Fri . 19 Apr 2019

Chromebook

chromebook, chromebook vs laptop
A Chromebook is a laptop running the Linux-based Chrome OS as its operating system The devices are designed to be used primarily while connected to the Internet, with most applications and data residing in "the cloud" A Chromebook is an example of a thin client

The first Chromebooks for sale, by Acer Inc and Samsung, began shipping on June 15, 2011 In addition to laptop models, a desktop version, called a Chromebox, was introduced in May 2012, and an "all-in-one" device was introduced in January 2014, by LG Electronics

Chromebooks are primarily sold both directly from Google and from the company's retail partners By 2012, schools had become the largest category of customer That October, Google broadened its marketing strategy to include first-time computer users and households seeking an additional computer

In October 2012, Simon Phipps, writing in InfoWorld, said, "The Chromebook line is probably the most successful Linux desktop/laptop computer we've seen to date" From January to November 2013, 176 million Chromebooks were sold in US business-to-business channels ABI Research and others have shown them most popular in the US K–12 education market and growing elsewhere, at least, in Western Europe and "anticipates Chromebooks to continue to dominate the education market in 2016"

At Google I/O 2016, it was announced that Android applications would be available to run on supported Chromebooks, via the Google Play Store; that will result in having two app stores in Chrome OS

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Design
  • 3 Sales and marketing
  • 4 Chromebook models
    • 41 Google
      • 411 Cr-48
      • 412 Pixel
    • 42 Samsung
      • 421 Samsung Series 5
      • 422 Samsung Series 5 550
      • 423 Samsung Series 3
      • 424 Samsung Chromebook 3
    • 43 HP
  • 5 Desktop variants
    • 51 Chromebox
    • 52 Chromebase
  • 6 Dongle variants
    • 61 Chromebit
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

History

The first Chromebooks for sale, by Acer Inc and Samsung, were announced at the Google I/O conference in May 2011, and began shipping on June 15, 2011 Lenovo, Hewlett Packard and Google itself entered the market in early 2013 In December 2013, Samsung launched a Samsung Chromebook specifically for the Indian market that employed the company's Exynos 5 Dual core processor In addition to laptop models, a desktop version, called a Chromebox, was introduced in May 2012, and an "all-in-one" device was introduced in January 2014, by LG Electronics The all-in-one is named the Chromebase

Critical reaction to the device was initially skeptical, with some reviewers, such as then New York Times technology columnist David Pogue, unfavorably comparing the value proposition of Chromebooks with that of more fully featured laptops running the Microsoft Windows operating system That complaint dissipated later in reviews of machines from Acer and Samsung that were priced lower

In February 2013, Google announced and began shipping the Chromebook Pixel, a higher-spec machine with a high-end price tag The Pixel C is based on Android

Design

Samsung Chromebook Series 3 with bottom panel removed

Initial hardware partners for Chromebook development included Acer, Adobe, Asus, Freescale, Hewlett-Packard, Lenovo, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Toshiba, Intel, Samsung, and Dell

Chromebooks ship with Google Chrome OS, an operating system that uses the Linux kernel and the Google Chrome web-browser with an integrated media-player Enabling developer mode allows the installation of Linux distributions on Chromebooks Crouton is a script that allows the installation of Linux distributions from Chrome OS, and running both operating systems simultaneously Some Chromebooks include SeaBIOS, which can be turned on to install and boot Linux distributions directly With limited offline capability and a fast boot-time, Chromebooks are primarily designed for use while connected to the Internet Instead of installing traditional applications such as word processing and instant messaging, users add web apps from the Chrome Web Store Google claims that a multi-layer security architecture eliminates the need for anti-virus software

Support for many USB devices such as cameras, mice, external keyboards and flash drives is included, utilizing a feature similar to plug-and-play on other operating systems Like the prototype Cr-48, Chromebooks have a specialized keyboard complete with buttons for opening and controlling multiple browser-windows, as well as a Web search button which replaces the caps lock key caps lock being activated by pressing both alt+search

