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Chitrakote Falls

chitrakote falls, chitrakote falls images
The Chitrakote Falls alternative spellings Chitrakoot; Chitrakot; Hindi: चित्रकोट जलप्रपात is a natural waterfall located to the west of Jagdalpur, in Bastar district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh on the Indravati River It is located at a distance of 38 kilometres 24 mi to the west of Jagdalpur

The height of the falls is about 29 metres 95 ft12 It is the widest fall in India3 Because of its width and wide spread during the monsoon season, it is often called the Niagara Falls of India4

Contents

  • 1 Topography
  • 2 Geology
  • 3 Features
  • 4 Conservation
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 Bibliography
  • 8 External links

Topographyedit

The Chitrakote Falls is located on the Indravati River The river originates in the kalahandi region of Odisha, in the Vindhya Range of hills, flows westward and then forms a fall at Chitrakote, enters Andhra Pradesh and finally flows into the Godavari River,5 after traversing 240 miles 390 km in the state, at Bhadrakali67 The free drop of the falls is a sheer height of about 30 metres 98 ft Because of its horseshoe shape, it is compared with the Niagara Falls and is given in the sobriquet ‘the Small Niagara Falls’ During the rainy season, from July and October, rainbows are created with sun rays reflecting on mist from the waterfall8

On the left bank of the Chitakote Falls, a small Hindu shrine dedicated to the god Shiva and several naturally created grottos named "Parvati caves" named after Shiva's wife Parvati are located The weather in the area is generally pleasant except in the summer season when it is hot due to absence of vegetation in the area9 The river flows sluggishly on the upstream side of the falls due to its meandering nature as it drains through the plains of Jagdalpur This reach of the river valley has very little forest cover Below the falls the river traverses the Bodhghat forested area and the river regime undergoes drastic change in its flow conditions Aeration process and the forest in the downstream area filters the silt in the river10

Chitakoot Falls is one of the two of the waterfalls located in the Kanger Valley National Park, the other is Teerathgarh Falls11

Geologyedit

The geological formation of the Indravati River valley as it rises and flows downstream consists of quartzitic sandstone and changes to the Archaean granite and gneisses near the Chitrakote Falls12 It is one of the six waterfalls in India which are classified as "geomorphosites" geoheritage sites with geomorphological interest; this classification is based on research studies of geological features of heritage value existing in different parts of the country These have been studied and discussed in seminars by geologists, and studies have received the support of international institutions such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO, the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN, the International Union of Geological Sciences IUGS, and the International Association of Geomorphologists IAG2

Chitrakote Falls in January 2017

Featuresedit

Muddy flow Another view Chitrakot Falls during low flow season

The Chitrakote Falls, which spreads over three braids during the low flow season, is a single sheet of flow over a free fall of about 30 metres 98 ft forming a horseshoe shaped gorge However, during the monsoon season, when the Indravati River is in floods, the falls cover the entire stretch of the horseshoe from the left to the right bank covering a width of about 300 metres 980 ft Though it is about one third less in width compared to that of the Niagara Falls, its visual splendour is described as equally impressive134 Water flow conditions over the falls vary with the seasons During the flood season or the monsoon season, the flow is filled with silt714 It is India's widest waterfall3

Local boat facilities operating below and under the falls in a misty atmosphere provide views of the falls under an early morning sun in reflected sun light and in a blue hue On the banks of the pond below the falls, many small Shiva Lingas aniconic symbols of the god Shiva are found in several niches, as are iron trishuls the trident weapon of Shiva, mostly in a rusted state15 On the left bank, there is a rock ledge and climbing down this cliff leads to a naturally formed niche which houses stone slabs carved with deities In addition, there is a small hut made of straw where Shiva images and rusted images of his son, the god Ganesha are seen16 Local people are involved in fishing in the area615

The beauty of falls is seen throughout the year, particularly during sunset3 As the fast flowing water of the river flows over the sharp near vertical rock exposure at the widest reach of the river, it generates misty clouds and then hits into a pond formed in a semicircular shape at the bottom of the falls Adventure sports enthusiasts use boats in the stormy part of this pond Pilgrims bathe in the calmer part of the lake17 In the low flow season, paddle boats are used in pools formed in the upstream part of the falls In the pool below the falls, swimming is permitted and paddle boats are permitted Local boatmen can paddle their boats under the spray below the falls3

