Chatham, New Hampshire


Chatham is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 337 at the 2010 census1 It is located in the White Mountains, and except for the southeast corner, all of Chatham is in the White Mountain National Forest The town is home to the Cold River national forest campgrounds

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Historyedit

Chatham was granted to Peter Livins and others, 7 February 1767,2 by colonial Governor Benning Wentworth The town was named in honor of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham and Prime Minister of Great Britain, who had recently led Britain to victory in the Seven Years War Chatham was regranted in 1770 by his nephew, Governor John Wentworth, to a group including Samuel Langdon, president of Harvard College and creator of the "Blanchard Map" of the North Country Part of Conway was annexed in 1829citation needed

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 572 square miles 148 km2, of which 567 sq mi 147 km2 is land and 05 sq mi 13 km2 089% is water The highest point in Chatham is the summit of South Baldface, with an elevation of 3,547 feet 1,081 m above sea level Sable Mountain, elevation 3,519 ft 1,073 m, is in the west, and Robbins Ridge crosses the center of Chatham from east to west Upper Kimball Pond is in the southeast, and Basin Pond in the northeast Chatham lies fully within the Saco River watershed3

An article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875 stated,

"Carter's Mountain rises so high between this town and Jackson as to prevent the opening of a highway, and the people of the respective towns, in their intercourse, are obliged to pass through a portion of Maine Kiarsarge sic, in the south-west corner of the town, hasupon the summita commodious house for the accommodation of visitors The views from this mountain are grand and very extensive In the north-west corner is Baldface Mountain Teams can be driven nearly to its summit From the crest of this mountain the Tip-Top House on Mount Washington can be seen, also the ocean"2

"Kiarsarge" now Kearsarge North and Baldface are now accessible only by hiking trails, and the summit of Kearsarge North has a lookout tower but no other structures The views are still as extensive as before Access to the town of Jackson continues to be partially through Maine, by taking Maine State Route 113 south to the Fryeburg area, then traveling west through Conway Route 113, leading north, crosses into New Hampshire in the North Chatham part of town, then curves back into Maine to cross the mountains in Evans Notch and descend north to US Route 2 in Gilead, Maine

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 58
1800 183 2155%
1810 201 98%
1820 298 483%
1830 419 406%
1840 523 248%
1850 516 −13%
1860 489 −52%
1870 445 −90%
1880 421 −54%
1890 329 −219%
1900 267 −188%
1910 209 −217%
1920 229 96%
1930 168 −266%
1940 184 95%
1950 177 −38%
1960 150 −153%
1970 134 −107%
1980 189 410%
1990 268 418%
2000 260 −30%
2010 337 296%
Est 2015 336 −03%
US Decennial Census5

As of the census6 of 2000, there were 260 people, 107 households, and 71 families residing in the town The population density was 46 people per square mile 18/km² There were 253 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile 17/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9808% White, 115% from other races, and 077% from two or more races

There were 107 households out of which 290% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 570% were married couples living together, 56% had a female householder with no husband present, and 336% were non-families 271% of all households were made up of individuals and 84% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 243 and the average family size was 294

In the town, the population was spread out with 246% under the age of 18, 42% from 18 to 24, 300% from 25 to 44, 304% from 45 to 64, and 108% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 41 years For every 100 females there were 1063 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1063 males

The median income for a household in the town was $37,188, and the median income for a family was $40,156 Males had a median income of $22,188 versus $20,313 for females The per capita income for the town was $15,317 About 133% of families and 154% of the population were below the poverty line, including 239% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Chatham official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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