An analysis of the Samsung Series 5 components by iFixit in June 2011, estimated a total cost of $33432, representing US$32212 in materials and US$1220 in labor With an initial retail price of US$49999 that also pays for retail margins, shipping, marketing, and research and development, the profit margins on the Chromebooks are quite thin, requiring a large production run to make a profit

While Chromebooks are designed to be used when connected to the Internet, users are able to access Google applications such as Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Keep, and Google Drive in offline mode Chromebooks also come with a built-in local music-player, a photo editor, and a PDF- and Microsoft Office document-viewer that are functional without Internet access Other apps with offline support include Amazon's Cloud Reader, the New York Times App, and Angry Birds Google Play video content is available offline using an extension to the Chrome browser

All Chromebooks, except the first three, boot with the help of Coreboot, a fast-booting BIOS

Sales and marketing

The first two commercially available Chromebooks, the Samsung Series 5 and the Acer AC700, were unveiled on May 11, 2011, at the Google I/O developer conference They were to begin selling through online channels, including Amazon and Best Buy in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Spain starting June 15, 2011; however, Acer's AC700 was not available until early July The first machines sold for between $349 and $499, depending on the model and 3G option Google also offered a monthly payment scheme for business and education customers at $28 and $20 per user, per month, respectively for a three-year contract, including replacements and upgrades Verizon offers models equipped with 3G/4G LTE connectivity 100–200 MB of free wireless data per month, for two years

Google's early marketing efforts relied primarily on hands-on experience: giving away Samsung machines to 10 Cr-48 pilot program participants along with the title Chromebook Guru and loaning Chromebooks to passengers on some Virgin America flights

At the end of September 2011, Google launched the Chrome Zone, a "store within a store", inside the Currys and PC World superstore in London The store had a Google-style look and feel with splashes of color all around the retail store front The concept was later changed to a broader in-store Google shop, which has not expanded beyond the PC World on Tottenham Court Road

In addition to these marketing strategies, Google Chrome has created several "Chromebook minis" that demonstrate the ease of use and simplicity of the devices in a comical manner For example, when the question "How do you back up a Chromebook" is asked, it is implied to refer to data backup, but instead, shows two hands pushing a Chromebook back to the end of a table This is followed by the statement, "You don't have to back up a Chromebook," showing how all data is stored on the web

In an article published on ZDNet in June 2011, entitled "Five Chromebook concerns for businesses", Steven J Vaughan-Nichols faulted the devices for lack of virtual private network capability, not supporting some Wi-Fi security methods, in particular Wi-Fi Protected Access II WPA2 Enterprise with Extensible Authentication Protocol-Transport Layer Security EAP-TLS or Cisco’s Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol LEAP He also noted that its file manager does not work, the need to use the undocumented crosh shell to accomplish basic tasks such as setting up a secure shell SSH network connection as well as serious deficiencies in documentation

In one of the first customer reviews, the City of Orlando, Florida, reported on their initial testing of 600 Chromebooks as part of a broader study related to accessing virtual desktops Early indications show potential value in reducing IT support costs End users have indicated that the Chromebook is easy to travel with and starts up quickly One stated that "If I just need to stay connected for emergencies, I take my Chrome," but when traveling for business she would still take her laptop Orlando does plan to continue to use the Chromebooks

A Paradise Valley Unified School District student using a Chromebook as part of the organization's pilot project

On November 21, 2011, Google announced price reductions on all Chromebooks Since then, the Wi-Fi-only Samsung Series 5 was reduced to $349, the 3G Samsung Series 5 was reduced to $449, and the Acer AC700 was reduced to $299 By January 2012, commercial sales for Chromebooks were flat, with the exception of the education market Google had placed nearly 27,000 Chromebooks in schools across 41 states in the US, including "one-on-one" programs, which allocate a computer for every student, in South Carolina, Illinois, and Iowa As of August 2012, over 500 school districts in the United States and Europe were using the device, as well as universities, corporations and government facilities

