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Chiayi

chiayi lantern festival 2018, chiayi county
Chiayi, officially known as Chiayi City Chinese: 嘉義市; pinyin: Jiāyì Shì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ka-gī-chhī and sometimes as Chia-I is a provincial city located in the plains of southwestern Taiwan Formerly called Kagee during the late Qing Dynasty and Kagi during the Japanese era Chinese and Japanese: 嘉義 Its historical name is Tirosen

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Dutch Formosa
    • 12 Kingdom of Tungning
    • 13 Qing Dynasty
    • 14 Empire of Japan
    • 15 Republic of China
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Government
    • 31 Administrative divisions
    • 32 Politics
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Energy
    • 61 Green energy
  • 7 Tourist attractions
  • 8 Notable natives
  • 9 International relations
    • 91 Twin towns — sister cities
  • 10 Transportation
    • 101 Rail
    • 102 Bus
    • 103 Air
  • 11 See also
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Historyedit

First inhabited by the Hoanya aborigines, the region was named Tirosen variants Tirocen, Tiracen With the arrival of Han Chinese immigrants in southwestern Taiwan, the name evolved to become Tsulosan Chinese: 諸羅山; pinyin: Zhūluóshān; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chu-lô-san in Hokkien Eventually, Tsulosan was shortened to simply Tsulo Because of the choice of the characters, it has been mistakenly suggested that the origin of the name came from the expression "mountains surrounding the east" "Peach City" is another name for Chiayi City due to its peach-shaped territory in ancient times The tip of the peach is around Central Fountain and was called "Peach-tip" by citizens

Tsulosan was once the foothold to which people from the mainland immigrated In 1621, Chinese Peter zh, who came from Zhangzhou, Fujian Province, first led his people to cultivate this land after they landed at Ponkan modern-day Beigang

Dutch Formosaedit

Records from the Dutch era show Tirosen as the usual form of the name; it also occurred as Tirassen, Tirozen, Tilocen, Tilossen, Tilocen, and Thilocen4 The place was north of Mattau modern-day Madou, Tainan and south of Favorlang Huwei, Yunlin

Kingdom of Tungningedit

In 1661 the 15th year of Yung-Li, Ming Dynasty, Koxinga defeated the Dutch based in Taiwan and founded the Kingdom of Tungning He established one province, Cheng-Tien-Fu zh, and two counties, Tien-Hsing zh and Wan-Nien zh, demarcated by the Hsin-Kang River Chinese: 新港溪, now the Yanshui River Chiayi was under the jurisdiction of the Tien-Hsing County

Qing Dynastyedit

In 1683, when Qing rule began, the island was governed as Taiwan Prefecture under the administration of Fujian Province In 1684, Tsulo County was established and initially encompassed the underdeveloped northern two-thirds of Taiwan Taiwan and Hongsoa counties were divided from Wan-Nien County during the Kingdom of Tungning, which was changed from Tien-Hsing County In 1704, the county seat was moved to Tsulosan, the site of modern-day Chiayi City, and had wooden city walls

In 1727, the county magistrate, Liu Liang-Bi rebuilt the gatehouses and set a gun platform for each gatehouse The four gatehouses were named: "Chin Shan" 襟山 for East, "Tai Hai" 帶海 for West, "Chung Yang" 崇陽 for South, and "Kung Chen" 拱辰 for North In 1734 the 12th year of Yongzheng, magistrate Lu-Hung built piercing-bamboo to better protect the city

In 1786, the Lin Shuangwen rebellion was an attempt to siege Tsulosan but failed to overcome the defense of the inhabitants Consequently, on November 3 of the next year, the Qing Emperor conferred the name Kagee 嘉義; literally: "commended righteousness" to praise the citizens' loyalty

In 1887, a separate Taiwan Province was declared and the island was administratively divided into four prefectures; the city of Kagee belonged to Tainan Prefecture

Empire of Japanedit

Chiayi City under Japanese rule

In 1895, Taiwan was ceded to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki The 1906 Meishan earthquake devastated the entire city wall except the Eastern Gate The Japanese authorities reconstructed the city Industries and trades started to flourish According to the census taken in 1904, Kagi was the fourth most populous city in Taiwan, with a population of over twenty thousand5 In 1907, the construction of Alishan Forest Railway to Mount Ali was begun In 1920, the city became an autonomous group as Kagi Town 嘉義街, Kagi District, within Tainan Prefecture, which included modern day Tainan City, Chiayi County and Yunlin County In 1930, the town was upgraded to an autonomous city under the same prefecture

