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Chūbu region

chūbu region honshu japan
The Chūbu region 中部地方, Chūbu-chihō is the central region of Honshū, Japan's main island Chūbu has a population of 21,715,822 as of 20101

Chūbu, which means "central region", encompasses nine prefectures ken: Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi2

It is located directly between the Kantō region and the Kansai region and includes the major city of Nagoya as well as along Pacific and Sea of Japan coastlines, extensive mountain resorts, and Mount Fuji

The region is the widest part of Honshū and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter


  • 1 Subregions
    • 11 Tōkai
      • 111 Chūkyō
    • 12 Kōshin'etsu
    • 13 Hokuriku
  • 2 Major cities
    • 21 Other major cities
  • 3 See also
  • 4 Notes
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links


The Chūbu region covers a large and geographically diverse area of Honshū which leads to it generally being divided into three distinct subregions: Tōkai, Kōshin'etsu, and Hokuriku There is also another subregion occasionally referred to in business circles called Chūkyō


Main article: Tōkai region

The Tōkai region, mostly bordering the Pacific Ocean, is a narrow corridor interrupted in places by mountains that descend into the sea

Since the Tokugawa period 1600–1867, this corridor has been critical in linking Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka One of old Japan's most important ancient roadways, the Tōkaidō, ran through it connecting Tokyo at that time called Edo and Kyoto, the old imperial capital In the twentieth century, it became the route for new super-express highways and high-speed railroad lines shinkansen The area consists of Aichi, Mie, Shizuoka,and southern Gifu prefectures

A number of small alluvial plains are found in the corridor section A mild climate, favorable location relatively close to the great metropolitan complexes, and availability of fast transportation have made this area a center for truck-gardening and out-of-season vegetables Upland areas of rolling hills are extensively given over to the growing of mandarin oranges and tea Nagoya, which faces Ise Bay, is a center for heavy industry, including iron and steel and machinery manufacturing The corridor also has a number of small but important industrial centers The western part of Tōkai includes the Nōbi Plain, where rice was being grown by the seventh century


The three Tōkai prefectures centered on Nagoya Aichi, Gifu, and Mie have particularly strong economic ties, and the parts of these prefectures that are closest to the city comprise the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area This area boasts the third strongest economy in Japan and this influence can sometimes extend into the more remote parts of these prefectures that are farther away from Nagoya Thus, these three prefectures are sometimes called the "Chūkyō region" in a business sense This name does not see widespread usage throughout Japan; however, as the economy in the area strengthens, this name may become more well-known country-wide


Main article: Kōshin'etsu region

Kōshin'etsu is an area of complex and high rugged mountains—often called the "roof of Japan"—that include the Japanese Alps The population is chiefly concentrated in six elevated basins connected by narrow valleys It was long a main silk-producing area, although output declined after World War II Much of the labor formerly required in silk production was absorbed by the district's diversified manufacturing industry, which included precision instruments, machinery, textiles, food processing, and other light manufacturing Kōshin'etsu means Yamanashi, Nagano, and Niigata prefectures; Niigata is also included to the Hokuriku region Yamanashi, Nagano and northern Gifu Prefecture are sometimes referred to as Chūō-kōchi or Tōsan region


Main article: Hokuriku region

The Hokuriku region lies on the Sea of Japan coastline, northwest of the massive mountains that comprise Kōshin'etsu Hokuriku includes the four prefectures of Ishikawa, Fukui, Niigata and Toyama,3

The district has very heavy snowfall sometimes enough to block major roads and strong winds in winter, and its turbulent rivers are the source of abundant hydroelectric power Niigata Prefecture is the site of domestic gas and oil production as well Industrial development is extensive, especially in the cities in Niigata and Toyama; Fukui and Ishikawa prefectures also have large manufacturing industries

Historically, Hokuriku's development is owed to markets in the Kansai region, however recently the urban areas at the heart of the Kantō region and Tōkai region are having a heavy an influence as well Hokuriku has port facilities which are mainly to facilitate trade with Russia, Korea and China Transportation between Niigata and Toyama used to be geographically limited and so Niigata has seen especially strong influence from the Kantō region, because of this Niigata Prefecture is often classified as being part of the Kōshin'etsu region with Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures

Major citiesedit

Designated city
  • Nagoya City: a designated city, the capital of Aichi Prefecture
  • Niigata City: a designated city, the capital of Niigata Prefecture
  • Hamamatsu City: a designated city
  • Shizuoka City:a designated city, the capital of Shizuoka Prefecture
Core city
  • Kanazawa City: a core city, the capital of Ishikawa Prefecture
  • Toyama City: a core city, the capital of Toyama Prefecture
  • Gifu City: a core city, the capital of Gifu Prefecture
  • Nagano City: a core city, the capital of Nagano Prefecture
Special city
  • Fukui City: a special city, the capital of Fukui Prefecture
  • Kofu City: a special city, the capital of Yamanashi Prefecture

Other major citiesedit

See alsoedit

  • Geography of Japan
  • List of regions of Japan
  • Tōkai–Tōsan dialect and Hokuriku dialect


  1. ^ a b Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics Bureau 26 October 2011 "平成 22 年国勢調査の概要" PDF Retrieved 6 May 2012 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Chūbu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 126, p 126, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Hokuriku" at p 344, p 344, at Google Books


  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2002 1996 Japan Encyclopedia Trans by Käthe Roth Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-01753-6, ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 OCLC 58053128
  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies document "Japan"

External linksedit

  • Chubu travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 35°53′N 137°57′E / 35883°N 137950°E / 35883; 137950

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