The updated Series 5 550 and the Chromebox, the first Chrome OS desktop machines, were released by Samsung in May 2012 While the two lowest cost Chromebooks emerged later in the fall: the $249 Samsung Series 3 and the $199 Acer C7 The following February, Google introduced the most costly machine, their Chromebook Pixel, with a starting price of $1299 All models released after May 2012, include 100 GB–109 TB of Google Drive cloud storage and 12 GoGo WiFi passes

By January 2013, Acer's Chromebook sales were being driven by "heavy Internet users with educational institutions", and the platform represented 5-10 percent of the company's US shipments, according to Acer president Jim Wong He called those numbers sustainable, contrasting them with low Windows 8 sales which he blamed for a slump in the market Wong said that the company would consider marketing Chromebooks to other developed countries, as well as to corporations He noted that although Chrome OS is free to license for hardware vendors, it has required greater marketing expenditure than Windows, offsetting the licensing savings

In April 2013, Intel said that its Bay Trail chips will be used in a series of inexpensive touchscreen laptops primarily running Google's Android operating system The move would create a direct competitor to Chromebooks as well as Windows 8 laptops using Google's other operating system A year later, the product category had not gained traction

During the first 11 months of 2013, 176 million Chromebooks sold in the United States, representing 21% of the US commercial business-to-business laptop market During the same period in 2012, Chromebooks sold 400,000 units and had a negligible market share

In January 2015, Silviu Stahie noted in Softpedia that Chromebooks were eating into Microsoft's market share He said "Microsoft is engaged in a silent war and it's actually losing They are fighting an enemy that is so insidious and so cunning that it's actually hurting the company more than anything else The enemy is called Chromebooks and they are using LinuxThere is no sign that things are slowing down and Microsoft really needs a win, and soon if it wants to remain relevant"

In 2015, Chromebooks, by sales volume to companies in the US, are second after Windows based devices with Android tablets, overtaking Apple's devices in 2014: "Chromebook sales through the US B2B channels increased 43 percent during the first half of 2015, helping to keep overall B2B PC and tablet sales from falling Sales of Google OS-equipped Android and Chrome devices saw a 29 percent increase over 2014 propelled by Chromebook sales, while Apple devices declined 12 percent and Windows devices fell 8 percent" As of December 2015, Chromebooks accounted for 51% of devices used in K-12 classroom settings in the United States

The Guardian notes "More Google Chromebooks are sold in the US than Apple Macs, according to the latest figures from analyst firm IDC" ABI Research "anticipates Chromebooks to continue to dominate the education market in 2016 And though the majority of Chromebooks historically shipped in the US, the education trend is beginning to see growth in other regions, notably Western Europe"

