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Cinnamon (software)

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Cinnamon is a desktop environment that is based on the GTK+ 3 toolkit It was released in 2011 Cinnamon originally started as a fork of GNOME Shell, thus initially as a mere graphical shell of the GNOME software, but became its own desktop environment in Cinnamon 20 Cinnamon was developed by and for the Linux Mint distribution, with wider adoption spreading to other distributions over time

Because the Cinnamon desktop environment intends to implement a graphical user interface GUI distinct from the GNOME desktop environment, many of the GNOME Core Applications were forked, so that their GUIs can be rewritten appropriately

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Releases
  • 2 Software components
  • 3 Features
    • 31 Gallery
    • 32 Overview mode
  • 4 Extensibility
  • 5 Adoption
  • 6 Reception
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

The Linux Mint development team was initially unsure about the future of the distribution after the release of GNOME 3 Its new graphical shell, GNOME Shell, did not fit the design goals the team had in mind for Linux Mint, but there were initially no available alternativescitation needed Linux Mint 11 "Katya" was released in May 2011 with the final release of GNOME 2, but it was clear that a better solution was needed, as GNOME Panel was no longer being developedcitation needed Therefore, the team set out to improve GNOME Shell so that it would fit Linux Mint's goals, and the result was the "Mint GNOME Shell Extensions" MGSE In the meantime, the MATE desktop environment was forked from GNOME 2 The Mint team decided to incorporate MATE into Linux Mint 12 "Lisa" alongside MGSE, to give users a choice whether to use the traditional GNOME 2 desktop or the GNOME 3-based MGSEcitation needed

However, MGSE fell short of expectations Since GNOME Shell was going in a different direction than the Mint developers had in mind, it was clear that MGSE was not viable in the long run In response to this problem, GNOME Shell was forked to create the Cinnamon project, allowing the Linux Mint developers better control over the development process and to implement their own vision of the GNOME interface for use in future releases of Linux Mint The project was publicly announced on 2 January 2012 on the Linux Mint blog2

From version 12 onward, Cinnamon uses Muffin, a fork of the GNOME 3 window manager Mutter, as its window manager3

Cinnamon 16 was introduced on 18 September 2012 with new default file browser Nemo replacing Nautilus, although Nautilus is still optional4

Cinnamon 18 was released on 5 May 2013 GNOME Control Center has been forked It is now called Cinnamon-Control-Center and it combines Gnome-Control-Center and Cinnamon-Settings Gnome-Screensaver has been also forked and is now called Cinnamon-Screensaver Now it is possible to install and update applets, extensions, desklets and themes through control-center instead of placing example themes into the themes folder It also features a modified Nemo interface Desklets that come with the release are like Widgets

Cinnamon 20 was released on 10 October 2013 From this version, Cinnamon is no longer a frontend on top of the GNOME desktop like Unity or GNOME Shell, but "an entire desktop environment" Cinnamon is still built on GNOME technologies and uses GTK+, but it no longer requires GNOME itself to be installed The biggest changes in this release are improved edge-tiling, improved user management, configurable individual sound effects and performance improvements for full screen applications

Cinnamon 32 was tagged on 7 November 20165 and released to the first Mint environment LMDE2 on 13 November 2016 The biggest changes in this release are changes to the appearance of the menu system, a revised screensaver, changes to the selection of input methods, the ability to have panels at the sides of the screen, improvements in background transitions, changes to the handling of applet settings, and changes to use the libinput library 6 which in turn brings facilities like accelerometer based screen rotation

Releasesedit

Software componentsedit

See also: List of GTK+ applications

Cinnamon has forked a couple of the GNOME Core Applications

Featuresedit

Features provided by Cinnamon include3

  • Desktop effects, including animations, transition effects and transparency using composition;
  • Panels equipped with a main menu, launchers, a window list and the system tray can be adjusted on left, right, upper or lower edge of the screen
  • Various extensions;
  • Applets that appear on the panel
  • Overview with functions similar to that in GNOME Shell; and
  • Settings editor for easy customization It can customize:
    • The panel
    • The calendar
    • Themes
    • Desktop effects
    • Applets
    • Extensions

As of 24 January 2012update there was no official documentation for Cinnamon itself,10dead link although most documentation for GNOME Shell applies to Cinnamoncitation needed There is documentation for the Cinnamon edition of Linux Mint, with a chapter on the Cinnamon desktop11

Galleryedit

Overview modeedit

New overview modes have been added to Cinnamon 14 These two modes are "Expo" and "Scale", which can be configured in Cinnamon Settingscitation needed