Republic of Chinaedit

Chiayi City in 1946-1950

In 1945, when Japan relinquished control of Taiwan on 25 October 1945, Chiayi City was established as a provincial city of Taiwan Province On 16 August 1950, because of the re-allocation of administrative areas in which Taiwan was divided into 16 counties, five provincial cities and a special bureau, Chiayi City was downgraded to a county-controlled city and merged with Chiayi County to be the county seat As a result, a shortage of capital hindered its development On 1 July 1982, Chiayi City was elevated again to a provincial city as a result of pressure from local elites On 6 October 1990, the East District and West District were established6

Geographyedit

Chiayi City is located on the north side of Chianan Plain, south west of Taiwan Island On the east side is the Mount Ali, on the west side is the Chiayi Airport, on the north side is the Puzi River and on the south side is the Bazhang River The distance from east to west of Chiayi City is 158 km and from north to south is 105 km with a total area of 600256 km2 Chiayi City is completely surrounded by Chiayi County Most of Chiayi City land are broad flat fertility plains The terrain slowly rises from west to east

Climateedit

Chiayi City has a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate Köppen Cwa Northeasterly winds during fall and winter mean that rainfall is depressed during that time, while southwesterly winds during summer and the later portion of spring bring most of the year's rainfall, with more than 60% falling from June to August Humidity is high year-round, even during winter

Climate data for Chiayi 1971–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C °F 221
718
224
723
248
766
278
82
305
869
323
901
331
916
326
907
316
889
298
856
271
808
239
75
2817
8269
Daily mean °C °F 165
617
173
631
197
675
230
734
258
784
278
82
286
835
282
828
270
806
245
761
213
703
177
639
2312
7361
Average low °C °F 125
545
138
568
159
606
192
666
221
718
243
757
252
774
249
768
237
747
209
696
173
631
132
558
1942
6695
Average rainfall mm inches 276
1087
577
2272
622
2449
1076
4236
1892
7449
3507
13807
3043
1198
4221
16618
1489
5862
227
0894
122
048
209
0823
1,7261
67957
Average rainy days ≥ 01 mm 54 70 74 84 111 144 149 181 98 36 30 37 1068
Average relative humidity % 818 831 837 841 845 820 804 836 847 841 814 803 828
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1532 1218 1430 1503 1568 1769 2086 1841 1869 1740 1517 1587 1,966
Source: 7

Governmentedit

Twu Shiing-jer, the incumbent Mayor of Chiayi City Chiayi City Government

Chiayi City is a provincial city of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China The city is governed by the Chiayi City Government, while the residence is represented in the Chiayi City Council The current Mayor of Chiayi City is Twu Shiing-jer of the Democratic Progressive Party

Administrative divisionsedit

Chiayi City is divided into two districts East District is the city seat which houses the Chiayi City Government

District Population Land area
as of 2016 km²
■ East 東區 122,877 291195
■ West 西區 147,396 309061

Politicsedit

Chiayi City voted one Democratic Progressive Party legislator to be in the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election8

Demographicsedit

Year Pop ±%
1985 253,573 —    
1990 257,597 +16%
1995 261,391 +15%
2000 266,183 +18%
2005 272,364 +23%
2010 272,390 +00%
2015 270,366 −07%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan" Ministry of the Interior Population Census 

Educationedit

National Chiayi University
  • National Chiayi University
  • Tatung Institute of Commerce and Technology
  • Chung Jen College of Nursing, Health Science and Management

Energyedit

Green energyedit

On 17 December, Chiayi City Government launched a program to set up solar panels at schools and offices in the city to reduce green house gases The program is expected to produce 355 million kWh of electricity annually and to help reducing carbon emission by 1,700 tonnes9

Tourist attractionsedit

Chiayi Prison Museum The spotted deer sculpture in the 228 National Memorial Park
  • Chiayi Botanical Garden
  • Chiayi Park
  • Sun-Shooting Tower in Chiayi Park
  • Taiwan Hinoki Museum
  • Lantan Lake
  • Chia-Le-Fu Night Market
  • Chiayi Confucian Temple
  • Chiayi Cultural and Creative Industries Park
  • Historic Archives Building of Chiayi City 史蹟資料館
  • 228 Memorial Park
  • National 228 Memorial Park
  • Chiayi Municipal Museum
  • Chiayi Prison Museum
  • Wenhua Road Night Market
  • Chung Cheng Park10
  • Alishan Forest Railway & Railway Park
  • Chiayi International Band Festival
  • Art Site of Chiayi Railway Warehouse
  • Water Source Water Meter Room
  • Hinoki Village
  • Chiayi Jen Wu Temple