Chromebook models

Available Earliest EOL Brand Model Code name Processor Battery RAM Screen Resolution Weight WWAN Touch Android Apps
000000002010-12-01-0000December 2010 000000002015-12-01-0000December 2015 Google Cr-48 Mario Atom N455 8 hours 2 GB 121 in 307 cm 1280×800 380 lb 17 kg 3G
000000002011-06-01-0000June 2011 000000002016-06-01-0000June 2016 Samsung Series 5 Alex Atom N570 85 hours 2 GB 121 in 307 cm 1280×800 306–326 lb 14–15 kg Optional
000000002011-08-01-0000August 2011 000000002016-08-01-0000August 2016 Acer AC700 ZGB Atom N570 6 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 319–320 lb 14–15 kg Optional
000000002012-05-01-0000May 2012 000000002017-05-01-0000May 2017 Samsung Series 5 550 Lumpy Celeron 867
Core i5-2467M
6 hours 4 GB upgradeable to 16 GB 121 in 307 cm 1280×800 302 lb 14 kg Optional
000000002012-10-01-0000October 2012 000000002017-10-01-0000October 2017 Samsung Series 3 Snow Daisy Exynos 5 Dual 65 hours 2 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 243 lb 11 kg Optional
000000002012-11-01-0000November 2012 000000002017-11-01-0000November 2017 Acer C710 Parrot Celeron 847
Celeron 1007U
4 hours 2 or 4 GB upgradeable to 16 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 304–320 lb 14–15 kg
000000002013-01-01-0000January 2013 000000002018-02-01-0000February 2018 Lenovo Thinkpad X131e Stout Celeron 1007U 65 hours 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 392 lb 18 kg
000000002013-02-01-0000February 2013 000000002018-02-01-0000February 2018 HP Pavilion Chromebook Butterfly Celeron 847 42 hours 2 or 4 GB 14 in 356 cm 1366×768 396 lb 18 kg
000000002013-02-01-0000February 2013 000000002018-04-01-0000April 2018 Google Pixel Link Core i5-3427U 5 hours 4 GB 1285 in 326 cm 2560×1700 335 lb 15 kg Optional Touchscreen
000000002013-10-01-0000October 2013 000000002018-10-01-0000October 2018 HP Chromebook 11 Daisy Spring Exynos 5 Dual 6 hours 2 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 226 lb 10 kg Optional
000000002013-10-01-0000October 2013 000000002018-11-01-0000November 2018 HP Chromebook 14 Falco Celeron 2955U 95 hours 2 or 4 GB 14 in 356 cm 1366×768 407 lb 18 kg Optional
000000002013-10-01-0000October 2013 000000002018-11-01-0000November 2018 Acer C720 Peppy Celeron 2955U 85 hours 2 or 4 GB some upgradeable to 16 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 276 lb 13 kg
000000002013-11-01-0000November 2013 - Acer C720P Peppy Pepto Celeron 2955U 75 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 298 lb 14 kg Optional Touchscreen
000000002014-01-01-0000January 2014 000000002019-01-01-0000January 2019 Dell Dell Chromebook 11 Wolf Celeron 2955U 10 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 290 lb 13 kg Yes
000000002014-02-01-0000February 2014 000000002019-02-01-0000February 2019 Toshiba CB30 Leon Celeron 2955U 9 hours 2 GB 133 in 338 cm 1366×768 330 lb 15 kg
000000002014-05-12-0000May 12, 2014 - Samsung Chromebook 2 116" Peach Pit Celeron N2840 9 hours 2 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 260 lb 12 kg
000000002014-05-12-0000May 12, 2014 - Samsung Chromebook 2 116" Peach Pit Exynos 5 Octa 5420 8 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 260 lb 12 kg
000000002014-05-12-0000May 12, 2014 - Samsung Chromebook 2 133" Peach Pi Exynos 5 Octa 5800 85 hours 4 GB 133 in 338 cm 1920×1080 310 lb 14 kg
000000002014-06-29-0000June 29, 2014 - ASUS Chromebook C200 Squawks Celeron N2830 11 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 25 lb 11 kg Yes
000000002014-07-01-0000July 2014 - ASUS Chromebook C300 Quawks Celeron N2830 2 or 4 GB 133 in 338 cm 1366×768 31 lb 14 kg Yes
000000002014-08-01-0000August 2014 - Lenovo N20 Clapper Celeron N2830 8 hours 2 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 28 lb 13 kg Yes
000000002014-08-01-0000August 2014 - Lenovo N20p Celeron N2930 8 hours 2 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 31 lb 14 kg Touchscreen Yes
000000002014-08-01-0000August 2014 - Acer Chromebook 13 CB5 Big Tegra K1 11–13 hours 2 or 4 GB 133 in 338 cm 1920×1080 and 1366×768 331 lb 15 kg
000000002014-09-02-0000September 2, 2014 Toshiba Chromebook 2 Swanky Celeron N2840 9 hours 4 GB 13 in 330 cm 1920×1080 295 lb 13 kg Yes
000000002014-10-01-0000October 2014 - Acer C730 Celeron N2840 85 hours 2-4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 309 lb 14 kg Yes
000000002014-10-05-0000October 5, 2014 HP Chromebook 11 G3 Celeron N2840 95 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 283 lb 13 kg Yes
000000002015-02-01-0000February 2015 Acer C740 Celeron 3205U 9 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 287 lb 13 kg Yes
000000002015-11-01-0000November 2015 Acer Chromebook 15 CB3-531 Celeron N2830 9 hours 2 or 4 GB 156 in 396 cm 1366x768 485 lb 22 kg Yes
000000002015-11-01-0000November 2015 Acer Chromebook 15 CB5-571 Yuna Celeron 3205U 9 hours 2 or 4 GB 156 in 396 cm 1920x1080 485 lb 22 kg Optional Yes
000000002015-03-01-0000March 2015 Google Pixel 2015 Samus Core i5-5200U, Core i7-5500U 12 hours 8 or 16 GB 1285 in 2560×1700 33 lb 15 kg Touchscreen Yes
000000002015-03-01-0000March 2015 ASUS Chromebook C201 Veyron Speedy Rockchip RK3288 13 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 21 lb 10 kg Yes
March 2015 Hisense C12 Rockchip RK3288 85 hours 2 GB 116 in