Apart from many large hydro electric power plants on the Indravati river, a small power plant of 75 MW capacity has been planned to utilize the head at the Chitrakote falls, though no irrigation is envisaged

Some terrorist activity by Maoists anti-revisionist was reported in the area In 2008, when the then President of India, Pratibha Patil, visited Chitrakote Falls, there was a violent attack on a police vehicle which was blown up18

Panoramic view of downstream pond below the Chitrakoote Falls

Conservationedit

The Ministry of Tourism and Development of the Government of India had assessed the potential of this site in 2003 as of a natural "ambience" suitable for development of eco-tourism Based on this assessment, plans were drawn up to develop facilities such as local restaurants, nature camping sites, a playground for children and platforms to view the falls, and also to improve the road condition, fix signs along the road from Jagdalpur to the falls, and beautify the site Environmental conditions in the vicinity of the falls are in a preserved state but need attention as eco-tourism develops9 As of 2010, some infrastructure facilities had improved There is a government run hotel at the top of the fall A series of steps from the garden of the hotel leads to the falls "Chitrakote Log huts" with basic and modern cabins have also been built at the location Some of the cabins provide good views of the falls3

See alsoedit

  • List of waterfalls in India
  • List of waterfalls in India by height
  • Kanger Ghati National Park

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Chitrakote Waterfalls, Bastar" Chhattisgarh Tourism Board Retrieved 25 June 2015 
  2. ^ a b Kale 2014, pp 251–53
  3. ^ a b c d e Singh 2010, p 723
  4. ^ a b Puffin Books 15 November 2013 The Puffin Book of 1000 Fun Facts Penguin Books Limited p 12 ISBN 978-93-5118-405-8 
  5. ^ Board, p 267
  6. ^ a b Chatterjee1955, p 306
  7. ^ a b Patro, Jagdish 14 December 2013 "Chitrakoot Waterfalls – The Niagara Falls of India" India Study channel 
  8. ^ House 2004, p 132
  9. ^ a b "Final Report on 20 Year Perspective Plan for Development of Sustainable Tourism in Chhattisgarh" PDF Ministry of Culture and Tourism pp 12–3 of 5 
  10. ^ Vācham National Centre for Human Settlements and Environment 1996 p 46 
  11. ^ Menon 2014, p 103
  12. ^ Sharma 2000, p 23
  13. ^ Menon 2014, p 104
  14. ^ Terryn 2011
  15. ^ a b "Indravati river's mighty Horseshoe falls of Chitrakoot have earned it the title of 'Little Niagara'" The Economic Times 30 September 2012 
  16. ^ "Ganesh au Chattishgarh" Ganesh, dieu de l'hindouisme 
  17. ^ Kaul 2012, p 166
  18. ^ Choudhary 2012, p 27

Bibliographyedit

  • Board, Pratiyogita Darpan Editorial Pratiyogita Darpan Extra Issue Series-2 General Studies Geography India & World Upkar Prakashan 
  • Chatterjee, Ramananda 1955 The Modern Review Prabasi Press Private, Limited 
  • Choudhary, Subharanshu 1 December 2012 Let's call him Vasu: With the Maoists in Chhattisgarh Penguin Books Limited ISBN 978-81-8475-737-8 
  • Kale, Piotr Vishwas S 1 January 2014 Landscapes and Landforms of India Springer ISBN 978-94-017-8029-2 
  • Kaul, Ranjan 12 March 2012 Through the Forest Darkly Hachette India ISBN 978-93-5009-364-1 
  • House, Travel 2004 Travel House Guide to Incredible India Travel House ISBN 978-81-241-1063-8 
  • Menon, Gangadharan 11 December 2014 Evergreen Leaves: Recollections of My Journeys into Wild India PartridgeIndia ISBN 978-1-4828-4170-1 
  • Sharma, Arun Kumar 2000 Archaeo-anthropology of Chhattīsgaṛh Sundeep Prakashan 
  • Sharma, Brahm Dev 1995 Globalisation, the tribal encounter Har-Anand Publications 
  • Singh, Sarina 15 September 2010 Lonely Planet India Lonely Planet ISBN 978-1-74220-347-8 
  • Terryn, Waylon Christian 27 July 2011 Chitrakoot Falls Fer Publishing ISBN 978-613-7-04909-9 

External linksedit

  • Chitrkote Water Fall, Jagdalpur, Bastar YouTube
  • Chitakote falls

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Chitrakote Falls


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