Chiayi is the city of wind music in Taiwan The wind music festival started as a local event in 1988, when it was more like a joint performance by local wind music bands Over the years the festival has become the most anticipated annual event in Chiayi11

Notable nativesedit

  • Tan Ting-pho 1895-1947, Taiwan famous painter
  • Sow-Hsin Chen 1935, American physicist, Professor
  • Vincent Siew 1939, Taiwanese politician, Vice President of the Republic of China 2008 – 2012, Vice-Chairman of the Kuomintang
  • Deng Feng-Zhou 1949, Taiwanese poet, Local history writer, Nedan academics
  • Huang Min-hui 1959, former mayor of Chiayi City, vice chairperson of Kuomintang, a member of the Legislative Yuan 1999 and 2005
  • Lo Chen-Jung 1961, Taiwanese left-handed baseball pitcher
  • Wu Bai 1968, Taiwanese rock singer

International relationsedit

Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Taiwan

Twin towns — sister citiesedit

Chiayi is twinned with:

  • East Orange, New Jersey, United States 1972
  • Jackson, Mississippi, United States 1972
  • Juneau, Alaska, United States 1977
  • Murray, Utah, United States 1977
  • Bulacan Province, Philippines 1980
  • Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States 1988
  • Syracuse, New York, United States 1995
  • Hsinchu City, Republic of China 2002

Transportationedit

Chiayi Station

Railedit

Chiayi City is accessible from Chiayi Station and Jiabei Station of the Taiwan Railways Administration or a slightly further THSR Chiayi Station in Chiayi County It also houses the first station for the Alishan Forest Railway

Busedit

The Chiayi Bus Rapid Transit serves Chiayi City with the neighboring Chiayi County

Airedit

Chiayi City is served by Chiayi Airport located in the neighboring Chiayi County

See alsoedit

  • List of mayors of Chiayi

Referencesedit

  1. ^ http://wwwchiayigovtw/2011web/en/indexaspxmid=91&rid=90
  2. ^ "《中華民國統計資訊網》縣市重要統計指標查詢系統網" in Chinese Retrieved 1 July 2016 
  3. ^ "嘉義市105年6月份人口統計資料" 嘉義市政府 in Chinese Retrieved 1 July 2016 
  4. ^ Campbell, William 1903 "Explanatory Notes" Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island London: Kegan Paul p 549 OCLC 644323041 
  5. ^ Takekoshi, Yosaburō 1907 "Chapter XIII: Population and future development of the island resources" Japanese rule in Formosa London, New York, Bombay and Calcutta: Longmans, Green, and co p 200 OCLC 753129 OL 6986981M 
  6. ^ http://wwwchiayigovtw/web/east/english/index-easp
  7. ^ "Statistics > Monthly Mean" Central Weather Bureau 
  8. ^ http://vote2016cecgovtw/en/T1/n714010000000000html
  9. ^ http://focustaiwantw/news/asoc/201512170020aspx
  10. ^ http://travelchiayigovtw/EN/spotsContentaspxid=2&chk=7cb53cb1-2ca0-4bbc-bc8d-dd57671a09d4
  11. ^ "The sound of wind music: 2008 Chiayi City International Band Festival"by Eva Tang, 17 January 2009,Taiwan Culture Portal "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2009-02-03 Retrieved 2009-02-06 

External linksedit

Find more aboutChiayiat Wikipedia's sister projects
  • Definitions from Wiktionary
  • Media from Commons
  • News from Wikinews
  • Quotations from Wikiquote
  • Texts from Wikisource
  • Textbooks from Wikibooks
  • Learning resources from Wikiversity
  • Chiayi City/County tourism official website
  • Chiayi City government official website in Chinese 1
  • Chiayi City Police Bureau official website
  • Chiayi travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • National Chung Cheng University official website

Coordinates: 23°28′48″N 120°26′59″E / 2348000°N 12044972°E / 2348000; 12044972

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