295 cm

1366×768 24 lb

10 kg

000000002015-06-01-0000June 2015 ASUS Chromebook Flip Veyron Minnie Rockchip RK3288 9 hours 2 or 4 GB 101 in 257 cm 1280×800 20 lb 09 kg Touchscreen Yes
October 2015 Lenovo 100S Chromebook Celeron N2840 8 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 26 lb 12 kg
October 2015 Toshiba Chromebook 2 2015 Gandof Celeron 3215U, Core i3-5015U 85 hours 4 GB 13 in 330 cm 1920×1080 295 lb 13 kg Yes
February 2016 ASUS C202 Celeron N3060 10 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in

295 cm

1366×768 26 lb 12 kg Yes
April 2016 Acer CB3-431-C5FM 1920x1080

CB3-431-C0D0 1366x768

Edgar Celeron N3160 12

hours

4 GB 14 in

356 cm

1920×1080 and 1366×768 34 lb

15 kg

Yes
"Early 2016" Samsung Chromebook 3 Celeron N3050 11 hours 2 or 4 GB 116 in 295 cm 1366×768 253 lb 115 kg Yes
Notes
  1. ^ Except where noted, these are unofficial EOL dates Official EOL dates for these models will be at this date or later
  2. ^ Engineering codenames are video game characters
  3. ^ "Chrome OS Systems Supporting Android Apps" Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  4. ^ Officially announced EOL date

The hardware generation and Linux kernel version of most products can be inferred from the code name and its corresponding video game series:

Architecture Game series Characters
Bay Trail Donkey Kong Rambi, Swanky, Quawks,
Haswell Star Fox Slippy, Falco, Peppy,
Broadwell Final Fantasy X Auron, Paine, Yuna, Rikku,

Google

Cr-48

Cr-48

At a December 7, 2010, press briefing, Google announced the Chrome OS Pilot Program, a pilot study and the first Chromebook, the Cr-48 Chrome Notebook, a prototype, to test the Chrome OS operating system and modified hardware for it The device had a minimal design and was all black, completely unbranded although it was made by Inventec, and had a rubberized coating The device was named after Chromium-48, an unstable isotope of the metallic element Chromium, and the participants were named Cr-48 Test Pilots Google distributed about 60,000 Cr-48 Chrome Notebooks between December 2010 and March 2011 for free to participants and in return asked for feedback such as suggestions and bug reports The Cr-48 was intended for testing only, not retail sales

The Cr-48's hardware design broke convention by replacing certain keys with shortcut keys, such as the function keys, and replacing the caps lock key with a dedicated search key, which can be changed back to caps lock in the OS's keyboard settings Google addressed complaints that the operating system offers little functionality when the host device is not connected to the Internet, demonstrated an offline version of Google Docs, and announced a 3G plan that would give users 100 MB of free data each month, with additional paid plans available from Verizon