Extensibilityedit

Cinnamon can be modified by themes, applets and extensions Themes can customize the look of aspects of Cinnamon, including but not limited to the menu, panel, calendar and run dialog Applets are icons or texts that appear on the panel Five applets are shipped by default, and developers are free to create their own A tutorial for creating simple applets is available12 Extensions can modify the functionalities of Cinnamon, such as providing a dock or altering the look of the Alt+Tab ↹ window switcher

Developers can upload their themes, applets and extension to Cinnamon's web page and let users download and rate13

Adoptionedit

Cinnamon is available in the Linux Mint 12 repositories,2 and is included in all Linux Mint versions 13 and higherneeds update as one of the four possible choices of desktop environment, one other being MATE14 It is also an optional user interface in Linux Mint Debian Edition Update Pack 4 respin15

Outside Linux Mint, Cinnamon is available for Ubuntu via a PPA,1617 Fedora as a spin,18 openSUSE,19 Arch Linux,20 Gentoo Linux, Mageia,21 Debian, Pardus, Manjaro Linux, Antergos, Sabayon 822 and FreeBSD23 It is the default desktop environment of Cubuntu,24 and Cr OS Linux, and is expected to be adopted by Fusion Linux for version 16, though a full release was not available as of June 2014update2526

Receptionedit

Although as of January 2012update still in the early stages of development, the reception of Cinnamon has been generally positive Its supporters perceive it as more flexible and powerful than GNOME Shell while providing advanced features2728

In their review of Linux Mint 17, Ars Technica described Cinnamon 22 as "being perhaps the most user-friendly and all-around useful desktop available on any platform"29

In their review of Linux Mint 18, zdnet said "You can turn the Linux Mint Cinnamon desktop into the desktop of your dreams"30

See alsoedit

  • Linux portal
  • Free software portal
  • Linux Mint
  • MATE desktop environment - a fork of original GNOME 2 code
  • GNOME Shell
  • Unity user interface
  • KDE Plasma Workspaces

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Lefebvre, Clement 2016-12-13 "Releases · linuxmint/Cinnamon" GitHub Inc Retrieved 2016-12-13 
  2. ^ a b "Introducing Cinnamon" 
  3. ^ a b "Cinnamon 12 released" 
  4. ^ "Cinnamon 16 Released" 
  5. ^ Michael Larabel 7 November 2016 "Cinnamon 32 Desktop Arrives" Retrieved 9 November 2016 
  6. ^ Peter Hutterer "libinput support" 
  7. ^ "Cinnamon 14 Released" Press release San Jose, California: The GNOME Project March 3, 1999 Retrieved June 8, 2014 
  8. ^ "cinnamon in Fedora repositories" 
  9. ^ "cinnamon in Debian repositories" 
  10. ^ "'Cinnamon 14 GNOME Shell Fork'" 
  11. ^ User guides for Linux Mint, Cinnamon edition, many languages and versions Latest as of September 2015 is Linux Mint 172
  12. ^ "How to make a Cinnamon applet Force Quit applet tutorial" 
  13. ^ "New sections for themes, applets and extensions: Cinnamon" 
  14. ^ "Linux Mint 13 "Maya" RC released!" 
  15. ^ "Update Pack 4 is out!" 
  16. ^ "Cinnamon Stable PPA by Tsvetko Tsvetkov" 
  17. ^ New Cinnamon Stable Ubuntu PPAs Ubuntu 1404 And 1204
  18. ^ "Fedora 18 Features Updated User Interfaces and Desktop Environments" 
  19. ^ Cinnamon in openSUSE
  20. ^ Cinnamon in ArchLinux
  21. ^ Mageia App Db Groups Graphical desktop
  22. ^ "Sabayon Linux 8 Debuts with a Dash of Cinnamon" 
  23. ^ "The FreeBSD GNOME Project" 
  24. ^ "Cubuntu Ubuntu with Cinnamon" 
  25. ^ "Fusion Linux 16 sneak peek" 
  26. ^ Fusion Linux downloads
  27. ^ "Linux Mint's Cinnamon: A GNOME 3x shell fork" 
  28. ^ "Introducing Cinnamon: The GNOME 3 Replacement" 
  29. ^ Scott Gilbertson 24 June 2014 "Mint 17 is the perfect place for Linux-ers to wait out Ubuntu uncertainty" Retrieved 28 August 2014 
  30. ^ Steven JVaughan-Nichols 27 July 2016 "Linux Mint 18: The best desktop -- period" Retrieved 9 November 2016 

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Spices: Cinnamon - Official addons repository

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