Chester, New Hampshire


Chester is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,768 at the 2010 census1 It was home to the now defunct Chester College formerly White Pines College

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

From Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire, 1875:

"Chester is considered one of the old towns of the state In 1719, about eighty persons, chiefly from Portsmouth and Hampton, formed an association, for the purpose of securing a tract of land in the "Chesnut Country" so called and stationed three men upon this tract, to hold possession until they should procure a lawful title After considerable difficulty they obtained a grant of land, ten miles 16 km square Immediately the settlement was commenced by several persons from Rye and Hampton, among whom were Samuel Ingalls, Jonathan Goodhue, Jacob Sargent, Ebenezer Dearborn, Robert Smith, E Colby and S Robie, who contributed largely to the permanent success of the enterprise On the 8th of May, 1722 the township which had hitherto been called Cheshire, was incorporated under its present name, and comprising an area of over 120 square miles 310 km2"2

Chester once included Candia, set off in 1763 It may have been the first of the settlement grants by Massachusetts selected for expansion of growing populations in the seacoast The name may be derived from Chester, the county town of the county of Cheshire in England Earl of Chester is a title held by the Prince of Wales

In 1822, a portion of Hooksett was taken from Chester In 1845, the portion of the town known as Long Meadows was incorporated under the name of Auburn2

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 260 square miles 67 km2, of which 259 sq mi 67 km2 is land and 01 sq mi 026 km2 042% is water The Exeter River rises in Chester The highest point in town is found on an unnamed hill west of Bell Hill and northwest of Harantis Lake; it has two knobs of almost equal elevation of at least 635 feet 194 m, according to the most recent 2011-2012 USGS 75-minute topographical map3 Chester lies mostly within the Piscataqua River Coastal watershed, though the western edge of town is in the Merrimack River watershed4

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,902
1800 2,046 76%
1810 2,030 −08%
1820 2,262 114%
1830 2,039 −99%
1840 1,304 −360%
1850 1,301 −02%
1860 1,275 −20%
1870 1,153 −96%
1880 1,136 −15%
1890 958 −157%
1900 861 −101%
1910 818 −50%
1920 652 −203%
1930 653 02%
1940 702 75%
1950 807 150%
1960 1,053 305%
1970 1,382 312%
1980 2,006 452%
1990 2,691 341%
2000 3,792 409%
2010 4,768 257%
Est 2015 4,925 33%
US Decennial Census6
The Common c 1910

As of the census7 of 2000, there were 3,792 people, 1,214 households, and 1,011 families residing in the town The population density was 1464 people per square mile 565/km² There were 1,247 housing units at an average density of 481 per square mile 186/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9797% White, 026% African American, 042% Native American, 032% Asian, 016% from other races, and 087% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 082% of the population

There were 1,214 households out of which 450% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 733% were married couples living together, 66% had a female householder with no husband present, and 167% were non-families 118% of all households were made up of individuals and 43% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 309 and the average family size was 338

In the town, the population was spread out with 310% under the age of 18, 63% from 18 to 24, 321% from 25 to 44, 246% from 45 to 64, and 61% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 978 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 944 males

The median income for a household in the town was $68,571, and the median income for a family was $75,092 Males had a median income of $44,056 versus $35,382 for females The per capita income for the town was $23,842 About 34% of families and 50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 59% of those under age 18 and 52% of those age 65 or over

According to the most recent figures Chester has the third highest median property values in the state, and Chester residents have the highest median incomecitation needed

Educationedit

Elementary and middle school students attend Chester Academy public High school students attend Pinkerton Academy in Derry, a privately operated school that contracts with the towns of Derry, Auburn, Chester, and Hampstead

Notable peopleedit

  • Charles H Bell, 38th governor of New Hampshire and son of John Bell8
  • John Bell, 12th governor of New Hampshire9
  • Samuel Bell, 8th governor of New Hampshire and brother of John Bell10
  • Samuel Newell Bell, US congressman and grandson of Samuel Bell11
  • "Lord" Timothy Dexter, early American businessman12
  • Daniel Chester French, sculptor summer resident12
  • George Cochrane Hazelton, US congressman from Wisconsin; brother of Gerry Whiting Hazelton13
  • Gerry Whiting Hazelton, US congressman from Wisconsin; brother of George Cochrane Hazelton14
  • Arthur Livermore, US congressman15

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ http://imserusgsgov/gda_services/downloaditem_id=5642546
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  8. ^ "BELL, Charles Henry, 1823 - 1893" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 22, 2014 
  9. ^ "Notable People" Chester Historical Society Retrieved January 22, 2014 
  10. ^ "BELL, Samuel, 1770 - 1850" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  11. ^ "BELL, Samuel, 1770 - 1850" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 22, 2014 
  12. ^ a b "Notable People" Chester Historical Society Retrieved January 22, 2014 
  13. ^ "HAZELTON, George Cochrane, 1832 - 1922" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 22, 2014 
  14. ^ "HAZELTON, Gerry Whiting, 1829 - 1920" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 22, 2014 
  15. ^ "LIVERMORE, Arthur, 1766 - 1853" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 14, 2014 

External linksedit

  • Town of Chester official website
  • Chester Academy & SAU 82 ~ Chester School District Website
  • Pinkerton Academy Website
  • Tri-Town Times community newspaper
  • Chester Historical Society
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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