The device's USB port is capable of supporting a keyboard, mouse, Ethernet adapter, or USB storage, but not a printer, as Chrome OS offers no print stack Adding further hardware outside of the previously mentioned items will likely cause problems with the operating system's "self knowing" security model Users instead were encouraged to use a secure service called Google Cloud Print to print to legacy printers connected to their desktop computers, or to connect an HP ePrint, Kodak Hero, Kodak ESP, or Epson Connect printer to the Google Cloud Print service for a "cloud aware" printer connection

The Cr-48 prototype laptop gave reviewers their first opportunity to evaluate Chrome OS running on a device Ryan Paul of Ars Technica wrote that the machine "met the basic requirements for Web surfing, gaming, and personal productivity, but falls short for more intensive tasks" He praised Google's approach to security, but wondered whether mainstream computer users would accept an operating system whose only application is a browser He thought Chrome OS "could appeal to some niche audiences": people who just need a browser or companies that rely on Google Apps and other Web applications But the operating system was "decidedly not a full-fledged alternative to the general purpose computing environments that currently ship on netbooks" Paul wrote that most of Chrome OS's advantages "can be found in other software environments without having to sacrifice native applications"

In reviewing the Cr-48 on December 29, 2010, Kurt Bakke of Conceivably Tech wrote that a Chromebook had become the most frequently used family appliance in his household "Its 15 second startup time and dedicated Google user accounts made it the go-to device for quick searches, email as well as YouTube and Facebook activities" But the device did not replace other five notebooks in the house: one for gaming, two for the kids, and two more for general use "The biggest complaint I heard was its lack of performance in Flash applications"

In ongoing testing, Wolfgang Gruener, also writing in Conceivably Tech, said that cloud computing at cellular data speeds is unacceptable and that the lack of offline ability turns the Cr-48 "into a useless brick" when not connected "It's difficult to use the Chromebook as an everyday device and give up what you are used to on a Mac/Windows PC, while you surely enjoy the dedicated cloud computing capabilities occasionally"

Pixel

Main article: Chromebook Pixel Chromebook Pixel WiFi

Launched by Google in February 2013, the Chromebook Pixel remains the high-end machine in the Chromebook family The laptop has an unusual 3:2 display aspect ratio touch screen featuring what was at its debut the highest pixel density of any laptop, a faster CPU than its predecessors in the Intel Core i5, and an exterior design described by Wired as "an austere rectangular block of aluminum with subtly rounded edges" A second Pixel featuring LTE wireless communication and twice the storage capacity was shipped for arrival on April 12, 2013

The machine received much media attention, with many reviewers questioning the Pixel's value proposition compared to similarly priced Windows machines and the MacBook Air

Samsung

Samsung Series 5

Samsung Series 5

Reviewing the Samsung Series 5 specifications, Scott Stein of CNET was unimpressed with a machine with a 12-inch screen and just 16 GB of onboard storage "Chrome OS might be lighter than Windows XP, but we'd still prefer more media storage space At this price, you could also get an 116-inch 290 mm Wi-Fi AMD E-350-powered ultraportable running Windows 7" On the other hand, MG Siegler of TechCrunch wrote a largely favorable review, praising the improvements in speed and trackpad sensitivity over the CR-48 prototype, as well as the long battery life and the fact that all models are priced below the iPad

In June 2011, iFixit dismantled a Samsung Series 5 and concluded that it was essentially an improved Cr-48 They rated it as 6/10 for repairability, predominantly because the case has to be opened to change the battery and because the RAM chip is soldered to the motherboard iFixit noted that the "mostly-plastic construction" felt "a little cheap" On the plus side they stated that the screen was easy to remove and most of the components, including the solid-state drive would be easy to replace iFixit's Kyle Wiens wrote that the Series 5 "fixes the major shortfalls of the Cr-48 and adds the polish necessary to strike lust into the heart of a broad consumer base: sleek looks, 8+ hours of battery life, and optimized performance"

