Chesterfield, New Hampshire


Chesterfield is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 3,604 at the 2010 census1 It includes the villages of Spofford and West Chesterfield Chesterfield is home to Spofford Lake, Chesterfield Gorge Natural Area, and parts of Pisgah State Park and Wantastiquet Mountain State Forest

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Granted in 1735 by Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts, this town was the site of Fort Number 1, first in the line of forts bordering the Connecticut River After the border between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was fixed, the town was incorporated on 11 February 17522 by Governor Benning Wentworth as Chesterfield, named for Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield The first settlers were Moses Smith and William Thomas, who, with their families, came up the Connecticut in canoes, in the fall of 1761 Their chief subsistence through the winter and spring of their first year in the wilderness consisted of salmon and shad, of which there was a great abundance in the river, and deer, which were numerous in the forests2 The town contains some of the finest farmland in Cheshire County, yet once was home to small manufacturing, notably spinning wheel parts and handtools3

In 1772, Philip Embury conducted the first Methodist religious services in New Hampshire at the James Robertson farm in Chesterfield, and in 1803, Francis Asbury preached here Asbury Church is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is recognized for its historic puritan design Asbury Church is considered the "Mother Church of Methodism" in New Hampshire, and is the oldest Methodist church in New Hampshire The town has had continual Methodist Sunday services for over 225 years4

Chesterfield Academy, established in 1794, was for decades one of the most celebrated in the state5 Spofford Lake is one of the region's largest and oldest resorts

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 476 square miles 123 km2, of which 456 sq mi 118 km2 is land and 20 sq mi 52 km2 421% is water Chesterfield is bounded on the west by the Connecticut River The highest point in the town is near its southern border, atop Davis Hill, at 1,427 feet 435 m above sea level Chesterfield lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed6

The town is served by state routes 9 and 63

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,905
1800 2,161 134%
1810 1,839 −149%
1820 2,110 147%
1830 2,040 −33%
1840 1,765 −135%
1850 1,680 −48%
1860 1,434 −146%
1870 1,289 −101%
1880 1,173 −90%
1890 1,046 −108%
1900 981 −62%
1910 770 −215%
1920 601 −219%
1930 704 171%
1940 591 −161%
1950 970 641%
1960 1,405 448%
1970 1,817 293%
1980 2,561 409%
1990 3,112 215%
2000 3,542 138%
2010 3,604 18%
Est 2015 3,555 −14%
US Decennial Census8

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 3,542 people, 1,366 households, and 1,005 families residing in the town The population density was 777 people per square mile 300/km² There were 1,632 housing units at an average density of 358 per square mile 138/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9780% White, 023% African American, 056% Native American, 017% Asian, 008% from other races, and 116% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 056% of the population

There were 1,366 households out of which 327% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 635% were married couples living together, 69% had a female householder with no husband present, and 264% were non-families 204% of all households were made up of individuals and 66% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 259 and the average family size was 301

In the town, the population was spread out with 259% under the age of 18, 49% from 18 to 24, 279% from 25 to 44, 304% from 45 to 64, and 109% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 1038 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1002 males

The median income for a household in the town was $51,351, and the median income for a family was $58,516 Males had a median income of $44,087 versus $26,547 for females The per capita income for the town was $25,051 About 49% of families and 45% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45% of those under age 18 and 64% of those age 65 or over

Sites of interestedit

  • Asbury Church 1844
  • Chesterfield Gorge Natural Area
  • Pisgah State Park

Notable peopleedit

  • Theodore Davis, merchant, surveyor and politician
  • William H Haile, businessman and politician
  • Broughton Harris, Vermont newspaper editor and businessman who was one of the Runaway Officials of 1851 as Secretary of the Utah Territory
  • Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor
  • John Davis Pierce, educator
  • Harlan Fiske Stone, 52nd Attorney General and 12th chief justice US Supreme Court
  • Winthrop E Stone, professor and college president
  • Charles Tazewell, children's author
  • Hoyt Henry Wheeler, judge

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 444–445 
  4. ^ History of Asbury United Methodist Church Archived January 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ History of Chesterfield, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Chesterfield official website
  • Chesterfield Public Library
  • Chesterfield Historical Society
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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