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Christian Lacroix

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Christian Marie Marc Lacroix French pronunciation: ​kʁistjɑ̃ lakʁwa; born 16 May 1951 is a French fashion designer The name may also refer to the company he founded

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Christian Lacroix couture
  • 3 Diffusion lines
  • 4 Director of interior design work
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Early lifeedit

Lacroix was born in Arles, Bouches-du-Rhône in southern France At a young age he began sketching historical costumes and fashions Lacroix graduated from high school in 1969 and moved to Montpellier, to study Art History at the University of Montpellier In 1971, he enrolled at the Sorbonne in Paris While working on a dissertation on dress in French 18th-century painting, Lacroix also pursued a program in museum studies at the École du Louvre His aspiration during this time was to become a museum curator It was during this time he met his future wife Françoise Rosenthiel, whom he married in 19741

Christian Lacroix coutureedit

Christian Lacroix, 20 Years of Haute Couture on the Catwalk A Christian Lacroix gown on display in the "CONTRO-MODA" exhibition in Florence, Italy, at Palazzo Strozzi in 2007

In 1987, he opened his own haute couture house23 He began putting out ready-to-wear in 1988 drawing inspiration from diverse cultures Critics commented that he did not seem to understand the type of clothing the working woman needed In 1989, Lacroix launched jewelry, handbags, shoes, glasses, scarves, and ties along with ready-to-wear In this same year, he opened boutiques within Paris, Arles, Aix-en-Provence, Toulouse, London, Geneva, and Japan

With his background in historical costume and clothing, Lacroix soon made headlines with his opulent, fantasy creations, including the short puffball skirt "le pouf", rose prints, and low décolleté necklines He referenced widely from other styles—from fashion history the corset and the crinoline, from folklore, and from many parts of the world—and he mixed his references in a topsy-turvy manner He favored the hot colors of the Mediterranean region, a hodgepodge of patterns, and experimental fabrics, sometimes handwoven in local workshops

From 1987 to its purchase from LVMH by Falic Fashion Group in 2005, the fashion house had cumulative losses of more than €200 million2

In 2009, the fashion house, owned by duty-free retailer Falic Fashion Group, put the business into administration2 and laid off all but 12 workers Lacroix's A/W 2009 Haute Couture was privately financed by Lacroix and each model was paid €50 "I didn't want to cry," said Lacroix "I want to continue, maybe in a different way, with a small atelier What I really care about is the women who do this work" Lacroix said about his last Haute Couture collection Throughout its history, it never turned a profit2 and reported a €10 million loss in 20084

Diffusion linesedit

His collections during 1994 were based on old culture and folklore, as well as fables and the past In 1995, he launched a towel line which contained a fashion and lifestyle side, which represent how the two intertwine "two sides of the same coin"

In 1996, he launched a jeans line He included past traditions from all around the world, continuing the line with even more on ethnic arts

In 1997, the Art de la Table line was launched by him in partnership with Christofle A licensing agreement was also reached in this year with Pronuptian in which he could launch his Christian Lacroix Marriage line

In 1999, he launched his first line of floral perfume, and in 2000 he finished a line of novelty accessories which included semi-precious jewelry5

In 2001, Lacroix also launched a children's line and in 2002, he launched a perfume, Bazar,1 created by Bertrand Duchaufour, Jean-Claude Ellena and Emilie Copperman

In 2004, Lacroix launched a lingerie for women line, as well as a menswear line

He is known for his theatrical style which came from his work while in the theatre This usually shows up with his use of colour in the collections he designs Along with this, he is also known for his 'le pouf' dress featuring the ball skirt

Christian Lacroix Rouge, a perfume created by Lacroix exclusively for Avon Products

He served as the Creative Director for the Italian fashion house Emilio Pucci from 2002–2005 He left on agreeable terms as he and the house believed that since he had other pursuits, it would be unfair to the house to not put in the energy required for future collections along with his other work

Christian Lacroix has designed many dresses for Hollywood stars; among them, he is responsible for designing Christina Aguilera's wedding dress and in the 1990s was famed as being a favourite designer of Edina Monsoon in the UK sitcom Absolutely Fabulous for which the house drew dubious credit

He has also been the designer of the new uniform of Air France staff and crew in 20046 and pyjamas signed by him are handed out to passengers travelling on Air France First Class L'Espace Premier

Today, Lacroix has 60 points of sale within France department stores included Around the world, Lacroix has 1,000 total points of sale

For Winter 2007, he has partnered with Avon cosmetics to introduce a new fragrance exclusive to Avon called Christian Lacroix Rouge for women plus body lotion and shower gel and Christian Lacroix Noir for men plus after shave lotion and shower gel His Avon product line was expanded with the release of Christian Lacroix Absynthe in the Spring of 2009, Christian Lacroix Absynthe For Him in the autumn of 2009, Christian Lacroix Nuit in fall 2011 and Christian Lacroix Nuit For Him in winter 2011, Christian Lacroix Ambre for Her and Christian Lacroix Ambre for Him in winter 2014, Christian Lacroix Bijou for Her and Christian Lacroix Bijou for Him in fall 2015

Christian Lacroix's costume designs for the opera, theatre, dance and music were displayed at the exhibition "Christian Lacroix Costumier" at the National Museum of Singapore from March to June 2009

In 2011, he started collaborating with the Barcelona-based clothing brand Desigual7

Director of interior design workedit

Christian Lacroix has completed interior design work at several landmark hotels, including the Hotel Le Petit Moulin in Spring, 2005;8 the Hotel Bellechasse, right in the heart of Saint-Germain-des-Prés Paris, in 2007 a member of Small Luxury Hotels of the World; and in 2010 Le Notre Dame hotel just a step from the cathedral Notre-Dame-de-Paris

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Christian Lacroix" The Fashion Model Directory The Fashion Model Directory - FMD Retrieved 2 June 2012 
  2. ^ a b c d Chevalier, Michel 2012 Luxury Brand Management Singapore: John Wiley & Sons ISBN 978-1-118-17176-9 
  3. ^ "Fashion in Motion: Christian Lacroix" Victoria and Albert Museum Victoria and Albert Museum October 2006 Retrieved 2 June 2012 
  4. ^ Christian Lacroix goes bust as taste for luxury dries up, Times of London, 28 May 2009
  5. ^ Infomat Who's Who, Christian Lacroix Fashion Designer
  6. ^ Patrick Sarfati "Christian Lacroix Interview - The world of the cross" Fascineshion FASCINESHIONCOM Retrieved 2 June 2012 
  7. ^ telegraphcouk, Christian Lacroix designs for Desigual
  8. ^ Jamie Huckbody 22 January 2008 "Christian Lacroix" Harper's Bazaar ninemsn Pty Ltd Retrieved 2 June 2012 

External linksedit

  • Christian Lacroix Official site
  • "Interactive timeline of couture houses and couturier biographies" Victoria and Albert Museum 
  • 20 years of the House of Lacroix

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Christian Lacroix


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