Samsung Series 5 550

In May 2012, Samsung introduced the Chromebook Series 5 550, with a Wi-Fi model and more expensive 3G model

Reviews generally questioned the value proposition Dana Wollman of Engadget wrote that the Chromebook's keyboard "put thousand-dollar Ultrabooks to shame" and offered better display quality than on many laptops selling for twice as much But the price "seems to exist in a vacuum—a place where tablet apps aren't growing more sophisticated, where Transformer-like Win8 tablets aren't on the way and where there aren't some solid budget Windows machines to choose from"

Joe Wilcox of BetaNews wrote that "price to performance and how it compares to other choices" is "where Chromebook crumbles for many potential buyers" He noted that the new models sell for more than their predecessors, and while the price-performance ratio is quite favorable compared to the MacBook Air, "by the specs, there are plenty of lower-cost options"

Samsung Series 3

Samsung Series 3 Chromebook

In October 2012, the Series 3 Chromebook was introduced at a San Francisco event with the Samsung Chromebook XE303 The device was cheaper, thinner and lighter than the Chromebook 550 Google marketed the Series 3 as the computer for everyone, due to its simple operating system Chrome OS and affordable price Target markets included students and first-time computer users, as well as households looking for an extra computer

The lower price proved a watershed for some reviewers New York Times technology columnist David Pogue reversed his earlier thumbs-down verdict on the Chromebook, writing that "$250 changes everything" The price is half that of an "iPad, even less than an iPad Mini or an iPod Touch And you’re getting a laptop" He wrote that the Chromebook does many of the things people use computers and laptops for: playing flash videos, and opening Microsoft Office documents "In other words, Google is correct when it asserts that the Chromebook is perfect for schools, second computers in homes and businesses who deploy hundreds of machines"

CNET's review of the Series 3 Chromebook was even more favorable, saying the machine largely delivered as a computer for students and as an additional computer for a household—especially for users who are already using Google Web applications like Google Docs, Google Drive, and Gmail "It's got workable if not standout hardware, its battery life is good, it switches on quickly, and the $249 price tag means it's not as much of a commitment as the $550 Samsung Series 5 550 that arrived in May" The review subtracted points for performance "It's fine for many tasks, but power users accustomed to having more than a couple dozen browser tabs open should steer clear"

Samsung Chromebook 3

The Chromebook 3 is distinct from and distinguished from the similarly named Samsung Series 3 in several respects: newer released 2016, different architecture Intel Celeron N3050 instead of Exynos 5 Dual ARM Cortex, thinner 07", and less expensive about $100 less than the Series 3; while remaining a full implementation of ChromeOS

HP

HP introduced the Chromebook 11 on October 8, 2013, in the US In December 2013, Google and HP recalled 145,000 chargers due to overheating Sales were halted, resuming with a redesigned charger the following month The HP Chromebook 14 was announced September 11, 2013 with an Intel Haswell Celeron processor, USB 30 ports, and 4G broadband Engadget praised the computer's design and convenient micro-USB charging, but criticized a sticky trackpad and short battery life, worse than the Samsung Chromebook with the same Exynos processor An updated version of the Chromebook lineup was announced on September 3, 2014 The 11-inch models included an Intel processor while the 14-inch models featured a fanless design powered by a Nvidia Tegra K1 processor HP Chromebooks are available in several colors

Desktop variants

Two types of desktop computers also run Chrome OS

Chromebox

Main article: Chromebox

Classed as small form-factor PCs, Chromeboxes typically feature a power switch and a set of ports: local area network, USB, DVI-D, DisplayPort, and audio As with Chromebooks, Chromeboxes employ solid-state memory and support Web applications, but require an external monitor, keyboard, and pointing device

Chromebase

Available Earliest EOL Brand Model Code name Processor RAM Screen Resolution Weight
April 28, 2014 2014-04-28 - LG LG Chromebase Monroe Celeron 2955U 2 GB 215 in 546 cm 1920×1080 148 lb 67 kg

