies in Upper and Lower Austria, Styria, Salzburg, Tyrol, and Vorarlberg It also achieved the majority in the capital, Vienna, benefitting from the popularity of the Christian Social mayor, Karl Lueger In the German constituencies of Bohemia and Moravia and in Carinthia, the German national parties German People's Party etc did well The Social Democrats had their strongholds in the cities other than Vienna: Graz, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Brno and Linz

Voter turnout was 846%3

Nation Party Votes %
Croatian
Nation
Croatian Party 35,407 08
Croatian Nationals 23,482 05
Pure Justice Party 16,013 03
Independents 6,373 01
Czech
Nation
Social Democratic Party 389,960 84
Agrarian 206,784 45
Clerical 182,500 40
Young Czech Party 78,679 17
Czech National Social Party 75,101 16
Progressive People's Party 37,845 08
Old Czech Party 32,224 07
Radical Progressives 9,899 02
Radical Constitutionalists 7,879 02
Independents 54,823 12
Czech Realist Party
Zählkandidaten paper candidate
National Party
German
Nation
Christian Social Party 542,505 117
Social Democrats 513,219 111
Conservatives 193,753 42
Agrarians 132,978 29
German People's Party 131,474 28
German Progressive Party 103,315 22
German Radicals Free All Germans 70,564 15
All Germans 20,693 04
Upper Austria Farmers' Club 15,283 03
German Nationals Party 10,457 02
Civil Servants' Party 5,701 01
Free Socialists 5,289 01
German Conservatives 4,947 01
German Radicals 4,569 01
Independent All Germans 3,659 01
German Workers' Party 3,486 01
Christian Germans 3,286 01
Independents 2,806 01
Social Politicians 2,386 01
Tirol People's Association 1,113 00
Radical Party 785 00
Trade Party 150 00
Italian
Nation
People's Party 59,519 13
National-Liberals 27,723 06
Social Democratic Party 19,918 04
Independents 14,746 03
Italian Nationals
Progressive Agrarians
Polish
Nation
People's Party 165,980 36
Conservatives 131,540 28
Centre 108,247 23
National Democrats 104,544 23
Social Democratic Party 65,057 14
Democrats 45,942 10
Christian Social Party 11,210 02
Agrarian 18,352 04
Independent Socialists
National Party
Progressive Democrats
Ruthenian
Nation
Young Ruthenians 304,410 66
Old Ruthenians 162,663 35
Radical Farmers' Party 105,118 23
Social Democratic Party 27,978 06
Serbian
Nation
Serb Party 11,783 03
Independent Serbs
Slovenian
Nation
Clerical 48,431 10
People's Party 48,175 10
Liberals 23,292 05
Agrarian 49,123 11
Independents
National Progressives
Pro-German Slovenians
Slovenian Nationals
Social Democratic Party
Romanian
Nation
Romanian National Party 31,674 07
Democrats 20,673 04
Independents
Social Democratic Party
None Zionists 31,941 07
Social Democratic Party 10,518 02
Unknown 39,416 09
Invalid/blank votes 58,990
Total 4,676,350 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,526,203 846
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Seatsedit

Grouping Seats
Christian Social Union 96
German National Association 51
German Social Democrats 50
Poland Club 50
Bohemian Agrarian Club 30
Bohemian Club 25
Ukrainian Club 25
Bohemian Social Democrats 24
Union of South Slavs 20
Catholic National Club 17
Slovenian Club 17
Polish People's Party 16
German Progressive Union 15
German Radical Union 13
Italian Peoples' Party 10
Union of Bohemian National Socialists and Radical Progressive Deputies 11
Polish Social Democrats 6
Italian Social Democrats 5
Romanian Club 5
Jewish Club 4
Liberal Italian Club 4
All German Group 3
Ruthenian-Ukrainian Social Democrats 2
Independents 12
Total 516
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See alsoedit

List of political parties in Austria

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P 2010 Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p184
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p209


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