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Chinese folk art

chinese folk art - paper cutting sign, chinese folk art
Chinese folk art are artistic forms inherited from a regional or ethnic scene in China Usually there are some variation between provinces Individual folk arts have a long history, and many traditions are still practiced today The general definition of folk art incorporates Chinese art forms that are not classified as Chinese fine art

Contents

  • 1 Basket weaving
  • 2 Chinese kites
  • 3 Food art
    • 31 Sugar people
    • 32 Flour figures
  • 4 Paintings
  • 5 Paper art
  • 6 Performances
    • 61 Puppetry
    • 62 Shadow play
  • 7 Textile arts
    • 71 Chinese knot
    • 72 Tiger-head shoes
  • 8 Musical instruments
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 Bibliography

Basket weavingedit

Baskets are mainly woven with bamboo or plant stems

Chinese kitesedit

China is the birthplace of the kite and Weifang is one of the chief places where Chinese kites originated Kite-flying became prevalent in Weifang in the Song Dynasty 960-1279 By the Ming Dynasty 1368–1644 kite-flying had become even more popular, and kite fairs on a rather large scale had appeared Kites were sold not only across Shandong, but also to Jiangsu, Fujian, Anhui and other places The noted English scholar Joseph Needham listed kites in his book History of Science and Technology in China as one of the important contributions in science and technology that the Chinese introduced to Europecitation needed

Food artedit

Sugar peopleedit

Sugar people 糖人 is a traditional Chinese form of folk art using hot, liquid sugar to create three-dimensional figures

Flour figuresedit

Mian Ren Flour Figure are made of coloured flours Craftsmen used to travel with their tools to villages and towns to make and sell flour figures for a very basic income Sometimes flour figures are used in dishes together with vegetable carvings

Paintingsedit

Folk art paintings

Paper artedit

The first two forms of paper art began in the Han Dynasty with Chinese Paper Cutting and Chinese Paper Folding, including the Hand Fan and Pinwheel toy These arts have expanded globally

Performancesedit

Puppetryedit

One of the oldest forms of folk art is puppetry Puppeteers use various kinds of puppets, including marionettes, glove puppets, rod puppets, cloth puppets and wire puppets in performances incorporating folk songs and dances over some dialogues The subject matter is derived mainly from children's stories and fables

Shadow playedit

Chinese Shadow theatre is a form of puppetry that is performed by moving figures made of animal skins or cardboard held behind a screen lit by lamplight The subject matter and singing style in shadow plays are closely related to Chinese opera, except without using live actors or actresses

Textile artsedit

See also: Chinese patchwork

Chinese knotedit

A 4-row Pan Chang knot with cross knots

Chinese knotting 中國結 is a decorative handicraft art that began as a form of Chinese folk art in the Tang and Song Dynasty 960-1279 AD in China It was later popularized in the Ming The art is also referred to as Chinese traditional decorative knots1 One of the more traditional art forms, it creates decorative knot patterns During the Culture revolution it was not practiced, but nowadays it is very popular again

In other cultures, it is known simply as "Decorative knot"

Tiger-head shoesedit

Tiger-head shoes 虎头鞋 are an example of traditional Chinese folk handicraft used as footwear for children Their name comes from the toe cap, which looks like the head of a tiger

Musical instrumentsedit

Bolang gu, a traditional Chinese pellet drum and toy

Muyu, a rounded woodblock carved in the shape of a fish, it is played by striking the top with a wooden stick; often used in Buddhist chanting

See alsoedit

  • Chinese art
  • Chinese fine art
  • Chinese games
  • Culture of China

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Chang, 2006

Bibliographyedit

  • Chang, Zonglin Li, Xukui 2006 Aspect of Chinese culture 中国文化导读 清华大学出版社 publishing

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Chinese folk art Information about

Chinese folk art


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