Chromebase is an "all-in-one" Chrome OS device The first such model was released by LG Electronics which integrated a screen, speakers, 13-megapixel webcam and microphone, with a suggested retail price of $350 The company unveiled the product in January 2014, at International CES in Las Vegas

Dongle variants

Chromebit

The Chromebit is a dongle running on Google's Chrome OS operating system When placed in the HDMI port of a television or a monitor, this device turns that display into a personal computer Chromebit allows adding a keyboard or mouse over Bluetooth or via the USB port

See also

  • Chromium OS

References

  1. ^ Vaughan-Nichols, Steven June 18, 2012 "It's 2016, and Chrome OS is ascendant" Computerworld Retrieved September 7, 2013 
  2. ^ Enderle, Rob May 12, 2011 "Why Google's Chromebooks are born to lose" Digital Trends Retrieved September 7, 2013 
  3. ^ "Offline Apps" Chrome Web Store Google 
  4. ^ a b c Upson, Linus; Pichai, Sundar May 11, 2011 "A New Kind Of Computer: Chromebook" The Official Google Blog Retrieved May 12, 2011 
  5. ^ Phipps, Simon October 26, 2012 "Why I left my MacBook for a Chromebook" InfoWorld Retrieved October 28, 2012 
  6. ^ a b Rodriguez, Salvador December 13, 2013 "Google Chromebook business sales jump as Apple, Microsoft struggle" Los Angeles Times 
  7. ^ a b "PC Platform is Evolving, Not Dying: Chromebooks and Ultraportable PCs to Gain Volume Market Share in 2016" Press release 9 March 2016 
  8. ^ The Play Store comes to Chrome OS, but not the way we were expecting Ars Technica, May 19, 2016 Retrieved May 20, 2016
  9. ^ Sunday, December 8, 2013 2013-12-05 "Samsung Chromebook launched in India for Rs26990" Gadget Cluster Retrieved 2013-12-09  CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  10. ^ a b Pogue, David June 15, 2011 "A Laptop, Its Head in the Cloud" New York Times Retrieved November 30, 2012 
  11. ^ a b Pogue, David November 29, 2012 "Laptop Buyers Should Pay Some Attention to the Chromebook" New York Times Retrieved November 30, 2012 
  12. ^ Pichai, Sundar July 8, 2009 "Google Chrome OS FAQ" Official Google Blog Google, Inc Retrieved July 21, 2009 
  13. ^ Myslewski, Rik July 10, 2009 "Intel Cozying up to Google Chrome OS" The RegisterOSnews Retrieved July 11, 2012 
  14. ^ Richards, David February 11, 2010 "Samsung Confirms Chrome Based Netbook" Channel News Australia Archived from the original on March 2, 2013 Retrieved February 13, 2010 
  15. ^ "Google Chrome OS gets detailed, first laptops from Acer and Samsung coming mid-2011" engadget December 7, 2010 Retrieved December 11, 2010 
  16. ^ Ricadela, Aaron June 25, 2010 "Dell Tests Google's Chrome Operating System on Some Computers" Bloomberg News Retrieved September 5, 2010 
  17. ^ Bailey, Dan May 2011 "Chrome OS File Manager Gets Secret Shortcuts" Conceivably Tech Archived from the original on August 1, 2012 Retrieved May 15, 2011 
  18. ^ Smith, William "8 Things You Need to Know About Chrome OS" MaximumPC Retrieved May 14, 2011 
  19. ^ Bryan Lunduke January 12, 2015 "3 ways to run 'normal' Linux on a Chromebook" Network World 
  20. ^ "3 alternatives to Chrome OS on Google's Chromebook Pixel — Tech News and Analysis" Gigaomcom 2013-02-26 Retrieved 2014-02-25 
  21. ^ "Acer C720 Chromebook Delivers Fast Ubuntu Performance" 
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External links

  • Official website
  • Disassembly of a CR-48

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