Cisleithanian legislative election, 1900–01


Legislative elections to elect the members of the 10th Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the northern and western "Austrian" crown lands of Austria-Hungary, from December 12, 1900 to January 18, 19011

Contents

  • 1 Electoral system
  • 2 Results
    • 21 Seats
  • 3 References

Electoral systemedit

The elections were held according to the parameters set in 1896 Badeni electoral reform which classified voters according to their status and wealth into five curiae:

  1. Landowners,
  2. Trade and industry chambers,
  3. Large and medium farmers,
  4. Male city residents who were annually paying at least 5 guilders worth of taxes,
  5. All men older than 24

However, only 6% of the adult population of Cisleithania had a right to vote Voting took place in stages, with the last elections being held in 1st curiae in Lower Austria2

Resultsedit

The largest groups after the election were the Polish Club, the Young Czech Party and the German People's Party, which together had 164 seats3

The elections did not significantly alter relations in the Imperial Council They re-created a highly fragmented political spectrum The Young Czech Party saw some weakening due to the formation of independent political parties such as Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants and the Czech National Social Party Czech National Socialists represented a new trend in voter preferences, strengthening the nationalist forces Significantly, they succeed Pan-German Associationclarification needed These elections led to the weakening of the social democratic parties, with the Social Democrats gaining only 10 seats4

Compared with previous elections, turnout fell In the 5th curia, under 30% of eligible voters voted Historian Otto Urban interprets this as a result of the declining influence of the Council in Austrian political life At the same time it was a more general change of attitude towards the elected legislative bodies5

This election had no impact on the Government because the Cabinet of Ernest von Koerber had a mandate from its election in 1900 until 1904

Seatsedit

In early February 1901, the Imperial Council had 20 political groups:67

Grouping Seats
Poland Club 61
Young Czech Party 53
German People's Party 48
Progressive Party 32
Constitution Party 30
German clerics 30
Christian Social Party 25
Pan-German League 21
Czech Party of Conservative Landowners 19
Italian Union 19
Croatian-Slovenian Club 16
Slav center 15
Social Democratic Party 10
Agrarian Party 10
Polish People's Party 8
Russians 5
Romanians 5
German agrarians 4
Czech National Social Party 4
Moravian Center Party 3
Independents 11
Total 399

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Československé dějiny v datech Prag : Svoboda, 1987 ISBN 80-7239-178-X p 327–328 in Czech
  2. ^ Urban, Otto: Česká společnost 1848–1918 Prag : Svoboda, 1982 p 510–511 in Czech
  3. ^ Československé dějiny v datech Prag : Svoboda, 1987 ISBN 80-7239-178-X p 328 in Czech
  4. ^ Urban, Otto: Česká společnost 1848-1918 Praha : Svoboda, 1982 p 510-511 in Czech
  5. ^ Urban, Otto: Česká společnost 1848-1918 Praha : Svoboda, 1982 p 511 in Czech
  6. ^ Marjan Diklić: Dvije pobjede don Ive Prodana na izborima za Carevinsko vijeće u Beču, Rad Zavoda povij znan HAZU Zadru, sv 45/2003, p 388 in Croatian
  7. ^ Československé dějiny v datech Prag : Svoboda, 1987 ISBN 80-7239-178-X p 327–328 in Czech


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